3. Tatiyap±r±jikavaººan±

Santi sahatthe upasaggo. Tena saddhi½ ussukkavacanameta½ “sañcicc±”ti ±ha “sañcetetv±”ti-±di. Ussukkavacananti ettha ussukkavacana½ (s±rattha. µ². 2.172) n±ma pubbak±lakiriy±vacana½. Ayañhi sam±nakattukesu pubb±parak±lakiriy±vacanesu pubbak±lakiriy±vacanassa niruttivoh±ro. Id±ni “saddhi½ cetetv±”ti imin± saªkhepena vuttamevattha½ p±kaµa½ katv± dassetu½ “p±ºo”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha “p±ºo”ti saññ±ya saddhi½yev±ti “p±ºo”ti sañña½ avijahitv± eva, “p±ºo”ti saññuppattiy± anantaranti vutta½ hoti. Evañca katv± katha½ ekakkhaºe ekassa cittassa ubhay±rammaºabh±voti edis² codan± anavak±s±ti daµµhabba½. Keci pana “ñ±tapariññ±ya diµµhasabh±vesu dhammesu t²raºapariññ±ya tilakkhaºa½ ±ropetv± (s±rattha. µ². 2.172) ‘r³pa½ aniccan’ti-±din± sabh±vena saddhi½ ekakkhaºe anicc±dilakkhaºaj±nana½ viya ‘p±ºo’ti saññ±ya saddhi½yeva ‘vadh±mi nan’ti j±n±t²”ti vadanti. Apare pana ±cariy± tatth±pi eva½ na kathenti. Ettha ca manussaviggaho”ti avatv± “p±ºo”ti vacana½ “manusso ayan”ti aj±nitv± kevala½ sattasaññ±ya gh±tentass±pi p±r±jikabh±vadassanattha½ vutta½. Cetetv±ti cintetv±. Pakappetv±ti abhivic±retv±, sanniµµh±na½ karitv±ti attho.
Id±ni manussa-attabh±va½ ±dito paµµh±ya dassetu½ “manussaviggahan”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha kalalato paµµh±y±ti paµisandhiviññ±ºena saddhi½ uppannakalalar³pato paµµh±ya. Kalalar³pa½ n±ma itthipuris±na½ k±yavatthubh±vadasakavasena samati½sa r³p±ni, napu½sak±na½ k±yavatthudasakavasena v²sati. Tattha itthipuris±na½ kalalar³pa½ j±ti-uºº±ya ekena a½sun± uddhaµatelabindumatta½ hoti accha½ vippasanna½. Vuttañheta½ aµµhakath±ya½–
“Tilatelassa yath± bindu, sappimaº¹o an±vilo;
eva½vaººappaµibh±ga½, ‘kalalan’ti pavuccat²”ti. (Sa½. ni. aµµha. 1.1.235; vibha. aµµha. 26; p±r±. aµµha. 2.172).
Eva½ parittaka½ vatthu½ ±di½ katv± y±va maraºak±l± etthantare anupubbena vu¹¹hippatto attabh±vo manussaviggaho n±m±ti vutta½ hoti. Idañca yebhuyyavaseneva vutta½. Opap±tikasa½sedaj±pi hi manuss± p±r±jikavatthuyeva. Kalalak±lep²ti paµhamasatt±hepi. Tattha hi santativasena pavattam±na½ kalalasaªkh±ta½ attabh±va½ j²vit± voropetu½ sakk±, na pana sabbapaµhama½ kalalar³pa½. Paµisandhicittena hi saddhi½ ti½sa kammajar³p±ni nibbattanti. Tesu pana µhitesuyeva so¼asa bhavaªgacitt±ni uppajjitv± nirujjhanti. Etasmi½ antare gahitapaµisandhikassa d±rakassa v± m±tuy± v± panassa antar±yo natthi. Ayañhi maraºassa anok±so n±ma. Bhesajjasampad±nen±ti gabbhap±tanabhesajjad±nena. Tato v± uddhamp²ti abbudapesik±l±d²supi. J²vit± viyojeyy±ti santativikopanavasena j²vitindriyato apaneyya.
Imassa panatthass±ti “sañcicca manussaviggaha½ j²vit± voropeyy±”ti (p±r±. 171) imassa atthassa. ¾vibh±vatthanti pak±sanattha½. P±ºassa atip±to p±º±tip±to, p±ºavadho p±ºagh±toti vutta½ hoti. Sattoti khandhasant±no. Tattha hi sattapaññatti. J²vitindriyanti r³p±r³paj²vitindriya½. R³paj²vitindriye hi vikopite itarampi ta½sambandhat±ya vinassat²ti. Y±ya cetan±y±ti tasmi½ p±ºe p±ºasaññino k±yavac²dv±r±na½ aññataradv±rappavatt±ya y±ya cetan±ya. Manodv±re pana pavatt±ya vadhakacetan±ya p±º±tip±tabh±vo natthi. S± cetan±ti s± j²vitindriyupacchedaka-upakkamasamuµµh±pik± k±yavac²dv±r±na½ aññataradv±rappavatt± vadhakacetan±. Ida½ vutta½ hoti– y±ya cetan±ya pavattam±nassa j²vitindriyassa nissayabh³tesu mah±bh³tesu upakkamakaraºahetu ta½mah±bh³tapaccay± uppajjanakamah±bh³t± nuppajjissanti (s±rattha. µ². 2.172), s± t±disapayogasamuµµh±pik± cetan± p±º±tip±to. Laddh³pakkam±ni hi mah±bh³t±ni itarabh³t±ni viya na visad±n²ti sam±naj±tik±na½ k±raºa½ na hont²ti.
P±º±tip±to assa atth²ti p±º±tip±t². Sa½sagge ayam²k±ro. Ten±ha “vuttacetan±ya samaªgipuggalo”ti. Sako hattho sahattho, tena nibbatto payogo s±hatthiko. Nissajjana½ nissaggo, sova nissaggiyo. Eva½ ±ºattiko. Vijj±mayo mantaparijappanayogo. Iddhimayo kammavip±kajiddhimayo.
Id±ni yath±vutteyeva cha payoge vibhajitv± dassetu½ “tatth±”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha tatth±ti tesu chasu payogesu. S±hatthikoti ettha hattho upalakkhaºabh±vena gahitoti ±ha “k±yena v±”ti-±di. Tattha k±yen±ti hatthena v± p±dena v± muµµhin± v± j±ºun± v± yena kenaci aªgapaccaªgena. K±yekadeso hettha hatth±dik±yo avayave samud±yopac±ro yath± “g±mo da¹¹ho”ti. K±yappaµibaddhen±ti k±yato amocitena asi-±din± paharaºena. Paharaºanti k±yaviññattisahit±ya vadhakacetan±ya adhippetatthas±dhana½. K±yena v± satti-±d²na½, k±yappaµibaddhena v± usuyantap±s±º±d²na½ nissajjananti yath±sambhava½ yojetabba½. Tatth±ti tesu s±hatthikanissaggiyesu Uddiss±nuddissabhedatoti uddisitv± ca anuddisitv± ca pavattibhedena. Uddisana½ uddiso, so etassa atth²ti uddisako, payogo, tasmi½. Bajjhati eten±ti baddho, kammameva baddho kammabaddho, p±º±tip±toti attho. Atha v± bandhana½ baddho, kammun± baddho kammabaddho, so assa hoti, p±º±tip±takammamassa siddhanti vutta½ hoti. Ubhayatth±p²ti uddisake, anuddisake c±ti dv²supi. Pacch± v± teneva rogena marat³ti yojan±. Paharitakkhaºeyev±ti maraº±ya pahonakappah±rassa laddhakkhaºeyeva kammabaddho. Yadi avassa½ tena marat²ti adhipp±yo. Sace pana maraº±dhipp±yena pah±ra½ datv± tena amatassa puna aññena cittena pah±re dinne pacch±pi paµhamappah±reneva marati, tad±va kammabaddho. Atha dutiyapah±rena marati natthi p±º±tip±to. Ubhayehi matepi paµhamappah±reneva kammabaddho, ubhayehipi amate nevatti p±º±tip±to. Esa nayo bah³hipi ekassa pah±re dinne. Tatr±pi hi yassa pah±rena marati, tasseva kammabaddhoti. ¾º±pana½ n±ma vac²viññattisahit±ya vadhakacetan±ya adhippetatthas±dhana½.
Id±ni imasmi½ ±ºattikapayoge saªketavisaªketabh±vaj±nanattha½ chabbidha½ niyama½ dassento “tatth±”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha tatth±ti tasmi½ ±ºattikapayoge. ¾ºattiniy±mak±ti ±ºattikapayogas±dhik±. Etesu hi avirajjhitesuyeva ±ºattikapayogo hoti, na aññath±ti.
Puggaloti m±retabbo puggalo. Ten±ha “ya½ h²”ti-±di. ¾º±pakassa ±patt²ti ±º±pakassa ±ºattikkhaºe ±patti, ±ºattassa m±raºakkhaºe. ¾º±pako muccat²ti ±ºattasseva kammabaddho, vatthuvisesena panettha kammaviseso ca ±pattiviseso ca hot²ti. “Purebhatta½ m±reh²”ti ±ºatto purebhattameva m±ret²ti “ajja sve”ti aniyametv± “purebhatta½ m±reh²”ti ±ºatto yad± kad±ci purebhatta½ m±reti. Yo pana “ajja pubbaºhe”ti vutto majjhanhe v± s±yanhe v± sve v± pubbaºhe m±reti, visaªketo hoti, ±º±pakassa natthi kammabaddho. Pubbaºhe m±retu½ v±yamantassa majjhanhe j±tepi eseva nayo. Etena nayena sabbak±lappabhedesu saªketavisaªketat± veditabb±.
Eva½ vatthuk±lesu saªketavisaªketata½ dassetv± id±ni ok±s±d²su saªketavisaªketata½ atidisanto “imin± nayen±”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha ok±soti (p±r±. aµµha. 2.174) g±mo v± vana½ v± gehadv±ra½ v±ti evam±diko. ¾vudhanti asi v± usu v± satti v±ti evam±di. Iriy±pathoti m±retabbassa gamana½ v± nisajj± v±ti evam±di. Kiriy±visesoti vijjhana½ v± chedana½ v± bhedana½ v± saªkhamuº¹aka½ v±ti evam±di. Imesu yath± yath± vadhako ±ºatto, tath± tath± kate ±º±pakassa ±patti, aññath± kate visaªketo hoti. Ten±ha “imin± nayen±”ti-±di. Tattha sabbatth±ti ok±s±d²su cat³su. Hoti cettha–
“Yath±ºattivaseneva, ±ºattena kate sati;
±º±pakassa ±patti, visaªketoññath± kate”ti.

¾ºattiya½ pana aya½ viseso– adhiµµh±y±ti adhiµµhahitv± ±º±peti “eva½ vijjha, eva½ pahara, eva½ gh±teh²”ti (p±r±. 174) vutt±ya p±¼iy± labbhat²ti ñ±tabbo.

Opatanti etth±ti op±to, ±v±µo, tassa khaºana½ op±takkhaºana½. Apassenasa½vidh±nanti (p±r±. aµµha. 2.177) apassenassa sa½vidh±na½. Niccaparibhogo mañco v± p²µha½ v± apassenaphalaka½ v± div±µµh±ne nis²dantassa apassenakatthambho v± tatthaj±takarukkho v± caªkame apass±ya tiµµhantassa ±lambanarukkho v± ±lambanaphalaka½ v±, sabbampeta½ apassan²yaµµhena apassena½ n±ma, tasmi½ apassene yath± apassayanta½ vijjhati v± chindati v±, tath± katv± v±sipharasusatti-±rakaºµak±d²su aññatarassa satthassa µhapananti attho.
Upanikkhipana½ n±ma sam²pe nikkhipana½. Man±passa v± aman±passa v± r³passa upaharaºa½ sam²pe µhapana½ r³p³pah±ro, attan± v± yakkhapet±divesa½ gahetv± tiµµhana½. ¾disaddena sadd³pah±r±d²na½ gahaºa½. Etth±p²ti th±varapayogepi Uddiss±nuddissabhedo veditabbo, yato tatthapi pubbe vuttanayeneva kammabaddho hoti. Aya½ pana viseso– m³laµµhena op±t±d²su paresa½ m³lena v± mudh± v± dinnesupi yadi tappaccay± koci marati, m³laµµhasseva kammabaddho. Yadipi tena, aññena v± tatra op±te vin±setv± bh³misame katepi pa½suh±rak± v± pa½su½ gaºhant±, m³lakhaºak± v± m³l±ni khaºant± ±v±µa½ karonti, deve v± vassante kaddamo j±yati, tattha ca koci otaritv± v± laggitv± v± marati, m³laµµhasseva kammabaddho. Yadi pana yena laddha½, so v± añño v± vitthatatara½ v± gambh²ratara½ v± karoti, tappaccay± ca koci marati, ubhayesampi kammabaddho. Yath± tu m³l±ni m³lehi sa½sandanti, tath± tattha thale kate muccati. Eva½ apassenasa½vidh±n±d²supi y±va tesa½ pavatti, t±va yath±sambhava½ kammabaddho veditabbo.
Vijj±parijappananti ±thabbaºikehi, vijj±dharehi ca mantaparijappana½. Kammavip±kaj±ya iddhiy±ti s±tisayakammanibbatt±ya kammavip±kena sahaj±t±ya iddhiy±, kammassa v± vip±kabh±vena j±t±ya iddhiy±. Payojananti pavattana½, karaºanti attho, d±µh±vudh±d²na½ d±µh±koµan±d²namiva m±raºattha½ kammavip±kajiddhivik±rakaraºanti vutta½ hoti.
Kammas±dhano v±ya½ h±rakasaddo bahula½vidh±nena tatth±pi ºvupaccayassa sijjhanatoti ±ha “atha v±”ti-±di. J²vitaharaºaka½, upanikkhipitabba½ v± satthameva h±rakanti (s±rattha. µ². 2.172) vikappadvayena vuttanti ±ha “satthañca ta½ h±rakañc±ti satthah±rakan”ti. “H±rakasatthan”ti vattabbe visesanassa paranip±ta½ katv± eva½ vuttanti daµµhabba½. Pariyeseyy±ti gaveseyya. “Yath± labhati, tath± kareyy±”ti imin± pana adhipp±yattham±ha, “upanikkhipeyy±”ti imin± sikh±pattamattha½. Itarath± hi “pariyeseyy±”ti imassa “upanikkhipeyy±”ti ayamattho adhippeto na siy±. Pariyiµµhamatteyev±ti pariyesitamatteyeva. Yadi eva½ atha kasm± p±¼iya½ “satthah±raka½ v±ssa pariyeseyy±ti asi½ v± satti½ v± bheº¹i½ v± lagu¼a½ v± p±s±ºa½ v± sattha½ v± visa½ v± rajju½ v±”ti (p±r±. 172) vuttanti ±ha “padabh±jane pan±”ti-±di. Ass±ti “satthah±raka½ v±ssa pariyeseyy±”ti imassa padassa. Byañjan±nur³pato paripuººa½ katv± atthassa avuttatt± “byañjana½ an±diyitv±”ti vutta½. Sasati hi½sat²ti sattha½, sasanti hi½santi eten±ti v± sattha½. ¾disaddena “satti½ v±”ti-±dip±¼isesa½ saªgaºh±ti. Tattha lagu¼anti muggaro. Satthanti vutt±vasesa½ ya½ kiñci samukha½ veditabba½.
Yo eva½ marat²ti yo sattha½ v± ±haritv±, visa½ v± kh±ditv±, rajjuy± v± ubbandhitv±, sobbh±d²su v± patitv±, aññehi v± aggipavesana-udakapavesan±d²hi up±yehi marati. “So dhana½ v± labhat²”ti-±din± nayen±ti so dhana½ v± labhati, yasa½ v± labhati, sagga½ v± gacchati, dhammo v±ssa hot²ti imin± nayena. Kimanena veditabbanti ±ha “eten±”ti-±di. Tattha eten±ti “maraºavaººa½ v± sa½vaººeyy±”ti etena vacanena. Nayidha evanti idha manussaviggahap±r±jike na eva½, na pariy±yakath±ya muccat²ti attho. Ten±ha “sa½vaººeyy±”ti-±di.
“Sattha½ v± ±har±”ti-±din±ti ettha ±disaddena “visa½ v± kh±da, rajjuy± v± ubbandhitv± k±la½ karohi, sobbhe v± narake v± pap±te v± papat±”ti-±di½ (p±r±. 172) sabba½ maraº³p±ya½ saªgaºh±ti. Ettha ca narako (p±r±. aµµha. 2.172) n±ma tattha tattha phalantiy± bh³miy± sayameva nibbatt± mah±dar², yattha hatth²pi patanti, cor±pi nil²yitv± tiµµhanti. Pap±toti pabbatantare v± thalantare v± ekato chinno. P±paken±ti l±makena. Dujj²viten±ti dukkhabahulatt± dukkhena j²vitena. Mata½ te j²vit± seyy±ti tava maraºa½ j²vit± sundaratara½. Cittamassa atth²ti citto. Tath± mano. Iti-saddo “sabbamatth²ti kho, kacc±na, ayameko anto, sabba½ natth²ti kho, kacc±na, aya½ dutiyo anto”ti-±d²su (sa½. ni. 2.15; 3.90) viya nidassane daµµhabbo yath±vuttassa buddhiya½ viparivattam±nassa maraºassa nidassanato. Tenev±ha “mata½ te j²vit± seyyo”ti-±di.
Nanu cettha “mano”ti idampi atthato cittameva, atha kasm± vuttanti ±ha “ettha c±”ti-±di. Cittassa atthad²panattha½ vuttanti n±ya½ cittasaddo “cittasaªkappo”ti-±d²su (p±r±. 171) viya vicitt±di-attho, atha kho viññ±ºavacanoti tassa atthad²panattha½ vutta½. Imin± punaruttidos±bh±va½ dasseti. Kathameta½ viññ±yat²ti ±ha “tenevass±”ti-±di. Citto n±n±ppak±rako saªkappo ass±ti cittasaªkappo. Vicittattho hettha cittasaddo “n±ha½, bhikkhave, añña½ ekanik±yampi samanupass±mi eva½ citta½, yathayida½, bhikkhave, tiracch±nagat±”ti-±d²su (sa½. ni. 3.100) viya. Ten±ha “vicittasaªkappo”ti. Etth±pi itisaddo ±haritabboti “cittasaªkappo”ti imasmi½ padepi adhik±ravasena itisaddo ±haritabbo. Idañhi “iti cittasaªkappo”ti eva½ avuttampi adhik±rato vuttameva hot²ti. Saªkappoti cettha “takko vitakko saªkappo”ti-±d²su (dha. sa. 7) viya na vitakkasseva n±ma½, atha kho tassa ca aññesañc±ti dassetu½ “saªkappoti c±”ti-±di ±raddha½. Sa½vidahanamattass±ti saññ±cetan±vitakkasaªkh±tassa sabbassa sa½vidahanassa. S±maññattho hettha mattasaddo “br±hmaºamatta½ bhojet²”ti-±d²su viya. Ten±ha “tañca sa½vidahanan”ti-±di. Imin± sa½vidahana½ n±mettha na vidh±nanti dasseti. Adhipp±yo n±ma vitakko.
Ucc±vacena k±raºen±ti (p±r±. aµµha. 2.172) mahant±mahantena up±yena. Tattha maraºavaººasa½vaººane t±va j²vite ±d²navadassanavasena avac±k±rat±, maraºe vaººabhaºanavasena ucc±k±rat± veditabb±. Sam±dapane pana muµµhij±ºunippothan±d²hi maraºasam±dapanavasena ucc±k±rat±, ekato bhuñjantassa nakhe visa½ pakkhipitv± maraº±disam±dapanavasena avac±k±rat± veditabb±.
Eva½ as±dh±raºavinicchaya½ vatv± id±ni s±dh±raºavinicchaya½ dassetu½ “ves±liyan”ti-±dim±ha. Op±takkhaºan±d²su dukkaµanti ettha sacepi j±tapathavi½ khaºati, p±º±tip±tassa pubbapayogatt± payoge payoge dukkaµa½. Manussaviggaho n±gasupaºº±disadiso tiracch±nagato tiracch±nagatamanussaviggaho, yakkho ca peto ca tiracch±nagatamanussaviggaho ca yakkhapetatiracch±nagatamanussaviggah±, tesa½. “Tath±”ti imin± thullaccaya½ atidisati. Id±ni “imin± nayen±”ti-±din± apassenasa½vidh±n±d²supi yath±vutta-±pattibheda½ atidisati. Sabbatth±ti apassenasa½vidh±n±d²su sabbesu payogesu.
Id±ni an±patti½ dassetu½ “asañcicc±”ti-±dim±ha. Ettha ca “asañcicc±”ti (s±rattha. µ². 2.179) ida½ maraºasa½vattanika-upakkamassa asallakkhaºa½ sandh±ya vutta½ “aj±nantass±”ti ida½ pana maraºasa½vattanika-upakaraºassa aj±nana½ sandh±ya, “namaraº±dhipp±yass±”ti ida½ upakkama½ j±nantass±pi maraº±dhipp±yassa abh±va½. Ten±ha “asañcicc±”ti-±di. Acetetv±ti asallakkhetv±, virajjhitv±ti vutta½ hoti.
Musaluss±panavatthusmi½ viy±ti “tena kho pana samayena aññataro bhikkhu bhattagge antaraghare ±sana½ paññapento musale ussite eka½ musala½ aggahesi. Dutiyo musalo paripatitv± aññatarassa d±rakassa matthake avatth±si. So k±lamak±si. Tassa kukkucca½ ahosi…pe… ki½citto tva½ bhikkh³ti. Asañcicca aha½ bhagav±ti. An±patti bhikkhu asañcicc±”ti (p±r±. 180) imasmi½ vatthusmi½ viya.
Visagatapiº¹ap±tavatthusmi½ viy±ti “tena kho pana samayena aññataro piº¹ac±riko bhikkhu visagata½ piº¹ap±ta½ labhitv± paµikkamana½ haritv± bhikkh³na½ aggak±rika½ ad±si. Te bhikkh³ k±lamaka½su. Tassa kukkucca½ ahosi…pe… ki½citto tva½ bhikkh³ti. N±ha½ bhagav± j±n±m²ti. An±patti bhikkhu aj±nantass±”ti (p±r±. 181) imasmi½ vatthusmi½ viya.
Bhesajjavatthusmi½ viy±ti “tena kho pana samayena aññatar± vañjh± itth² kul³paka½ bhikkhu½ etadavoca “iªgh±yya bhesajja½ j±n±hi, yen±ha½ vij±yeyyan’ti. ‘Suµµhu bhagin²’ti tass± bhesajja½ ad±si. S± k±lamak±si. Tassa kukkucca½ ahosi…pe… an±patti bhikkhu p±r±jikassa, ±patti dukkaµass±”ti (p±r±. 187) imasmi½ vatthusmi½ viya. Idha ±dikammik± aññamañña½ j²vit± voropitabhikkh³, tesa½ an±patti. Avases±na½ maraºavaººasa½vaººanak±d²na½ ±pattiyeva.
Atha katha½ dukkhavedananti, nanu r±j±no cora½ disv± hasam±n±pi “gacchatha, na½ gh±teth±”ti vadant²ti? Sacca½ hasam±n± vadanti, so pana h±so tesa½ aññavisayo, sanniµµh±pakacetan± dukkhasampayutt±va. Vuttañheta½ samantap±s±dik±ya½ “sacepi hi sirisayana½ ±ru¼ho rajjasampattisukhamanubhavanto r±j± ‘coro deva ±n²to’ti vutte ‘gacchatha na½ m±reth±’ti hasam±no bhaºati, domanassacitteneva bhaºat²ti veditabbo. Sukhavokiººatt±, pana anuppabandh±bh±v± ca dujj±nameta½ puthujjaneh²”ti (p±r±. aµµha. 2.179).

Tatiyap±r±jikavaººan± niµµhit±.