Pasayh±ti (p±r±. aµµha. 1.138) pare abhibhuyya. G±ma½ gh±tent²ti g±magh±tak±, g±ma½ paharant± cor±, te ±di yesa½ te g±magh±tak±dayo. ¾disaddena cettha panthagh±tak±d²na½ gahaºa½. Uddh±reyeva p±r±jikanti “sace s±µako bhavissati, gaºhiss±m²”ti parikappassa pavattatt±, s±µakassa ca tattha sabbh±vato. Padav±rena k±retabboti bh³miya½ anikkhipitv±va v²ma½sitatt± vutta½. Bhaº¹adeyyanti ya½ parassa naµµha½, tassa m³la½ v± tadeva v± bhaº¹a½ d±tabbanti attho.
Tass±ti yo eva½ parikappeti, tassa. Imassa “avah±ro hot²”ti imin± sambandho.
Paresanti k²¼ant±na½, pavisant±na½ v± paresa½ manuss±na½. “Pacch± gaºhiss±m²”ti pa½sun± v± paººena v± paµicch±det²ti “sace id±neva onamitv± gaºhiss±mi, ‘ki½ samaºo gaºh±t²’ti ma½ j±nitv± viheµheyyu½ pacch± gaºhiss±m²”ti pa½sun± v± paººena v± paµicch±deti. Uddh±ro natth²ti µh±n±c±vana½ natth²ti attho. S±mik±ti ant±g±ma½ pavisituk±m± bhaº¹as±mik± manuss±. Uddh±reti uddharaºe, µh±n±c±vaneti attho Ýh±n±c±vanañcettha heµµh± vuttanay±nus±rena veditabba½. Paveset²ti µh±n±c±vanavasena paveseti, heµµhimantena phuµµhok±sa½ kesaggamattampi uparimantena atikk±mento paveset²ti attho.
Samagghataranti appagghatara½. Uddhaµamatte avah±roti sakabh±vappayogassa niµµh±pitatt±, na atthas±dhakavasena. Uddh±re rakkhati attano koµµh±se p±tetuk±mat±ya uddhaµatt±. Eseva nayo p±tanepi rakkhat²ti etth±pi. “Uddh±reyeva rakkhat²”ti imin±va p±tane na rakkhat²ti atthe siddhepi atthas±dhakavasena attha½ dassetu½ “ta½ uddharitv±”ti-±di vutta½. Sace pana dv²supi koµµh±sesu patitadaº¹ake adassana½ gameti (p±r±. aµµha. 1.138), tato avasesabhikkh³su gatesu itaro “mayha½, bhante, daº¹ako na paññ±yat²”ti, “mayhampi, ±vuso, na paññ±yat²”ti, “katamo pana, bhante, mayha½ bh±go”ti. “Aya½ tuyha½ bh±go”ti attano bh±ga½ dasseti. Tasmi½ vivaditv± v± avivaditv± v± ta½ gaºhitv± gate itaro tassa bh±ga½ uddharati, uddh±re p±r±jika½. Sacepi tena “aha½ mama bh±ga½ tuyha½ na demi, tva½ pana attano bh±ga½ ñatv± gaºh±”ti vuttepi “n±ya½ mam±”ti j±nantopi tasseva bh±ga½ gaºh±ti, uddh±re p±r±jika½. Sace pana itaro “aya½ tuyha½ bh±go, aya½ mayha½ bh±goti ki½ imin± viv±den±”ti cintetv± “mayha½ v± patto hotu, tumh±ka½ v±, yo varabh±go, ta½ tumhe gaºhath±”ti vadati, dinnaka½ n±ma gahita½ hoti, natthettha avah±ro. Sace so viv±dabh²ruko bhikkhu “ya½ tuyha½ ruccati, ta½ gaºh±”ti vutto attano patta½ varabh±ga½ µhapetv± l±maka½yeva gahetv± gacchati, tato itarassa vicinit±vasesa½ gaºhantass±pi avah±ro nattheva. Evamim±ni pañca pañcak±ni samodh±netv± ime pañcav²sati avah±r± veditabb±. Niµµhito “±diyeyy±”ti imassa padassa vinicchayo. Ten±ha “iti ya½ vutta½…pe… yassattho pak±sito hot²”ti.
R±j±noti kiñc±pi avisesena vutta½, apar±dh±nur³pa½ pana chejjabhejj±nus±sako pam±ºabh³tova idh±dhippetoti ±ha “r±j±noti ida½ bimbis±ra½yeva sandh±ya vuttan”ti. So hi dhammikar±jatt± yath±paveºiy±va karoti. Aññe pana k±kaºikamattassapi s²sa½ chindeyyu½ bahukass±pi na v± kiñci kareyyu½. Ten±ha “aññe pan±”ti-±di. Hanana½ n±ma pothanañceva chedanañc±ti ±ha “hatth±d²hi v±”ti-±di. ¾disaddena p±dakas±vetta-a¹¹hadaº¹ak±na½ gahaºa½. Rajjubandhan±d²h²ti ±disaddena andubandhanasaªkhalik±bandhanagharabandhananagarabandhanapurisagutt²na½ gahaºa½. N²hareyyunti raµµhato nikkh±meyyu½. Corosi…pe… thenos²ti ettha “paribh±seyyun”ti pada½ ajjh±haritabba½ ³natt± padappayogassa. Ten±ha “imehi vacanehi paribh±seyyun”ti. Yath±r³pa½ pana yasm± p±dato paµµh±ya hoti, tasm± “p±dassa v± p±d±rahassa v±”ti ±ha. Por±ºakassa kah±paºassa catuttho bh±go p±do, p±da½ arahat²ti p±d±raho, tassa p±dassa v± p±d±rahassa v±. Ettha ca p±dena kah±paºassa catutthabh±ga½ akappiyabhaº¹ameva dasseti, p±d±rahena p±dagghanaka½ kappiyabhaº¹a½. Ett±vat± heµµhimantadassanena sabb±k±rena dutiyap±r±jikappahonakavatthu dassita½ hot²ti daµµhabba½. Por±ºakass±ti (s±rattha. µ². 2.88; vi. vi. µ². 1.88) por±ºasatth±nur³pa½ upp±ditassa lakkhaºasampannassa n²lakah±paºasadisassa kah±paºassa. Etena rudrad±mak±d²ni paµikkhipati.
Eva½ as±dh±raºavinicchaya½ dassetv± id±ni s±dh±raºavinicchaya½ dassetu½ “r±jagahe”ti-±dim±ha. Raññoti bimbis±rarañño. M±sako n±ma por±ºakassa kah±paºassa v²satimo bh±go. Yo loke “mañjeµµh²”tipi vuccati. Id±ni imasmi½ adinn±d±ne vinicchaya½ dassetu½ “sabbatth±”ti-±di vutta½. Sabbatth±ti ³nam±sak±tirekam±sakapañcam±sakesu. Parih²n±parih²navasen±ti agghassa parih²n±parih²navasena. Ayamettha saªkhepo vitth±ro pana eva½ veditabbo– idañhi adinn±d±na½ vinicchinantena otiººe vatthusmi½ sahas± avinicchinitv± pañca µh±n±ni oloketabb±ni. Y±ni sandh±ya por±º± ±hu–
“Vatthu½ k±lañca desañca, aggha½ paribhogapañcama½;
tulayitv± pañcaµh±n±ni, dh±reyyattha½ vicakkhaºo”ti. (P±r±. aµµha. 1.92).
Tattha ca vatth³ti bhaº¹a½. Avah±rakena hi “may± ida½ n±ma avahaµan”ti vuttepi ±patti½ an±ropetv±va ta½ bhaº¹a½ sas±mika½ v± as±mika½ v±ti upaparikkhitabba½. Sas±mikepi s±mik±na½ s±layabh±vo v± nir±layabh±vo v± upaparikkhitabbo. Sace tesa½ s±layak±le avahaµa½, bhaº¹a½ aggh±petv± ±patti k±retabb±. Sace nir±layak±le, na p±r±jikena k±retabbo. Bhaº¹as±mikesu pana bhaº¹a½ ±har±pentesu bhaº¹a½ d±tabba½. Ayamettha s±m²ci. Eva½ vatthu oloketabba½.
K±loti avah±rak±lo. Tadeva hi bhaº¹a½ kad±ci samaggha½ hoti, kad±ci mahaggha½. Tasm± ta½ bhaº¹a½ yasmi½ k±le avahaµa½, tasmi½yeva k±le yo tassa aggho, tena agghena ±patti k±retabb±. Eva½ k±lo oloketabbo.
Desoti avah±radeso. Tañhi bhaº¹a½ yasmi½ dese avahaµa½, tasmi½yeva dese yo tassa aggho, tena agghena ±patti k±retabb±. Bhaº¹uµµh±nadese hi bhaº¹a½ samaggha½ hoti, aññattha mahaggha½. Eva½ deso oloketabbo.
Agghoti (p±r±. aµµha. 1.92) bhaº¹aggho. Navabhaº¹assa hi yo aggho, so pacch± parih±yati. Yath± navadhoto patto aµµha v± dasa v± agghati, so pacch± bhinno v± chiddo v± ±ºigaºµhik±hato v± appaggho hoti, tasm± na sabbad± bhaº¹a½ pakati-aggheneva k±tabbanti. Eva½ aggho oloketabbo.
Paribhogoti bhaº¹assa paribhogo. Paribhogen±pi hi v±si-±dibhaº¹assa aggho parih±yati, tasm± eva½ upaparikkhitabba½– sace koci kassaci p±dagghanaka½ v±si½ harati, tatra v±sis±miko pucchitabbo “tay± aya½ v±si kittakena k²t±”ti. “P±dena, bhante”ti. “Ki½ pana te kiºitv±va µhapit±, ud±hu ta½ valañjes²”ti? Sace vadati “ekadivasa½ me dantakaµµha½ v± rajanachalli v± pattapacanad±ru v± chinna½, gha½sitv± v± nisit±”ti. Athassa por±ºo aggho bhaµµhoti veditabbo. Yath± ca v±siy±, eva½ añjaniy± v± añjanisal±k±ya v± kuñcik±ya v± pal±lena v± thusehi v± iµµhakacuººena v± ekav±ra½ gha½sitv± dhovanamatten±pi aggho bhassati. Tipumaº¹alassa makaradantacchedanen±pi parimaddanamatten±pi, udakas±µik±ya saki½ niv±sanap±rupanen±pi, paribhogas²sena a½se v± s²se v± µhapanamatten±pi, taº¹ul±d²na½ papphoµanen±pi tato eka½ v± dve v± apanayanenapi, antamaso eka½ p±s±ºasakkhara½ uddharitv± cha¹¹itamatten±pi, sappitel±d²na½ bh±janantaraparivattanenapi, antamaso tato makkhika½ v± kipillika½ v± uddharitv± cha¹¹itamattenapi, gu¼apiº¹akassa madhurabh±vaj±nanattha½ nakhena vijjhitv± aºumatta½ gahitamattenapi aggho bhassati. Tasm± ya½ kiñci p±dagghanaka½ vuttanayeneva s±mikena paribhogena ³na½ kata½ hoti, na ta½ avah±rako bhikkhu p±r±jikena k±retabboti. Eva½ paribhogo oloketabbo.
Eva½ im±ni tulayitv± pañca µh±n±ni dh±reyya attha½ vicakkhaºo ±patti½ v± an±patti½ v± garuka½ v± lahuka½ v± ±patti½ yath±µh±ne µhapeyy±ti.
Eva½ tattha vinicchaya½ dassetv± id±ni an±patti½ dassento “sakasaññiss±”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha sakasaññiss±ti “mayha½ santaka½ ida½ bhaº¹an”ti eva½ sakasaññissa parabhaº¹ampi gaºhato gahaºe an±patti, gahita½ pana puna d±tabba½. Sace s±mikehi “deh²”ti vutto na deti, tesa½ dhuranikkhepe p±r±jika½. Viss±sagg±heti (p±r±. aµµha. 1.131) viss±saggahaºepi an±patti. Viss±sagg±halakkhaºa½ pana imin± suttena j±nitabba½–
“Anuj±n±mi, bhikkhave, pañcahaªgehi samann±gatassa viss±sa½ gahetu½, sandiµµho ca hoti, sambhatto ca ±lapito ca j²vati ca j±n±ti ca ‘gahite me attamano”’ti (mah±va. 356).
Tattha sandiµµhoti diµµhamattakamitto. Sambhattoti da¼hamitto. ¾lapitoti “mama santaka½ ya½ icchasi, ta½ gaºheyy±si, ±pucchitv± gahaºe k±raºa½ natth²”ti vutto. J²vat²ti anuµµh±naseyy±ya sayitopi y±va j²vitindriyupaccheda½ na p±puº±ti. Gahite ca attamanoti gahite tuµµhacitto. Evar³passa santaka½ “gahite me attamano bhavissat²”ti j±nantena gahetu½ vaµµati. Anavasesapariy±d±navasena cet±ni pañcaªg±ni vutt±ni. Viss±sagg±ho pana t²hi aªgehi ruhati. Katha½? Sandiµµho, j²vati, gahite attamano, sambhatto, j²vati, gahite attamano, ±lapito, j²vati, gahite attamanoti eva½.
Yo pana j²vati, na ca gahite attamano hoti, tassa santaka½ viss±sabh±vena gahitampi puna d±tabba½. Dadantena ca matakadhana½ t±va ye tassa dhane issar± gahaµµh± v± pabbajit± v±, tesa½ d±tabba½. Anattamanassa santaka½ tasseva d±tabba½. Yo pana paµhama½yeva “suµµhu kata½ tay± mama santaka½ gaºhanten±”ti vac²bhedena v± cittupp±damattena v± anumoditv± pacch± kenaci k±raºena kupito, so pacc±har±petu½ na labhati. Yo ca ad±tuk±mo, cittena pana adhiv±seti, na kiñci vadati, sopi puna pacc±har±petu½ na labhati. Yo pana “may± tumh±ka½ santaka½ gahitan”ti v± “paribhuttan”ti v± vutto gahita½ v± hotu, paribhutta½ v±, “may± pana ta½ kenacideva karaº²yena µhapita½, p±katika½ k±tu½ vaµµat²”ti vadati, aya½ pacc±har±petu½ labhati.
T±vak±liketi “paµidass±mi paµikariss±m²”ti eva½ gaºhantassa t±vak±likepi gahaºe an±patti. Gahita½ pana sace bhaº¹as±miko puggalo v± gaºo v± “tuyheveta½ hot³”ti anuj±n±ti, icceta½ kusala½. No ce anuj±n±ti, ±har±pente d±tabba½. Saªghasantaka½ pana paµid±tumeva vaµµati.
Petapariggaheti ettha pana pettivisaye upapann±pi, k±la½ katv± tasmi½yeva attabh±ve nibbatt±pi, c±tumah±r±jik±dayo dev±pi sabbe “pet±”tveva saªkhya½ gat±, tesa½ pariggahe an±patti. Devat±ya pana uddissa balikamma½ karontehi rukkh±d²su laggitas±µake vattabbameva natthi. Tañca kho ±rakkhakehi apariggahite, pariggahita½ pana gahetu½ na vaµµati (s±rattha. µ². 2.131).
Tiracch±nagatapariggaheti n±gasupaºº±d²na½ tiracch±nagat±na½ pariggahe. Sacepi hi devo v± n±gasupaººo v± manussar³pena ±paºa½ pas±reti, tato cassa santaka½ koci dibbacakkhuko bhikkhu ta½ ñatv± gahetv± gacchati, vaµµati.
Pa½suk³lasaññiss±ti “as±mika½ ida½ pa½suk³lan”ti evasaññiss±pi gahaºe an±patti. Sace pana ta½ sas±mika½ hoti, ±har±pente d±tabba½. Ummattak±d²ni pubbe vuttappak±r±neva. ¾dikammiko panettha dhaniyo Avases±na½ pana rajakabhaº¹ik±dicor±na½ chabbaggiy±d²na½ ±pattiyeva.
Sacittakehi t²hi samuµµh±nehi ida½ samuµµh±t²ti ±ha “adinn±d±nasamuµµh±nan”ti. Tath± hi s±hatthika½ k±yacittato samuµµh±ti. ¾ºattika½ v±c±cittato samuµµh±ti. S±hattik±ºattika½ k±yav±c±cittato samuµµh±ti, tañca kho “bh±riyamida½, tva½ ekapassa½ gaºha, aha½ ekapassan”ti sa½vidh±ya ubhayesa½ payogena ekassa vatthuno µh±n±c±vane labbhati. “K±yavac²kamman”ti avacana½ pana k±yav±c±na½ ²dise µh±ne aªgamattatt±. Y±ya pana cetan±ya samuµµh±pito payogo s±hatthiko v± ±ºattiko v± padh±nabh±vena µh±n±c±vana½ s±dheti, tass± vasena ±patti k±retabb±. Aññath± s±hatthika½ v± ±ºattikassa aªga½ na hoti, ±ºattika½ v± s±hatthikass±ti ida½ virujjhati. “Adinna½ ±diy±m²”ti saññ±ya abh±vena muccanato saññ±vimokkha½. K±yena kata½ kamma½ k±yakamma½, k±yadv±rena katanti attho. Vac²kammanti etth±pi eseva nayo. Tuµµho v± bh²to v± majjhatto v± na½ ±pajjat²ti tivedana½. Sesa½ paµhamasikkh±pade vuttanayeneva veditabba½.

Dutiyap±r±jikavaººan± niµµhit±.