Upanikkhitta½ bhaº¹anti saªgopanatth±ya attano hatthe parehi µhapitabhaº¹a½. Aha½ na gaºh±m²ti sambandho. At²tatthe ceta½ vattam±navacana½, n±ha½ gahesinti attho. Dukkaµa½ (p±r±. aµµha. 1.111) sampaj±namus±v±depi adinn±d±nassa pubbapayogatt±. “Ki½ tumhe bhaºatha, nevida½ mayha½ anur³pa½, na tumh±kan”ti-±d²ni vadantass±pi dukkaµameva. S±mikassa vimati½ upp±det²ti “raho may± etassa hatthe µhapita½, na añño koci j±n±ti, dassati nu kho me, no”ti s±mikassa vimati½ upp±deti. Dhura½ nikkhipat²ti tassa pharus±dibh±va½ disv± uss±ha½ µhapeti. Tatra sac±ya½ bhikkhu “kilametv± na½ dass±m²”ti d±ne sa-uss±ho, rakkhati t±va. Sace so d±ne niruss±ho, bhaº¹as±miko pana gahaºe sa-uss±ho, rakkhateva. Yadi pana so tasmi½ d±ne niruss±ho, bhaº¹as±mikopi “na mayha½ dassat²”ti dhura½ nikkhipati, eva½ ubhinna½ dhuranikkhepena bhikkhuno p±r±jika½. Yadipi mukhena “dass±m²”ti vadati, cittena pana ad±tuk±mo, evampi s±mikassa dhuranikkhepena bhikkhuno p±r±jika½.
Sahabhaº¹ah±raka½ ness±m²ti “sahabhaº¹ah±raka½ bhaº¹a½ ness±m²”ti cintetv±. Paµhama½ p±da½ atikk±met²ti bhaº¹ah±raka½ tajjetv± tassa gamanapatha½ v±retv± attan± rucitamagga½ ekap±da½ atikk±meti. Thalaµµhanti (p±r±. aµµha. 1.95) thale nikkhitta½, bh³mitale v± p±s±ºapabbatatal±d²su v± yattha katthaci paµicchanne v± appaµicchanne v± µhapitanti attho. Phand±peti, thullaccayanti yo phand±peti tassa payoge payoge thullaccaya½, ±masane dukkaµa½, phand±pane thullaccayañca visu½ visu½ theyyacittena ±masanaphand±panapayoge karontasseva hoti. “Ekapayogena gaºhantassa pana uddh±re p±r±jikameva, na dukkaµathullaccay±n²”ti vadanti. Ýh±n±ti µhitaµµh±nato. Sace ta½ thalaµµha½ r±sikata½ hoti, antokumbhiya½ bh±janagatakaraºamuµµhicchedanavinicchayena vinicchinitabba½. Sace ek±baddha½ silesaniyy±s±di, pakkamadhuph±ºitavinicchayena vinicchinitabba½. Sace garuka½ hoti bh±rabaddha½ lohapiº¹itelamadhughaµ±di v±, kumbhiya½ µh±n±c±vanavinicchayena vinicchinitabba½. Saªkhalik±baddhassa ca µh±nabhedo sallakkhetabbo. Pattharitv± µhapita½ pana p±v±rattharaºakaµas±rak±di½ ujuka½ gahetv± ±ka¹¹hati, p±rimante orimantena phuµµhok±sa½ atikkante p±r±jika½. Tatheva gahetv± parato pellati, p±rimante phuµµhok±sa½ orimante atikkante p±r±jika½. V±mato v± dakkhiºato v± apan±mentassa v±mantena v± dakkhiºantena v± phuµµhok±sa½ dakkhiºante v± v±mante v± atikkante p±r±jika½. Veµhetv± uddharati, kesaggamatta½ ±k±sagata½ karontassa p±r±jika½.
Sako hattho sahattho, tena nibbatto, tassa v± sambandh²ti s±hatthiko, avah±ro. ¾º±pana½ ±ºatti, t±ya ±ºattiy± nibbatto avah±ro ±ºattiko. Nissajjana½ nissaggo, suªkagh±taµµh±ne, parikappitok±se ca µhatv± bhaº¹assa bahi nip±tana½, nissaggova nissaggiyo. Kiriy±siddhito puretarameva p±r±jik±pattisaªkh±ta½ attha½ s±dhet²ti atthas±dhako. Dhurassa ±layasaªkh±tassa bh±rassa nikkhipana½ pariccajana½ niruss±habh±v±pajjana½ dhuranikkhepo. Id±ni byañjane ±dara½ akatv± tesa½ atthamattameva dassento “tattha s±hatthiko n±m±”ti-±dim±ha. Sahatth±ti sahatthena. Karaºatthe hi ida½ nissakkavacana½. “Asukassa bhaº¹a½ avahar±”ti añña½ ±º±pet²ti etth±pi ±ºattikkhaºe eva ±patti daµµhabb±. Yadi eva½ imassa, atthas±dhakassa ca ko visesoti? Ta½ khaºa½ eva gahaºe niyuñjana½ ±ºattikapayogo, k±lantarena gahaºattha½ niyogo atthas±dhakoti (s±rattha. µ². 2.92; vi. vi. µ². 1.92) ayametesa½ visesoti. Tenev±ha “asukassa bhaº¹a½ yad± sakkosi, tad± ta½ avahar±ti ±º±pet²”ti.
Suªkagh±taparikappitok±s±nanti suªkagh±tañca parikappitok±so ca suªkagh±taparikappitok±s±, tesa½. Tattha suªkagh±tanti (p±r±. aµµha. 1.113) rukkhapabbat±disaññ±ºena niyamitassa suªkaµµh±nasseta½ adhivacana½. Tañhi yasm± tato r±jadeyyabh±ga½ suªka½ adatv± n²harant± rañño suªka½ hananti vin±senti, tasm± “suªkagh±tan”ti vutta½.
Koci parapariveº±d²ni paviµµho kiñci lobhaneyyabhaº¹a½ disv± dv±rappamukh±divasena ya½ µh±na½ “sace ma½ etthantare passissanti, daµµhuk±mat±ya gahetv± vicaranto viya dass±mi, no ce passissanti, hariss±m²”ti parikappeti, aya½ parikappitok±so. ¾ºattikkhaºeyeva p±r±jikanti (p±r±. aµµha. 1.121) atthas±dhakacetan±kkhaºeyeva p±r±jika½. Sacepi avah±rako saµµhivass±tikkamenapi ta½ bhaº¹a½ avaharati, ±º±pako ca antar±yeva k±la½ karoti, h²n±ya v± ±vattati, assamaºova hutv± k±la½ v± karissati, h²n±ya v± ±vattissati, avah±rakassa pana avah±rakkhaºeyeva p±r±jika½. P±dagghanakatelanti (p±r±. aµµha. 1.94) ettha p±do n±ma kah±paºassa catuttho bh±go, ta½ agghat²ti p±dagghanaka½, p±dagghanakañca ta½ telañc±ti p±dagghanakatela½. Up±han± ±di yesa½ vatth³na½ t±ni up±han±d²ni. ¾disaddena duk³las±µakacammakkhaº¹±d²na½ gahaºa½. Pakkhipat²ti theyyacittena pakkhipati. Ten±ha “hatthato muttamatteyeva p±r±jikan”ti sace pana attanopi kumbhiya½ añño sappi½ v± tela½ v± ±kirati, tatra c±ya½ theyyacittena telapivanaka½ bhaº¹a½ pakkhipati, vuttanayeneva p±r±jika½.
K±yena v± v±c±ya v± payuñjana½ ±º±pana½ payogo, ±ºattassa bhaº¹aggahaºato pubbatt± pubbo, iti pubbo ca so payogo c±ti pubbapayogo. Payogena saha vattam±no avah±ro sahapayogo. Sama½ ek² hutv± vidahitv± mantetv± avaharaºa½ sa½vidh±vah±ro, aññamañña½ saññuppattiy± kat±vah±roti vutta½ hoti. Pubbaºh±dik±laparicchedena sañj±nana½ saªketo, tassa kamma½ saªketakamma½. Nimittassa kamma½ nimittakamma½, saññupp±danattha½ kassaci nimittassa karaºanti attho. Tatth±ti yath±vuttesu pubbapayog±d²su pañcasu. Khil±d²ni saªk±metv± khett±diggahaºavasen±ti khila½, rajju½, vati½, mariy±da½ v± p±k±ra½ v± saªk±metv± khettaggahaºavasena, khila½, rajju½, vati½, mariy±da½ v± p±k±ra½ v± saªk±metv± vatthuggahaºavasena. Sace pana dv²hi khilehi gahetabba½ hoti, paµhame khile thullaccaya½, dutiye p±r±jika½ (p±r±. aµµha. 1.104). Sace t²hi gahetabba½ hoti, paµhame dukkaµa½, dutiye thullaccaya½, tatiye p±r±jika½. Eva½ bahukesupi avas±ne dve µhapetv± purimehi dukkaµa½, avas±ne dvinna½ ekena thullaccaya½ itarena p±r±jika½. Rajjupas±raº±d²supi eseva nayo. Ya½ pana samantap±s±dik±ya½ “tañca kho s±mik±na½ dhuranikkhepen±”ti (p±r±. aµµha. 1.104) vutta½, ta½ “khetta½ abhiyuñjati, ±patti dukkaµass±”ti-±di (p±r±. 104) -adhik±re vuttatt± abhiyogavasena gahaºa½ sandh±y±ti daµµhabba½. Sa½vidahitv±ti etasseva vevacana½. Sa½mantayitv±ti ekacchandat±ya ekajjh±sayat±ya bhaºitv±ti attho. Imasmi½ avah±re asammohattha½ “eva½ sa½vidahitv± gatesu h²”ti-±dim±ha. Sañj±nanakammanti pubbaºh±dik±laparicchedavasena saññ±ºakaraºa½. Ten±ha “sace h²”ti-±di.
Ettha ca “purebhatta½ avahar±”ti vutte (p±r±. aµµha. 1.119) ajja v± purebhatta½ avaharatu, sve v±, an±gate v± sa½vacchare, natthi visaªketo, ubhinnampi p±r±jika½. Sace pana “ajja purebhatta½ avahar±”ti vutte sve avaharati. “Ajj±”ti niyamita½ saªketa½ atikkamma pacch± avahaµa½ hoti. Sace “sve purebhatta½ avahar±”ti vutte ajja purebhatta½ avaharati, “sve”ti niyamita½ ta½ saªketa½ apatv± pure avahaµa½ hoti, eva½ avaharantassa avah±rakasseva p±r±jika½, m³laµµhassa an±patti. “Sveva purebhattan”ti vutte tadaheva v±, sve pacch±bhatta½ v± avaharantopi ta½saªketato pure ca pacch± ca avaharati. Yo pana eva½akatv± yath±paricchinnak±lameva avaharati, aya½ saªketato apure apacch± ta½ avaharat²ti veditabbo. Esa nayo pacch±bhattarattindivesupi, purimay±mamajjhimay±mapacchimay±mak±¼ajuºham±sa-utusa½vacchar±divasen±pi ettha saªketavisaªketat± veditabb±. Parabhaº¹±vah±rasaññupp±dassa hetutt± akkhinikhaº±d²neva nimittanti akkhinikhaº±dinimitta½, tassa karaºa½ akkhinikhaº±dinimittakaraºa½. ¾disaddena bhamukukkhepas²sakampanahatthalaªghanap±ºippah±ra-aªguliphoµanag²vunn±mana-ukk±san±di-anekappak±ra½ saªgaºh±ti. Sesamettha saªketakamme vuttanayameva.
Theno vuccati coro, tassa bh±vo theyya½, tena avaharaºa½ theyy±vah±ro. Pasayha abhibhavitv± avaharaºa½ pasayh±vah±ro. Vatthasutt±dika½ paricchijja kappana½ parikappo, tena avaharaºa½ parikapp±vah±ro. Tiºapaºº±d²hi paµicchannassa avah±ro paµicchann±vah±ro. Kusena avah±ro kus±vah±ro. K³µam±nak³µakah±paº±d²h²ti ettha k³µam±na½ (d². ni. aµµha. 1.10; ma. ni. aµµha. 1.293; pu. pa. aµµha. 179) n±ma hadayabhedasikh±bhedarajjubhedavasena tividha½ m±nak³µa½. Tattha hadayanti n±¼i-±dim±nabh±jan±na½ abbhantara½, tassa bhedo chiddakaraºa½ hadayabhedo, so sappitel±diminanak±le labbhati. T±ni hi gaºhanto heµµh±chiddena m±nena “saºika½ ±siñc±”ti vatv± antobh±jane bahu½ pagghar±petv± gaºh±ti, dadanto ca chidda½ pidh±ya s²gha½ p³retv± deti.
Sikh±bhedo pana tilataº¹ul±diminanak±le labbhati. T±ni hi gaºhanto saºika½ sikha½ uss±petv± gaºh±ti, dadanto vegena p³retv± sikha½ chindanto deti.
Rajjubhedo khettavatthuminanak±le labbhati. Khett±di½ minant± hi amahantampi mahanta½ katv± minanti, mahantampi amahanta½.
Tambaka½s±dimayo k³µo kah±paºo k³µakah±paºo. ¾disaddena tul±k³µaka½sak³µavañcan±di½ saªgaºh±ti. Tattha tul±k³µa½ r³pak³µa½, aªgak³µa½, gahaºak³µa½, paµicchannak³µanti catubbidha½ hoti. Tattha r³pak³µa½ n±ma dve tul± samar³p± katv± gaºhanto mahatiy± gaºh±ti, dadanto khuddik±ya deti. Aªgak³µa½ n±ma gaºhanto pacch±bh±ge hatthena tula½ akkamati, dadanto pubbabh±ge akkamati. Gahaºak³µa½ n±ma gaºhanto m³le rajju½ gaºh±ti, dadanto agge. Paµicchannak³µa½ n±ma tula½ susira½ katv± anto ayacuººa½ pakkhipitv± gaºhanto ta½ pacch±bh±ge karoti, dadanto aggabh±ge.
Ka½so vuccati suvaººap±ti, t±ya vañcana½ ka½sak³µa½. Katha½? Eka½ suvaººap±ti½ katv± aññ± dve tisso lohap±tiyo suvaººavaºº± karonti. Tato janapada½ gantv± kiñcideva a¹¹ha½ kula½ pavisitv± “suvaººabh±jan±ni kiº±th±”ti vatv± agghe pucchite samagghatara½ d±tuk±m± honti Tato tehi “katha½ imesa½ suvaººabh±vo j±nitabbo”ti vutte “v²ma½sitv± gaºhath±”ti suvaººap±ti½ p±s±ºe gha½sitv± sabb± p±tiyo datv± gacchati.
Vañcana½ n±ma tehi tehi up±yehi paresa½ vañcana½. Tatridameka½ vatthu– eko kira luddako migañca migapotakañca gahetv± ±gacchati, tameko dhutto “ki½ bho migo agghati, ki½ migapotako”ti ±ha. “Migo dve kah±paºe, migapotako ekan”ti vutte eka½ kah±paºa½ datv± migapotaka½ gahetv± thoka½ gantv± nivattento “na me bho migapotakena attho, miga½ me deh²”ti ±ha. “Tena hi dve kah±paºe deh²”ti ±ha. So ±ha “nanu bho may± paµhama½ eko kah±paºo dinno”ti. ¾ma dinno, ima½ migapotaka½ gaºha, eva½ so ca kah±paºo ayañca kah±paºagghanako migapotakoti dve kah±paº± bhavissant²ti. So “k±raºa½ vadat²”ti sallakkhetv± migapotaka½ gahetv± miga½ ad±s²ti.