2. Dutiyap±r±jikavaŗŗan±

Etth±ti etesu dv²su. Ekakuµik±dibhedo sabbopi g±moti veditabboti sambandho. Tattha ekakuµik±dibhedoti yasmi½ g±me ek± eva kuµi eka½ geha½ seyyath±pi malayajanapade, aya½ ekakuµiko g±mo n±ma. ¾disaddena “dvikuµikopi g±mo, tikuµikopi g±mo, catukkuµikopi g±mo”ti (p±r±. 92) vuttappabheda½ saŖgaŗh±ti. Abhinavaniviµµho ekakuµik±dig±mo pana y±va manuss± pavisitv± v±sa½ na kappenti, t±va g±masaŖkha½ na gacchati. Ki½bh³toti ±ha “parikkhitto v±”ti-±di. Tattha parikkhitto n±ma iµµhakap±k±ra½ ±di½ katv± antamaso kaŗµakas±kh±hipi parikkhitto. Tabbipar²to aparikkhitto. Amanusso n±ma yo sabbaso v± manuss±na½ abh±vena yakkhapariggahabh³to, yato v± manuss± kenaci karaŗ²yena punapi ±gantuk±m± eva apakkant±, yato pana nirapekkh± hutv± pakkamanti, so g±masaŖkha½ na gacchati. Na kevala½ ekakuµik±dibhedov±ti ±ha “antamaso”ti-±di. Yo koci satthop²ti jaŖghasatthasakaµasatth±d²su yo koci satthopi. Imasmi½ sikkh±pade nigamanagar±ni viya g±maggahaŗeneva g±m³pac±ropi saŖgahitoti ±ha “µhapetv± g±mańca g±m³pac±rańc±”ti. Ańńath± pana m±tik±ya anavasesato avah±raµµh±napariggaho kato n±ma na hoti, na ca buddh± s±vasesa½ p±r±jika½ pańń±penti.
Tatth±ti tesu g±mag±m³pac±resu. Dv±reti nibbakosassa udakapatanaµµh±nato abbhantare. Antogeheti pamukhassa abbhantare. Kataparikkhepoti p±k±ravati-±d²hi kataparikkhepo. Suppapatan±diparicchedo panettha aparikkhittaghara½ sandh±ya vutto. Na kevala½ gharassa purato, atha kho samantato tattakova paricchedo ghar³pac±ro n±m±ti gahetabba½. “Purato”ti-±dika½ pana lokiyehi tath±karaŗato vutta½. Th±mamajjhimass±ti majjhimath±massa, neva appath±massa, na mah±th±mass±ti vutta½ hoti. “Yath± taruŗamanuss±”ti-±din± yath± m±tug±mo k±ke u¹¹±pento ujukameva hattha½ ukkhipitv± le¹¹u½ khipati, yath± ca udakukkhepe udaka½ khipanti, eva½ khittassa le¹¹ussa patitaµµh±na½ paµikkhipati. Pavattitv±ti luµhitv±, parivattitv±ti vutta½ hoti. Tassa sace dve indakh²l± hont²ti (p±r±. aµµha. 1.92) tassa parikkhittassa g±massa sace anur±dhapurasseva dve umm±r± honti. Yassa pana eko, tassa g±madv±rab±h±na½ vemajjhe µhitassa le¹¹up±tabbhantara½ g±m³pac±ro n±ma. Yatra pana indakh²lo natthi, tatra g±madv±rab±h±na½ vemajjha½. Yatra dv±rab±h±pi natthi, tattha ubhosu passesu vatiy± v± p±k±rassa v± koµivemajjha½va indakh²laµµh±niyatt± indakh²loti gahetabba½. Yo pana g±mo pubbe mah± hutv± pacch± kulesu naµµhesu appako hoti, so ghar³pac±rato le¹¹up±teneva paricchinditabbo. Purimaparicchedo panassa parikkhittass±pi aparikkhittass±pi appam±ŗamev±ti. Nanu ceta½ aparikkhittassa upac±radassana½ padabh±janena viruddhamiva dissati. Tattha hi “g±m³pac±ro n±ma parikkhittassa g±massa indakh²le µhitassa majjhimassa purisassa le¹¹up±to”ti (p±r±. 92) vatv± “aparikkhittassa g±massa ghar³pac±re µhitassa majjhimassa purisassa le¹¹up±to”ti (p±r±. 92) ettakameva vutta½, na pana ta½ le¹¹up±ta½ g±masaŖkhepa½ katv± tato para½ g±m³pac±roti vuttoti ±ha “padabh±janepi hi imin±va nayena attho veditabbo”ti.
Ayamettha adhipp±yo– idha g±mo n±ma duvidho hoti parikkhitto ca aparikkhitto ca (p±r±. aµµha. 1.92). Tatra parikkhittassa parikkhepoyeva paricchedo. Tasm± tassa visu½ pariccheda½ avatv± “g±m³pac±ro n±ma parikkhittassa g±massa indakh²le µhitassa majjhimassa purisassa le¹¹up±to”ti p±¼iya½ vutta½. Aparikkhittassa pana g±massa g±maparicchedo vattabbo. Tasm± tassa g±massa g±maparicchedadassanattha½ “aparikkhittassa g±massa ghar³pac±re µhitassa majjhimassa purisassa le¹¹up±to”ti (p±r±. 92) vutta½. G±maparicchede ca dassite g±m³pac±ralakkhaŗa½ pubbe vuttanayeneva sakk± ń±tunti puna “tattha µhitassa majjhimassa purisassa le¹¹up±to”ti na vutta½, attho pana tatth±pi ayameva yath±vuttoti. Yo pana ghar³pac±re µhitassa le¹¹up±ta½yeva “g±m³pac±ro”ti vadati, tassa ghar³pac±ro “g±mo”ti ±pajjati. Tato ghara½ ghar³pac±ro, g±mo g±m³pac±roti esa vibh±go saŖkar²yati. Asa½karato cettha vinicchayo veditabbo. Tasm± p±¼ińca aµµhakathańca sa½sanditv± vuttanayenevettha g±mo, g±m³pac±ro ca veditabboti.
Tatth±ti tesu dv²su upac±resu. Yv±ya½ upac±ro dassitoti sambandho. Vik±le g±mappavesan±d²s³ti ettha ±disaddena asa½kaccik±g±mappavesana½ (p±ci. 1225) saŖgaŗh±ti. Yo pana parikkhittassa g±massa upac±ro vutto, so na katthaci vinayapiµake upayoga½ gato. Kevala½ aparikkhittassa parikkhepok±sato aparo eko le¹¹up±to g±m³pac±ro n±m±ti ń±panattha½ vutto. Eva½ vutte hi ń±yati “parikkhittass±pi ce g±massa eko le¹¹up±to kappiyabh³mi sam±no upac±roti vutto, pageva aparikkhittassa parikkhepok±sato eko”ti. Imesa½ paricchedadassanatthanti imesa½ g±m±rańń±na½ paricchedadassanattha½ vutt± aµµhakath±ya½. P±r±jikavatthunti p±dagghanaka½. Avaharantass±ti gaŗhantassa.
Adinnanti (p±r±. aµµha. 92) dantaponasikkh±pade attano santakampi appaµiggahitaka½ kappiya½ ajjhoharaŗ²ya½ vuccati, idha pana ya½ kińci parapariggahita½ sas±mika½ bhaŗ¹a½, tadeta½ tehi s±mikehi k±yena v± v±c±ya v± na dinnanti adinna½. Avah±rappahonakameva pana dassetu½ “ańńassa manussaj±tikassa santakan”ti vutta½. SaŖkh±saddasseva ta-k±rena va¹¹hetv± vuttatt± “saŖkh± saŖkh±tanti atthato ekan”ti vutta½. Tattha atthato ekanti padatthato eka½, anatthantaranti vutta½ hoti. Koµµh±sasseta½ n±ma½ bh±gato saŖkh±yati upaµµh±t²ti katv±. PapańcasaŖkh±ti satt±na½ sa½s±re papańcenti cir±yant²ti papańc±, taŗh±m±nadiµµhiyo, yassa v± uppann±, ta½ “ratto”ti v± “matto”ti v± “micch±diµµhiniviµµho”ti v± papańcenti byańjent²ti papańc±, saŖkh± vuccati koµµh±so, papańc±va saŖkh± papańcasaŖkh±, papańcakoµµh±s±ti attho, taŗh±m±nadiµµhiyoti vutta½ hoti. TheyyacittasaŖkh±toti “theyyacitto”ti kathito. Eko cittakoµµh±soti viss±sat±vak±lik±digg±havasappavatta-atheyyacittakoµµh±sato ańńo cittakoµµh±so. TheyyasaŖkh±ten±ti theyyabh³tacittakoµµh±sena. Yadi eva½ atha kasm± etassa vibhaŖge “theyyacitto avaharaŗacitto”ti (p±r±. 92) vuttanti ±ha “yo c±”ti-±di. Byańjana½ an±diyitv±ti byańjane ±dara½ akatv±ti attho, saddatthamanapekkhitv±ti vutta½ hoti. Atthamev±ti bh±vatthameva.
Te pana avah±r±ti te pańcav²sati avah±r±. Savińń±ŗak±vińń±ŗakavasena n±n±vidho bhaŗ¹o etassa pańcakass±ti n±n±bhaŗ¹a½, pańcanna½ avah±r±na½ sam³ho pańcaka½, pańcaparim±ŗamass±ti v± pańcaka½, n±n±bhaŗ¹ameva pańcaka½ n±n±bhaŗ¹apańcaka½. Savińń±ŗakavasena eko bhaŗ¹o etass±ti ekabhaŗ¹a½. Sesa½ vuttanayameva. S±hatthikova pańcaka½ s±hatthikapańcaka½. ¾dipadavasena ceta½ n±ma½ kusal±dittikassa kusalattikavoh±ro viya. Tasm± s±hatthik±dipańcakanti atthato daµµhabba½. Esa nayo sesesu pańcakadvayesu. Etassev±ti “±diyeyy±”ti etasseva m±tik±padassa. Imesa½ pad±na½ vasen±ti imesa½ pańcanna½ pad±na½ vasena. Ettha ca paµhamapada½ abhiyogavasena vutta½, dutiyapada½ ańńesa½ bhaŗ¹a½ harantassa gacchato vasena, tatiyapada½ upanikkhittabhaŗ¹avasena, catuttha½ savińń±ŗakavasena, pańcama½ thale nikkhitt±divasena vuttanti veditabba½.
Id±ni nesa½ atthayojana½ dassetu½ “tatth±”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha tatth±ti tesu dv²su pańcakesu. Itaranti ekabhaŗ¹apańcaka½. ¾r±manti pupph±r±maphal±r±ma½. Abhiyuńjat²ti (p±r±. aµµha. 1.102) parasantaka½ “mama santakova ayan”ti mus± bhaŗitv± abhiyuńjati codeti, aµµa½ karot²ti attho. Sampaj±namus±v±depi adinn±d±nassa pubbapayogatt± dukkaµanti ±ha “±patti dukkaµass±”ti, dukkaµasaŖkh±t± ±patti bhaveyy±ti attho. Atha v± dukkaµasańńitassa v²tikkamassa ±pajjananti attho. Esa nayo “±patti thullaccayass±”ti-±d²su. S±mikassa vimati½ upp±det²ti vinicchayakusalat±ya, balavanissit±dibh±vena v± ±r±mas±mikassa sa½saya½ janeti. Katha½? Tańhi tath± vinicchayappasuta½ disv± s±miko cinteti “sakkhiss±mi nu kho aha½ ima½ ±r±ma½ attano k±tu½, na sakkhiss±mi nu kho”ti. Eva½ tassa vimati uppajjam±n± tena upp±dit± hoti. Dhura½ nikkhipat²ti yad± pana s±miko “aya½ thaddho kakkha¼o j²vitabrahmacariyantar±yampi me kareyya, ala½ d±ni mayha½ imin± ±r±men±”ti dhura½ nikkhipati, uss±ha½ µhapeti, attano santakakaraŗe niruss±ho hot²ti attho. ¾patti p±r±jikassa sace sayampi katadhuranikkhepo c±ti adhipp±yo. Atha pana s±mikena dhure nikkhittepi abhiyuńjako dhura½ anikkhipitv±va “ima½ suµµhu p²¼etv± mama ±ŗ±pavatti½ dassetv± kiŖk±rappaµiss±vibh±ve µhapetv± dass±m²”ti d±tabbabh±ve sa-uss±ho, rakkhati t±va. Ath±pi abhiyuńjako acchinditv± “na d±ni ima½ imassa dass±m²”ti dhura½ nikkhipati, s±miko pana dhura½ na nikkhipati, pakkha½ pariyesati, k±la½ ±gameti, “lajjiparisa½ t±va labh±mi, pacch± j±niss±m²”ti gahaŗeyeva sa-uss±ho hoti, rakkhatiyeva. Yad± pana “sopi na dass±m²”ti, “s±mikopi na lacch±m²”ti eva½ ubho dhura½ nikkhipanti, tad± abhiyuńjakassa p±r±jika½.
Ańńassa bhaŗ¹a½ harantoti vetanena v± mittabh±vena v± ańńassa bhaŗ¹a½ haranto. S²se bh±ranti s²se µhitabh±ra½. S²sassa t±va purimagale galav±µako, piµµhigale kesańci kesante ±vaµµo hoti, galasseva ubhosu passesu kesańci kes± oruyha j±yanti, ye “kaŗŗac³¼ik±”ti vuccanti, tesa½ adhobh±go c±ti aya½ heµµhimako paricchedo, tato upari s²sa½, etthantare µhitabh±ranti vutta½ hoti. Khandha½ oropet²ti ubhosu passesu kaŗŗac³¼ik±hi paµµh±ya heµµh±, kapparehi paµµh±ya upari, piµµhigal±vaµµato ca galav±µakato ca paµµh±ya heµµh±, piµµhivemajjh±vaµµato ca uraparicchedamajjhe, haday±v±µakato ca paµµh±ya upari khandho, ta½ oropeti.
Aya½ panettha vinicchayo– yo bhikkhu “ida½ gahetv± ettha y±h²”ti (p±r±. aµµha. 1.101) s±mikehi an±ŗatto sayameva “mayha½ ida½ n±ma detha, aha½ vo bhaŗ¹a½ vah±m²”ti tesa½ bhaŗ¹a½ s²sena ±d±ya gacchanto theyyacittena ta½ bhaŗ¹a½ ±masati, dukkaµa½. Yath±vuttas²sapariccheda½ anatikkamantova ito cito ca gha½santo s±retipi pacc±s±retipi, thullaccaya½. Khandha½ oropitamatte kińc±pi s±mik±na½ “vahat³”ti citta½ atthi, tehi pana an±ŗattatt± p±r±jika½. Khandha½ pana anoropetv±pi s²sato kesaggamattampi c±ventassa p±r±jika½. Yamakabh±rassa pana eko bh±go s²se patiµµh±ti, eko piµµhiya½, tattha dvinna½ µh±n±na½ vasena vinicchayo veditabbo. Aya½ pana suddhas²sabh±rasseva vasena vutto. Yo c±ya½ s²sabh±re vutto, khandhabh±r±d²supi ayameva vinicchayo veditabbo.