S±dh±raŗavinicchayatthanti pariv±ravasena s±dh±raŗavinicchayattha½. M±tik±ti m±t±, janett²ti attho. Nidad±ti desana½ desavasena avidita½ vidita½ katv± nidasset²ti nid±na½. Pańń±p²yat²ti pańńatti, tass± pak±ro pańńattividhi aŖgeti gameti ń±pet²ti aŖga½, k±raŗa½. Samuµµhahanti ±pattiyo eten±ti samuµµh±na½, uppattik±raŗa½, tassa vidhi samuµµh±navidhi. Vajjakammappabhedańc±ti ettha pabhedasaddo pacceka½ yojetabbo “vajjappabheda½, kammappabhedańc±”ti. Tattha tatth±ti tasmi½ tasmi½ sikkh±pade.
Pańńattiµµh±nanti pańńattiµµhapanassa µh±na½, sikkh±pad±na½ pańńattidesoti attho. Puggaloti ettha ±dikammikoyeva adhippetoti ±ha “puggalo n±ma ya½ ya½ ±rabbha ta½ ta½ sikkh±pada½ pańńattan”ti, so so puggaloti adhipp±yo. Honti cettha–
“Sudinno dhaniyo sambahul± vaggumudantik±;
seyyasako ud±yi c±-¼avak± channamettiy±.
“Devadattassajipunabbasu-chabbaggiyopanandańńataropi ca;
hatthako c±nuruddho ca, sattarasa c³¼apanthako.
“Belaµµhas²so c±nando, s±gatoriµµhan±mako;
nandattherena tev²sa, bhikkh³na½ ±dikammik±.
“Sundar²nand± thullanand±, chabbaggiyańńatar±pi ca;
caŗ¹ak±¼² sambahul±, dve ca bhikkhuniyo par±;
bhikkhun²na½ tu satteva, honti t± ±dikammik±”ti.
Tassa tassa puggalass±ti ya½ ya½ sudinn±dika½ puggala½ ±rabbha sikkh±pada½ pańńatta½, tassa tassa puggalassa. Pańńatt²ti paµhamapańńatti. Paµhamapańńattiy± pacch± µhapit± pańńatti anupańńatti. Anuppanne dose µhapit± pańńatti anuppannapańńatti. Sabbattha majjhimadese ceva paccantimesu janapadesu c±ti sabbesu padesesu µhapit± pańńatti sabbatthapańńatti. Majjhimadeseyeva µhapit± pańńatti padesapańńatti. Bhikkh³nańceva bhikkhun²nańca s±dh±raŗabh³t± pańńatti s±dh±raŗapańńatti. Suddhabhikkh³nameva, suddhabhikkhun²na½ v± pańńatta½ sikkh±pada½ as±dh±raŗapańńatti. Ubhinnampi pańńatti ubhatopańńatti. Vinayadharapańcamen±ti anuss±vanak±cariyapańcamena. GuŗaŖguŗ³p±han±ti catuppaµalato paµµh±ya kat± up±han±, na ekadvitipaµal±. Cammattharaŗanti attharitabba½ camma½. Etesa½ vasena catubbidh± padesapańńatti n±m±ti etesa½ vasena catubbidh± pańńatti majjhimadeseyeva pańńatt±ti padesapańńatti n±ma. Tenev±ha “majjhimadeseyeva h²”ti-±di. Yasm± majjhimadeseyeva yath±vuttavatthuv²tikkame ±patti hoti, na paccantimajanapade, tasm± padesapańńatt²ti attho. Dhuvanh±na½ paµikkhepamattanti niccanah±nappaµisedhanameva. Ettha ca mattasaddena ańń±ni t²ŗi sikkh±pad±ni paµikkhipati. T±ni hi “anuj±n±mi, bhikkhave, sabbapaccantimesu janapadesu vinayadharapańcamena gaŗena upasampadan”ti-±din± (mah±va. 259) cammakkhandhake ±gat±ni. Tenev±ha “tato ańń± padesapańńatti n±ma natth²”ti. Sabb±n²ti tato avases±ni sabb±ni sikkh±pad±ni. Tasm±ti yasm± anuppannapańńatti aµµhagarudhammavasena bhikkhun²na½yeva ±gat±, yasm± ca dhuvanh±na½ paµikkhepamatta½ µhapetv± p±timokkhe sabb±ni sikkh±pad±ni sabbatthapańńattiyeva honti, yasm± ca s±dh±raŗapańńattidukańca ekatopańńattidukańca byańjanamatta½ n±na½, atthato eka½, tasm±. Sabbatth±ti sabbesu sikkh±padesu. ¾pattibhedo hettha uttarapadalopena “±patt²”ti vuttoti ±ha “±patt²ti pubbappayog±divasena ±pattibhedo”ti. S²la-±c±radiµµhi-±j²vavipatt²nanti ettha paµham± dve ±pattikkhandh± s²lavipatti n±ma, avases± pańca ±c±ravipatti n±ma, micch±diµµhi ca antagg±hik±diµµhi ca diµµhivipatti n±ma, ±j²vahetu pańńatt±ni cha sikkh±pad±ni ±j²vavipatti n±ma, iti im±sa½ s²la-±c±radiµµhi-±j²vavipatt²na½ ańńatar±ti attho.
Na kevala½ yath±vuttanayeneva vuccant²ti ±ha “y±ni sikkh±padasamuµµh±n±n²tipi vuccant²”ti. Et±ni hi kińc±pi ±pattiy± samuµµh±n±ni, na sikkh±padassa, voh±rasukhattha½ paneva½ vuccant²ti. Tatth±ti tesu chasu samuµµh±nesu. Tes³ti sacittak±cittakesu. Eka½ samuµµh±na½ uppattik±raŗa½ etiss±ti ekasamuµµh±n±, ekena v± samuµµh±na½ etiss±ti ekasamuµµh±n±. “Dvisamuµµh±n±”ti-±d²supi eseva nayo.
Samuµµh±navasen±ti samuµµh±nas²savasena. Paµhamap±r±jika½ samuµµh±na½ etiss±ti paµhamap±r±jikasamuµµh±n±. Tath± adinn±d±nasamuµµh±n±”ti-±d²supi.
Saya½ pathavikhaŗane k±yena, pare ±ŗ±petv± khaŗ±pane v±c±ya ca ±pattisambhavato “pathavikhaŗan±d²su viy±”ti vutta½. ¾disaddena adinn±d±n±d²na½ pariggaho. Paµhamakathin±patti k±yav±cato kattabba½ adhiµµh±na½ v± vikappana½ v± akarontassa hoti, no karontass±ti ±ha “paµhamakathin±patti viy±”ti. Ańń±tik±ya bhikkhuniy± hatthato c²varappaµiggahaŗ±patti tass± hatthato c²vara½ paµiggaŗhantassa, parivattaka½ adentassa ca hot²ti kiriy±kiriyato samuµµh±ti. “Siy± karontass±”ti-±d²su siy±ti “siy± kho pana te br±hmaŗa evamass±”ti-±d²su viya “kad±c²”ti imin± sam±nattho nip±to. R³piyappaµiggahaŗ±patti siy± kiriy± gahaŗena ±pajjanato, siy± akiriy± paµikkhepassa akaraŗatoti ±ha “r³piyappaµiggahaŗ±patti viy±”ti. Kuµik±r±patti vatthu½ des±petv± pam±ŗ±tikkantakaraŗe karontassa siy±, ades±petv± pana pam±ŗ±tikkantakaraŗe pam±ŗayutta½ v± karontassa ca akarontassa ca siy±ti ±ha “kuµik±r±patti viy±”ti.
Sańń±ya abh±vena vimokkho ass±ti sańń±vimokkhoti majjhepadalopasam±so daµµhabboti ±ha “yato v²tikkamasańń±y±”ti-±di. Itar± n±ma yato v²tikkamasańń±ya abh±vena na muccati, s± itarasaddassa vuttappaµiyogivisayatt±. Y± acittakena v± sacittakamissakena v± samuµµh±t²ti y± ±patti kad±ci acittakena v± kad±ci sacittakamissakena v± samuµµh±nena samuµµh±ti. Ettha ca sańń±duka½ an±pattimukhena vutta½, sacittakaduka½ ±pattimukhen±ti daµµhabba½.
Yass± sacittakapakkhe citta½ akusalameva hot²ti yass± sacittak±ya ±pattiy± citta½ akusalameva hoti, yass± ca sacittak±cittakasaŖkh±t±ya sur±p±n±di-acittak±ya ±pattiy± vatthuvij±nanacittena sacittakapakkhe citta½ akusalameva hoti, aya½ lokavajj±. “Sacittakapakkhe”ti hi ida½ vacana½ sacittak±cittaka½ sandh±ya vutta½. Na hi eka½sato sacittakassa “sacittakapakkhe”ti visesane payojana½ atth²ti. Ya½ panettha gaŗµhipade “sur±p±nasmińhi ‘sur±’ti v± ‘na vaµµat²’ti v± j±nitv± pivane akusalamev±”ti vutta½. Tattha “na vaµµat²ti v± j±nitv±”ti vuttavacana½ na yujjati paŗŗattivajjass±pi lokavajjabh±vappasaŖgato. Yass± pana “sacittakapakkhe citta½ akusalamev±”ti niyamo natthi, s± paŗŗattivajj±ti imamattha½ dassento ±ha “ses± paŗŗattivajj±”ti. Tath± hi tass± vatthuvij±nanacittena sacittakapakkhe citta½ siy± kusala½, siy± akusala½, siy± aby±katanti “akusalamev±”ti niyamo natthi. Ubhayattha ±pajjitabb±ti k±yadv±re, vac²dv±re c±ti ubhayattha ±pajjitabb± ±patti, t± pana adinn±d±n±dayo. “Manodv±re ±patti n±ma natth²”ti ida½ yebhuyyavasena vutta½ upanikkhittas±diyan±d²su ±pattisambhavatoti daµµhabba½.
Akusalacitto v± ±pajjat²ti p±r±jikasukkavisaµµhik±yasa½saggaduµµhulla-attak±map±ricariyaduµµhadosasaŖghabhedappah±rad±natalasattik±dibheda½ ±patti½ akusalacitto ±pajjati. Anupasampanna½ padasodhamma½ v±cento, m±tug±massa dhamma½ desentoti evar³pa½ ±patti½ kusalacitto ±pajjati. Asańciccasahaseyy±di½ aby±katacitto ±pajjati. Ya½ arah± ±pajjati, sabba½ aby±katacittova ±pajjati. Ten±ha “kusal±by±katacitto v±”ti.
Dukkhavedan±samaŖg² v±ti duµµhados±dibheda½ ±patti½ ±pajjanto dukkhavedan±samaŖg² ±pajjati. Methunadhamm±dibheda½ pana sukhavedan±samaŖg² ±pajjati. Ya½ sukhavedan±samaŖg² ±pajjati, ta½yeva majjhatto hutv± ±pajjanto adukkhamasukhavedan±samaŖg² ±pajjati. Ten±ha “itaravedan±dvayasamaŖg² v±”ti. Idampi ca tikadvaya½ yebhuyyavaseneva vutta½. Nipajjitv± nirodhasam±panno hi acittako avedano sahaseyy±patti½ ±pajjat²ti. Kińc±pi eva½ aniyamena vutta½, viseso panettha atth²ti dassetu½ “eva½ santep²”ti-±di vutta½. Eva½ santep²ti hi vises±bhidh±nanimitt±bhy³pagameva yujjati. Sabbesa½ vasena t²ŗi citt±n²ti kusal±kusal±by±kat±na½ vasena padasodhamm±d²su t²ŗi citt±ni.
Id±ni ta½ yath±vuttanid±n±divedan±ttikapariyos±na½ sattarasappak±ra½ imasmi½ sikkh±pade yojetu½ “idha pan±”ti-±dim±ha. Idh±ti imasmi½ paµhamap±r±jikasikkh±pade. Ves±liyanti eva½n±make itthiliŖgavasena pavattavoh±re nagare. Tańhi nagara½ tikkhattu½ p±k±raparikkhepava¹¹hanena vis±l²bh³tatt± “ves±l²”ti vuccati. Idampi ca nagara½ sabbańńuta½ sampatteyeva samm±sambuddhe sabb±k±ravepullatta½ pattanti veditabba½. “Sikkha½ apaccakkh±y±”ti ca “antamaso tiracch±nagat±yap²”ti ca dve anupańńattiyoti makkaµivajjiputtakavatth³na½ vasena vutt±. “Antamaso tiracch±nagat±y±”ti ca “sikkha½ apaccakkh±y±”ti ca im± dve anupańńattiyo. ¾pattikar± ca hot²ti paµhamapańńattito visu½yev±pattikar± ca hoti. Ańńav±dakasikkh±pad±d²su viy±ti ańńav±dakasikkh±pad±d²su “vihesake”ti-±dik± (p±ci. 98) viy±ti attho. ¾disaddena ujjh±panakassa pariggaho. Ettha hi ańńav±dak±dito visu½yeva vihesak±d²supi p±cittiya½ hoti. Yath±ha “ropite vihesake saŖghamajjhe vatthusmi½ v± ±pattiy± v± anayuńjiyam±no ta½ nakathetuk±mo ta½ na-uggh±µetuk±mo tuŗh²bh³to saŖgha½ viheseti, ±patti p±cittiyass±”ti-±di (p±r±. 100). Supinante vijjam±n±pi mocanass±dacetan± abboh±rikatt± an±pattikar±ti ±ha “ańńatra supinant±ti-±dik± viy±”ti. Tath± hi thinamiddhena abhibh³tatt± supine citta½ abboh±rika½, cittassa abboh±rikatt± opakkamanakiriy±pavattanik±pi cetan± abboh±rik±. Vuttańheta½ “atthes±, bhikkhave, cetan±, s± ca kho abboh±rik±”ti (p±r±. 235), tasm± “ańńatra supinant±”ti aya½ anupańńatti an±pattikar± j±t±. ¾disaddena “ańńatra adhim±n±”ti-±dika½ (p±r±. 197) saŖgaŗh±ti. Adinn±d±n±d²su viy±ti adinn±d±n±d²su “arańń± v±”ti-±dik± (p±r±. 91) viy±ti attho. Ettha pana ±disaddena paµhamap±r±jik±d²na½ saŖgaho. Ettha hi “tańca kho g±me, no arańńe”ti-±din± (p±r±. 90) nayena lesa½ o¹¹ent±na½ lesapidahanattha½ “arańń± v±”ti-±dik± anupańńatti vutt±ti upatthambhakar±va hoti. Teneva hi “nanu, ±vuso, tatheveta½ hot²”ti (p±r±. 90) bhikkh³hi vutta½.
Vuttappak±re maggeti “manuss±manussatiracch±nagatavasen±”ti-±din± (kaŖkh±. aµµha. paµhamap±r±jikavaŗŗan±) vuttappak±re ti½samagge. Imassa pana “chinne”ti imin± sambandho. Tac±d²ni anavasesetv±ti nimittappadese bahi µhit±ni chavicamm±ni anavasesetv±. Nimittasaŗµh±namatta½ pańń±yat²ti nimittama½sassa pana abbhantare chavicammassa ca vijjam±natt± vutta½. Cammakhilanti cammakkhaŗ¹a½. “Uŗŗigaŗ¹o”tipi (s±rattha. µ². 2.55; vi. vi. µ². 1.55) vadanti. Tańhi nimitte j±tatt± nimittameva. Ten±ha “sevanacitte sati p±r±jikan”ti. Sevanacitteti methunasevanacitte. K±yasa½saggasevanacitte pana sati saŖgh±disesova Naµµho k±yappas±do etth±ti naµµhak±yappas±da½, sukkhap²¼aka½ v± matacamma½ v±ti attho. Mate akkh±yite, yebhuyyena akkh±yite ca p±r±jik±pattivacanato (p±r±. 61) pana naµµhak±yappas±depi itthinimitte pavesentassa p±r±jik±pattiyeva. Nimittasaŗµh±namattampi anavasesetv±ti nimitt±k±rena µhita½ yath±vuttanimittama½s±dimpi anavasesetv±. VaŗasaŖkhepavasen±ti vaŗasaŖgahavasena. Vaŗe thullaccayańca “amaggena amagga½ paveseti, ±patti thullaccayass±”ti (p±r±. 66) imassa suttassa vasena veditabba½. Tasmińhi sutte dv²su sambhinnavaŗesu ekena vaŗena pavesetv± dutiyena n²harantassa thullaccaya½ vutta½. Vuttańhi samantap±s±dik±ya½ “imassa sattassa anulomavasena sabbattha vaŗasaŖkhepe thullaccaya½ veditabban”ti (p±r±. aµµha. 1.66). Manuss±na½ pana akkhi-±dayopi vaŗasaŖgaha½ gacchant²ti vaŗena ekapariccheda½ katv± dassento “tath±”ti-±dim±ha. Tesa½ vaŗasaŖgaho “navadv±ro mah±vaŗo”ti (mi. pa. 2.6.1) evam±disutt±nus±rena veditabbo. Tattha manuss±nanti itthipurisapaŗ¹aka-ubhatobyańjanakavasena catubbidh±na½ manuss±na½. Vatthikoses³ti vatthipuµesu puris±na½ aŖgaj±takosesu. Hatthi-ass±d²nańca tiracch±n±nanti hatthi-assagoŗagadrabha-oµµhamahi½s±d²na½ tiracch±nagat±na½. Tiracch±n±na½ pan±ti sabbesampi tiracch±nagat±na½. Sabbesanti yath±vuttamanuss±d²na½ sabbesa½.
Eva½ j²vam±nakasar²re labbham±na½ ±pattivisesa½ dassetv± id±ni matasar²re labbham±na½ ±pattivisesa½ dassetu½ “matasar²re”ti-±dim±ha. Vaccamaggapass±vamaggamukhamagg±na½ cat³su koµµh±sesu dve koµµh±se µhapetv± yad± apare dve koµµh±s± kh±dit±, tad± upa¹¹hakkh±yita½ n±ma hoti. Na kuthita½ hot²ti uddhum±tak±dibh±vena kuthita½ na hoti, allanti attho. Yad± pana sar²ra½ uddhum±taka½ hoti kuthita½ n²lamakkhikasam±kiŗŗa½ kimikulasam±kula½ navahi vaŗamukhehi pagga¼itapubbakuŗapabh±vena upagantumpi asakkuŗeyya½ (p±r±. aµµha. 1.59-60), tad± p±r±jikavatthuńca thullaccayavatthuńca vijahati, dukkaµavatthumeva hot²ti ±ha “kuthite dukkaµan”ti. Kuthiteti uddhum±takabh±vappatte. ædise hi sar²re yattha katthaci upakkamato dukkaµa½. Tath± vaµµakate mukhe acchupanta½ aŖgaj±ta½ pavesentass±ti (p±r±. aµµha. 1.73) vivaµµe mukhe catt±ri pass±ni, t±lukańca apphusanta½ aŖgaj±ta½ pavesentassa dukkaµanti attho. Sace pana heµµh± v± upari v± ubhayapassehi v± chupanta½ paveseti, p±r±jika½. Cat³hi passehi acchupanta½ pavesetv± abbhantare t±luka½ chupati, p±r±jikameva. Bahi nikkhantajivh±ya v± dantesu v± aŖgaj±ta½ pavesentassa thullaccayanti sambandho. J²vam±nakasar²repi bahi nikkhantajivh±ya thullaccayameva. Yadi pana bahi jivh±ya paliveµhetv± antomukha½ paveseti, p±r±jikameva. Yadi pana dant± suphusit±, antomukhe ok±so natthi, dant± ca bahi oµµhama½sena paµicchann±, tattha v±tena asamphuµµha½ allok±sa½ tilaphalamattampi pavesentassa p±r±jikameva. Upp±µite pana oµµhama½se dantesuyeva upakkamantassa thullaccaya½. Yopi danto bahi nikkhamanto tiµµhati, na sakk± oµµhehi pidahitu½, tatth±pi eseva nayo.
Vedan±ya aµµo p²¼ito vedan±µµo. Ummattakoti cettha pittummattako adhippetoti ±ha “yo pittavasen±”ti-±di. Pittavasen±ti baddhapittavasena. Tasmińhi baddhapitte pittakosato calitv± bahi nikkhamante satt± ummattak± honti, vipallatthasańń± hirottappa½ cha¹¹etv± as±ruppacariya½ caranti, lahukagaruk±ni sikkh±pad±ni maddant±pi na j±nanti, bhesajjakiriy±yapi atekicch± honti, evar³passa ummattakassa an±patti. Abaddhapitta½ pana lohita½ viya sabbaŖgagata½, tamhi kupite satt±na½ kaŗ¹ukacchusar²rakamp±d²ni honti, t±ni bhesajjakiriy±ya v³pasamanti. Tena vutta½ “baddhapittavasen±”ti. Khittacitto n±ma vissaµµhacitto yakkhummattako vuccat²ti ±ha “yakkhehi katacittavikkhepo khittacitto”ti. Yakkh± kira bherav±ni ±rammaŗ±ni dassetv± mukhena hattha½ pavesetv±, hadayar³pa½ v± maddant± satte vikkhittacitte vipallatthasańńe karonti, evar³passa khittacittassa an±patti. Tesa½ pana ubhinna½ aya½ viseso– pittummattako niccameva ummattako hoti, pakatisańńa½ na labhati. Yakkhummattako antarantar± pakatisańńa½ paµilabhati. Idha pana pittummattako v± hotu, yakkhummattako v±, yo sabbaso muµµhassati kińci na j±n±ti, aggimpi suvaŗŗampi g³thampi candanampi ekasadisa½ maddantova vicarati, evar³passa an±patti. Antarantar± pakatisańńa½ paµilabhitv± ńatv± karontassa pana ±pattiyeva. Ten±ha “dvinnampi ca etesan”ti-±di.
Adhimattavedan±y±ti adhikappam±ŗ±ya dukkhavedan±ya. ¾dikamme niyutto ±dikammiko, yo ca ±dikamme niyutto, so tasmi½ kamme ±dibh³to hot²ti ±ha “yo”ti-±di. Idha pana sudinnatthero ±dikammiko, tassa an±patti. Avases±na½ makkaµisamaŗavajjiputtak±d²na½ ±pattiyeva. Paµip±dana½ samp±dana½. Karontoyeva hi ta½ ±pajjat²ti kiriya½. Ida½ (s±rattha. µ². 2.66) pana yebhuyyavasena vutta½ methunadhamme par³pakkame sati s±diyantassa akiriyasamuµµh±nabh±vato. Methunappaµisa½yutt±ya hi k±masańń±ya abh±vena muccanato sańń±vimokkha½. “An±patti aj±nantassa, as±diyantass±”ti (p±r±. 66) hi vutta½. Methunacitteneva na½ ±pajjati, na vin± citten±ti sacittaka½. R±gavaseneva ±pajjitabbato lokavajja½. K±yadv±reneva samuµµh±nato k±yakamma½. Citta½ panettha aŖgamatta½ hoti na tassa vasena kammabh±vo labbhati. Lobhacitteneva ±pajjitabbato akusalacitta½. SukhasamaŖg² v± upekkh±samaŖg² v± ±pajjat²ti dvivedana½. Nanu samuµµh±n±d²ni ±pattiy± honti, na sikkh±padassa, atha kasm± sikkh±padassa samuµµh±n±d²ni vutt±n²ti ±ha “im±ni ca samuµµh±n±d²ni n±m±”ti-±di. ¾pattiy± hont²ti ajjh±c±rassa honti.
Munanato anumunanato muti, ń±ŗa½, ta½ etassa atth²ti mutim±, ń±ŗav±ti attho.

Paµhamap±r±jikavaŗŗan± niµµhit±.