Akkharalikhananti “buddha½ paccakkh±m²”ti-±din± aññesa½ dassanattha½ akkharalikhana½. Adhipp±yaviññ±pako aªgulisaªkocan±diko hatthavik±ro hatthamudd±, hatthasaddo cettha tadekadesesu aªgul²su daµµhabbo “na bhuñjam±no sabba½ hattha½ mukhe pakkhipiss±m²”ti-±d²su (p±ci. 618) viya. Tasm± adhipp±yaviññ±pakassa aªgulisaªkocan±dino hatthavik±rassa dassana½ hatthamudd±didassananti (s±rattha. µ². 2.51) evamettha attho daµµhabbo. ¾disaddena s²sakampanadassan±di½ saªgaºh±ti.
Ummattakakhittacittavedan±µµ±nanti ettha ummattakoti pittummattako. Khittacittoti yakkhehi katacittavikkhepo, yakkhummattakoti vutta½ hoti. Ubhinna½ pana viseso an±pattiv±re ±vibhavissati. Vedan±µµoti balavatiy± dukkhavedan±ya phuµµho mucch±pareto, tena vippalapantena paccakkh±t±pi apaccakkh±t±va hoti. Manussaj±tiko hot²ti sabh±go v± visabh±go v± gahaµµho v± pabbajito v± viññ³ yokoci manusso hoti. Ummattak±d²nanti etth±disaddena khittacittavedan±µµadevat±tiracch±nagat±na½ gahaºa½. Tatra ummattakakhittacittavedan±µµatiracch±nagat±na½ santike paccakkh±t±pi aj±nanabh±vena apaccakkh±t±va hoti. Devat±ya pana santike atikhippa½ j±nanabh±vena. Devat± n±ma mah±paññ± tihetukappaµisandhik± atikhippa½ j±nanti, cittañca n±meta½ lahuparivatta½, tasm± “cittalahukassa puggalassa cittavaseneva m± atikhippa½ vin±so ahos²”ti devat±ya santike sikkh±paccakkh±na½ paµikkhipi. Tena vutta½ “na ca ummattak±d²na½ aññataro”ti. D³tena v±ti “mama sikkh±paccakkh±nabh±va½ katheh²”ti mukhas±sanavasena d³tena v±. Paººena v±ti paººe likhitv± pahiºavasena paººena v±.
Sace te sikkh±paccakkh±nabh±va½ j±nant²ti sambandho. ¾vajjanasamayeti atth±bhogasamaye. Imin± ta½ khaºa½yeva pana apubba½ acarima½ dujj±nanti dasseti. Vacan±nantaramev±ti vacanassa anantarameva, ±vajjanasamayev±ti attho. Eva-saddena pana cirena j±nana½ paµikkhipati. Ukkaºµhitoti anabhiratiy± imasmi½ s±sane kicchaj²vika½ patto. Atha v± “ajja y±mi, sve y±mi, ito y±mi, ettha y±m²”ti uddha½ kaºµha½ katv± viharam±no vikkhitto, anekaggoti vutta½ hoti. Idañca “anabhirato s±maññ± cavituk±mo”ti-±d²na½ (p±r±. 45) upalakkhaºa½. Yena kenaci…pe… j±nant²ti sace te“ukkaºµhito”ti v± “gihibh±va½ patthet²”ti v± “anabhirato”ti v± “s±maññ± cavituk±mo”ti v± yena kenaci ±k±rena sikkh±paccakkh±nabh±va½ j±nanti. Idañhi sikkh±paccakkh±nañca upari abh³t±rocanaduµµhullav±c±-attak±maduµµhadosabh³t±rocanasikkh±pad±ni ca ekaparicched±ni, ±vajjanasamaye ñ±te eva s²sa½ enti. “Ki½ aya½ bhaºat²”ti kaªkhat± cirena ñ±te s²sa½ na enti. Ten±ha “atha aparabh±ge”ti-±di. Atha dvinna½ µhitaµµh±ne dvinnampi niyametv± “etesa½ ±rocem²”ti vadati, tesu ekasmi½ j±nantepi dv²su j±nantesupi paccakkh±t±va hoti sikkh±. Eva½ sambahulesupi veditabba½. Vuttanayen±ti “tassa vacan±nantaran”ti-±din± vuttena nayena. Yo koci manussaj±tikoti antamaso navakammika½ up±d±ya yo koci manusso. Vuttañheta½ samantap±s±dik±ya½
“Sace pana anabhiratiy± p²¼ito sabh±ge bhikkh³ parisaªkam±no ‘yo koci j±n±t³’ti ucc±sadda½ karonto ‘buddha½ paccakkh±m²’ti vadati, tañca avid³re µhito navakammiko v± añño v± samayaññ³ puriso sutv± ‘ukkaºµhito aya½ samaºo gihibh±va½ pattheti, s±sanato cuto’ti j±n±ti, paccakkh±t±va hoti sikkh±”ti (p±r±. aµµha. 1.51).
Sace vacanattha½ ñatv±pi “aya½ ukkaºµhito”ti v± “gihibh±va½ patthet²”ti v± na j±n±ti, apaccakkh±t±va hoti sikkh±. Sace pana vacanattha½ aj±nitv±pi “ukkaºµhito”ti v± “gihibh±va½ patthet²”ti v± j±n±ti, paccakkh±t±va hoti sikkh±. Dav±yap²ti k²¼±dhipp±yenapi. Citt±d²na½ v± vasen±ti citt±d²na½ v± cha¼aªg±na½ vasena. Hoti cettha–
“Citta½ khettañca k±lo ca, payogo puggalo tath±;
vij±nananti sikkh±ya, paccakkh±na½ cha¼aªgikan”ti.
Sabbaso v± pana apaccakkh±nen±ti “buddha½ paccakkh±m²”ti-±d²su yena yena pariy±yena sikkh±paccakkh±na½ hoti, tato ekassapi paccakkh±nassa abh±vena. Imin± pana “ida½ pada½ s±vess±mi, sikkha½ paccakkh±m²”ti eva½ pavattacittupp±dassa abh±va½ dasseti. Yassa hi evar³po cittupp±do natthi, so sabbaso na paccakkh±ti n±m±ti. Sikkh±paccakkh±nass±ti “buddha½ paccakkh±m²”ti-±disikkh±paccakkh±nassa. Atthabh³ta½ ekacca½ dubbalyanti “buddha½ paccakkh±m²”ti vadati viññ±peti, evampi, bhikkhave, dubbaly±vikammañceva hoti, sikkh± ca paccakkh±t±”ti-±din± (p±r±. 53) vuttehi yehi vacanehi sikkh±paccakkh±nañceva hoti dubbaly±vikammañca, ta½ “buddha½ paccakkh±m²”ti-±dika½ atthabh³ta½ dubbalya½ an±vikatv±. “Buddha½ paccakkh±m²”ti-±dimhi pana vutte sikkh±parip³raºe dubbalabh±vass±pi gamyam±natt± sikkh±paccakkh±nassa ida½ dubbaly±vikamma½ atthoti daµµhabba½. Ettha ca “atthabh³tan”ti imin± “yann³n±ha½ buddha½ paccakkheyyan”ti-±dika½ dubbaly±vikamma½ paµikkhipati. Yena hi sikkh±paccakkh±nañceva hoti dubbaly±vikammañca, tadeva sikkh±paccakkh±nassa atthabh³ta½. Yena pana dubbaly±vikammameva hoti, na sikkh±paccakkh±na½, na ta½ tassa atthabh³tanti.
R±gapariyuµµh±nena sadisabh±v±pattiy± mithun±na½ ayanti “methuno”ti dhammova vuccat²ti ±ha “r±gapariyuµµh±nen±”ti-±di. Tattha r±gapariyuµµh±nen±ti r±gassa pariyuµµh±nena, methunar±gassa pavattiy± pariyonaddhacittat±y±ti attho. Dhammoti ajjh±c±ro. “Palambate vilambate”ti-±d²su viya upasaggassa koci atthaviseso natth²ti ±ha “seveyy±”ti. Ajjh±pajjeyy±ti abhibhuyya pajjeyya. Sabbantimen±ti paranimmitavasavatti…pe… c±tumah±r±jikamanussitthin±gagaru¼am±ºavik±d²na½ sabb±sa½ antimena. Tiracch±nagat±y±ti tiracch±nesu uppann±ya. Ten±ha “paµisandhivasen±”ti. P±r±jik±ya vatthubh³t± eva cettha tiracch±nagatitth² “tiracch±nagat±”ti gahetabb±, na sabb±. Tatr±ya½ paricchedo–
“Apad±na½ ahimacch±, dvipad±nañca kukkuµ²;
catuppad±na½ majj±r², vatthu p±r±jikassim±”ti. (P±r±. aµµha. 1.55)
Tattha ahiggahaºena sabb±pi ajagaragonas±dibhed± d²ghaj±ti saªgahit±. Tasm± d²ghaj±t²su yattha tiººa½ magg±na½ aññatarasmi½ sakk± tilaphalamattampi pavesetu½, s± p±r±jikavatthu, avases± dukkaµavatth³ti veditabb±. Macchaggahaºena sabb±pi macchakacchapamaº¹³k±dibhed± odakaj±ti saªgahit±. Tatr±pi d²ghaj±tiya½ vuttanayeneva p±r±jikavatthu ca dukkaµavatthu ca veditabba½. Aya½ pana viseso– pataªgamukhamaº¹³k± n±ma honti, tesa½ mukhasaºµh±na½ mahanta½, chidda½ appaka½, tattha pavesana½ nappahoti, mukhasaºµh±na½ pana vaºasaªkhepa½ gacchati, tasm± ta½ thullaccayavatth³ti veditabba½ Kukkuµiggahaºena sabb±pi k±kakapot±dibhed± pakkhij±ti saªgahit±. Tatr±pi vuttanayeneva p±r±jikavatthu ca dukkaµavatthu ca veditabba½. Majj±riggahaºena sabb±pi rukkhasunakhamaªgusagodh±dibhed± catuppadaj±ti saªgahit±. Tatr±pi vuttanayeneva p±r±jikavatthu ca dukkaµavatthu ca veditabba½.
P±r±jiko hot²ti (p±r±. aµµha. 1.55) par±jito hoti par±jaya½ apanno. Ayañhi p±r±jikasaddo sikkh±pad±pattipuggalesu vattati. Tattha “aµµh±nameta½, ±nanda, anavak±so, ya½ tath±gato vajj²na½ v± vajjiputtak±na½ v± k±raº± s±vak±na½ p±r±jika½ sikkh±pada½ paññatta½ sam³haneyy±”ti (p±r±. 43) eva½ sikkh±pade vattam±no veditabbo. “¾patti½ tva½ bhikkhu ±panno p±r±jikan”ti (p±r±. 67) eva½ ±pattiya½. “Na maya½ p±r±jik±, yo avahaµo, so p±r±jiko”ti (p±r±. 155) eva½ puggale vattam±no veditabbo. “P±r±jikena dhammena anuddha½seyy±”ti-±d²su (p±r±. 384) pana dhamme vattat²ti vadanti. Yasm± pana tattha “dhammo”ti katthaci ±patti, katthaci sikkh±padameva adhippeta½, tasm± so visu½ na vattabbo. Tattha sikkh±pada½ yo ta½ atikkamati, ta½ par±jeti, tasm± “p±r±jikan”ti vuccati. ¾patti pana yo na½ ajjh±pajjati, ta½ par±jeti, tasm± “p±r±jik±”ti vuccati. Puggalo yasm± par±jito par±jayam±panno, tasm± “p±r±jiko”ti vuccati. Idha pana puggalo veditabboti ±ha “p±r±jiko hot²”ti-±di. Imin±pi ida½ dasseti– “par±jitasadde upasaggassa vuddhi½ katv±, ta-k±rassa ca ka-k±ra½ katv± p±r±jiko hot²ti niddiµµho”ti.
Apalokan±di catubbidhampi saªghakamma½ s²m±paricchinnehi pakatattehi bhikkh³hi ekato kattabbatt± ekakamma½ n±ma. ¾disaddena ekuddesasamasikkhat±na½ gahaºa½. Tattha pañcavidhopi p±timokkhuddeso ekato uddisitabbatt± ekuddeso n±ma. Nah±pitapubbak±d²na½ viya odissa anuññ±ta½ µhapetv± avasesa½ sabbampi sikkh±pada½ sabbehipi lajjipuggalehi sama½ sikkhitabbabh±vato samasikkhat± n±ma. Yasm± sabbepi lajjino etesu ekakamm±d²su saha vasanti, na ekopi tato bahiddh± sandissati, tasm± t±ni sabb±nipi gahetv± ekakamm±diko tividhopi sa½v±so n±m±ti ±ha “so ca vuttappak±ro sa½v±so tena puggalena saddhi½ natthi, tena k±raºena so p±r±jiko puggalo ‘asa½v±so’ti vuccat²”ti (p±r±. aµµha. 1.55).
Id±ni yasm± na kevala½ manussitthiy± eva nimitta½ p±r±jikavatthu, atha kho amanussitthitiracch±nagatitth²nampi. Na ca itthiy± eva. Atha kho ubhatobyañjanakapaº¹akapuris±nampi, tasm± te satte, tesañca ya½ ya½ nimitta½ vatthu hoti, ta½ ta½ nimitta½, tattha ca yath± paµisevanto p±r±jiko hoti, tañca sabba½ vitth±retv± dassetu½ “aya½ panettha vinicchayo”ti-±dim±ha. Etth±ti imasmi½ sikkh±pade. Tes³ti ye ti½samagg± vutt±, tesu. Attano v±ti lambimudupiµµhike sandh±ya vutta½. Santhatassa v±ti yena kenaci vatthena v± paººena v± v±kapaµµena v± cammena v± tipus²s±d²na½ paµµena v± paliveµhetv±, anto v± pavesetv± paµicchannassa. Akkh±yitassa v±ti soºasiªg±l±d²hi akkh±ditassa. Yebhuyyena akkh±yitass±ti y±va upa¹¹hakkh±yito n±ma na hoti, eva½ akkh±yitassa. Allok±seti tintok±se. Santhatanti tesa½yeva vatth±d²na½ yena kenaci paµicchanna½. Ayañhettha saªkhepattho– na hettha anup±dinnaka½ anup±dinnakena chupati, mutti atthi, atha kho up±dinnakena v± anup±dinnaka½ ghaµµiyatu, anup±dinnakena v± up±dinnaka½, anup±dinnakena v± anup±dinnaka½, up±dinnakena v± up±dinnaka½. Sace yattake paviµµhe p±r±jika½ hot²ti vutta½, tattaka½ sevanacittena paveseti, sabbatth±ya½ p±r±jik±patti½ ±panno n±ma hot²ti.
Eva½ sevanacitteneva pavesentassa ±patti½ dassetv± id±ni yasm± ta½ pavesana½ n±ma na kevala½ att³pakkameneva, par³pakkamen±pi hoti. Tatr±pi s±diyantasseva ±patti paµisevanacittasamaªgissa na itarass±ti dassetu½ “parena v±”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha paren±ti bhikkhupaccatthik±din± yena kenaci aññena. Pavesanapaviµµhaµµhita-uddharaºes³ti ettha aggato (s±rattha. µ². 2.58) y±va m³l± pavesana½ pavesana½ n±ma. Aªgaj±tassa yattaka½ µh±na½ pavesan±raha½, tattaka½ anavasesato paviµµha½ paviµµha½ n±ma. Eva½ paviµµhassa uddharaº±rambhato antar± µhitak±lo µhita½ n±ma. Samantap±s±dik±ya½ pana m±tug±massa sukkavisaµµhi½ patv± sabbath± v±y±mato oramitv± µhitak±la½ sandh±ya “sukkavisaµµhisamaye”ti vutta½. Uddharaºa½ n±ma y±va agg± n²haraºak±lo. S±diyat²ti sevanacitta½ upaµµhapeti. As±dh±raºavinicchayoti adinn±d±n±d²hi sabbehi sikkh±padehi as±dh±raºo vinicchayo.