Tattha “suº±tu me”ti vattabbe ta-k±rassa tha-k±ra½ katv± “suº±thu me”ti vacana½ sithilassa dhanitakaraºa½ n±ma, tath± “pattakalla½ es± ñatt²”ti vattabbe “patthakalla½ es± ñatt²”ti-±divacanañca. “Bhante, saªgho”ti vattabbe bha-k±ra gha-k±r±na½ ba-k±ra ga-k±re katv± “bante sa½go”ti vacana½ dhanitassa sithilakaraºa½ n±ma. “Suº±tu me”ti vivaµena mukhena vattabbe “suºa½tu me”ti v± “es± ñatt²”ti vattabbe “esa½ ñatt²”ti v± avivaµena mukhena anun±sika½ katv± vacana½ vimuttassa niggahitavacana½ n±ma. “Pattakallan”ti avivaµena mukhena anun±sika½ katv± vattabbe “pattakall±”ti vivaµena mukhena anun±sika½ akatv± vacana½ niggahitassa vimuttavacana½ n±ma. Iti sithile kattabbe dhanita½, dhanite kattabbe sithila½, vimutte kattabbe niggahita½, niggahite kattabbe vimuttanti im±ni catt±ri byañjan±ni antokammav±c±ya kamma½ d³senti. Eva½ vadanto hi aññasmi½ akkhare vattabbe añña½ vadati, durutta½ karot²ti vuccati.
Itaresu pana d²gharass±d²su chasu byañjanesu d²ghaµµh±ne d²ghameva. Rassaµµh±ne ca rassamev±ti eva½ yath±µh±ne ta½ tadeva akkhara½ bh±santena anukkam±gata½ paveºi½ avin±sentena kammav±c± k±tabb±. Sace pana eva½ akatv± d²ghe vattabbe rassa½, rasse v± vattabbe d²gha½ vadati, tath± garuke vattabbe lahuka½, lahuke v± vattabbe garuka½ vadati, sambandhe v± pana vattabbe vavatthita½, vavatthite v± vattabbe sambandha½ vadati, eva½ vuttepi kammav±c± na kuppati. Im±ni hi cha byañjan±ni kamma½ na kopenti.
Ya½ pana suttantikatther± “da-k±ro ta-k±ram±pajjati, ta-k±ro da-k±ram±pajjati, ca-k±ro ja-k±ram±pajjati, ja-k±ro ca-k±ram±pajjati, ya-k±ro ka-k±ram±pajjati, ka-k±ro ya-k±ram±pajjati, tasm± da-k±r±d²su vattabbesu ta-k±r±d²na½ vacana½ na virujjhat²”ti vadanti, ta½ kammav±ca½ patv± na vaµµati. Tasm± vinayadharena neva da-k±ro ta-k±ro k±tabbo…pe… na ka-k±ro ya-k±ro. Yath±p±¼iy± nirutti½ sodhetv± dasavidh±ya byañjananiruttiy± vuttadose pariharantena kammav±c± k±tabb±. Itarath± hi s±vana½ h±peti n±ma. Ñatti½ aµµhapetv± paµhama½ anuss±vanakaraºanti sambandho.
Y±vatik± bhikkh³ kammappatt±ti yattak± bhikkh³ tassa upasampad±kammassa patt± yutt± anur³p±. Te ca kho sabbantimena pariy±yena hatthap±sa½ avijahitv± ekas²maµµh± pañca pakatatt± bhikkh³. Na hi tehi vin± ta½ kamma½ kar²yati, na tesa½ chando eti. Avases± pana sacepi sahassamatt± honti, sace ekas²maµµh± ekasmi½ µh±ne sam±nasa½v±sak±, sabbe chand±rah±va honti, chanda½ datv± ±gacchantu v±, m± v±, kamma½ na kuppati. Paµikkosananti niv±raºa½. Tiµµhati ettha phala½ tad±yattavuttit±y±ti µh±na½, k±raºa½. Idha pana upasampad±kammakaraºassa k±raºatt± upasampad±kammav±c±saªkh±ta½ bhagavato vacana½ vuccati. Ten±ha “k±raº±rahatt± pana satthu s±san±rahatt±”ti. Yath± ca “ta½ kattabban”ti bhagavat± anusiµµha½, tath±karaºa½ upasampad±kammassa k±raºa½ hot²ti µh±n±raha½ n±ma. Keci (s±rattha. µ². 2.45) pana “µh±n±rahen±ti ettha ‘na, bhikkhave, hatthacchinno pabb±jetabbo’ti-±di (mah±va. 119) satthus±sana½ µh±nan”ti vadanti. Idh±ti imasmi½ p±r±jike. Yath± ca idha, eva½ sabbatth±pi lokavajjasikkh±padesu ayameva adhippetoti veditabba½. Ten±ha “paººattivajjesu pan±”ti-±di. Aññep²ti ehibhikkh³pasampann±dayopi. Kathameta½ viññ±yati paººattivajjesu sikkh±padesu aññepi saªgaha½ gacchant²ti? Atthato ±pannatt±. Tath± hi “dve puggal± abhabb± ±patti½ ±pajjitu½ buddh± ca paccekabuddh± ca, dve puggal± bhabb± ±patti½ ±pajjitu½ bhikkh³ ca bhikkhuniyo c±”ti (pari. 322) s±maññato vuttatt±. Ehibhikkh³pasampann±dayopi asañcicca assatiy± acittaka½ sahaseyy±patti-±dibheda½ paººattivajja½ ±pajjant²ti (s±rattha. µ². 2.45) atthato ±panna½.
Id±ni “bhikkh³nan”ti ima½ pada½ visesatth±bh±vato visu½ avaººetv±va ya½ sikkhañca s±j²vañca sam±pannatt± bhikkh³na½ sikkh±s±j²vasam±panno hoti, ta½ dassento “bhikkh³na½ sikkh±s±j²vasam±panno”ti-±dim±ha. Sikkhitabb±ti sikkh±, p±timokkhasa½varas²la½, saha j²vanti etth±ti s±j²va½, m±tik±dibhed± paººatti, sikkh± ca s±j²vañca sikkh±s±j²va½, tadubhaya½ sam±panno upagatoti sikkh±s±j²vasam±panno. Ten±ha “y± bhikkh³nan”ti-±di. Ettha ca “sikkh±”ti s±j²vasahacariyato adhis²lasikkh±va adhippet±ti ±ha “adhis²lasaªkh±t±”ti. Adhika½ uttama½ s²lanti adhis²la½, “adhis²lan”ti saªkh±t± adhis²lasaªkh±t±.
Katama½ panettha s²la½, katama½ adhis²lanti? Vuccate– pañcaªgadasaªgas²la½ t±va s²lameva, na ta½ adhis²la½. P±timokkhasa½varas²la½ pana adhis²lan”ti vuccati. Tañhi s³riyo viya pajjot±na½, sineru viya ca pabbat±na½ sabbalokiyas²l±na½ adhikañceva uttamañca, buddhupp±deyeva ca pavattati, na vin± buddhupp±d±. Na hi ta½ paññatti½ uddharitv± añño satto paññ±petu½ sakkoti, buddh±yeva panassa sabbaso k±yavac²dv±rajjh±c±rasota½ chinditv± tassa tassa v²tikkamassa anucchavika½ ta½ ta½ s²lasa½vara½ paññ±penti. P±timokkhasa½varas²latopi ca maggaphalasampayuttameva s²la½ adhis²la½, ta½ pana idha na adhippeta½. Na hi ta½ sam±panno methunadhamma½ paµisevati.
Eteti n±n±desaj±tigott±dibhedabhinn± bhikkh³. Saha j²vant²ti ekuddes±divasena saha pavattanti. Ten±ha “ekaj²vik± sabh±gavuttino”ti. Sikkh±padasaªkh±tanti paººattisaªkh±ta½. S±pi hi virati-±d²na½ d²panato “sikkh±padan”ti vuccati. Vuttampi ceta½ “sikkh±padanti yo tattha n±mak±yo padak±yo niruttik±yo byañjanak±yo”ti. Tatth±ti tesu. Sikkha½ parip³rentoti akattabbaparivajjanakattabbakaraºavasena v±rittac±rittasaªkh±ta½ duvidha½ s²la½ parip³rentoti attho, v±rittas²lavasena viratisampayuttacetana½, c±rittas²lavasena virativippayuttacetanañca attani pavattentoti vutta½ hoti. S±j²vañca av²tikkamantoti sikkh±padañca amaddanto, s²lasa½varaºa½, s±j²v±natikkamanañc±ti idameva dvaya½ idha sam±pajjana½ n±m±ti adhipp±yo. Tattha s±j²v±natikkamo sikkh±p±rip³riy± paccayo. Tass±natikkamanato hi y±va magg± sikkh± parip³rati. Apicettha “sikkha½ parip³rento”ti imin± viraticetan±saªkh±tassa s²lasa½varassa visesato sant±ne pavattanak±lova gahito, “av²tikkamanto”ti imin± pana appavattanak±lopi. Sikkhañhi parip³raºavasena attani pavattentopi nidd±divasena appavattentopi v²tikkam±bh±v± sikkhanavasena sam±pannoti vuccati.
Yasm± sikkh±paccakkh±nassa ekacca½ dubbaly±vikamma½ attho hoti, tasm± ta½ sandh±ya “sikkha½ apaccakkh±y±”ti padassa attha½ vivaranto “dubbalya½ an±vikatv±”ti ±h±ti dassetu½ “sikkha½ apaccakkh±ya dubbalya½ an±vikatv±”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha siy± (p±r±. aµµha. 1.45 sikkh±paccakkh±navibhaªgavaººan±), yasm± na sabba½ dubbaly±vikamma½ sikkh±paccakkh±na½, tasm± “dubbalya½ an±vikatv±”ti paµhama½ vatv± tassa atthaniyamanattha½ “sikkha½ apaccakkh±y±”ti vattabbanti? Ta½ na, kasm±? Atth±nukkam±bh±vato. “Sikkh±s±j²vasam±panno”ti hi vuttatt± ya½ sikkha½ sam±panno, ta½ apaccakkh±ya, yañca s±j²va½ sam±panno, tattha dubbalya½ an±vikatv±ti vuccam±ne anukkameneva attho vutto hoti, na aññath±. Tasm± idameva paµhama½ vuttanti.
Id±ni tadubhayameva p±kaµa½ katv± dassetu½ “tatth±”ti-±dim±ha. Tadabh±ven±ti tesa½ citt±d²na½ abh±vena. Cavituk±mat±citten±ti apagantuk±mat±cittena Dav±ti sahas±. Yo hi añña½ bhaºituk±mo sahas± “buddha½ paccakkh±m²”ti bhaºati, aya½ dav± vadati n±ma. Rav±ti virajjhitv±. Yo hi añña½ bhaºituk±mo virujjhitv± “buddha½ paccakkh±m²”ti bhaºati, aya½ rav± bhaºati n±ma. Purimena ko visesoti ce? Purima½ paº¹itass±pi sahas±vasena aññabhaºana½, ida½ pana mandatt± mom³hatt± pakkhalantassa “añña½ bhaºiss±m²”ti aññabhaºana½. “Akkharasamay±nabhiññ±tat±ya v± karaºasampattiy± abh±vato v± kathetabba½ kathetumasakkonto hutv± añña½ kathento rav± bhaºati n±m±”ti (s±rattha. µ². 2.54) eke.
Vajj±vajja½ upanijjh±yat²ti upajjh±yo, ta½ upajjh±ya½. “Eva½ sajjh±yitabba½, eva½ abhikkamitabban”ti-±din± ±c±rasikkh±panako ±cariyo. Ante sam²pe vasati s²len±ti antev±s², vibhatti-alopena yath± “vanekaseruk±”ti. Sam±no upajjh±yo ass±ti sam±nupajjh±yako. Eva½ sam±n±cariyako. Sabrahmac±rinti bhikkhu½. So hi “ekakamma½, ekuddeso, samasikkhat±”ti ima½ brahma½ sam±na½ carati, tasm± “sabrahmac±r²”ti vuccati. Eva½ vutt±nanti eva½ padabh±jan²ye vutt±na½. Yath± hi loke sass±na½ viruhanaµµh±na½ “khettan”ti vuccati, evamim±nipi buddh±d²ni pad±ni sikkh±paccakkh±nassa viruhanaµµh±natth± “khettan”ti vuccant²ti ±ha “imesa½ dv±v²satiy± khettapad±nan”ti. Yasm± panetesa½ vevacanehipi sikkh±paccakkh±na½ hoti, tasm± “savevacanass±”ti vutta½. Vividha½ ekasmi½yeva atthe vacana½ vivacana½, vivacanameva vevacana½, pariy±yan±ma½, saha vevacaneh²ti savevacana½, tassa savevacanassa. Ettha ca vaººapaµµh±ne (s±rattha. µ². 2.52; vi. vi. µ². 1.53; vajira. µ². 53) ±gata½ n±masahassa½, up±lig±th±su (ma. ni. 2.76) n±masata½, aññ±ni ca guºato labbham±n±ni n±m±ni “buddhavevacan±n²”ti veditabb±ni. Sabb±nipi dhammassa n±m±ni “dhammavevacan±n²”ti veditabb±ni. Esa nayo sabbattha.
Tesu ya½ kiñci vattuk±massa ya½ kiñci vadato sikkh±paccakkh±na½ hot²ti tesu dv±v²satiy± khettapadesu ya½ kiñci eka½ pada½ vattuk±massa tato añña½ ya½ kiñci padampi vac²bheda½ katv± vadato khettapadantogadhatt± sikkh±paccakkh±na½ hot²ti attho. Ida½ vutta½ hoti– sace pan±ya½ “buddha½ paccakkh±m²”ti vattuk±mo padapacc±bhaµµha½ katv± “paccakkh±mi buddhan”ti v± vadeyya, milakkhabh±s±d²su v± aññatarabh±s±ya tamattha½ vadeyya, “buddha½ paccakkh±m²”ti vattuk±mo uppaµip±µiy± “dhamma½ paccakkh±m²”ti v± “sabrahmac±ri½ paccakkh±m²”ti v± vadeyya, seyyath±pi uttarimanussadhammavibhaªge “paµhama½ jh±na½ sam±pajj±m²”ti vattuk±mo “dutiya½ jh±nan”ti vadati. Sace “yassa vadati, so aya½ bhikkhubh±va½ cajituk±mo etamattha½ vadat²”ti ettakamattampi j±n±ti, viraddha½ n±ma natthi, khettameva otiººa½, paccakkh±t±va hoti sikkh±. Sakkatt± v± brahmatt± v± cutasatto viya cutova hoti s±san±ti.
Alanti (p±r±. aµµha. 1.52) hotu, pariyattanti attho. Ki½ nu meti ki½ mayha½ kicca½, ki½ karaº²ya½, ki½ s±dhetabbanti attho. Na mamatthoti natthi mama attho. Sumutt±hanti suµµhu mutto aha½. Purimehi cuddasahi padeh²ti buddh±d²hi sabrahmac±ripariyantehi purimehi cuddasahi padehi. Yann³n±ha½ paccakkheyyanti ettha “yann³n±”ti parivitakkadassane nip±to. Ida½ vutta½ hoti– “sac±ha½ buddha½ paccakkheyya½, s±dhu vata me siy±”ti. ¾disaddena “paccakkhin”ti v± “paccakkhiss±m²”ti v± “bhaviss±m²”ti v± “hom²”ti v± “j±tomh²”ti v± “amh²”ti v± eva½bh³t±na½ gahaºa½. Sace pana “ajja paµµh±ya ‘gih²’ti ma½ dh±reh²”ti v± “j±n±h²”ti v± “sañj±n±h²”ti v± “manasi karoh²”ti v± vadati, ariyakena v± vadati, milakkhakena v±. Evametasmi½ atthe vutte yassa vadati, sace so j±n±ti, paccakkh±t± hoti sikkh±. Esa nayo sesesupi “up±sako”ti-±d²su sattasu padesu. Ettha ca ariyaka½ n±ma m±gadhavoh±ro. Milakkhaka½ n±ma anariyako andhadami¼±di.