Utukkh±nanti ta½ ta½ kiriya½ arati vattet²ti utu, tassa akkh±na½ utukkh±na½, utu-±cikkhananti attho. Yath± ca tassa ±cikkhana½, ta½ sar³pato dassetu½ “hemant±d²nan”ti-±di vutta½. Gaºan±ti kalan±. Bhikkhun²na½ aµµhagarudhammehi ovadana½ bhikkhunov±do. Sve uposathoti ±gantv±ti “sve uposatho hot²”ti vutte ajjeva ±gantv± pannarasike uposathe pakkhassa c±tuddasiya½, c±tuddasike terasiya½ ±gantv±ti vutta½ hoti. Mah±paccariya½ pana “pakkhassa terasiya½yeva ±gantv± ‘aya½ uposatho c±tuddasiko v± pannarasiko v±’ti pucchitabban”ti (p±ci. aµµha. 149) vutta½. Eva½ pucchitena ca bhikkhun± sace c±tuddasiya½ uposatha½ karonti, “c±tuddasiko bhagin²”ti vattabba½. Sace pannarasiya½ karonti, “pannarasiko bhagin²”ti vattabba½. “Anuj±n±mi, bhikkhave, µhapetv± b±la½, µhapetv± gil±na½, µhapetv± gamika½ avasesehi ov±da½ gahetun”ti (c³¼ava. 414) vuttatt± “ta½ µhapetv±”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha ±rocanavidh±na½ aj±nanto b±lo. C±tuddasikapannarasikesu uposathesu v± p±µipade v± gantuk±mo gamiyo, dutiyapakkhadivasato pana paµµh±ya tato uddha½ gacchanto idha gamiyo n±ma na hoti. Araññe niv±so ass±ti ±raññiko. Sopi “aha½ araññav±s², sve uposatho, vih±re na vas±m²”ti appaµiggahitu½ na labhati. Yadi na gaºheyya, dukkaµa½ ±pajjeyya. Vuttañheta½ “na, bhikkhave, ov±do na gahetabbo, yo na gaºheyya, ±patti dukkaµass±”ti (c³¼ava. 414). Tena pana pacc±haraºatth±ya saªketo k±tabbo. Vuttañheta½ “anuj±n±mi, bhikkhave, ±raññikena bhikkhun± ov±da½ gahetu½, saªketañca k±tu½ atra patihariss±m²”ti (c³¼ava. 415). Tasm± ±raññikena bhikkhun± sace bhikkhun²na½ vasanag±me bhikkh± labbhati, tattheva caritv± bhikkhuniyo disv± ±rocetv± gantabba½. No cassa tattha bhikkh± sulabh± hoti, s±mantag±me caritv± bhikkhun²na½ g±ma½ ±gamma tatheva k±tabba½. Sace d³ra½ gantabba½ hoti, saªketo k±tabbo “aha½ asuka½ n±ma tumh±ka½ g±madv±re sabha½ v± maº¹apa½ v± rukkham³la½ v± upasaªkamiss±mi, tatra ±gaccheyy±th±”ti. Bhikkhun²hi tatra gantabba½, agantu½ na labbhati. Vuttañheta½ “na, bhikkhave, bhikkhuniy± saªketa½ na gantabba½, y± na gaccheyya, ±patti dukkaµass±”ti (c³¼ava. 415). Uposathaggeti uposathakaraºaµµh±ne. Aµµhahi aªgeh²ti–
“S²lav± hoti, p±timokkhasa½varasa½vuto viharati ±c±ragocarasampanno, aºumattesu vajjesu bhayadass±v² sam±d±ya sikkhati sikkh±padesu. Bahussuto hoti sutadharo sutasannicayo, ye te dhamm± ±dikaly±º± majjhekaly±º± pariyos±nakaly±º± s±ttha½ sabyañjana½ kevalaparipuººa½ parisuddha½ brahmacariya½ abhivadanti, tath±r³p±ssa dhamm± bahussut± honti, dh±t± vacas± paricit±, manas± anupekkhit±, diµµhiy± suppaµividdh±. Ubhay±ni kho panassa p±timokkh±ni vitth±rena sv±gat±ni honti suvibhatt±ni suppavatt²ni suvinicchit±ni suttaso anubyañjanaso. Kaly±ºav±co hoti kaly±ºav±kkaraºo. Yebhuyyena bhikkhun²na½ piyo hoti man±po. Paµibalo hoti bhikkhuniyo ovaditu½. Na kho paneta½ bhagavanta½ uddissa pabbajit±ya k±s±yavatthavasan±ya garudhamma½ ajjh±pannapubbo hoti. V²sativasso v± hoti atirekav²sativasso v±”ti (p±ci. 147)–

Imehi aµµhahi aªgehi. P±s±diken±ti pas±d±vahena niddosena k±yavac²manokammena. Samp±det³ti tividha½ sikkha½ samp±detu. Yad± pana t±hi bhikkhun²hi p±timokkhuddesaka½yeva disv± ov±do y±cito, tad± uposathagge sannipatitehi bhikkhusaªghehi pubbakiccavasena “atthi k±ci bhikkhuniyo ov±da½ y±cam±n±”ti pucchite “eva½ vadeh²”ti attan± vattabbavacana½ aññena kath±petv± “atthi koci bhikkhu bhikkhunov±dako sammato”ti-±di½ saya½ vatv± puna sayameva gantv± bhikkhun²na½ ±rocetabba½. Aññena v± bhikkhun± tasmi½ divase p±timokkha½ uddis±petabba½. Idanti “t±h²”ti bahuvacana½. Ekato saheva.

Ñattiµµhapakena v±ti yattha tiººa½ vasanaµµh±ne p±timokkhuddeso natthi, tattha ñattiµµhapanakena v±. Itarena v±ti yattha dve bhikkh³ vasanti, eko v±, tattha itarena v± bhikkhun± sace sayameva sammato, “ahan”ti vattabba½ Tathev±ti uposathagge vuttasadisameva. “¾rocetv±v±”ti imin± an±rocana½ paµikkhipati. “Na, bhikkhave, ov±do na ±rocetabbo, yo na ±roceyya, ±patti dukkaµass±”ti (c³¼ava. 415) vacanato ov±da½ gahetv± uposathagge an±rocetu½ na vaµµati.
Parisuddhabh±vanti ±pattiy± parisuddhata½. ¾roceth±ti ±vi karotha. Ettha siy±ti “p±timokkha½ uddisiss±m²”ti etasmi½ pade ayamanuyogo bhaveyya. Ki½ ta½, ya½ siy±ti ±ha “saªgho uposatha½ kareyy±”ti-±di. Pubben±para½ sandhiyat²ti pubbavacanena apara½ vacana½ sandh±na½ gacchati. S±maggiy±ti k±yacittehi sahitat±ya. Gaºass±ti uddesaka½ µhapetv± catuvagge sesabhikkh³na½. Saªghassa uddiµµha½ hot²ti saªghena uddiµµha½ hoti. Karaºatthe ceta½ s±mivacana½. Etth±ti p±timokkhuddese. Lakkhaºanti sabh±vo.
Ther± ca nav± ca majjhim± c±ti ettha dasavass±, atirekadasavass± ca ther±. Ðnapañcavass± nav±. Pañcavass±, atirekapañcavass± ca majjhim±. Aµµhi½ katv±ti att±na½ tena p±timokkhena atthika½ katv±, ta½ v± p±timokkha½ “ida½ mayha½ p±timokkhan”ti atthi½ katv±. Manasi karitv±ti citte µhapetv±. Sotadv±ravasen±ti sotadv±rikajavanaviññ±ºavasena. Sabbacetas± samann±har±m±ti cittassa thokampi bahi gantu½ adent± sabbena cittena ±vajjema, sallakkhem±ti attho. Manasi karom±ti ±vajjema, samann±har±m±ti attho. So ca kho manasik±ro na ettha ±rammaºappaµip±danalakkhaºo, atha kho v²thippaµip±danajavanappaµip±danamanasik±rapubbakacitte µhapanalakkhaºoti ±ha “ekaggacitt± hutv± citte µhapeyy±m±”ti. Na samet²ti na sa½gacchati. Kasm± na sa½gacchat²ti ±ha “samaggassa h²”ti-±di. Kiñca bhiyyoti ±ha “p±timokkhuddesako c±”ti-±di. Saªghapariy±pannoti saªghe pariy±panno antogadho.
Id±ni ta½ dassetunti sambandho. ¾yasmantoti sannipatit±na½ piyavacanena ±lapana½.
Alajjit±ti alajjit±ya, alajjanabh±ven±ti attho. Tatiyatthe hi ida½ paccattavacana½. “Aññ±ºat±”ti-±d²supi eseva nayo. Kukkuccappakatat±ti kukkuccena abhibh³tat±ya. Satisammos±ti sativippav±sato. V²tikkamanti sikkh±padav²tikkamana½.
Sañcicc±ti sañcetetv±, akappiyabh±va½ j±nantoyeva v²tikkamacitta½ pesetv±ti attho. Parig³hat²ti nig³hati na deseti na vuµµh±ti. Lajj±ya parig³hanto alajj² na hoti, “ki½ imin±”ti an±dariyena parig³hanto alajj² hot²ti dasseti. Agatigamanañca gacchat²ti bhaº¹abh±jan²yaµµh±n±d²su chand±gati-±dibheda½ agatigamanañca gacchati. Alajjipuggaloti ajjhattikasamuµµh±nalajj±virahito puggalo. Ettha ca “sañcicc±”ti imin± an±dariyavaseneva ±patti½ ±pajjanto, ±pannañca ±patti½ parig³hanto, bhaº¹abh±jan²yaµµh±n±d²su agatigamana½ gacchanto ca alajj² hoti, na itaroti dasseti.
Mandoti mandapañño, apaññasseveta½ n±ma½. Mom³hoti atisa½m³¼ho. Vir±dhet²ti na r±dheti na s±dheti. Kukkucceti vinayasa½saye. Kappiya½ ce kattabba½ siy±ti vinayadhara½ pucchitv± tena vatthu½ oloketv± m±tika½, padabh±jana½, antar±patti½, an±pattiñca oloketv± “kappati, ±vuso, m± ettha kaªkh²”ti vutte kattabba½ bhaveyya.
Sahaseyyac²varavippav±s±d²n²ti ettha sahaseyy± n±ma anupasampannena uttaridirattatiratta½ sahaseyy±patti, vippav±so n±ma ekarattach±rattavasena vippav±so. ¾disaddena satt±h±tikkam±d²su ±patti½ saªgaºh±ti. Sattanna½ ±pattikkhandh±nanti p±r±jikasaªgh±disesathullaccayap±cittiyap±µidesan²yadukkaµadubbh±sitasaªkh±t±na½ sattanna½ ±pattikkhandh±na½.
Desetu v± pak±setu v±ti saªghamajjhe v± gaºamajjhe v± ekapuggale v± desetu v± pak±setu v±. Ettha ca p±r±jik±pattidesan± n±ma bhikkhubh±vassa paricc±go. Vuµµh±na½ pana desan±visesatt± “desan±”ti daµµhabba½. Pak±setu v±ti ±rocetu v±.
Eva½ an±pann± v±ti eva½ channa½ ±k±r±na½ aññatarena an±pann± v±. Vuµµhit± v±ti pariv±s±din± vuµµhit± v±. ¾rocit± v±ti ±vikat± v±. ¾rocento ca “tuyha½ santike eka½ ±patti½ ±vikarom²”ti v± “±cikkh±m²”ti v± “±rocem²”ti v± “mama eka½ ±patti½ ±pannabh±va½ j±n±h²”ti v± vadatu, “eka½ garuka½ ±patti½ ±vikarom²”ti v± ±din± nayena vadatu, sabbehipi ±k±rehi ±rocit±va hoti. Sace pana garuk±patti½ ±vikaronto “lahuk±patti½ ±vikarom²”ti-±din± nayena vadati, an±vikat± hoti ±patti. Vatthu½ ±roceti, ±patti½ ±roceti, ubhaya½ ±roceti, tividhen±pi ±rocit±va hoti. Asantiy± ±pattiy±ti bh±venabh±valakkhaºe bhumma½. Tuºh²bh±ven±pi h²ti ettha na kevala½ “±ma, maya½ parisuddh±”ti vutteyeva, atha kho tuºh²bh±ven±p²ti apisaddassa attho veditabbo.
Ki½ ta½ y±vatatiy±nus±vita½ n±ma, kathañceta½ y±vatatiy±nus±vita½ hot²ti vic±raº±ya½ ±cariy±na½ matibhedamukhena tamattha½ dassetu½ “y±vatatiya½ anus±vita½ hot²ti etth±”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha yadeta½ tikkhattu½ anus±vitanti sambandho. Atthabyañjanabhedatoti ar²yati ñ±yat²ti attho, abhidheyya½, byañj²yati attho anen±ti byañjana½, akkhara½, attho ca byañjanañca atthabyañjan±ni, tesa½ bhedo atthabyañjanabhedo, tato, atthassa ca byañjanassa ca visadisatt±ti attho.
Id±ni tamevattha½ vibh±vetu½ “anus±vanañhi n±m±”ti-±dim±ha. ti k±raºatthe nip±to. Tassa pana “abhinnan”ti imin± sambandho veditabbo. Ten±ti bhinnatt±. Ass±ti “yassa siy±”ti-±divacanattayassa. Avassañcetameva½ sampaµicchitabba½, aññath± atippasaªgopi siy±ti dassetu½ “yadi cetan”ti-±dim±ha. Etanti “yassa siy±”ti-±divacanattaya½. Apare “anus±vitan”ti pada½ na at²tattha½ d²peti, atha kho an±gatattha½. Dh±tvatthasambandho k±lantaravihitopi paccayo k±lantare s±dhu hot²ti vikappesu½. Ten±ha “apare ‘anus±vitan’ti padass±”ti-±di. Upari uddes±vas±neti p±r±jikuddes±vas±ne. Atthayutt²na½ abh±vatoti an±gatatthassa ca k±raºassa ca abh±vato. Id±ni tameva vibh±vetu½ “ida½ h²”ti-±dim±ha. Kathameta½ viññ±yat²ti ±ha “yadi cass±”ti-±di. Ayanti an±gatak±lo. Anus±vita½ hessat²ti vadeyy±ti anuppayoga½ an±gatak±la½ katv± “anus±vita½ hessat²”ti buddho vadeyya. Aya½ hetth±dhipp±yo– yadi cettha dh±tvatthasambandho ta-paccayo siy±, tath± sati dh±tvatthasambandho n±ma visesanavisesyabh±vo, so ca anuppayogassa sam±natthabh±ve sati uppajjati, n±sat²ti “hessat²”ti anuppayoga½ vadeyya, na ca vutta½. Tasm± an±gata½ na d²peti, at²tak±lameva d²pet²ti. Anus±viyam±neti vacanatoti “anus±viyam±ne”ti vattam±nak±lavacanato. Yadi eva½ “y±vatatiya½ anus±vita½ hot²”ti kimidanti ±ha “y±vatatiyan”ti-±di. Ki½ tena lakkh²yati, yeneta½ lakkhaºavacanamatta½ siy±ti ±ha “ten±”ti-±di. Ten±ti lakkhaºavacanamattena hetun±.
Tadetanti p±timokkha½. Ta½ panetanti “tatth±yasmante pucch±m²”ti-±dika½ y±vatatiy±nus±vana½. Na dissat²ti nopalabbhati. Imameva ca atthanti ima½ amhehi vuttamevattha½. Yadi hi “yassa siy± ±patt²”ti-±divacanattaya½ y±vatatiy±nus±vana½ siy±, tadeva uposathakkhandhake (mah±va. 132 ±dayo) vadeyya, na pana “sakimpi anus±vita½ hot²”ti-±dikanti adhipp±yo. Nanu c±ya½ vinicchayo aµµhakath±su na ±gato, atha kuto laddhoti ±ha “ayametth±”ti-±di. Vinayaµµh±nesu kataparicay±na½ ±cariy±na½ ta½ ta½ attha½ ñ±pent² paveºi ±cariyaparampar±, t±ya ±bhato ±n²to ±cariyaparampar±bhato.
Nanu sampaj±namus±v±de p±cittiyena bhavitabba½, atha katha½ dukkaµ±patti hot²ti ±ha “s± ca kho na mus±v±dalakkhaºen±”ti-±di. Sampaj±namus±v±de ki½ hot²ti yv±ya½ “sampaj±namus±v±do assa hot²”ti vutto, so ±pattito ki½ hoti, katar± ±patti hot²ti attho. Dukkaµa½ hot²ti dukkaµ±patti hoti. Vac²dv±re akiriyasamuµµh±n±patti hot²ti assa hi bhikkhuno adhammik±ya paµiññ±ya tuºh²bh³tassa nisinnassa manodv±re ±patti n±ma natthi. Yasm± pana ±vik±tabba½ n±vik±si, tenassa vac²dv±re akiriyato aya½ ±patti samuµµh±t²ti veditabb±. Id±ni vuttamevattha½ p±¼iy± s±dhetu½ “vuttampi cetan”ti-±dim±ha. Eta½ up±littherena pariv±re sedamocanag±th±su (pari. 479) vuttampi c±ti attho.
An±lapanto manujena kenaci v±c±ti kenaci manujena v±c±ya an±lapanto. Gira½ no ca pare bhaºeyy±ti “iti ime sossant²”ti parapuggale sandh±ya saddampi na nicch±reyya. ¾pajjeyya v±casikanti v±cato samuµµhita½ ±patti½ ±pajjeyya. Pañh±mes± kusalehi cintit±ti ettha pañh±mes±ti liªgabyattayena vutta½, eso pañho kusalehi cintitoti attho. Aya½ pañho imameva mus±v±da½ sandh±ya vutto.
Ta½ta½sampattiy± vibandhanavasena sattasant±nassa antare vemajjhe eti ±gacchat²ti antar±yo, diµµhadhammik±di-anattho, atikkamanaµµhena tasmi½ antar±ye niyutto, antar±ya½ v± phala½ arahati, antar±yassa v± karaºas²loti antar±yiko. Ten±ha “vippaµis±ravatthut±y±”ti-±di. Tattha vippaµis±ravatthut±y±ti vippaµis±ro n±ma pacch±nut±pavasena cittavippaµis±ro, tassa k±raºat±y±ti attho. Paµhamajjh±n±dipaccayabh³ta-a-appaµis±raviruddhassa vippaµis±rassa paccayatt±ti vutta½ hoti. P±mojj±disambhavanti dubbalataruº± p²ti p±mojja½, ta½ ±di yesa½ te p±mojj±dayo, tesa½ sambhavo paµil±bho p±mojj±disambhavo, ta½. ¾disaddena p²tippassaddh±d²na½ gahaºa½. Paµhamajjh±n±d²nanti etth±disaddena pana “dutiyassa jh±nassa adhigam±ya antar±yiko, tatiyassa jh±nassa adhigam±ya antar±yiko, catutthassa jh±nassa adhigam±ya antar±yiko, jh±n±na½, vimokkh±na½, sam±dh²na½, sam±patt²na½, nekkhamm±na½, nissaraº±na½, pavivek±na½, kusal±na½ dhamm±na½ adhigam±ya antar±yiko”ti (mah±va. 135) vuttadutiyajjh±n±d²na½ saªgaho daµµhabbo. “Tasm±”ti vutte ya½ta½sadd±na½ abyabhic±ritasambandhat±ya “yasm±”ti ayamattho upaµµhitoyeva hot²ti ±ha “tasm±ti yasm±”ti-±di. J±nanten±ti j±nam±nena. Imin±ssa sampaj±namus±v±dassa sacittakata½ dasseti. Visuddhi½ apekkhat²ti visuddh±pekkho, tena visuddh±pekkhena. S± ca visuddhi idha vuµµh±n±d²ti ±ha “vuµµh±tuk±mena visujjhituk±men±”ti. Vuµµh±nag±minito saªgh±disesato vuµµh±tuk±mena, desan±g±minito visujjhituk±men±ti attho. Saªghamajjhe v± gaºamajjhe v± ekapuggale v±ti uposathagge saªghassa ±rocanavasena saªghamajjhe v± tattheva ubhato nisinn±na½ ±rocanavasena gaºamajjhe v± anantarassa ±rocanavasena ekapuggale v± pak±setabb±. Ito vuµµhahitv±ti ito uposathaggato vuµµh±ya. Ettha pana sabh±goyeva vattabbo. Visabh±gassa hi vuccam±ne bhaº¹anakalahasaªghabhed±d²nipi honti. Tasm± tassa avatv± “ito vuµµhahitv± paµikariss±m²”ti ±bhoga½ katv± uposatho k±tabboti andhakaµµhakath±ya½ (mah±va. aµµha. 170) vutta½.
Karaºattheti tatiy±vibhatti-atthe. Kattari heta½ paccattavacana½ hoti ph±susadd±pekkh±ya. Paccattavacananti paµham±vacana½. Paµhamajjh±n±d²na½ adhigam±ya ph±su hot²ti adhigamattha½ tassa bhikkhuno ph±su hoti sukha½ hoti sa½varassa avippaµis±rahetutt±. Ten±ha “avippaµis±ram³lak±nan”ti-±di. P±papuññ±na½ kat±katavasena cittavippaµis±r±bh±vo avippaµis±ro, so m³la½ k±raºa½ yesa½ te avippaµis±ram³l±, avippaµis±ram³l±yeva avippaµis±ram³lak±, tesa½ avippaµis±ram³lak±na½. Sukhappaµipad± sampajjat²ti sukh± paµipad± samijjhati, paµhamajjh±n±d²na½ sukhena adhigamo hot²ti adhipp±yo. Hoti cettha–
“Nid±ne ñattiµµhapana½, pubbakiccassa pucchana½;
nid±nuddesasavane, visuddh±rocane vidhi;
an±rocane c±patti, ñeyya½ piº¹atthapañcakan”ti.

Iti kaªkh±vitaraºiy± p±timokkhavaººan±ya

Vinayatthamañj³s±ya½ l²natthappak±saniya½

Nid±navaººan± niµµhit±.