Dutiyag±th±ya sabbap±pass±ti sabb±kusalassa. Akaraºanti anupp±dana½. Kusalass±ti catubh³makakusalassa. Upasampad±ti upasamp±dana½ paµil±bho. Sacittapariyodapananti attano cittassa vod±pana½ pabhassarabh±vakaraºa½ sabbaso parisodhana½, ta½ pana arahattena hoti. Iti s²lasa½varena sabbap±pa½ pah±ya lokiyalokuttar±hi samathavipassan±hi kusala½ samp±detv± arahattaphalena citta½ pariyod±petabbanti eta½ buddh±na½ s±sana½ ov±do anusiµµhi.
Tatiyag±th±ya an³pav±doti v±c±ya kassaci anupavadana½. An³pagh±toti k±yena kassaci upagh±tassa akaraºa½. P±timokkheti ya½ ta½ p±timokkha½ pa-atimokkha½ atipamokkha½ uttama½ s²la½, p±ti v± agativisesehi, mokkheti duggatibhayehi. Yo v± na½ p±ti, ta½ mokkhet²ti “p±timokkhan”ti vuccati, tasmi½ p±timokkhe ca. Sa½varoti sattanna½ ±pattikkhandh±na½ av²tikkamalakkhaºo sa½varo. Mattaññut±ti paµiggahaºaparibhogavasena pam±ºaññut±. Pantañca sayan±sananti janasaªghaµµanavirahita½ nijjanasamb±dha½ vivitta½, sen±sanañca. Ettha ca dvihiyeva paccayehi catupaccayasantoso d²pitoti veditabbo paccayasantosas±maññena itaradvayass±pi lakkhaºah±ranayena jotitatt±. Adhicitte ca ±yogoti vipassan±p±daka½ aµµhasam±patticitta½, tatopi maggaphalacittameva adhicitta½, tasmi½ yath±vutte adhicitte ±yogo ca anuyogo c±ti attho. Eta½ buddh±na s±sananti eta½ parassa anupavadana½, anupagh±tana½, p±timokkhe sa½varo, paµiggahaºaparibhogesu mattaññut±, aµµhasam±pattivasibh±v±ya vivittasen±sanasevanañca buddh±na½ s±sana½ ov±do anusiµµh²ti. Im± pana tisso g±th± sabbabuddh±na½ p±timokkhuddesag±th±yo hont²ti veditabb±. Ta½ buddh± eva uddisanti, na s±vak±.
“Suº±tu me, bhante, saªgho”ti-±din± (mah±va. 134) nayena vutta½ ±º±p±timokkha½ n±ma. Ta½ s±vak± eva uddisanti, na buddh± saªghakamma½ karonti, na ca tattha pariy±pann±ti ±ha “ta½ s±vak± eva uddisanti, na buddh±”ti. Imasmi½ attheti “p±timokkha½ uddiseyy±”ti etasmi½ atthe.
Anupagato n±ma tattheva upasampanno, asatiy± purimik±ya anupagato v±. C±tum±siniyanti c±tum±siya½. S± hi catunna½ m±s±na½ p±rip³ribh³t±ti c±tum±s², s± eva “c±tum±sin²”ti vuccati, tassa½ c±tum±siniya½. Pacchimakattikapuººam±siniyanti attho. K±yas±magginti k±yena samaggabh±va½, hatthap±s³pagamananti vutta½ hoti.
Aya½ panettha vinicchayo– sace purimik±ya pañca bhikkh³ vassa½ upagat±, pacchimik±yapi pañca, purimehi ñatti½ µhapetv± pav±rite pacchimehi tesa½ santike p±risuddhi-uposatho k±tabbo, na ekasmi½ uposathagge dve ñattiyo µhapetabb±. Sacepi pacchimik±ya upagat± catt±ro, tayo, dve, eko v± hoti, eseva nayo. Atha purimik±ya catt±ro, pacchimik±yapi catt±ro, tayo, dve, eko v±, eseva nayo. Atha purimik±ya tayo, pacchimik±ya tayo, dve v±, eseva nayo. Idañhettha lakkhaºa½– sace purimik±ya upagatehi pacchimik±ya upagat± thokatar± ceva honti samasam± ca, saªghappav±raº±ya ca gaºa½ p³renti, saªghappav±raº±vasena ñatti½ µhapetv± purimehi pav±retabb±. Sace pana purimik±ya tayo, pacchimik±ya eko hoti, tena saddhi½ te catt±ro honti, catunna½ saªghañatti½ µhapetv± pav±retu½ na vaµµati. Gaºañattiy± pana so gaºap³rako hoti, tasm± gaºavasena ñatti½ µhapetv± purimehi pav±retabba½, itarena tesa½ santike p±risuddhi-uposatho k±tabbo. Sace purimik±ya dve, pacchimik±ya dve v± eko v±, etth±pi eseva nayo. Sace purimik±ya eko, pacchimik±yapi eko, ekena ekassa santike pav±retabba½, ekena p±risuddhi-uposatho k±tabbo Sace purimavass³pagatehi pacchimavass³pagat± ekenapi adhikatar± honti, paµhama½ p±timokkha½ uddisitv± pacch± thokatarehi tesa½ santike pav±retabba½. Kattikac±tum±sinipav±raº±ya pana sace paµhama½ vass³pagatehi mah±pav±raº±ya pav±ritehi pacch± upagat± adhikatar± v± samasam± v± honti, pav±raº±ñatti½ µhapetv± pav±retabba½. Tehi pav±rite pacch± itarehi p±risuddhi-uposatho k±tabbo. Atha mah±pav±raº±ya pav±rit± bah³ honti, pacch± vass³pagat± thok± v± eko v±, p±timokkhe uddiµµhe pacch± tesa½ santike tena pav±retabbanti.
Eka½sa½ uttar±saªga½ karitv±ti ekasmi½ a½se s±dhuka½ uttar±saªga½ karitv±ti attho. Añjali½ paggahetv±ti dasanakhasamodh±nasamujjala½ añjali½ ukkhipitv±. Sace pana tattha p±riv±sikopi atthi, saªghanavakaµµh±ne nis²ditv± tattheva nisinnena attano p±¼iy± p±risuddhi-uposatho k±tabbo. P±timokkhe uddisiyam±ne pana p±¼iy± anis²ditv± p±¼i½ vih±ya hatthap±sa½ amuñcantena nis²ditabba½. Pav±raº±yapi eseva nayo.
Sabba½ pubbakaraº²yanti sammajjan±di½ navavidha½ pubbakicca½. Yath± ca sabbo saªgho sabh±g±patti½ ±pajjitv± “suº±tu me, bhante, saªgho…pe… paµikarissat²”ti (mah±va. 171) ñatti½ µhapetv± uposatha½ k±tu½ labhati, evametth±pi t²hi “suºantu me ±yasmant± ime bhikkh³ sabh±ga½ ±patti½ ±pann±, yad± añña½ bhikkhu½ suddha½ an±pattika½ passissanti, tad± tassa santike ta½ ±patti½ paµikarissant²”ti gaºañatti½ µhapetv±, dv²hipi “añña½ suddha½ passitv± paµikariss±m±”ti vatv± uposatha½ k±tu½ vaµµati. Eken±pi “parisuddha½ labhitv± paµikariss±m²”ti ±bhoga½ katv± k±tu½ vaµµati. Tadah³ti tasmi½ ahu, tasmi½ divaseti attho. N±n±sa½v±sakeh²ti laddhin±n±sa½v±sakehi. An±v±so n±ma navakammas±l±diko yo koci padeso. Aññatra saªghen±ti saªghappahonakehi bhikkh³hi vin±. Aññatra antar±y±ti pubbe vutta½ dasavidhamantar±ya½ vin±. Sabbantimena pana paricchedena attacatutthena antar±ye v± sati gantu½ vaµµati. Yath± ca ±v±s±dayo na gantabb±, eva½ sace vih±re uposatha½ karonti, uposath±dhiµµh±nattha½ s²m±pi nad²pi na gantabb±. Sace panettha koci bhikkhu hoti, tassa santika½ gantu½ vaµµati. Vissaµµha-uposath±pi ±v±s± gantu½ vaµµati. Eva½ gato adhiµµh±tumpi labhati. ¾raññaken±pi bhikkhun± uposathadivase g±me piº¹±ya caritv± attano vih±rameva ±gantabba½. Sace añña½ vih±ra½ okkamati, tattha uposatha½ katv±va ±gantabba½, akatv± ±gantu½ na vaµµati. Ya½ jaññ± “ajjeva tattha gantu½ sakkom²”ti (mah±va. aµµha. 181) evar³po pana ±v±so gantabbo. Tattha bhikkh³hi saddhi½ uposatha½ karonten±pi hi imin± neva uposathantar±yo kato bhavissat²ti.
Udaka½ ±sanena c±ti ±sanena saha p±n²yaparibhojan²ya½ udakañc±ti attho. Saªghasannip±tato paµhama½ kattabba½ pubbakaraºa½. Pubbakaraºato pacch± kattabbampi uposathakammato paµhama½ kattabbatt± pubbakicca½. Ubhayampi ceta½ uposathakammato paµhama½ kattabbatt± “pubbakicca”micceva ettha vuttanti ±ha “eva½ dv²hi n±mehi navavidha½ pubbakicca½ dassitan”ti. Ki½ ta½ katanti pucchat²ti ±ha “na h²”ti-±di. Ta½ akatv± uposatha½ k±tu½ na vaµµati “na, bhikkhave, therena ±ºattena agil±nena na sammajjitabba½, yo na sammajjeyya, ±patti dukkaµass±”ti-±di (mah±va. 159) vacanato. Tenev±ha “tasm± therena ±ºatten±”ti-±di.
Sace pana ±ºatto sammajjani½ t±vak±likampi na labhati, s±kh±bhaªga½ kappiya½ k±retv± sammajjitabba½. Tampi alabhantassa laddhakappiya½ hoti. P±n²ya½ paribhojan²ya½ upaµµh±petabbanti ±gantuk±na½ atth±ya p±n²yaparibhojan²ya½ upaµµh±petabba½. ¾sana½ paññ±petabbanti p²µhaphalak±di-±sana½ paññ±petabba½. Sace uposath±g±re ±san±ni natthi, sa½ghik±v±satopi ±haritv± paññ±petv± puna haritabb±ni. ¾sanesu asati kaµas±rakepi taµµik±yopi paññ±petu½ vaµµati. Taµµik±supi asati s±kh±bhaªg±ni kappiya½ k±retv± paññ±petabb±ni. Kappiyak±raka½ alabhantassa laddhakappiya½ hoti. Pad²po k±tabboti pad²petabbo, pad²pujjalana½ k±tabbanti vutta½ hoti. ¾º±pentena pana “asukasmi½ n±ma ok±se tela½ v± vaµµi v± kapallik± v± atthi, ta½ gahetv± karoh²”ti vattabbo. Sace tel±d²ni natthi, pariyesitabb±ni. Pariyesitv± alabhantassa laddhakappiya½ hoti. Apica kap±le aggipi j±letabbo. ¾º±pentena ca kiñci kamma½ karonto v± sad±k±lameva eko v± bh±ranittharaºako v± sarabh±ºakadhammakathik±d²su aññataro v± na ±º±petabbo, avases± pana v±rena ±º±petabb±. Ten±ha “theren±pi patir³pa½ ñatv± ±º±petabban”ti.
Bahi uposatha½ katv± ±gaten±ti nadiy± v± s²m±ya v± yattha katthaci uposatha½ katv± ±gatena chando d±tabbo, “kato may± uposatho”ti acchitu½ na labhat²ti adhipp±yo. Kiccappasuto v±ti gil±nupaµµh±k±dikiccappasuto v±. Sace gil±no chandap±risuddhi½ d±tu½ na sakkoti, mañcena v± p²µhena v± saªghamajjha½ ±netv± uposatho k±tabbo. Sace gil±nupaµµh±k±na½ bhikkh³na½ eva½ hoti “sace kho maya½ ima½ gil±na½ µh±n± c±vess±ma, ±b±dho v± abhiva¹¹hissati, k±lakiriy± v± bhavissat²”ti, na tveva so gil±no µh±n± c±vetabbo, saªghena tattha gantv± uposatho k±tabbo, na tveva vaggena saªghena uposatho k±tabbo. Kareyya ce, ±patti dukkaµassa. Sace bah³ t±dis± gil±n± honti, saªghena paµip±µiy± µhatv± sabbe hatthap±se k±tabb±. Sace d³re d³re honti, saªgho nappahoti, ta½ divasa½ uposatho na k±tabbo, na tveva vaggena saªghena uposatho k±tabbo. “Anuj±n±mi, bhikkhave, tadahuposathe p±risuddhi½ dentena chandampi d±tu½, santi saªghassa karaº²yan”ti (mah±va. 165) vuttatt± bhagavato ±ºa½ karontena “chanda½ damm²”ti vutta½. “Chandah±rako ce, bhikkhave, dinne chande tattheva pakkamati, aññassa d±tabbo chando”ti-±divacanato (mah±va. 165) puna attano chandad±naparissamavinodanattha½ “chanda½ me har±”ti vutta½. “Chandah±rako ce, bhikkhave, dinne chande saªghappatto sañcicca na ±roceti, ±haµo hoti chando, chandah±rakassa ±patti dukkaµass±”ti (mah±va. 165) vuttatt± dukkaµato ta½ mocetu½ “chanda½ me ±roceh²”ti vutta½.
K±yena v± v±c±ya v± ubhayena v± viññ±petabboti manas± cintetv± k±yappayoga½ karontena yena kenaci aªgapaccaªgena v±, v±ca½ pana nicch±retu½ sakkontena tatheva v±c±ya v±, ubhayath±pi sakkontena k±yav±c±hi v± viññ±petabbo, j±n±petabboti attho. “Aya½ attho”ti vacanato pana y±ya k±yacipi bh±s±ya viññ±petu½ vaµµati, p±risuddhid±nepi chandad±ne vuttasadisova vinicchayo. Ta½ pana dentena paµhama½ sant² ±patti desetabb±. Na hi s±pattiko sam±no “p±risuddhi½ dammi, p±risuddhi½ me hara, p±risuddhi½ me ±roceh²”ti (mah±va. 164) vattu½ labhati. “Santi saªghassa karaº²y±n²”ti vattabbe vacanavipall±sena “santi saªghassa karaº²yan”ti vutta½. Tesañca attano ca chandap±risuddhi½ det²ti ettha chando ca chandap±risuddhi ca chandap±risuddhi, ta½ det²ti sar³pekasesanayena attho daµµhabbo. Itar±ti aññesa½ chandap±risuddhi. Bi¼±lasaªkhalik± chandap±risuddh²ti ettha bi¼±lasaªkhalik± n±ma bi¼±labandhana½. Tattha hi saªkhalik±ya paµhamavalaya½ dutiyavalaya½yeva p±puº±ti, na tatiya½, evamayampi chandap±risuddhi d±yakena yassa dinn±, tato aññattha na gacchat²ti (s±rattha. µ². mah±vagga 3.164; vi. vi. µ². mah±vagga 2.164). Tasm± s± bi¼±lasaªkhalikasadisatt± “bi¼±lasaªkhalik±”ti vutt±. Bi¼±lasaªkhalikaggahaºañcettha y±sa½ k±sañci saªkhalik±na½ upalakkhaºamattanti daµµhabba½.