Udakukkhep±ti karaŗatthe nissakkavacananti ±ha “udakukkhepen±”ti. Katha½ pana udaka½ khipitabbanti ±ha “tatth±”ti-±di. Majjhimena purisen±ti th±mamajjhimena purisena. Aya½ udakukkhepo n±m±ti aya½ udakukkhepena paricchinn± s²m± n±m±ti attho. Y±va paris± va¹¹hati, t±va aya½ s²m±pi va¹¹hati, parisapariyantato udakukkhepoyeva pam±ŗa½. Sace pana nad² n±tid²gh± hoti, pabhavato paµµh±ya y±va mukhadv±ra½ sabbattha saŖgho nis²dati, udakukkhepas²m±kamma½ natthi. Sakal±pi nad² etesa½yeva bhikkh³na½ pahoti.
Pakativassak±leti pubbe vuttappak±re pakativassak±le. Cat³su m±ses³ti vass±nassa cat³su m±sesu. Ativuµµhik±le oghena otthatok±so na gahetabbo. So hi g±mas²m±saŖkhameva gacchati. Antonadiya½ j±tassare j±tapiµµhip±s±ŗad²pakesupi ayameva vinicchayo veditabbo. Sace pana nad² paripuŗŗ± hoti samatitthik±, udakas±µika½ niv±setv±pi antonadiya½yeva kamma½ k±tabba½. Sace na sakkonti, n±v±yapi µhatv± k±tabba½. Gacchantiy± pana n±v±ya k±tu½ na vaµµati. Kasm±? Udakukkhepamattameva hi s²m±, ta½ n±v± s²ghameva atikk±meti. Eva½ sati ańńiss± s²m±ya ńatti, ańńiss± anuss±van± hoti, tasm± n±va½ arittena v± µhapetv±, p±s±ŗe v± lambitv±, antonadiya½ j±tarukkhe v± bandhitv± kamma½ k±tabba½. Antonadiya½ baddha-aµµakepi antonadiya½ j±tarukkhepi µhitehi kamma½ k±tu½ vaµµati.
Sace pana rukkhassa s±kh± v± tato nikkhantap±roho v± bahinad²t²re vih±ras²m±ya v± g±mas²m±ya v± patiµµhito, s²ma½ v± sodhetv±, s±kha½ v± chinditv± kamma½ k±tabba½. Bahinad²t²re j±tarukkhassa antonadiya½ paviµµhas±kh±ya v± p±rohe v± n±va½ bandhitv± kamma½ k±tu½ na vaµµati. Karontehi s²m± v± sodhetabb±, s±kha½ chinditv± v± tassa bahipatiµµhitabh±go n±setabbo. Nad²t²re pana kh±ŗuka½ koµµetv± tattha bandhan±v±ya na vaµµatiyeva.
Nadiya½ setu½ karonti, sace antonadiya½yeva setu v± setup±d± v±, setumhi µhitehi kamma½ k±tu½ vaµµati. Sace pana setu v± setup±d± v± bahit²re patiµµhit±, kamma½ k±tu½ na vaµµati, s²ma½ sodhetv± kamma½ k±tabba½. Atha setup±d± anto, setu pana ubhinnampi t²r±na½ upari-±k±se µhito, vaµµati. J±tassarepi eseva nayo.
“Yasmi½ padese pakativ²ciyo ottharitv± saŗµhahant²”ti etena ya½ padesa½ uddha½ va¹¹hanaka-udaka½ v± pakativ²ciyo v± vegena ±gantv± ottharanti, tattha kamma½ k±tu½ na vaµµat²ti (mah±va. aµµha. 147) dasseti. Sace ³mivego b±dhati, n±v±ya v± aµµake v± µhatv± k±tabba½. Tesu vinicchayo nadiya½ vuttanayeneva veditabbo. Sace pana samuddo g±mas²ma½ v± nigamas²ma½ v± ottharitv± tiµµhati, samuddova hoti. Tattha kamma½ k±tu½ vaµµati. Tato paµµh±ya kappiyabh³m²ti ottharitv± saŗµhita-udakantato paµµh±ya anto nad²j±tassarasamuddo n±m±ti attho. Dubbuµµhik±leti vass±nahemante sandh±ya vutta½. Sukkhesup²ti nirudakesupi. Yath± ca v±pikhaŗane, eva½ ±v±µapokkharaŗ²-±d²na½ khaŗanepi g±makhetta½ hotiyev±ti daµµhabba½. Vappa½ v± karont²ti l±butipusak±divappa½ v± karonti. Ta½ µh±nanti yattha v±pi-±dika½ kata½, ta½ µh±na½. Ańńa½ pana kappiyabh³mi. Sace pana j±tassara½ p³retv± thala½ karonti, ekasmi½ dis±bh±ge p±¼i½ bandhitv± sabbameva na½ mah±ta¼±ka½ v± karonti, sabbopi aj±tassaro hoti. G±mas²m±saŖkhameva gacchati.
Sace nadimpi vin±setv± ta¼±ka½ karonti, heµµh± p±¼i baddh±, udaka½ ±gantv± ta¼±ka½ p³retv± tiµµhati, ettha kamma½ k±tu½ na vaµµati. Upari pavattanaµµh±ne cha¹¹ita½ udaka½ nadi½ ottharitv± sandanaµµh±nato paµµh±ya vaµµati. K±ci nad² k±lantarena uppatitv± g±manigamas²ma½ ottharitv± pavattati, nad²yeva hoti, kamma½ k±tu½ vaµµati. Sace vih±ras²ma½ ottharati “vih±ras²m±”tveva saŖkha½ gacchati. Tasm±ti yasm± anto gacchati, tasm±. Samant± udakukkhepaparicchedo k±tabboti pahonakaµµh±na½ sandh±ya vutta½. Yattha pana kunnad²-±d²su nappahoti, tattha pahonakaµµh±nato udakukkhepaparicchedo k±tabbo. Upac±ratth±y±ti s²mopac±ratth±ya.
Kasm± pana ańńameka½ sattabbhantara½, ańńo eko udakukkhepo ca upac±ratth±ya µhapetabboti ±ha “aya½ h²”ti-±di. Ida½ vutta½ hoti (s±rattha. µ². mah±vagga 3.147; vi. vi. µ². mah±vagga 2.147)– yasm± aya½ sattabbhantaras²m± ca udakukkhepas²m± ca bhikkh³na½ µhitok±sato paµµh±ya labbhati, te ca bhikkh³ na sabbad± ekasadis±, kad±ci va¹¹hanti, kad±ci parih±yanti. Yad± ca va¹¹hanti, tad± s²m±saŖkaro hoti. Tasm± ańńameka½ sattabbhantara½, ańńo eko udakukkhepo ca upac±ratth±ya µhapetabboti. Ya½ pana mah±-aµµhakath±ya½ “tato adhika½ vaµµatiyeva, ³naka½ pana na vaµµat²”ti (mah±va. aµµha. 147) vutta½, tampi etadatthameva, na pana tattha katassa kammassa kuppatt±ti gahetabba½. Paricchedato bahi ańńa½ tattaka½yeva pariccheda½ anatikkamitv± µhitop²ti attano sattabbhantarena, udakukkhepena v± yo tesa½ sattabbhantarassa, udakukkhepassa v± paricchedo, tato bahi ańńa½ tattaka½yeva pariccheda½ anatikkamitv± µhitop²ti attho. Kathameta½ vińń±yat²ti ±ha “ida½ sabba-aµµhakath±su sanniµµh±nan”ti, ida½ “kamma½ kopet²”ti mah±-aµµhakath±d²su vavatth±nanti attho. “Iti iman”ti-±di yath±vuttassa nigamana½. Hoti cettha–
“Baddh±baddhavasenedha, s²m± n±ma dvidh± tahi½;
tisampattiyutt± vajji-tek±dasa vipattik±;
baddhas²m± tidh± khaŗ¹±-dito g±m±dito par±”ti.
Sabh±g±patti ca n±mes± duvidh± vatthusabh±g±, ±pattisabh±g±ti. Tattha idha vatthusabh±g± adhippet±, netar±ti dassetu½ “ya½ sabbo saŖgho vik±labhojan±din±”ti-±dim±ha. Lahuk±pattinti lahukena vinayakammena visujjhanato lahuk± thullaccayap±cittiyap±µidesan²yadukkaµadubbh±sitasaŖkh±t± pańc±pattiyo. Vatthusabh±g±ya saŖgh±dises±pattiy±pi sati uposathakamma½ pattakalla½ na hotiyeva. Yath±ha “sabh±gasaŖgh±disesa½ ±pannassa pana santike ±vi k±tu½ na vaµµati. Sace ±vi karoti, ±patti ±vikat± hoti, dukkaµ± pana na muccat²”ti (c³¼ava. aµµha. 102). Tass± pana adesan±g±minito eva½ vutta½. Vatthusabh±g±ti vatthuvasena sam±nabh±g±, ekakoµµh±s±ti vutta½ hoti. Imameva vatthusabh±ga½ desetu½ na vaµµati “na, bhikkhave, sabh±g± ±patti desetabb±, yo deseyya, ±patti dukkaµass±”ti (mah±va. 169) vuttatt±, na pana ±pattisabh±ga½. Ten±ha “vik±labhojanapaccay± ±panna½ pan±”ti-±di. ¾pattisabh±ganti ±pattiy± sam±nabh±ga½.
S±mant± ±v±s±ti s±manta-±v±sa½, sam²pavih±ranti attho. Sajjukanti tadahev±gamanatth±ya. P±hetabboti pesetabbo. Icceta½ kusalanti iti eta½ sundara½ bhaddaka½, laddhakappanti vutta½ hoti. No ce labheth±ti vih±r±na½ d³rat±ya v± magge paripanth±din± v± yadi na labhetha. “Tassa santike paµikarissat²”ti imin± vacanena sabh±g±patti ±vi k±tumpi na labbhat²ti d²pita½ hoti. Yadi labheyya, ±vi katv±pi uposatha½ kareyya. Yadi pana sabbo saŖgho sabh±ga½ saŖgh±disesa½ ±panno hoti, ńatti½ µhapetv± uposatha½ k±tu½ na vaµµati, uposathassa antar±yova hoti. Ubhopi dukkaµa½ ±pajjanti “na, bhikkhave, sabh±g± ±patti desetabb±, yo deseyya, ±patti dukkaµassa. Na, bhikkhave, sabh±g± ±patti paµiggahetabb±, yo paµiggaŗheyya, ±patti dukkaµass±”ti (mah±va. 169) vuttatt±. Vimati sa½sayo, tattha niyutto vematiko. “Puna nibbematiko hutv± desetabbamev±”ti neva p±¼iya½, na ca aµµhakath±ya½ atthi, desite pana doso natthi. Vuttanayenev±ti “p±risuddhi½ ±yasmanto ±roceth±”ti-±din± nayena s±pattikassa uposathakaraŗe pańńatta½ dukkaµa½ ±pajjant²ti vuttanayeneva. Kasm± sabh±g±pattiyeva vutt±ti ±ha “et±su h²”ti-±di. Visabh±g±patt²su vijjam±n±supi pattakalla½ hotiyev±ti visabh±g±su pana vijjam±n±su tesa½yeva puggal±na½ ±patti, na saŖghass±ti saŖghassa pattakalla½ hotiyeva.
Antimavatthu-ajjh±pannako n±ma catunna½ p±r±jik±na½ ańńatara½ ajjh±pannako. Paŗ¹ak±d²na½ vinicchayo parato p±r±jikuddese ±vi bhavissati Tiracch±nagatoti antamaso sakka½ devar±j±na½ up±d±ya yo koci n±gam±ŗavak±diko amanussaj±tiko veditabbo, na assagoŗ±dayo. Ten±ha “ettha c±”ti-±di. Tattha etth±ti etissa½ vajjan²yapuggalakath±ya½. Yassa upasampad± paµikkhitt±ti “tiracch±nagato, bhikkhave, anupasampanno, na upasamp±detabbo”ti (mah±va. 111) yassa n±gasupaŗŗ±dino tiracch±nagatassa upasampad± paµikkhitt± so idh±pi tiracch±nagato n±m±ti attho. Tattha hi antamaso deve up±d±ya n±gam±ŗavak±diko yo koci amanussaj±tiko “tiracch±nagato”ti adhippeto. Vuttańhi samantap±s±dik±ya½ “tiracch±nagato, bhikkhaveti ettha n±go v± hotu supaŗŗam±ŗavak±d²na½ v± ańńataro, antamaso sakka½ devar±j±na½ up±d±ya yo koci amanussaj±tiyo, so sabbova imasmi½ atthe ‘tiracch±nagato’ti veditabbo”ti (mah±va. aµµha. 111). Tittha½ vuccati laddhi, ta½ etesa½ atth²ti titthik±, titthik± eva titthiy±, ito ańńaladdhik±ti attho.
Suttassa uddeso suttuddeso. P±risuddhi eva uposatho p±risuddhi-uposatho. Eseva nayo adhiµµh±nuposathoti etth±pi. Soti p±timokkhuddeso. Ov±dova p±timokkha½, tassa uddeso sar³pena kathana½ ov±dap±timokkhuddeso. “Imasmi½ v²tikkame aya½ n±ma ±patt²”ti eva½ ±pattivasena ±ŗ±pana½ pańń±pana½ ±ŗ±, sesa½ anantarasadisameva.
Khant² parama½ tapo titikkh±…pe… vutt± tisso g±th±yo n±ma–
“Khant² parama½ tapo titikkh±;
nibb±na½ parama½ vadanti buddh±;
na hi pabbajito par³pagh±t²;
na samaŗo hoti para½ viheµhayanto.
“Sabbap±passa akaraŗa½, kusalassa upasampad±;
sacittapariyodapana½, eta½ buddh±na s±sana½.
“An³pav±do an³pagh±to, p±timokkhe ca sa½varo;
mattańńut± ca bhattasmi½, pantańca sayan±sana½;
adhicitte ca ±yogo, eta½ buddh±na s±sanan”ti.(D². ni. 2.90; dha. pa. 183-185)–

Im± tisso g±th±yo.

Tattha khant² parama½ tapoti (d². ni. aµµha. 2.90; dha. pa. aµµha. 2.185) adhiv±sanakhanti n±ma parama½ tapo. Titikkh±ti khantiy± eva vevacana½, titikkh±saŖkh±t± adhiv±sanakhanti uttama½ tapoti attho. Nibb±na½ parama½ vadant²ti sabb±k±rena pana nibb±na½ “paraman”ti vadanti buddh±. Na hi pabbajito par³pagh±t²ti yo adhiv±sanakhantivirahitatt± para½ upagh±teti b±dhati vihi½sati, so pabbajito n±ma na hoti. Catutthap±do pana tasseva vevacana½. “Na hi pabbajito”ti etassa hi “nasamaŗo hot²”ti vevacana½. “Par³pagh±t²”ti etassa “para½ viheµhayanto”ti vevacana½. Atha v± par³pagh±t²ti s²l³pagh±t². S²lańhi uttamaµµhena “paran”ti vuccati. Yo ca samaŗo para½ ya½ kańci satta½ viheµhayanto par³pagh±t² hoti, attano s²lavin±sako, so pabbajito n±ma na hot²ti attho. Atha v± yo adhiv±sanakhantiy± abh±v± par³pagh±t² hoti, para½ antamaso ¹a½samakasampi sańcicca j²vit± voropeti, so na hi pabbajito. Ki½ k±raŗ±? Malassa apabb±jitatt±. “Pabb±jayamattano mala½, tasm± ‘pabbajito’ti vuccat²”ti (dha. pa. 388) idańhi pabbajitalakkhaŗa½. Yopi na heva kho upagh±teti na m±reti, apica daŗ¹±d²hi viheµheti, so para½ viheµhayanto samaŗo na hoti. Ki½ k±raŗ±? Vihes±ya asamitatt±. “Samitatt± hi p±p±na½, ‘samaŗo’ti pavuccat²”ti (dha. pa. 265) idańhi samaŗalakkhaŗa½.