Ya½ pana abaddhas²m±lakkhaŗe nadi½ vakkh±m±ti “yass± dhammik±na½ r±j³na½ k±le”ti-±din± (kaŖkh±. aµµha. nid±navaŗŗan±) udakukkhepas²m±ya½ nadiy± vakkham±natt± vutta½. Y± pana nad² maggo viya sakaµadhurasaŗµh±nena v± parikh±saŗµh±nena v± vih±ra½ parikkhipitv± gat±, na½ ekattha kittetv± ańńattha kittetu½ na vaµµati. Vih±rassa cat³su dis±su ańńamańńa½ vinivijjhitv± gate nad²catukkepi eseva nayo. Asammissanadiyo pana catassopi kittetu½ vaµµati. Sace vati½ karonto viya rukkhap±de nikhaŗitv± vallipal±l±d²hi nad²sota½ rumbhanti, udakampi ajjhottharitv± ±varaŗa½ pavattatiyeva, nimitta½ k±tu½ vaµµati. Yath± pana udaka½ nappavattati, eva½ setumhi kate appavattam±n± nad² nimitta½ k±tu½ na vaµµati. Pavattanaµµh±ne nad²nimitta½, appavattanaµµh±ne udakanimitta½ k±tu½ vaµµati.
Y± pana dubbuµµhik±le v± gimhe v± nirudakabh±vena nappavattati, s± vaµµati. Mah±nadito udakam±tika½ n²haranti, s± kunnad²sadis± hutv± t²ŗi sass±ni samp±dent² nicca½ pavattati. Kińc±pi pavattati, nimitta½ k±tu½ na vaµµati. Y± pana m³le mah±nadito niggat±pi k±lantarena teneva niggatamaggena nadi½ bhinditv± sayameva gacchati, gacchant² ca parato susum±r±disam±kiŗŗ± n±v±d²hi sańcaritabb± nad² hoti, ta½ nimitta½ k±tu½ vaµµati.
Asandam±nanti appavattam±na½. Sandam±na½ n±ma oghanad²-udakav±hakam±tik±su udaka½. Vuttaparicchedak±la½ atiµµhantanti “y±va kammav±c±pariyos±n± saŗµham±nakan”ti vuttaparicchedak±la½ atiµµhanta½. Bh±janagatanti n±v±c±µi-±d²su bh±janesu gata½. Ya½ pana andhakaµµhakath±ya½ “gambh²resu ±v±µ±d²su ukkhepima½ udaka½ nimitta½ na k±tabban”ti (mah±va. aµµha. 138; vi. saŖga. aµµha. 158) vutta½, ta½ duvutta½ attano matimattameva. Żhita½ pana antamaso s³karakhat±yapi g±mad±rak±na½ k²¼anav±piyampi sace y±va kammav±c±pariyos±na½ tiµµhati, appa½ v± hotu, bahu v±, vaµµatiyeva. Tasmi½ pana µh±ne nimittasańń±karaŗattha½ p±s±ŗav±lik±pa½su-±dir±si v± p±s±ŗatthambho v± d±rutthambho v± k±tabbo.
Eva½ nimittasampattiyuttata½ dassetv± id±ni yehi ±k±rehi baddh± paris±sampattiyutt± n±ma hoti, ta½ dassetu½ “paris±sampattiy± yutt± n±m±”ti-±dim±ha. Imassa pana kammassa catuvaggakaraŗ²yatt± “cat³hi bhikkh³h²”ti vutta½. Imańca s²ma½ bandhituk±mehi s±mantavih±resu bhikkh³ tassa tassa vih±rassa s²m±pariccheda½ pucchitv± baddhas²mavih±r±na½ s²m±ya s²mantarika½, abaddhas²mavih±r±na½ s²m±ya upac±ra½ µhapetv± dis±c±rikabhikkh³na½ nissańc±rasamaye sace ekasmi½ g±makhette s²ma½ bandhituk±m±, ye tattha baddhas²mavih±r±, tesu bhikkh³na½ “maya½ ajja s²ma½ bandhiss±ma, tumhe sakasakas²m±paricchedato m± nikkhamitth±”ti pesetabba½. Ye abaddhas²mavih±r±, tesu bhikkh³ ekajjha½ sannip±t±petabb±, chand±rah±na½ chando ±har±petabbo. Tena vutta½ “y±vatik± tasmi½ g±makhette”ti-±di. Tasmi½ g±makhetteti yasmi½ g±makhette µhatv± kammav±ca½ v±centi, tasmi½ g±makhette. “Sace ańń±nipi g±makhett±ni anto kattuk±m±, tesu g±mesu ye bhikkh³ vasanti, tehipi ±gantabba½, an±gacchant±na½ chando ±haritabbo”ti mah±sumatthero ±ha. Mah±padumatthero pan±ha “n±n±g±makhett±ni n±ma p±µiyekka½ baddhas²m±sadis±ni, na tato chandap±risuddhi ±gacchati. Antonimittagatehi pana bhikkh³hi ±gantabban”ti vatv± puna ±ha “sam±nasa½v±sakas²m±sammannanak±le ±gamanampi an±gamanampi vaµµati, avippav±sas²m±sammannanak±le pana antonimittagatehi ±gantabba½. An±gacchant±na½ chando ±haritabbo”ti (mah±va. aµµha. 138).
Id±ni yehi ±k±rehi sammat± kammav±c±sampattiyutt± n±ma hoti, ta½ dassetu½ “kammav±c±sampattiy± yutt± n±m±”ti-±dim±ha. ¾disaddena. “Yadi saŖghassa pattakalla½, saŖgho etehi nimittehi s²ma½ sammanneyya sam±nasa½v±sa½ ek³posatha½, es± ńatti. Suŗ±tu me, bhante, saŖgho, y±vat± samant± nimitt± kittit±, saŖgho etehi nimittehi s²ma½ sammannati sam±nasa½v±sa½ ek³posatha½, yass±yasmato khamati etehi nimittehi s²m±ya sammuti sam±nasa½v±s±ya ek³posath±ya, so tuŗhassa. Yassa nakkhamati, so bh±seyya. Sammat± s²m± saŖghena etehi nimittehi sam±nasa½v±s± ek³posath±, khamati saŖghassa, tasm± tuŗh², evameta½ dh±ray±m²”ti (mah±va. 139) ima½ p±¼isesa½ saŖgaŗh±ti. Vutt±y±ti uposathakkhandhake vutt±ya. Ńattidosa-anuss±vanadosehi virahitatt± parisuddh±ya.
Khaŗ¹as²m± (mah±va. aµµha. 138; s±rattha. µ². mah±vagga 3.138; vajira. µ². mah±vagga 138) n±ma khuddakas²m±. Sam±nasa½v±sakattha½ sammat± s²m± sam±nasa½v±sakas²m±. Avippav±sattha½ sammat± s²m± avippav±sas²m±. Im±su pana t²su s²ma½ sammannantehi pabbajjupasampad±d²na½ saŖghakamm±na½ sukhakaraŗattha½ paµhama½ khaŗ¹as²m± bandhitabb±. Ta½ pana bandhantehi vatta½ j±nitabba½. Sace hi bodhicetiyabhattas±l±d²ni sabbavatth³ni patiµµh±petv± katavih±re bandhanti, vih±ramajjhe bah³na½ samosaraŗaµµh±ne abandhitv± vih±rapaccante vivittok±se bandhitabb±. Akatavih±re bandhantehi bodhicetiy±d²na½ sabbavatth³na½ µh±na½ sallakkhetv± yath± patiµµhitesu vatth³su vih±rapaccante vivittok±se hoti, eva½ bandhitabb±. S± heµµhimaparicchedena sace ekav²satibhikkh³ gaŗh±ti, vaµµati. Tato ora½ na vaµµati. Para½ bhikkhusahassa½ gaŗhant²pi vaµµati. Ta½ bandhantehi s²m±m±¼akassa samant± nimittupag± p±s±ŗ± µhapetabb±, na khaŗ¹as²m±ya µhitehi mah±s²m± bandhitabb±, na mah±s²m±ya µhitehi khaŗ¹as²m±. Khaŗ¹as²m±yameva pana µhatv± khaŗ¹as²m± bandhitabb±, mah±s²m±yameva µhatv± mah±s²m±.
Tatr±ya½ bandhanavidhi– samant± “eso p±s±ŗo nimittan”ti eva½ nimitt±ni kittetv± kammav±c±ya s²m± sammannitabb±. Atha tass± eva da¼h²kammattha½ avippav±sakammav±c± k±tabb±. Evańhi “s²ma½ sam³haniss±m±”ti ±gat± sam³hanitu½ na sakkhissanti. S²ma½ sammannitv± bahi s²mantarikap±s±ŗ± µhapetabb±, s²mantarik± pacchimakoµiy± caturaŖgulappam±ŗ±pi (mah±va. aµµha. 138; vi. saŖga. aµµha. 163) vaµµati. Sace pana vih±ro mah± hoti, dvepi tissopi tatuttaripi khaŗ¹as²m±yo bandhitabb±.
Eva½ khaŗ¹as²ma½ sammannitv± mah±s²m±sammutik±le khaŗ¹as²mato nikkhamitv± mah±s²m±ya½ µhatv± samant± anupariy±yantehi s²mantarikap±s±ŗ± kittetabb±. Tato avasesanimitte kittetv± hatthap±sa½ avijahantehi kammav±c±ya sam±nasa½v±sakas²ma½ sammannitv± tass± da¼h²kammattha½ avippav±sakammav±c±pi k±tabb±. Evańhi “s²ma½ sam³haniss±m±”ti ±gat± sam³hanitu½ na sakkhissanti. Sace pana khaŗ¹as²m±ya nimitt±ni kittetv± tato s²mantarik±ya nimitt±ni kittetv± mah±s²m±ya nimitt±ni kittenti, eva½ t²su µh±nesu nimitt±ni kittetv± ya½ s²ma½ icchanti, ta½ paµhama½ bandhitu½ vaµµati. Eva½ santepi yath±vuttanayena khaŗ¹as²matova paµµh±ya bandhitabb±. Eva½ baddh±su pana s²m±su khaŗ¹as²m±ya½ µhit± bhikkh³ mah±s²m±ya½ kamma½ karont±na½ na kopenti, mah±s²m±ya½ v± µhit± khaŗ¹as²m±ya½ karont±na½. S²mantarik±ya pana µhit± ubhinnampi na kopanti. G±makhette µhatv± kamma½ karont±na½ pana s²mantarik±ya µhit± kopenti. S²mantarik± hi g±makhetta½ bhajati. Avippav±sas²m±sammannane kate sati s± ca avippav±sas²m± n±ma hoti. Ten±ha “tass±yeva pabhedo”ti. Tass±yev±ti baddhas²m±ya eva.
Aya½ pana viseso– “µhapetv± g±mańca g±m³pac±rańc±”ti (mah±va. 144) vacanato avippav±sas²m± g±mańca g±m³pac±rańca na otarati, sam±nasa½v±sakas²m± pana tatth±pi otarati. Sam±nasa½v±sakas²m± cettha attano dhammat±ya gacchati, avippav±sas²m± pana yattha sam±nasa½v±sakas²m±, tattheva gacchati. Na hi tass± visu½ nimittakittana½ atthi. Tattha sace avippav±s±ya sammutik±le g±mo atthi, ta½ s± na otarati. Sace pana sammat±ya s²m±ya pacch± g±mo nivisati, sopi s²m±saŖkhameva gacchati. Yath± ca pacch± niviµµho, eva½ paµhama½ niviµµhassa pacch± va¹¹hitappadesopi s²m±saŖkhameva gacchati. Sacepi s²m±sammutik±le geh±ni kat±ni, “pavisiss±m±”ti ±layopi atthi, manuss± pana appaviµµh±, por±ŗag±ma½ v± sagehameva cha¹¹etv± ańńattha gat±, ag±moyeva esa, s²m± otarati. Sace pana ekampi kula½ paviµµha½ v± agata½ v± atthi, g±moyeva, s²m± na otarati.
Eva½ baddhas²ma½ dassetv± id±ni abaddhas²ma½ dassento “abaddhas²m± pan±”ti-±dim±ha. G±mo eva s²m± g±mas²m±. G±maggahaŗena cettha nigamanagar±nampi saŖgaho veditabbo. Yattake padese tassa g±massa g±mabhojak± bali½ labhanti, so padeso appo v± hotu, mahanto v±, eka½ g±makhetta½ n±ma. Yampi ekasmi½yeva g±makhette eka½ padesa½ “aya½ visu½ g±mo hot³”ti paricchinditv± r±j± kassaci deti, sopi visu½g±mas²m± hotiyeva. Tasm± s± ca itar± ca pakatig±mas²m± baddhas²m±sadis±va hoti. Kevala½ pana tic²varavippav±saparih±ra½ na labhat²ti (mah±va. aµµha. 147).
Ag±make arańńeti vińjh±µavisadise arańńe. Ten±ha “ag±maka½ n±m±”ti-±di. Aya½ pana s²m± tic²varavippav±saparih±rampi labhati. Macchabandh±nanti kevaµµ±na½. Agamanapathes³ti gantu½ asakkuŗeyyapathesu. Yattha tadaheva gantv± tadaheva pacc±gantu½ na sakk± hoti, t±dises³ti vutta½ hoti. Tesa½ gamanapariyantassa orato pana g±mas²m±saŖkha½ gacchati. Tattha g±mas²ma½ asodhetv± kamma½ k±tu½ na vaµµati. Majjhe µhit±na½ sabbadis±su sattabbhantar±ti majjhe µhit±na½ bhikkh³na½ µhitok±sato sabbadis±su sattabbhantar±. Tatth±ti tesu abbhantaresu. Tasm±ti yasm± parisavasena va¹¹hati, tasm±. Upac±ratth±y±ti s²mopac±ratth±ya. S²m±bh±va½ paµikkhipitv±ti baddhas²m±bh±va½ paµikkhipitv±. Sam±no sa½v±so etth±ti sam±nasa½v±s±. Eko uposatho etth±ti ek³posath±. Ettha ca uposathassa visu½ gahitatt± avasesakammavasena sam±nasa½v±sat± veditabb±. Vutt±ti abaddhas²m±pariccheda½ dassetu½ uposathakkhandhake (mah±va. 149) vutt±. Anu anu a¹¹ham±sa½ anva¹¹ham±sa½, a¹¹ham±se a¹¹ham±seti attho. Eva½ “anudas±han”ti-±d²supi. Deveti meghe. Val±hakesu vigatamattes³ti bh±venabh±valakkhaŗe bhumma½. Sotanti udakappav±ho vuccati. Titthena v± atitthena v± otaritv±ti p±µhaseso. Timaŗ¹ala½ paµicch±detv±ti yath± timaŗ¹alapaµicch±dana½ hoti, eva½ niv±setv±. Uttarantiy±ti yattha katthaci uttarantiy±. Bhikkhun²vibhaŖge (p±ci. 692) bhikkhuniy± vasena nad²lakkhaŗassa p±¼iya½ ±gatatt± “bhikkhuniy±”ti vutta½, na pana visesasabbh±vato.
Kenaci khaŗitv± akatoti antamaso tiracch±nenapi khaŗitv± akato. Nadi½ v± samudda½ v± bhinditv±ti nad²k³la½ v± samuddavela½ v± bhinditv±. Eta½ lakkhaŗanti “yattha nadiya½ vuttappak±re vassak±le udaka½ santiµµhat²”ti (kaŖkh±. aµµha. nid±navaŗŗan±) vuttappak±ralakkhaŗa½. Loŗ²pi j±tassarasaŖkhameva gacchati. Yattha pana vuttappak±re vassak±le vasse pacchinnamatte pivitu½ v± hatthap±de dhovitu½ v± udaka½ na hoti sukkhati, aya½ j±tassaro g±makhettasaŖkhameva gacchati.