Avippav±sas²m±ya eka½ n±ma “na, bhikkhave, bhikkhuniy± araññe vatthabba½, y± vaseyya, ±patti dukkaµass±”ti (c³¼ava. 431) vacanato bhikkhun²na½ araññav±so n±ma natth²ti siddha½. T±ya hi araññe bhikkhunupassaye sati anto-±v±sepi dutiyik±ya dassanasavan³pac±ra½ vijahantiy± ±patti. Tasm± avippav±sas²m±dhik±re “µhapetv± g±mañca g±m³pac±rañc±”ti (mah±va. 144) ettha ya½ µh±na½ µhapita½, tattheva bhikkhunupassayopi kappati, na tato para½.
T±sañca avippav±sas²m±kammav±c±ya½ “µhapetv± g±mañca g±m³pac±rañc±”ti vacana½ natth²ti katv± tesveva g±mag±m³pac±resu pharati. Tato para½ dutiyesu le¹¹up±t±d²su t±sa½ akappiyabh³mikatt± na sam±nasa½v±sakas²m± araññe pharati bhikkh³na½ g±mag±m³pac±ra½ viya. Tasm± vutta½ “bhikkhuniy± µhapetv± g±mantar±pattin”ti.
Eva½ t±va pañcavidha½ g±mabheda½, araññabhedañca ñatv± id±ni “atthi g±mo na g±maparih±ra½ katthaci labhat²”ti-±dibhedo veditabbo. Tattha yo aµµhakath±ya½ “amanusso n±ma yo sabbaso v± manuss±na½ abh±vena yakkhapariggahabh³to”ti vutto, so g±mo na g±maparih±ra½ katthaci sikkh±pade labhati. Yañhi sandh±ya aµµhakath±ya½ “ta½ paneta½ buddhak±le, cakkavattik±le ca nagara½ hoti, sesak±le suñña½ hoti yakkhapariggahitan”ti (p±r±. aµµha. 1.84; d². ni. aµµha. 1.150) vutta½. Yo pana paµir±jacor±d²hi viluttatt±, kevala½ bhayena v± cha¹¹ito sagharova antarahitag±mabh³to, so “g±mantare g±mantare ±patti p±cittiyass±”ti (p±ci. 183) vuttap±cittiya½ janeti, vik±le g±mappavesana½, sekhiye catt±ri janet²ti veditabb±. Yo pana g±mo yato v± manuss± kenacideva karaº²yena punapi ±gantuk±m± eva apakkant±ti vutto, amanusso so pakatig±masadisova.
Atthi arañña½ na araññaparih±ra½ katthaci labhat²ti ettha “ajjhok±so ek³pac±ro n±ma ag±make araññe samant± sattabbhantar± ek³pac±ro, tato para½ n±n³pac±ro”ti (p±r±. 494) ettha yv±ya½ n±n³pac±roti vutto, ta½ veditabba½. Yo pana parikkhittassa ekale¹¹up±tasaªkh±to g±m³pac±ran±mako g±mo, yo v± sattho n±tirekac±tum±saniviµµho, so atthi g±mo na g±makicca½ karoti. Na hi ta½ µh±na½ okkamanto g±mappavesan±patti½ ±pajjati. Ya½ pana g±mas²m±ya pariy±panna½ manuss±na½ valañjanaµµh±nabh³ta½ arañña½, ta½ atthi arañña½ na araññakicca½ karoti n±ma. Na hi tattha ±raññakas²m± labbhat²ti. Ett±vat± “g±m± v± araññ± v±”ti imiss± anupaññattiy± lakkhaº±nupaññattibh±vo dassito hoti.
“Gonis±diniviµµhopi g±mo”ti ettha sace tassa g±massa g±makhettaparicchedo atthi, sabbopi eko g±mo. No ce, upac±rena v± parikkhepena v± paricchinditabbo. Sace g±makhette sati k±nici t±ni ghar±ni aññamañña-upac±rappahonaka½ µh±na½ atikkamitv± d³re d³re kat±ni honti, vik±le g±mappavese upac±rova pam±ºa½. Antaragharappaµisa½yuttesu sekhiyesu, bhikkhuniy± g±mantar±patt²su ca ghar±na½ parikkhep±rahaµµh±na½ pam±ºa½, uposath±dikamm±na½ g±makhetta½ pam±ºa½, ±raññakasen±sanassa ±sannagharassa dutiyale¹¹up±tato paµµh±ya pañcadhanusatantarat± pam±ºanti eva½ no paµibh±nanti ±cariy±.
“Yampi ekasmi½yeva g±makhette eka½ padesa½ ‘ayampi visu½g±mo hot³’ti paricchinditv± r±j± kassaci deti, sopi visu½g±mas²m± hotiyev±”ti (mah±va. aµµha. 147) aµµhakath±vacanato ta½ pavisantiy± bhikkhuniy± g±mantar±patti hoti eva. Sace tattha vih±ro v± devakula½ v± sabh± v± geha½ v± natthi, kevala½ vatthumattakameva hoti, g±moti vinayakamma½ sabba½ tattha kappati. “Amanusso g±mo”ti hi vutta½. Tañca µh±na½ itarassa g±massa parikkhepabbhantare v± upac±rabbhantare v± hoti, vik±le g±mappavesana½ ±pucchitv±va gantabba½. No ce, arañña½ viya yath±sukha½ gantabba½. Tattha ce ±r±mo v± titthiyaseyy±d²su aññatarov± hoti, laddhakappameva. Bhikkhunupassayo ce hoti, g±ma½ piº¹±ya pavisantiy± bhikkhuniy± g±mantar±patti pariharitabb±. “Arañña½ n±ma µhapetv± g±mañca g±m³pac±rañca avasesa½ arañña½ n±m±”ti (p±r±. 92) ettha parikkhepe sati yath±vuttapariccheda½ g±mameva µhapetv± avasesa½ tassa upac±ra½, tato parañca arañña½ n±ma, parikkhepe asati yath±vuttapariccheda½ g±m³pac±rameva µhapetv± tato para½ avasesa½ arañña½ n±m±ti adhipp±yo. Eva½ sati “nikkhamitv± bahi indakh²l± sabbameta½ araññan”ti (vibha. 529) vuttalakkhaºe ag±make araññe gaºamh±-oh²yan±patti, tattha avippav±sas²m±ya pharaºa½ vik±le g±mappavesan±pattiy± an±patt²ti evam±divinayavidhi sameti, aññath± na sameti.
“Ýhapetv± g±m³pac±ra½ avasesa½ arañña½ n±m±”ti (mah±va. 144) vutte g±m³pac±rato paro araññanti siddhe “µhapetv± g±man”ti visesattho na dissati, g±massa pana araññabh±vappasaªgabhay± vuttanti ce? Na, g±m³pac±rassa abh±vappasaªgato. Sati hi g±me g±m³pac±ro hoti, so ca tava matena araññabh³to. Kuto d±ni g±m³pac±ro. G±m³pac±ropi ce araññasaªkhya½ gacchati, parova g±moti katv± na yutta½ g±massa araññabh±vappasaªgato ca. Tasm± “g±m± v± araññ± v±”ti ettha g±m³pac±ropi “g±mo” tveva saªgahito. Tasm± g±massa araññabh±vappasaªgo na yujjati. Yadi eva½ “µhapetv± g±ma½ avasesa½ arañña½ n±m±”ti ettaka½ vattabbanti ce? Na, araññassa paricchedaj±nanappasaªgato. Tath± hi vutto “araññaparicchedo na paññ±yat²”ti no laddhi. G±m³pac±rapariyanto hi idha g±mo n±ma. Yadi eva½ “g±massa ca araññassa ca paricchedadassanattha½ vuttan”ti aµµhakath±ya½ vattabba½, “araññassa paricchedadassanattha½ vuttan”ti kimattha½ vuttanti ce? Vuccate– aµµhakath±cariyena paµhamag±m³pac±ra½yeva sandh±ya vutta½ “araññaparicchedadassanatthan”ti sabbasikkh±pade hi b±hira-indakh²lato paµµh±ya g±m³pac±ra½ arañña½ n±ma. G±maparicchedavacane payojana½ panettha natthi parikkhepeneva p±kaµabh³tatt±. Dutiyag±m³pac±rova g±massa paricchedadassanattha½ vutto parikkhepabh±vena ap±kaµatt±. Tattha paµhamag±m³pac±ro ce araññaparicchedadassanattha½ vutto, tattha na vattabbo. “Nikkhamitv± indakh²l± sabbameta½ araññan”ti vattabba½. Eva½ sante subyattatara½ araññaparicchedo dassito hoti, micch±g±ho ca na hoti.
“Majjhimassa purisassa le¹¹up±to”ti hi vutte aya½ g±m³pac±rova arañña½ g±m³pac±rassa vibhaªgatt±. Yadi araññaparicchedadassanattha½ vutta½, avuttakameva, araññato paranti ca micch±g±ho hot²ti ce, nanu vutta½ “paµhamameva ida½ parikkhittassa g±massa upac±raniyamanattha½ vuttan”ti? Araññaparicchedadassanattha½ kiñc±pi “g±m³pac±ro”ti-±di ±raddha½, indakh²le µhitassa majjhimassa purisassa le¹¹up±toti pana eva½ vacanappayojana½. Aparikkhittassa ca g±massa yv±ya½ le¹¹up±to upac±ro”ti mah±-aµµhakath±ya½ vutto, tassa niyamananti vutta½ hoti. Katha½ paññ±yat²ti ce? “Arañña½ n±m±”ti pada½ anuddharitv± “g±m³pac±ro n±m±”ti uddharaºassa katatt±. Tattha “g±m³pac±ro n±m±”ti m±tik±ya½ avijjam±na½ pada½ uddharanto tayo atthavase dasseti. Seyyathida½– araññaparicchedadassanameko attho, aparikkhittassa g±massa upac±rena saddhi½ paricchedadassanameko, na kevala½ aparikkhittassayeva upac±ro vinay±dhik±re sappayojano dassitabbo, nippayojanopi parikkhittassa upac±ro imin± pariy±yena labbhat²ti anusaªgappayojanameko atthopi veditabbo.
“Aparikkhittassa g±massa ghar³pac±re µhitassa majjhimassa purisassa le¹¹up±to”ti ida½ bhagav± tayo atthavase paµicca abh±si. Seyyathida½– aparikkhittassa g±massa paricchedadassanameko, avippav±sas²m±dhik±re ayameva g±m³pac±roti dassanameko, tattha µhitassa dutiyo le¹¹up±to sabbattha g±mappaµisa½yuttesu sikkh±padesu sakiccako upac±roti dassanamekoti eva½ bhagav± attano desan±vil±sappattiy± ekekapaduddh±raºena tayo atthavase dasset²ti veditabba½.
Tath± avippav±sas²m±kammav±c±ya “µhapetv± g±mañca g±m³pac±rañc±”ti (mah±va. 144) etth±pi parikkhepe sati g±ma½ µhapetv±, asati g±m³pac±ra½ µhapetv±ti attho. Parikkhittassa, aparikkhittassa ca majjhe ±r±me avippav±sas²m±sammannanak±le aya½ nayo ativiya yujjati. Ubhayaparivajjanato pubbe vuttanayena v± ubhayattha ubhaya½ labbhateva. “Antar±r±mesu pana ±ciººakapp± bhikkh³ avippav±sas²ma½ sammannant²”ti gaºµhipade vutta½. “Antaragharappaµisa½yutt±na½ sekhiy±na½ antar±r±mesu asambhavato antar±r±mo na g±masaªkha½ gacchati, tasm± tatthapi avippav±sas²m± ruhatev±”ti eke. Te bhikkh³ dutiyassa g±m³pac±rassa g±masaªkh±sabh±vato t±sa½ im±ya dutiy±ya avippav±sakammav±c±ya abh±va½ dassetv± paµikkhipitabb±. Ajjh±r±mo pana g±mopi sam±no titthiyaseyy±di viya kappiyabh³m²ti veditabbo.
¾pattiy± pariccheda½, tath±n±pattiy±pi ca;
dassetu½ g±masambandha-sikkh±padavibh±vane.
G±mag±m³pac±r± dve, dassit± idha t±din±;
s²m± s²m³pac±r± tu, anekant±ti nuddhaµ±.
Upac±r± ca dve honti, b±hirabbhantarabbas±;
parikkhitt±parikkhitta-bhed± ce caturo siyu½.
Ayañhi upac±rasaddo vinayapiµake “anuj±n±mi, bhikkhave, agil±nenapi ±r±me ±r±m³pac±re chatta½ dh±retun”ti (c³¼ava. 270) evam±d²su b±hire upac±re dissati. B±hiro upac±ro n±ma parikkhepato, parikkhep±rahaµµh±nato v± eko le¹¹up±to. “Ajjh±r±mo n±ma parikkhittassa ±r±massa anto-±r±mo, aparikkhittassa upac±ro. Ajjh±vasatho n±ma parikkhittassa ±vasathassa anto-±vasatho, aparikkhittassa upac±ro”ti-±d²su (p±ci. 506) pana upac±rasaddo abbhantare upac±re dissati. Abbhantaro upac±ro ca n±ma parikkhepo, parikkhep±rahaµµh±nañca hoti. Idha pana parikkhepo “ajjh±r±mo, ajjh±vasatho”ti v± na vuccati, anto eva ±r±mo, ±vasathoti v±. Tesu b±hirabbhantarabhedabhinnesu dv²su upac±resu avippav±sas²m±dhik±re “µhapetv± g±mañca g±m³pac±rañc±”ti (mah±va. 144) ettha g±m³pac±ro n±ma abbhantar³pac±ro adhippeto, na b±hiro. Bhikkhuniy± araññasaññitat±ya tassa b±hirassa, tass± g±mantar±pattiy± µh±nabh³tatt± ca abbhantara-upac±rass±ti idamettha k±raºadvaya½ veditabba½. Tattha idha adinn±d±nap±r±jikavibhaªgeyeva paµhamo g±m³pac±ro dassito, so b±hiro, dutiyo abbhantaroti veditabbo. Paµhamena ca aparikkhittassa g±massa dutiyale¹¹up±tasaªkh±to b±hiro upac±ro, dutiyena ca parikkhittassa g±massa parikkhepato b±hirasaªkh±to abbhantaro upac±ro lesena dassitoti veditabbo. Eva½ catt±ropi upac±r± idha bhagavat± desan±vil±sappattena desan±l²l±ya dassit± hont²ti aya½ nayo suµµhu lakkhetv± ±cariyehi sammantayitv± yath±nur³pa½ tattha yojetabbo. Itarath±–
Asambudha½ buddhamah±nubh±va½;
dhammassa gambh²ranayattatañca;
yo vaººaye na½ vinaya½ aviññ³;
so duddaso s±sanan±sahetu.
P±¼i½ tadatthañca asambudhañhi;
n±seti yo aµµhakath±nayañca;
anicchaya½ nicchayato parehi;
g±moti teyeva purakkhato so.
Anukkameneva mah±janena;
purakkhato paº¹itam±ni bhikkhu;
apaº¹it±na½ vimati½ akatv±;
±cariyal²la½ purato karoti.
Tattha hi p±¼iya½ “g±massa upac±ro g±m³pac±ro, g±masaªkh±to upac±ro g±m³pac±ro n±m±”ti uddharitv± g±massa upac±ra½ dassento “indakh²le µhitassa majjhimassa purisassa le¹¹up±to”ti (p±r±. 92) vatv± puna g±masaªkh±ta½ upac±ra½ dassento “ghar³pac±re µhitassa majjhimassa purisassa le¹¹up±to”ti vutta½. Imamattha½ sandh±ya vik±le g±mappavesanag±mantara-a-appav±sasammuti-±d²su parikkhep±rahaµµh±nameva g±m³pac±ranti vuttanti likhita½.
Atthato ekanti ettha saªkh±sadda½ saªkh±tasaddena sam±nayati. “¾diyeyy±”ti ida½ pañcav²satiy± avah±r±na½ s±dh±raºapada½. Ýh±n±c±vanavasena ca kh²l±d²ni saªk±metv± khett±diggahaºavasena c±ti attho. Ýh±n±c±vane yath± s±mikassa dhuranikkhep±di½ anoloketv±va ±patti, tath± ih±p²ti gahetabb±.
“Asuka½ n±ma bhaº¹a½ avahariss±m²”ti sabbesa½ ek±sayatt± “eken±p²”ti vutta½. Yadi ±ºatti icchitabb±, sa½vidh±vah±ro n±ma eko avah±ro parih±yitabbo.
Ok±saparikappe µh±n±c±van±ya gahitampi ok±saparikappitatt± rakkhati. Ok±s±tikkamova pam±ºa½ pubbe asuddhacittena gahitatt±. Id±ni suddhacittena gahitepi hoti ev±ti vadanti, ta½ na sundara½. Ettha pana vinicchayo samantap±s±dika½ oloketv± gahetabbo.
Uddh±ro natth²ti µh±n±c±vana½ natth²ti attho.
Uddhatamatte avah±ro sakalassa payogassa niµµh±pitatt±, na atthas±dhakavasena. Uddh±reyeva rakkhat²ti ettha eva-saddena p±tane na rakkhat²ti atthe siddhepi atthas±dhakavasena attha½ dassetu½ “ta½ uddharitv±”ti-±di vutta½.
“Pathaby±r±japadesar±j±dayo bah³, tesa½ saªgaºhanattha½ ‘r±j±no’ti bahuvacana½ vuttan”ti likhita½. Kiñc±pi bahuvacana½ kata½, ida½ pana eka½ bimbis±ramev±ti daµµhabba½. R±j±noti kiñci aniddisitv± s±dh±raºavasena kiñc±pi vutta½, ida½ pana bimbis±ramev±ti.
Pubbappayogeti ettha gamanak±le maggasodhan±dhikaraºe ap±cittiyakhette dukkaµa½, lat±cchedan±d²su p±cittiyameva. Gantv± pana kumbhimatthake j±talat±dicchedane sahapayogatt± dukkaµa½. “Ekabhaº¹e eva½ bh±riyamida½, ‘tvampi ekapassa½ gaºha, ahampi ekapassa½ gaºh±m²’ti sa½vidahitv± ubhayesa½ payogena µh±n±c±vane kate k±yav±c±cittehi samuµµh±ti. Aññath± s±hatthika½ v± ±ºattikassa aªga½ na hoti ±ºattika½ v± s±hatthikass±ti vuttalakkhaºena virujjhat²”ti vinayagaºµhipade likhita½. Pi-saddo panettha tattheva likhito.
K±yav±c±samuµµh±na½, yass± ±pattiy± siy±;
tatra v±caªga½ citta½va, kamma½ nass± vidh²yati.
Kiriy±kiriy±dika½ yañce, yampi kammattaya½ bhave;
na yutta½ ta½ viruddhatt±, kammameka½va yujjat²ti. (Vajira. µ². p±r±jika 131 pakiººakakath±vaººan±).

Dutiyap±r±jikavaººan± niµµhit±.