5. Paµhamapav±raº±sikkh±padavaººan±

Bhutt±v² pav±raºa½ n±ma pañcaªgika½. Tesu “asana½ paññ±yatt²”ti eteneva “bhutt±v²”ti etassa siddhatt± visu½ atthasiddhi na dissati. Dissati ce, aªg±na½ chakkattadassananti (vajira. µ². p±cittiya 238-239) likhita½. “Bhojana½ paññ±yat²”ti abhihaµa½ sandh±ya vutta½.
Koµµetv± katacuººamp²ti pi-k±rena kuº¹aka½ sampiº¹eti. Samap±kabhajjit±na½ pana ±tapasukkh±na½ v± kuº¹aka½ v± ye keci taº¹ul± v±ti ettakameva vuttatt± samap±kabhajjit±na½ v²h²na½, v²hipal±s±na½ v± taº¹ulacuººa½ pav±reti. Tath± kharap±kabhajjit±na½ kuº¹akampi pav±reti. Bhajjitasattuyo piº¹etv± kato apakkasattumodakopi pav±ret²ti likhita½. Sace avasiµµha½ natthi, na pav±reti. Kasm±? Asanasaªkh±tassa vippakatabhojanassa abh±vato.
Akappiyama½sa½ pana kiñc±pi paµikkhipitabbaµµh±ne µhita½, kh±diyam±na½ pana ma½sabh±va½ na jah±ti, tasm± pav±reti. Bhojanas±l±ya bhuñjanto ce attano ap±puºanakoµµh±sa½ abhihaµa½ paµikkhipati, na pav±reti. K±ma½ paµikkhipati, patte pana ±r±mik± ±kiranti, ta½ bhuñjitu½ na vaµµati. Idañhi buddhappaµikuµµh±ya anesan±ya uppanneyeva saªkha½ gacchati. Yath± hi saªghato laddha½ piº¹a½ duss²lo deti, tañce paµikkhipati, na pav±reti, eva½sampadamidanti ca, vibh±go lajj² ce deti, ta½ so na ajjhoharituk±mat±ya paµikkhipati, pav±ret²ti ca, “sama½sarasa½ samaccharasan”ti ±pajjanato “ma½sarasan”ti vutte pana paµikkhipato hoti, “ma½sassa rasa½ ma½sarasan”ti aya½ viggaho n±dhippetoti ca vutta½. Bhattamissaka½ y±gu½ ±haritv± “y±gu½ gaºhath±”ti vadati, na pav±reti. “Bhatta½ gaºhath±”ti vutte pav±reti. Kasm±? Yen±pucchito, tassa atthit±ya. Ettha pana “y±gumissaka½ gaºhath±”ti vadati, tatra ce y±gu bahutar± v± hoti, samasam± v±. Bhatta½ manda½, na pav±reti. Y±gu ce mand±, bhatta½ bahutara½, pav±reti. Idañca sabba-aµµhakath±su vuttatt± na sakk± paµikkhipitu½. K±raºa½ panettha duddasa½. “Bhattamissaka½ gaºhath±”ti vadati. Tatra bhatta½ bahutara½ v± samaka½ v± appatara½ v± hoti, pav±reti eva. Bhatta½ v± y±gu½ v± an±masitv± “missaka½ gaºhath±”ti vadati. Tatra ce bhatta½ bahutara½, samaka½ v± hoti, pav±reti. Appatara½ na pav±reti. Ta½ sabba½ v²ma½sitabbanti.
Phala½ v± kandam³l±di v± pañcahi samaºakappehi kappiya½ akatanti ettha kappiya½ ak±r±pitehi kadaliphal±d²hi saddhi½ atiritta½ k±r±petv±pi ta½ kadaliphal±di½ µhapetv± avasesa½ bhuñjitu½ vaµµati. Amissakarasatt± puna t±ni kappiya½ k±r±petv± aññasmi½ bh±jane µhapetv± k±retv± bhuñjitu½ vaµµati. Kasm±? Pubbe tesu vinayakammassa an±ru¼hatt±ti vadanti.
Patte raja½ patita½ appaµiggahitameva hoti. Tasm± paµiggahetv±va bhikkh± gaºhitabb±. “Apaµiggahetv± gaºhato vinayadukkaµan”ti (p±ci. aµµha. 265) vuttatt± etamaññesampi na vaµµat²ti vadanti. “Ta½ pana puna paµiggahetv± bhuñjantassa an±patt²”ti etth±pi evameva. Imasmi½ pana “atiritta½ kata½ anatirittakata½ hot²”ti etth±pi evameva. Imasmi½ pana “atiritta½ kata½, anatiritta½ kata½ hot²”ti-±d²hi upaparikkhitv± vinicchayo veditabboti d²pita½. Alameta½ sabbanti idampi te adhika½, ito añña½ na lacchas²ti attho.
¾h±ratth±y±ti vik±le ev±ti eke. “Paµhamakathinasadis±ni. Ida½ pana kiriy±kiriyan”ti p±µho. K±yakamma½ ajjhoharaºato. Vac²kamma½ v±c±ya “atiritta½ karotha, bhante”ti ak±r±panatoti veditabba½.

Paµhamapav±raº±sikkh±padavaººan± niµµhit±.