Saªgh±disesakaº¹a½

1. Ussayav±dik±sikkh±padavaººan±

M±nussayavasena kodh³ssayavasen±ti b±hullanayena vutta½. Teneva vakkhati “ticitta½ tivedanan”ti. A¹¹akaraºatth±y±ti ettha a¹¹oti voh±rikavinicchayo vuccati. Ya½ pabbajit± “adhikaraºan”tipi vadanti, tassa karaºatth±ya voh±rikavinicchayatth±y±ti vutta½ hoti. V²tikkamakkhaºeyev±ti vatthujjh±c±rakkhaºeyeva, na tatiy±ya samanubh±san±y±ti adhipp±yo. Bhikkhuni½ saªghato niss±ret²ti ±panna½ bhikkhuni½ bhikkhunisaªghamh± niss±reti. Hetumhi c±ya½ kattuvoh±ro “niss±raºahetubh³tadhammo ‘niss±raº²yo’ti vutto”ti katv±.
Yattha µhit±y±ti upassayabhikkh±c±ramagg±d²su yasmi½ µh±ne µhit±ya. Tato paµµh±ya gacchantiy±ti tato paµµh±ya voh±rik±na½ santika½ gacchantiy±. Dutiyeti dutiy±rocane. Ten±ti up±sakena. Eva½ vutt±y±ti “mama ca tava ca katha½ tva½yeva ±roceh²”ti vutt±ya. Aññena kath±pet²ti kappiyak±rakena kath±peti. Yath± v± tath± v± hi ±rociyam±neti kappiyak±rako v± bhikkhuniy± katha½ paµhama½ ±rocetu, itaro v± attano katha½ (p±ci. aµµha. 679). Kappiyak±rako v± ubhinnampi katha½, itaro v± ubhinnampi katha½ ±rocet³ti eva½ yath± tath± ±rociyam±ne. Ubhinnampi pana katha½ sutv±ti yath± tath± v± ±rocita½ pana ubhinnampi katha½ sutv±.
¾ka¹¹hiyam±n± gacchat²ti vuccam±n± voh±rik±na½ santika½ gacchati, imassa “tass± an±patt²”ti imin± sambandho. Eva½ sesesupi. Rakkha½ y±cat²ti dhammika½ rakkha½ y±cati. Id±ni yath± y±cit± rakkh± dhammik± hoti, ta½ dassetu½ “upassaye aññehi kata½ an±c±ra½ anodissa ±cikkhant²”ti vutta½. Tattha at²ta½ ±rabbha atthi odissa ±cikkhan± (p±ci. aµµha. 679), atthi anodissa ±cikkhan±, an±gata½ ±rabbh±pi atthi odissa ±cikkhan±, atthi anodissa ±cikkhan±.
Katha½ at²ta½ ±rabbha odissa ±cikkhan± hoti? Bhikkhunupassaye g±mad±rak±, dhutt±dayo v± ye keci an±c±ra½ v± ±caranti, rukkha½ v± chindanti, phal±phala½ v± haranti, parikkh±re v± acchindanti. Bhikkhun² voh±rike upasaªkamitv± “amh±ka½ upassaye ida½ n±ma katan”ti vadati. “Ken±”ti vutte “asukena ca asukena c±”ti ±cikkhati. Eva½ at²ta½ ±rabbha odissa ±cikkhan± hoti, s± na vaµµati. Tañce sutv± te voh±rik± tesa½ daº¹a½ karonti, sabba½ bhikkhuniy± g²v± hoti. “Daº¹a½ gaºhissant²”ti adhipp±yepi sati g²v±yeva hoti. Sace pana tassa “daº¹a½ gaºhath±”ti vadati, pañcam±sakamatte gahite p±r±jika½ hoti.
Tehi “ken±”ti vutte pana “asuken±’ti vattu½ amh±ka½ na vaµµati, tumheyeva j±nissatha. Kevalañhi maya½ rakkha½ y±c±ma, ta½ no detha, avahaµabhaº¹ampi ±har±peth±”ti vattabba½. Eva½ anodissa ±cikkhan± hoti, s± vaµµati. Eva½ vutte sacepi te voh±rik± te k±rake gavesitv± tesa½ daº¹a½ karonti, sabba½ s±pateyyampi gahita½, bhikkhuniy± neva g²v±, na ±patti.
Parikkh±ra½ harante disv± tesa½ anatthak±mat±ya “coro coro”ti vattumpi na vaµµati. Eva½ vuttepi hi ya½ tesa½ daº¹a½ karonti, sabba½ bhikkhuniy± g²v± hoti. Attano vacanakara½ pana “imin± me parikkh±ro gahito, ta½ ±har±pehi, m± cassa daº¹a½ karoth±”ti vattu½ vaµµati. D±sad±siv±pi-±d²na½ atth±ya a¹¹a½ karonti, aya½ akappiya-a¹¹o n±ma, na vaµµati.
Katha½ an±gata½ ±rabbha odissa ±cikkhan± hoti? Vuttanayeneva parehi an±c±r±d²su katesu bhikkhun² voh±rike eva½ vadati “amh±ka½ upassaye idañcidañca karonti, rakkha½ no detha ±yati½ akaraºatth±y±”ti. “Kena eva½ katan”ti vutte “asukena ca asukena c±”ti ±cikkhati. Eva½ an±gata½ ±rabbha odissa ±cikkhan± hoti, s±pi na vaµµati. Tesañhi daº¹e kate purimanayeneva sabba½ bhikkhuniy± g²v±. Sesa½ purimasadisameva.
Sace pana voh±rik± bhikkhunupassaye evar³pa½ an±c±ra½ karont±na½ “ima½ n±ma daº¹a½ karom±”ti bheri½ car±petv± ±º±ya atiµµham±ne pariyesitv± daº¹a½ karonti, bhikkhuniy± neva g²v±, na ±patti.
Yo c±ya½ bhikkhun²na½ vutto, bhikkh³nampi eseva nayo. Bhikkhunopi hi odissa ±cikkhan± na vaµµati, ya½ tath± ±cikkhite tesa½ daº¹a½ karonti, ta½ sabba½ g²v± hoti. Vuttanayeneva daº¹a½ gaºh±pentassa p±r±jika½. Yo pana “daº¹a½ karissant²”ti j±nantopi anodissa katheti, te ca pariyesitv± daº¹a½ karontiyeva, na doso. Vih±ras²m±ya rukkh±d²ni chindant±na½ v±sipharasu-±d²ni gahetv± p±s±ºe koµµenti, na vaµµati. Sace dh±r± bhijjati, k±r±petv± d±tabb±. Upadh±vitv± tesa½ parikkh±re gaºhanti, tampi na k±tabba½. Lahuparivattañhi citta½, theyyacetan±ya uppann±ya m³lacchejjampi gaccheyya.

Ussayav±dik±sikkh±padavaººan± niµµhit±.