Adhikaraºasamathavaººan±

Gaºanaparicchedoti saªkhy±paricchedo. Adhikar²yanti etth±ti adhikaraº±ni. Ke adhikar²yanti? Samath±. Katha½ adhikar²yanti? Samanavasena. Tasm± te tesa½ samanavasena pavattant²ti ±ha “adhikaraº±ni sament²”ti-±di. Uppann±na½ uppann±nanti uµµhit±na½ uµµhit±na½. Kiñc±pi adhikaraºaµµhena ekavidha½, tath±pi vatthuvasena n±n± hot²ti “adhikaraº±nan”ti bahuvacana½ kata½. Id±ni tassa n±n±tta½ dassetv± vivaritu½ “viv±d±dhikaraºan”ti-±dim±ha. Viv±doyeva adhikaraºa½ viv±d±dhikaraºa½. Esa nayo sesesupi. Samathatthanti samanattha½.
Adhikaraºassa sammukh± vinayanato sammukh±vinayo. Dabbamallaputtattherasadisassa sativepullappattassa kh²º±savasseva d±tabbo vinayo sativinayo. Samm³¼hassa gaggabhikkhusadisassa ummattakassa d±tabbo vinayo am³¼havinayo. Paµiññ±tena karaºabh³tena karaºa½ paµiññ±takaraºa½. Atha v± paµiññ±te ±pannabh±v±dike karaºa½ kiriy±, “±yati½ sa½vareyy±s²”ti pariv±sad±n±divasena ca pavatta½ vac²kamma½ paµiññ±takaraºa½. Yass± kiriy±ya dhammav±dino bahutar±, es± yebhuyyasik± n±ma. Yo p±pussannat±ya p±piyo, puggalo, tassa upav±¼abhikkhusadisassa kattabbato tassap±piyasik±, aluttasam±soya½. Tiºavatth±rakasadisatt± tiºavatth±rako. Yath± (c³¼ava. aµµha. 212) hi g³tha½ v± mutta½ v± ghaµµiyam±na½ duggandhat±ya b±dhati, tiºehi avattharitv± suppaµicch±ditassa panassa gandho na b±dhati, evameva ya½ adhikaraºa½ m³l±num³la½ gantv± v³pasamiyam±na½ kakkha¼att±ya v±¼att±ya bhed±ya sa½vattati, ta½ imin± kammena v³pasanta½ g³tha½ viya tiºavatth±rakena paµicchanna½ suv³pasanta½ hoti. Tena vutta½ “tiºavatth±rakasadisatt± tiºavatth±rako”ti.
Tatr±ti tesu sattasu adhikaraºasamathesu. “Aµµh±rasahi vatth³h²”ti lakkhaºavacanameta½ “yadi me by±dhik± bhaveyyu½, d±tabbamidamosadhan”ti-±din± (sa½. ni. µ². 2.3.39-42) viya. Tasm± tesu aññatarena vivadant± aµµh±rasahi vatth³hi vivadant²ti vuccati. Viv±doti vipaccan²kav±do. Upavadan±ti akkoso. Codan±ti anuyogo. Dveti thullaccayadubbh±sit±pattiyo dve. Catunna½ kamm±na½ karaºanti catunna½ kamm±na½ antare yassa kassaci kammassa karaºa½.
Eva½ adhikaraº±ni dassetv± id±ni tesu ida½ adhikaraºa½ ettakehi samathehi sammat²ti dassetu½ “tatth±”ti-±di vutta½. Yasmi½ vih±re uppanna½ tasmi½yeva v± sammat²ti sambandho. Eva½ sesesupi. Tattha yasmi½ vih±re uppannanti “yasmi½ vih±re mayha½ imin± patto gahito, c²vara½ gahitan”ti-±din± (pari. aµµha. 341) nayena pattac²var±d²na½ atth±ya viv±d±dhikaraºa½ uppanna½ hoti. Tasmi½yeva v± sammat²ti tasmi½ vih±reyeva ±v±sikehi sannipatitv± “ala½, ±vuso”ti atthapaccatthike saññ±petv± p±¼imuttakavinicchayeneva v³pasamentehi sammati. Sace pana ta½ adhikaraºa½ nev±sik± v³pasametu½ na sakkonti, athañño vinayadharo ±gantv± “ki½, ±vuso, imasmi½ vih±re uposatho v± pav±raº± v± µhit±”ti pucchati, tehi ca tasmi½ k±raºe kathite ta½ adhikaraºa½ khandhakato ca pariv±rato ca suttena vinicchinitv± v³pasameti. Evampi etasmi½yeva sammat²ti daµµhabba½.
Aññattha v³pasametu½ gacchant±na½ antar±magge v± sammat²ti “na maya½ etassa vinicchaye tiµµh±ma, n±ya½ vinaye kusalo, amukasmi½ n±ma g±me vinayadhar± ther± vasanti, tattha gantv± vinicchiniss±m±”ti gacchant±na½ antar±magge v± k±raºa½ sallakkhetv± aññamañña½ saññ±pentehi, aññehi v± te bhikkh³ nijjh±pentehi sammati. Na heva kho pana aññamaññasaññattiy± v± sabh±gabhikkhunijjh±panena v± v³pasanta½ hoti, apica kho paµipatha½ ±gacchanto eko vinayadharo disv± “katth±vuso, gacchath±”ti pucchitv± “amuka½ n±ma g±ma½ imin± n±ma karaºen±”ti vutte “ala½, ±vuso, ki½ tattha gaten±”ti tattheva dhammena vinayena ta½ adhikaraºa½ v³pasameti. Evampi antar±magge v³pasammati n±ma.
Yattha gantv± saªghassa niyy±tita½, tattha saªghena v±ti sace pana “ala½, ±vuso, ki½ tattha gaten±”ti vuccam±n±pi “maya½ tattheva gantv± vinicchaya½ p±pess±m±”ti (pari. aµµha. 341) vinayadharassa vacana½ an±diyitv± yattha gantv± sabh±gabhikkhusaªghassa adhikaraºa½ niyy±tita½, tattha saªghena “ala½, ±vuso, saªghasannip±ta½ n±ma garukan”ti tattheva nis²ditv± vinicchita½ sammati. Na heva kho pana sabh±gabhikkh³na½ saññattiy± v³pasanta½ hoti, apica kho saªgha½ sannip±tetv± ±rocita½ saªghamajjhe vinayadhar± v³pasamenti. Evampi tattha saªghena vinicchita½ sammati n±ma.
Ubb±hik±ya sammatapuggalehi v± vinicchitanti apaloketv± v± khandhake vutt±ya v± ñattidutiyakammav±c±ya sammatehi puggalehi visu½ v± nis²ditv±, tass±yeva v± paris±ya “aññena na kiñci kathetabban”ti (c³¼ava. aµµha. 231) s±vetv± vinicchita½. Ayanti aya½ yath±vutt± catubbidh± sammukhat±.
K±rakasaªghass±ti v³pasametu½ sannipatitassa k±rakasaªghassa. Saªghas±maggivasena sammukh²bh±voti “y±vatik± bhikkh³ kammappatt±, te ±gat± honti, chand±rah±na½ chando ±haµo hoti, sammukh²bh³t± na paµikkosant²”ti (c³¼ava. 228) eva½ vuttasaªghas±maggivasena sammukh²bh±vo, etena yath± tath± padh±nak±rakapuggal±na½ sammukhat±matta½ saªghasammukhat± n±ma na hot²ti dasseti. Bh³tat±ti tacchat±. Saccapariy±yo hi idha dhammasaddo “dhammav±d²”ti-±d²su (d². ni. 1.9, 194) viya. Vineti eten±ti vinayo, tassa tassa adhikaraºassa v³pasaman±ya bhagavat± vuttavidhi, tassa vinayassa sammukhat± vinayasammukhat±. Ten±ha “yath± ta½…pe… vinayasammukhat±”ti. Yen±ti yena puggalena. Atthapaccatthik±nanti (s±rattha. µ². c³¼avagga 3.228) viv±davatthusaªkh±te atthe paccatthik±na½. Saªghasammukhat± parih±yati sammatapuggaleheva v³pasamanato.
Nanti viv±d±dhikaraºa½. Pañcaªgasamann±gatanti (c³¼ava. 234) “na chand±gati½ gacchati, na dos±gati½ gacchati, na moh±gati½ gacchati, na bhay±gati½ gacchati, gahit±gahita½ j±n±t²”ti vuttehi pañcahaªgehi samann±gata½. G³¼hakavivaµakasakaººajappakesu t²su sal±kagg±hes³ti “anuj±n±mi, bhikkhave, tesa½ bhikkh³na½ saññattiy± tayo sal±kagg±hake g³¼haka½, vivaµaka½, sakaººajappakan”ti (c³¼ava. 235) samathakkhandhake vuttesu t²su sal±kagg±hesu. Sal±ka½ g±hetv±ti dhammav±d²nañca adhammav±d²nañca sal±k±yo nimittasañña½ ±ropetv± c²varabhoge katv± samathakkhandhake vuttanayena g±h±petv±. Evañhi tattha vutta½
“Kathañca, bhikkhave, g³¼hako sal±kagg±ho hoti? Tena sal±kagg±h±pakena bhikkhun± sal±k±yo vaºº±vaºº±yo katv± ekameko bhikkhu upasaªkamitv± evamassa vacan²yo ‘aya½ eva½v±dissa sal±k±, aya½ eva½v±dissa sal±k±, ya½ icchasi, ta½ gaºh±h²’ti. Gahite vattabbo ‘m± ca kassaci dasseh²’ti. Sace j±n±ti ‘adhammav±d² bahutar±’ti, ‘duggaho’ti paccukka¹¹hitabba½. Sace j±n±ti ‘dhammav±d² bahutar±’ti ‘suggaho’ti s±vetabba½. Eva½ kho, bhikkhave, g³¼hako sal±kagg±ho hoti.
“Kathañca, bhikkhave, vivaµako sal±kagg±ho hoti? Sace j±n±ti ‘dhammav±d² bahutar±’ti, vissaµµheneva vivaµena g±hetabbo. Eva½ kho, bhikkhave, vivaµako sal±kagg±ho hoti.
“Kathañca, bhikkhave, sakaººajappako sal±kagg±ho hoti? Tena sal±kagg±h±pakena bhikkhun± ekamekassa bhikkhuno upakaººake ±rocetabba½ ‘aya½ eva½v±dissa sal±k±, aya½ evav±dissa sal±k±, ya½ icchasi, ta½ gaºh±h²’ti. Gahite vattabbo ‘m± ca kassaci ±roceh²’ti. Sace j±n±ti ‘adhammav±d² bahutar±’ti, ‘duggaho’ti paccukka¹¹hitabba½. Sace j±n±ti ‘dhammav±d² bahutar±’ti, ‘suggaho’ti s±vetabba½. Eva½ kho, bhikkhave, sakaººajappako sal±kagg±ho hot²”ti.
Ettha ca alajjussann±ya (c³¼ava. aµµha. 235) paris±ya g³¼hako sal±kagg±ho k±tabbo, lajjussann±ya vivaµako, b±lussann±ya sakaººajappakoti veditabbo. Dhammav±d²na½ yebhuyyat±y±ti dhammav±d²na½ ekenapi adhikat±ya, ko pana v±do dv²hi t²hi.
“Cat³hi samathehi sammat²”ti ida½ sabbasaªg±hakavasena vutta½, tattha pana dv²hi eva v³pasamana½ daµµhabba½. Eva½ vinicchitanti sace ±patti natthi, ubho kham±petv±, atha atthi, ±patti½ dassetv± ropanavasena vinicchita½. Paµikamma½ pana ±patt±dhikaraºasamathe parato ±gamissat²ti. Na samaºas±ruppa½ ass±maºaka½, samaºehi akattabba½, tasmi½. Ajjh±c±re v²tikkame sati.
P±r±jikas±mantena ti dukkaµena v± thullaccayena v±. Methunadhamme hi p±r±jikas±mant± n±ma dukkaµa½ hoti, adinn±d±n±d²su thullaccaya½. Paµicaratoti paµicch±dentassa. Acchinnam³lo bhavissat²ti p±r±jika½ an±panno bhavissati, s²lav± bhavissat²ti vutta½ hoti. Samm± vattitv±ti vatta½ p³retv±. Os±raºa½ labhissat²ti kammappaµippassaddhi½ labhissati.
Tass±ti ±patt±dhikaraºassa. Sammukh±vinayeneva v³pasamo natthi paµiññ±ya, tath±r³p±ya khantiy± v± vin± av³pasamanato. Y± pana paµiññ±ti sambandho.
Etth±ti ±pattidesan±ya½. Siy±ti avassa½. Kakkha¼att±ya v±¼att±y±ti kakkha¼abh±v±ya ceva v±¼abh±v±ya ca. Thullavajjanti p±r±jikañceva saªgh±disesañca. Gihippaµisa½yuttanti gih²na½ h²nena khu½sanavambhanadhammikappaµissavesu ±panna½ ±patti½.
Yath±nur³panti “dv²hi samathehi, t²hi, cat³hi, eken±”ti eva½ vuttanayeneva yath±nur³pa½. Etth±ti imasmi½ samath±dhik±re. Vinicchayanayoti vinicchayanayamatta½. Ten±ha “vitth±ro pan±”ti-±di. Ass±ti vitth±rassa. Samantap±s±dik±ya½ vuttoti samantap±s±dik±ya n±ma vinayaµµhakath±ya½ vutto. Tasm± tattha vuttanayeneva veditabboti adhipp±yo.
Ettakanti eta½parama½, na ito bhiyyo.

Adhikaraºasamathavaººan± niµµhit±.

Iti kaªkh±vitaraºiy± p±timokkhavaººan±ya

Vinayatthamañj³s±ya½ l²natthappak±saniya½

Bhikkhup±timokkhavaººan± niµµhit±.

Namo tassa bhagavato arahato samm±sambuddhassa.