2. Udositasikkh±padavaººan±

“Atthatakathinassa pañca m±se baddhas²m±ya½ yattha katthaci c²vara½ nikkhipitv± pakkamantassa an±patt²”ti aµµhakath±ya½ vutta½. “Abaddhas²m±yapi vaµµat²”ti ida½ abaddhas²m±ya½ kathinatth±rañca ±raññakasikkh±padañca s±dhet²ti likhita½. Id±ni–
“Chinna½ dhutaªga½ s±saªka-sammato santaruttara½;
ac²varass±n±patti, paccuddh±r±disiddhito”ti. (Vajira. µ². p±r±jika 479)–

Ida½ pakiººaka½ veditabba½.

Tatr±ya½ codan±pubbaªgamavinicchayo– keci “diguºa½ saªgh±µin”ti (mah±va. 348) vacanato “ekaccik± saªgh±µi n±dhiµµh±tabb±. Sace adhiµµh±ti, na ruhat²”ti vatv± upasampad±pekkh±nampi diguºa½yeva saªgh±µi½ datv± upasamp±denti, te imin± suttalesena saññ±petabb±. Bhagavat± hi “chinnaka½ saªgh±µi½, chinnaka½ uttar±saªga½, chinnaka½ antarav±sakan”ti paµhama½ anuññ±ta½. Tato “aññatarassa bhikkhuno tic²vare kariyam±ne sabba½ chinnaka½ nappahoti. Dve chinnak±ni eka½ achinnaka½ nappahoti, dve achinnak±ni eka½ chinnaka½ nappahot²”ti imasmi½ vatthusmi½ “anuj±n±mi, bhikkhave, anv±dhikampi ±ropetun”ti (mah±va. 360) anuññ±ta½, tasm± ekaccik±pi saªgh±µi vaµµat²ti siddha½. Y± chijjam±n±pi nappahoti, tass± kuto diguºat±ti? Aµµhakath±yampissa vutta½ “anv±dhikampi ±ropetunti ±gantukapattampi d±tu½, ida½ pana appahonake ±ropetabba½. Sace pahoti, ±gantukapatta½ na vaµµati, chinditabbamev±”ti (mah±va. aµµha. 360). Kathina½ pana chinnakameva vaµµati, ±veºikalakkhaºatt±, “chinnaka½ diguºa½ nappahot²”ti vacan±bh±vato c±ti sanniµµh±namettha gantabbanti.
Dhutaªganti anupasampann±na½ tec²varikadhutaªg±bh±vato tic²vareneva tec²varikoti, tesa½ adhiµµh±n±bh±vato “adhiµµhitenev±”ti vattabba½ hot³ti ce? Na, dhutaªgabhedena virodhappasaªgato. Catutthac²varas±diyanena hi dhutaªgabhedo, na tic²varavippav±sena, n±pi atirekac²varas±diyanena, n±pi atirekac²varadh±raºena. Yasm± pana bhikkh³na½ eva bhagavat± adhiµµh±navasena nava c²var±ni anuññ±t±ni, j±tivasena ca vutt±ni, na eva½ anupasampann±na½, tasm± nesa½ c²varaniyam±bh±v± na ta½ dhutaªga½ anuññ±ta½ gahaµµh±na½ viya. Tasm± tassa sam±d±navidh±ne avacanato ca sanniµµh±namettha gantabbanti.
S±saªkasammatoti kaªkh±vitaraºiya½ (kaªkh±. aµµha. s±saªkasikkh±padavaººan±) s±saªkasikkh±pade visu½ aªg±ni na vutt±ni, “sesamettha c²varavaggassa dutiyasikkh±pade vuttanayeneva veditabban”ti vutta½, na ca paneta½ vutta½. Tattha rattivippav±so catutthamaªga½, idha ch±rattavippav±so, ayamettha visesoti. Tasm± aªgas±maññato ca sammutis±maññato ca s±saªkasikkh±padamevidanti ida½ nippadesa½, ta½ sappadesa½ m±saparamatt±. Tattha bahig±mepi g±mas²ma½ okkamitv± vasitv± pakkamantassa an±patti, idha na tath±. Idha anantare anantare aruºuggamane nissaggiya½, tattha sattameti aya½ imesa½ dvinna½ viseso. Aªg±ni pana c²varanikkhepanaªgasampattito vipariy±yena, idha vuttanayena ca siddhatt± na vutt±ni. T±ni k±ma½ na vutt±ni, tath±pi catutthamaªga½ visesitabba½, na pana visesita½. Ki½ k±raºa½? Idha vuttanissajjanakkamena nissajjitv± ±pattidesanato, tatth±pann±pattivimokkhad²panattha½. Sa½vaccharavippavutthampi rattivippavutthameva, pageva ch±rattavippavuttha½. Eva½ santepi tattha yath±vutta-aªgasampattiy± sati tattha vuttanayeneva nissajjitabba½. Hemante, gimhe v± nissajjati ce? Idha vuttanayen±pi nissajjitu½ vaµµat²ti ñ±panattha½ catutthamaªga½ na visesitanti no takkoti ±cariyo. M±s±tikkanta½, das±h±tikkantampi c²vara½ “das±h±tikkantan”ti vatv± nissaµµhameva, na ³nam±sa½ hutv± “das±h±tikkantan”ti vatv±, m±s±tikkantan”ti vatv±ti eke. Tath±pi sace pacc±s±c²vara½ hoti, nissaggiya½. “Das±h±tikkantan”ti vatv± m³lac²vara½ pana “m±s±tikkantan”ti vatv± nissajjitabba½.
“Santaruttaran”ti v± “saªgh±µin”ti v± “c²varan”ti v± ki½ tic²vara½, ud±hu aññamp²ti? Kiñcettha– yadi tic²varameva paµisiddha½, pariy±pannavasena acchinnac²vara-a-achandanadhov±panaviññatti-±divirodho. Atha aññampi “niµµhitac²varasmin”ti evam±din± virodhoti? Vuccate– na niyamato veditabba½ yath±sambhava½ gahetabbato. Tath± hi “c²vara½ nikkhipitv± santaruttarena janapadac±rika½ pakkamant²”ti (p±r±. 471) evam±d²su tic²varameva, “na, bhikkhave, santaruttarena g±mo pavisitabbo (mah±va. 362), santaruttaraparama½ tato c²vara½ s±ditabban”ti (p±r±. 523-524) evam±d²su ya½ kiñci, tath± “saguºa½ katv± saªgh±µiyo d±tabb±, niv±sana½ d±tabba½, saªgh±µi d±tabb±, handa te, ±vuso saªgh±µi, dehi me paµan”ti evam±d²su. Vuttañheta½ “sabbañhi c²vara½ saªghaµitaµµhena ‘saªgh±µ²’ti vuccat²”ti (p±ci. aµµha. 898). Tath± “niµµhitac²varasmin”ti etth±p²ti eke. Antosamaye y±vadattha½ c²vara½ anuññ±ta½, ta½ sabba½ kariyam±na½ kad± niµµh±na½ gacchissati, tasm± tic²varamev±ti eke.
Ac²varass±n±patti paccuddh±r±disiddhitoti ki½ vutta½ hoti– udositasikkh±padassa nippayojanabh±vappasaªgato tic²varavippav±se tec²varassa ±patt²ti eke. Tattheta½ vuccati na hoti ±patti paccuddh±r±disiddhito. “An±patti anto-aruºe paccuddharati vissajjet²”ti (p±r±. 496) hi vutta½. Aññath± paccuddharantassa, anto-aruºe vissajjentassa ca y±va añño n±dhiµµh±ti, t±va ±patti½ ±pajjati yath±vuttanayeneva. Aññath± sattabbhantarena vippav±sass±ti vippav±sato yath±ruta½yeva sati vippav±se vippav±sato, avippav±se sati avippav±satoti.

Udositasikkh±padavaººan± niµµhit±.