11. Dubbalasikkh±padavaººan±

Yath±santhutanti yath±mitta½. Ten±ha “yo yo”ti ±di. Tattha mittasandiµµhasambhattavasen±ti mittasandiµµhasambhatt±na½ vasena. Tattha mitt± mitt±va. Sandiµµh± tattha tattha saªgamma diµµhamatt± n±tida¼hamitt±. Sambhatt± suµµhu bhatt± sinehavanto da¼hamitt±ti daµµhabb±.
Pañca garubhaº¹±n²ti r±sivasena pañca garubhaº¹±ni, sar³pavasena panet±ni bah³ni honti. Ten±ha “r±sivasena pañca garubhaº¹±ni vutt±n²”ti. ¾r±mo (c³¼ava. aµµha. 321; vi. saªga. aµµha. 227) n±ma pupph±r±mo v± phal±r±mo v±. ¾r±mavatthu n±ma tesa½yeva ±r±m±na½ atth±ya paricchinditv± µhapitok±so, tesu v± ±r±mesu vinaµµhesu tesa½ por±ºakabh³mibh±go Vih±ro n±ma ya½ kiñci p±s±d±disen±sana½. Vih±ravatthu n±ma tassa patiµµh±nok±so. Mañco n±ma mas±rako bundik±baddho, ku¼²rap±dako, ±haccap±dakoti imesa½ pubbe vutt±na½ catunna½ mañc±na½ aññataro. P²µha½ n±ma mas±rak±d²na½yeva catunna½ p²µh±na½ aññatara½. Bhisi n±ma uººabhisi-±d²na½ pañcanna½ bhis²na½ aññatar±. Bibbohana½ n±ma rukkhat³lalat±t³lapoµakit³l±na½ aññatarena puººa½. Lohakumbh² n±ma k±¼alohena v± tambalohena v± yena kenaci lohena kat± kumbh². Lohabh±ºak±d²supi eseva nayo. Ettha pana bh±ºakanti arañjaro vuccati. V±rakoti ghaµo. Kaµ±ha½ kaµ±hameva. V±si±d²su, valli±d²su ca duviññeyya½ n±ma natthi. Eva½–
Dvisaªgah±ni dve honti, tatiya½ catusaªgaha½;
catuttha½ navakoµµh±sa½, pañcama½ aµµhabhedana½.
Iti pañcahi r±s²hi, pañcanimmalalocano;
pañcav²savidha½ n±tho, garubhaº¹a½ pak±sayi. (C³¼ava. aµµha. 321; vi. saªga. aµµha. 227).
Vissajjetu½ v± vibhajitu½ v± na vaµµat²ti m³lacchejjavasena vissajjetu½ v± vibhajitu½ v± na vaµµanti. Parivattanavasena pana vissajjantassa, vibhajantassa ca an±patti. Ten±ha “th±varen±”ti-±di. Tattha th±varena th±varanti ±r±ma-±r±mavatthuvih±ravih±ravatthun± ±r±ma½ ±r±mavatthu½ vih±ra½ vih±ravatthu½. Itaren±ti ath±varena, pacchimar±sittayen±ti vutta½ hoti. Akappiyen±ti suvaººamayamañc±din± ceva akappiyabhisibibbohanehi ca. Mahagghakappiyen±ti dantamayamañc±din± ceva p±v±r±din± ca. Itaranti ath±vara½. Kappiyaparivattanena parivattetunti yath± akappiya½ na hoti, eva½ parivattetu½.
Tatr±ya½ parivattananayo (c³¼ava. aµµha. 321; vi. saªga. aµµha. 228)– saªghassa n±¼iker±r±mo d³re hoti, kappiyak±rak±va bahutara½ kh±danti, yampi na kh±danti, tato sakaµavetana½ datv± appameva ±haranti. Aññesa½ pana tass±r±massa avid³re g±mav±s²na½ manuss±na½ vih±rassa sam²pe ±r±mo hoti, te saªgha½ upasaªkamitv± sakena ±r±mena ta½ ±r±ma½ y±canti, saªghena “ruccati saªghass±”ti apaloketv± sampaµicchitabbo. Sacepi bhikkh³na½ rukkhasahassa½ hoti, manuss±na½ pañcasat±ni, “tumh±ka½ ±r±mo khuddako”ti na vattabba½. Kiñc±pi aya½ khuddako, atha kho itarato bahutara½ ±ya½ deti. Sacepi samakameva deti evampi icchiticchitakkhaºe paribhuñjitu½ sakk±ti gahetabbameva. Sace pana manuss±na½ bahutar± rukkh± honti, “nanu tumh±ka½ bahutar± rukkh±”ti vattabba½. Sace “atireka½ amh±ka½ puñña½ hotu, saªghassa dem±”ti vadanti, j±n±petv± sampaµicchitu½ vaµµati. Bhikkh³na½ rukkh± phaladh±rino, manuss±na½ rukkh± na t±va phala½ gaºhanti. Kiñc±pi na gaºhanti, na cirena gaºhissant²ti sampaµicchitabbameva. Manuss±na½ rukkh± phaladh±rino, bhikkh³na½ rukkh± na t±va phala½ gaºhanti, “nanu tumh±ka½ rukkh± phaladh±rino”ti vattabba½. Sace “gaºhatha, bhante, amh±ka½ puñña½ bhavissat²”ti denti, j±n±petv± sampaµicchitu½ vaµµati. Eva½ ±r±mena ±r±mo parivattetabbo, eteneva nayena ±r±mavatthupi vih±ropi vih±ravatthupi ±r±mena parivattetabba½. ¾r±mavatthun± ca mahantena v± khuddakena v± ±r±ma½ ±r±mavatthu½ vih±ra½ vih±ravatthunti.
Katha½ vih±rena (c³¼ava. aµµha. 321; vi. saªga. aµµha. 228) vih±ro parivattetabbo? Saªghassa antog±me geha½ hoti, manuss±na½ vih±ramajjhe p±s±do, ubhopi agghena samak±. Sace manuss± tena p±s±dena ta½ geha½ y±canti, sampaµicchitu½ vaµµati. Bhikkh³na½ ce mahagghatara½ geha½ hoti, “mahagghatara½ amh±ka½ gehan”ti vutte “kiñc±pi mahagghatara½ pabbajit±na½ as±ruppa½, na sakk± tattha pabbajitehi vasitu½, ida½ pana s±ruppa½, gaºhath±”ti vadanti, evampi sampaµicchitu½ vaµµati. Sace pana manuss±na½ mahaggha½ hoti “nanu tumh±ka½ geha½ mahagghan”ti vattabba½. “Hotu, bhante, amh±ka½ puñña½ bhavissati, gaºhath±”ti vutte pana sampaµicchitu½ vaµµati. Eva½ vih±rena vih±ro parivattetabbo. Eteneva nayena vih±ravatthupi ±r±mopi ±r±mavatthupi vih±rena parivattetabba½. Vih±ravatthun± ca mahagghena v± appagghena v± vih±ra½ vih±ravatthu½ ±r±ma½ ±r±mavatthu½. Eva½ t±va th±varena th±varaparivattana½ veditabba½.
Itarena itaraparivattane pana mañcap²µha½ mahanta½ v± hotu, khuddaka½ v± (c³¼ava. aµµha. 321; vi. saªga. aµµha. 228), antamaso caturaªgulap±daka½ g±mad±rakehi pa½sv±g±rakesu k²¼antehi katampi saªghassa dinnak±lato paµµh±ya garubhaº¹a½ hoti. Sacepi r±j± v± r±jamah±matt±dayo v± ekappah±reneva mañcasata½ v± mañcasahassa½ v± denti, sabbe kappiyamañc± sampaµicchitabb±, sampaµicchitv± vu¹¹happaµip±µiy± “saªghikaparibhogena paribhuñjath±”ti d±tabb±, na puggalikaparibhogena d±tabb±. Atirekamañce bhaº¹±g±r±d²su paññapetv± pattac²vara½ nikkhipitv± paribhuñjitumpi vaµµati. Bahis²m±ya “saªghassa dem±”ti dinnamañco saªghattherassa vasanaµµh±ne d±tabbo. Tattha ce bah³ mañc± honti, mañcena kamma½ natthi. Yassa vasanaµµh±ne kamma½ atthi, tattha “saªghikaparibhogena paribhuñjath±”ti d±tabbo, na puggalikabhogena. Mahagghena satagghanakena v± sahassagghanakena v± mañcena añña½ mañcasata½ labhati, parivattetv± gahetabba½. Na kevala½ mañcena mañcoyeva, ±r±ma-±r±mavatthuvih±ravih±ravatthup²µhabhisibibbohan±nipi parivattetu½ vaµµati. Eseva nayo p²µhabhisibibbohanesupi. Varasen±san±d²na½ sa½rakkhaºatthanti sace dubbhikkha½ hoti, bhikkh³ piº¹ap±tena na y±penti, ettha r±jarogacorabhay±ni, aññattha gacchant±na½ vih±r± palujjanti, t±lan±¼iker±dike vin±senti, sen±sanapaccaya½ sandh±ya y±petu½ sakk± hoti, evar³pe k±le varasen±san±d²na½ sa½rakkhaºattha½. L±mak±ni vissajjetunti l±maka½ l±maka½ vissajjetu½, l±makakoµiy± vissajjetunti adhipp±yo. Vissajjetv± paribhuñjitu½ vaµµat²ti vissajjetv± tato laddhay±gubhattac²var±d²ni paribhuñjitu½ vaµµati. K±¼alohatambalohaka½salohavaµµaloh±nanti ettha ka½saloha½, vaµµalohañca kittimaloha½. T²ºi hi kittimaloh±ni ka½saloha½, vaµµaloha½, ±rak³µanti. Tattha tiputambe missetv± kata½ ka½saloha½, s²tatambe missetv± kata½ vaµµaloha½, rasakatambe missetv± kata½ ±rak³µa½. Tena vutta½ “ka½saloha½, vaµµalohañca kittimalohan”ti. Tato atirekanti tato atirekaggaºhanako.
Sarakoti majjhe maku¼a½ dassetv± mukhavaµµivitthata½ katv± piµµhito n±metv± k±tabba½ eka½ bh±jana½. “Sar±van”tipi vadanti. ¾disaddena kañcanak±d²na½ gihi-upakaraº±na½ gahaºa½. T±ni hi khuddak±nipi garubhaº¹±neva gihi-upakaraºatt±ti. Pi-saddena pageva mahant±n²ti dasseti. Im±ni pana bh±jan²y±ni bhikkh³pakaraºatt±ti adhipp±yo. Yath± ca et±ni, eva½ kuº¹ik±pi bh±jan²y±. Vakkhati hi “yath± ca mattik±bhaº¹e, eva½ lohabhaº¹epi kuº¹ik± bh±jan²yakoµµh±sameva bhajat²”ti (kaªkh±. aµµha. dubbalasikkh±padavaººan±). Saªghikaparibhogen±ti ±gantuk±na½ vu¹¹hatar±na½ datv± paribhogena. Gihivikaµ±ti gih²hi vikat± paññatt±, attano v± santakakaraºena vir³pa½ kat±. Puggalikaparibhogena na vaµµat²ti ±gantuk±na½ adatv± attano santaka½ viya gahetv± pariharitv± paribhuñjitu½ na vaµµati. Pipphalikoti kattari. ¾rakaºµaka½ s³civedhaka½. T±¼a½ yanta½. Kattarayaµµhivedhako kattarayaµµhivalaya½. Yath± tath± ghanakata½ lohanti lohavaµµi lohagu¼o lohapiº¹i lohacakkalikanti eva½ ghanakata½ loha½. Kh²rap±s±ºamay±n²ti mudukakh²ravaººap±s±ºamay±ni.
Gihivikaµ±nipi na vaµµanti an±m±satt±. Pi-saddena pageva saªghikaparibhogena v± puggalikaparibhogena v±ti dasseti. Sen±sanaparibhogo pana sabbakappiyo. Tasm± j±tar³p±dimay± sabbepi sen±sanaparikkh±r± ±m±s±. Ten±ha “sen±sanaparibhoge pan±”ti-±di.
Ses±ti tato mahattar² v±si. Y± pan±ti y± kud±r² pana. Kud±lo antamaso caturaªgulamattopi garubhaº¹ameva. Nikh±dana½ caturassamukha½ v± hotu, doºimukha½ v± vaªka½ v± ujuka½ v±, antamaso sammuñjanidaº¹akavedhanampi daº¹abandha½ ce, garubhaº¹ameva. Ten±ha “kud±lo daº¹abandhanikh±dana½ v± agarubhaº¹a½ n±ma natth²”ti. Sip±µik± n±ma khurakoso. Sikhara½ pana daº¹abandhanikh±dana½ anulomet²ti ±ha “sikharampi nikh±daneneva saªgahitan”ti. Sace tampi pana adaº¹aka½ phalamatta½, bh±jan²ya½. Upakkhareti v±si-±dibhaº¹±ni.
Pattabandhako n±ma pattassa gaºµhik±dik±rako. “Paµim±suvaºº±dipattak±rako”tipi vadanti. Tipucchedanakasattha½, suvaººacchedanakasattha½, kataparikammacammacchindanakakhuddakasatthanti im±ni cettha t²ºi pipphalika½ anuloment²ti ±ha “aya½ pana viseso”ti-±di. Itar±n²ti mah±kattari-±d²ni.
A¹¹hab±huppam±º±ti (s±rattha. µ². c³¼avagga 3.321) kapparato paµµh±ya y±va a½sak³µappam±º±, vidatthicaturaªgulappam±º±ti vutta½ hoti. Tatthaj±tak±ti saªghikabh³miya½ j±t±. ¾rakkhasa½vidh±nena rakkhitatt± rakkhit± ca s± mañj³s±d²su pakkhitta½ viya yath± ta½ na nassati, eva½ gopanato gopit± c±ti rakkhitagopit±. Tatthaj±tak±pi pana arakkhit± garubhaº¹ameva na hoti. “Saªghakamme ca cetiyakamme ca kate”ti imin± saªghasantakena cetiyasantaka½ rakkhitu½, parivattituñca vaµµat²ti d²peti. Sutta½ pan±ti vaµµitañceva avaµµitañca sutta½.
Aµµhaªgulas³cidaº¹amattoti antamaso d²ghaso aµµhaªgulamatto, pariº±hato s²ha¼apaººas³cidaº¹amatto. Etth±ti ve¼ubhaº¹e. Da¹¹ha½ geha½ yesa½ teti da¹¹hageh±. Na v±retabb±ti “m± gaºhitv± gacchath±”ti na nisedhetabb±. Desantaragatena sampattavih±re saªghik±v±se µhapetabb±.
Avasesañca chadanatiºanti muñjapabbajehi avasesa½ ya½ kiñci chadanatiºa½. Yattha pana tiºa½ natthi, tattha paººehi ch±denti (c³¼ava. aµµha. 321). Tasm± paººampi tiºeneva saªgahitanti ±ha “chadanatiºasaªkhepagates³”ti-±di. Aµµhaªgulappam±ºop²ti vitth±rato aµµhaªgulappam±ºo. Likhitapotthako pana garubhaº¹a½ na hoti.
Ve¼umhi vuttappam±ºoti “aµµhaªgulas³cidaº¹akamattop²”ti ve¼ubhaº¹e vuttappam±ºo. Saªghassa dinno v±ti d±rudullabhaµµh±ne saªghassa dinno v±. Kurundiya½ vuttakkamena d±rubhaº¹avinicchaya½ vatv± id±ni mah±-aµµhakath±ya½ vuttakkamena vattu½ “apic±”ti-±dim±ha. ¾sandik±d²n²ti ettha ±sandikoti caturassap²µha½ vuccati. “Uccakampi ±sandikan”ti vacanato ekatobh±gena d²ghap²µhameva hi aµµhaªgulap±daka½ vaµµati. Caturass±sandiko pana pam±º±tikkantopi vaµµhat²ti veditabbo. ¾disaddena “sattaªgo, bhaddap²µhaka½, e¼akap±dakap²µha½, ±malakavaµµakap²µha½, phalaka½, koccha½, pal±lap²µhakan”ti (c³¼ava. aµµha. 321) ime saªgaºhant²ti veditabba½. Ten±ha “antamaso”ti-±di. Paººehi v±ti kadalipaºº±d²hi v±. Byagghacammonaddhampi v±¼ar³paparikkhitta½ ratanaparisibbita½ kocchaka½ garubhaº¹ameva.
Ghaµµanaphalaka½ n±ma yattha µhapetv± rajitac²vara½ hatthena ghaµµenti. Ghaµµanamuggaro n±ma anuv±t±dighaµµanakoti vadanti. Daº¹amuggaro n±ma yena rajitac²vara½ pothenti. Ambaºanti phalakehi pokkharaº² viya kata½ p±n²yabh±jana½. Rajanadoº²ti pakkarajana½ ±kiritv± µhapanabh±jana½.
Akappiyacammanti s²h±d²na½ camma½. “Bh³mattharaºa½ k±tu½ vaµµat²”ti ida½ akappiyacamma½ sandh±ya vutta½. “Paccattharaºagatikan”ti imin± mañcap²µhepi attharitu½ vaµµat²ti d²peti. P±v±r±dipaccattharaºampi garubhaº¹anti eke. Noti apare. V²ma½sitv± gahetabba½. Kappiyacamm±n²ti mig±d²na½ camm±ni.
Sabba½ cakkayuttay±nanti rathasakaµ±dika½ sabbacakkayuttay±na½. Visaªkharitacakka½ pana y±na½ bh±jan²ya½. Anuññ±tav±si n±ma y± sip±µik±ya pakkhipitv± pariharitu½ sakk±ti vutt±. Muµµhipaººanti t±lapatta½. Tañhi muµµhin± gahetv± pariharant²ti “muµµhipaººan”ti vuccati. Muµµhipaººanti chattacchadanapaººamev±ti keci. Araºisahitanti araºiyuga¼a½, uttar±raº², adhar±raº²ti araºidvayanti attho.
Ph±tikamma½ katv±ti antamaso ta½agghanakav±lik±yapi th±vara½ va¹¹hikamma½ katv±. Ph±tikamma½ akatv± gaºhantena tattheva valañjetabbo. Gamanak±le saªghike ±v±se µhapetv± gantabba½. Asatiy± gahetv± gatena pahiºitv± d±tabbo. Desantaragatena sampattavih±re saªghik±v±se µhapetabbo. Etth±ti mattik±bhaº¹e. Kuº¹ik±ti ayokuº¹ik± ceva tambalohakuº¹ik± ca. Bh±jan²yakoµµh±sameva bhajat²ti bh±jan²yapakkhameva sevati, na tu garubhaº¹anti attho. Kañcanako pana garubhaº¹amev±ti adhipp±yo. Itaranti garubhaº¹a½.

Dubbalasikkh±padavaººan± niµµhit±.