9. Kammappaµib±hanasikkh±padavaººan±

Dhammik±nanti dhammena vinayena satthus±sanena katatt± dhammo etesu atth²ti dhammik±ni, tesa½ dhammik±na½. Kamm±nanti catunna½ saªghakamm±na½. Ten±ha “dhammen±”ti-±di. Tattha dhammen±ti bh³tena vatthun±. Vinayen±ti codan±ya ceva s±raº±ya ca. Satthus±sanen±ti ñattisampad±ya ceva anussavan±sampad±ya ca. Samaggassa saªghass±ti s²maµµhakasaªgha½ sodhetv± chand±rah±na½ chanda½ ±haritv± kattabbatt± k±yena ceva cittena ca ek²bh³tassa saªghassa. Ta½ ta½ vatthunti avaººabhaºan±di½ ta½ ta½ vatthu.
Os±renti saªghamajjha½ eten±ti os±raºa½. Niss±renti saªghamh± eten±ti niss±raºa½. Bhaº¹ukammanti muº¹akaraºa½, kesacchedan±pucchananti attho. Kammameva lakkhaºa½ kammalakkhaºa½. Os±raº±dayo viya kammañca hutv± aññañca n±ma½ na labhati, kammameva hutv± lakkh²yat²ti kammalakkhaºanti attho. “Os±raºa½ niss±raºan”ti (pari. aµµha. 495-496) cettha padasiliµµhat±yeta½ vutta½. Paµhama½ pana niss±raº± hoti, pacch± os±raº±ti ±ha “tattha kaºµakas±maºerass±”ti-±di. Kaºµakas±maºerassa n±san± viya niss±raº±ti yath± kaºµakas±maºerassa daº¹akamman±san± niss±raº±, tath± buddhassa v± dhammassa v± saªghassa v± avaººa½ bhaºato, akappiya½ “kappiyan”ti d²payato, micch±diµµhikassa antagg±hik±ya diµµhiy± samann±gatassa aññass±pi s±maºerassa–
“Saªgha½, bhante, pucch±mi ‘aya½ itthann±mo s±maºero buddhassa v± dhammassa v± saªghassa v± avaººav±d² micch±diµµhiko, ya½ aññe s±maºer± labhanti dirattatiratta½ bhikkh³hi saddhi½ sahaseyya½, tassa al±bh±ya niss±raº± ruccati saªghass±’ti. Dutiyampi…pe… tatiyampi, bhante, saªgha½ pucch±mi ‘aya½ itthann±mo s±maºero…pe… ruccati saªghass±’ti, cara pire vinass±”ti (pari. aµµha. 495-496)–

Kattabban±san± niss±raº±ti attho. T±disa½yeva samm±vattanta½ disv± pavesan± os±raº±ti t±disa½yeva aparena samayena “aha½, bhante, b±lat±ya aññ±ºat±ya alakkhikat±ya eva½ ak±si½, sv±ha½ saªgha½ kham±pem²”ti kham±penta½ disv± y±vatatiya½ y±c±petv±–

“Saªgha½, bhante, pucch±mi ‘aya½ itthann±mo s±maºero buddhassa v± dhammassa v± saªghassa v± avaººav±d² micch±diµµhiko, ya½ aññe s±maºer± labhanti bhikkh³hi saddhi½ dirattatiratta½ sahaseyya½, tassa al±bh±ya niss±rito, sv±ya½ id±ni sorato niv±tavutti lajjidhamma½ okkanto hirottappe patiµµhito katadaº¹akammo accaya½ deseti, imassa s±maºerassa yath± pure k±yasambhogas±maggid±na½ ruccati saªghass±’ti. Dutiyampi…pe… tatiyampi, bhante, saªgha½ pucch±mi…pe… ruccati saªghass±”ti (pari. aµµha. 495-496)–

Pavesan± os±raº±ti attho.

Kesacchedan±pucchananti s²m±pariy±panne bhikkh³ sannip±t±petv± pabbajj±pekkha½ tattha netv± “saªgha½, bhante, imassa d±rakassa bhaº¹ukamma½ ±pucch±m²”ti tikkhattu½ v± dvikkhattu½ v± saki½ v± vacana½. Idha ca “imassa d±rakassa bhaº¹ukamma½ ±pucch±m±”tipi “imassa samaºakaraºa½ ±pucch±m±”tipi “imassa pabb±jana½ ±pucch±m±”tipi “aya½ samaºo hotuk±mo”tipi “aya½ pabbajituk±mo”tipi vattu½ vaµµatiyeva.
Mukharass±ti mukhena kharassa. Ya½ avandiyakamma½ anuññ±tanti sambandho. Ðru½ vivaritv± dassan±divatth³s³ti–
“Tena kho pana samayena chabbaggiy± bhikkh³ bhikkhuniyo kaddamodakena osiñcanti ‘appeva n±ma amhesu s±rajjeyyun’ti, k±ya½ vivaritv± bhikkhun²na½ dassenti, ³ru½ vivaritv± bhikkhun²na½ dassenti, aªgaj±ta½ vivaritv± bhikkhun²na½ dassenti, bhikkhuniyo obh±senti, bhikkhun²hi saddhi½ sampayojenti ‘appeva n±ma amhesu s±rajjeyyu”n’ti (c³¼ava. 411)–

Imesu vatth³su.

Acchinnac²varak±d²nanti acchinnac²varajiººac²varanaµµhac²varagil±nabahussutasaªghabh±ranittharak±d²na½. C²var±d²n²ti c²varabhesajjasen±san±d²ni. Paribhuñjitabb±n²ti paribhuñjitabb±ni m³latacapatta-aªkurapupphaphal±d²ni. Apanetabb±nipi vatth³n²ti ±v±sakaraº±di-attha½ haritabb±nipi ch±y³pagaphal³pagarukkh±d²ni. Tath±r³pa½ v± dhammika½ katika½ karonteh²ti c²varapiº¹ap±tatth±ya dinnato ±v±sajaggan±dika½ t±disa½ v± aññampi dhammika½ katika½ karontehi.
Neva sutta½ ±gacchat²ti na m±tik± ±gacchati. No suttavibhaªgoti vinayopi na paguºo. Byañjanacch±y±ya attha½ paµib±hat²ti (c³¼ava. aµµha. 233) byañjanamattameva gahetv± attha½ paµisedheti. J±tar³parajatakhettavatthuppaµiggahaº±d²su vinayadharehi bhikkh³hi ±pattiy± k±riyam±ne disv± “ki½ ime ±pattiy± k±retha, nanu ‘j±tar³parajatappaµiggahaº± paµivirato hot²’ti (d². ni. 1.10, 194) eva½ sutte paµiviratimattameva vutta½, natthi ettha ±patt²”ti vadati. Aparo dhammakathiko suttassa ±gatatt± olambetv± niv±sent±na½ ±pattiy± ±ropiyam±n±ya “ki½ imesa½ ±patti½ ±ropetha, nanu ‘parimaº¹ala½ niv±sess±m²ti sikkh± karaº²y±’ti (p±ci. 576) eva½ sikkh±karaºamattameva vutta½, natthi ettha ±patt²”ti vadati. Ubb±hika vinicchayeti samathakkhandhake vutta-ubb±hikavinicchaye “s²lav± hot²”ti-±dik±ya hi dasaªgasampattiy± samann±gate dve tayo bhikkh³ uccinitv± vinicchayo ubb±hikavinicchayoti daµµhabbo.
Pav±raºappaccukka¹¹han±ti pav±raº±ya ukkassan±, uddha½ ka¹¹han±ti attho. Tiºavatth±rakasamathe sabbasaªg±hikañatti c±ti “suº±tu me, bhante, saªgho, amh±ka½ bhaº¹anaj±t±na½…pe… µhapetv± gihippaµisa½yuttan”ti (c³¼ava. 212-213) eva½ tiºavatth±rakasamathe kat± sabbapaµham± sabbasaªg±hikañatti ca.
Al±bh±ya parisakkan±dikeh²ti catunna½ paccay±na½ al±bhatth±ya payogakaraº±dikehi. ¾disaddena “anatth±ya parisakkana½, an±v±s±ya parisakkana½, akkosanaparibh±sana½, bhikkh³ bhikkh³hi bhedana½, buddhassa avaººabhaºana½, dhammassa avaººabhaºana½, saªghassa avaººabhaºanan”ti (c³¼ava. 265) avasesa½ sattaªga½ saªgaºh±ti. Aµµhahaªgehi samann±gatass±ti aµµhahi ceva aªgehi ekekenapi aªgena ca samann±gatassa. Asambhogakaraºatthanti tena dinnassa deyyadhammassa appaµiggahaºattha½. Pattanikkujjanavasen±ti kammav±c±ya pattanikkujjanavasena, na adhomukhaµµhapanavasena. Pattukkujjanavasen±ti etth±pi eseva nayo. Tassev±ti yo pattanikkujjanavasena kataniss±raºo, tasseva up±sakassa. Samm±vattantass±ti yena samann±gatassa pattukkujjana½, tena samann±gatassa. ti yath±vutt± niss±raº±, os±raº± ca.
S³ciy±di-appamattaka½ ta½tadatthik±na½ vissajjeti det²ti appamattakavissajjako. S±µiyagg±h±pakoti vassikas±µiyagg±h±pako. Kamma½ karonte ±r±mike pesanatth±ya d±tabb± sammuti ±r±mikapesakasammuti. Esa nayo s±maºerapesakasammut²ti etth±pi.
Tajjan²yakamm±d²na½ sattannanti tajjan²ya½, niyasa½, pabb±jan²ya½, paµis±raº²ya½, tividhañca ukkhepan²yanti tajjan²y±d²na½ sattanna½. Aµµhay±vatatiyak±ti bhikkh³na½ vasena catt±ro, bhikkhun²na½ vasena catt±roti aµµha saªgh±dises±.
Ñattikamm±divasen±ti ñattikammañattidutiyakammañatticatutthakammavasena. “Kariyam±na½ da¼hatara½ hoti, tasm± k±tabban”ti ekacce vadanti. Eva½ pana sati kammasaªkaro hoti, tasm± na k±tabbanti paµikkhittameva. Sace pana akkharaparih²na½ v± padaparih²na½ v± duruttapada½ v± hoti, tassa sodhanattha½ punappuna½ vattu½ vaµµati. Ida½ akuppakammassa da¼h²kamma½ hoti, kuppakamme kamma½ hutv± tiµµhati. Sakalakkhaºenev±ti ñattiñca catasso ca kammav±c±yo s±vetv±va. Na sesakammavasen±ti apalokanakamm±din± avasesakammavasena na k±tabba½.

Kammappaµib±hanasikkh±padavaººan± niµµhit±.