Aniyatakaº¹a½

1. Paµham±niyatasikkh±padavaººan±

Aniyate ±ditova ida½ pakiººaka½. Seyyathida½– ida½ aniyatakaº¹a½ nippayojana½ tattha apubb±bh±vatoti ce? Na, garukalahukabhedabhinn±pattiropan±ropanakkamalakkhaºad²panappayojanato. Ettha hi “s± ce eva½ vadeyya ‘ayyo may±…pe… so ca ta½ paµij±n±ti, ±pattiy± k±retabbo”’ti-±din± (p±r±. 446) ±pattiy± garuk±ya, lahuk±ya ca ±ropanakkamalakkhaºa½, “na k±retabbo”ti imin± an±ropanakkamalakkhaºañca dassita½. Lakkhaºad²panato ±dimhi, ante v± uddisitabbanti ce? Na, asambhavato. Katha½ na t±va ±dimhi sambhavati, yesamida½ lakkhaºa½, tesa½ sikkh±pad±na½ adassitatt±. Na ante garukamissakatt±. Tasm± garukalahuk±na½ majjhe eva uddisitabbata½ arahati ubhayamissakatt±. Y± tattha p±cittiyasaªkh±t± lahuk±patti dassit±, s±pi garuk±ti kathit±. Tenev±ha “methunadhammasannissitakilesasaªkh±tena rahass±den±”ti-±di. Tasm± garuk±na½ eva anantara½ uddiµµhantipi eke. Eva½ sati paµham±niyatamev±la½ t±vat± lakkhaºad²panasiddhito, ki½ dutiyen±ti ce? Na, ok±saniyamapaccayamicch±g±haniv±raºappayojanato. “Paµicchanne ±sane ala½kammaniye”ti ok±saniyamato hi tabbipar²te ok±se ida½ lakkhaºa½ na vikappitanti micch±g±ho hoti. Ta½niv±raºato dutiy±niyatampi s±tthakamev±ti adhipp±yo. Kasm±? Ok±sabhedato, rahobhedad²panato, rahonisajjass±dabhedad²panato. Ok±saniyamabh±ve ca rahonisajjass±dabhedo j±to. Dvinna½ rahonisajjasikkh±pad±na½ n±n±ttaj±nanañca siy± tath± k±yasa½saggabhedad²panato. N±la½ kammaniyepi hi ok±se appaµicchanne, paµicchannepi v± nisinn±ya v±tap±nakav±µacchidd±d²hi nikkhantakes±diggahaºena k±yasa½saggo labbhat²ti evam±dayopi nay± vitth±rato veditabb±.
Tatrida½ mukhamattanidassana½– ok±sabhedatoti ala½kammaniyan±la½kammaniyabhedato. Paµicchannampi hi ekacca½ n±la½kammaniya½ v±tap±n±din± antaritatt± ubhayappaµicchannampi ekacca½ n±la½kammaniya½ vij±nata½ ajjhok±satt±. Rahobhedad²panatoti ettha rahabh±vas±maññepi raho dvidh± paµicchann±paµicchannabhedatoti adhipp±yo. Rahonisajjass±dabhedad²panatoti methunass±davasena nisajj±, duµµhullass±davasena nisajj±ti t±disassa bhedassa d²panatoti attho. “Idha ±gatanayatt± bhikkhunip±timokkhe ida½ kaº¹a½ parih²nanti veditabban”ti vadanti. “Aµµhuppattiy± tattha anuppannatt±”ti eke, ta½ anekantabh±vad²panato ayutta½. Sabbabuddhak±le hi bhikkh³na½ pañca, bhikkhun²na½ catt±ro ca uddes± santi. P±timokkhuddesapaññattiy± as±dh±raºatt± tattha niddiµµhasaªgh±disesap±cittiy±nanti eke. T±sañhi bhikkhun²na½ ubbhaj±ºumaº¹alika (p±ci. 658) -aµµhavatthuka (p±ci. 675) -vasena k±yasa½saggaviseso p±r±jikavatthu, “hatthaggahaºa½ v± s±diyeyya, k±ya½ v± tadatth±ya upasa½hareyy±”ti (p±ci. 675) vacanato s±diyanampi, “santiµµheyya v±”ti (p±ci. 675) vacanato µh±nampi, “saªketa½ v± gaccheyy±”ti (p±ci. 675) vacanato gamanampi, “channa½ v± anupaviseyy±”ti (p±ci. 675) vacanato paµicchannaµµh±nappavesopi hoti, tath± “rattandhak±re appad²pe, paµicchanne ok±se ajjhok±se ekenek± santiµµheyya v± sallapeyya v±”ti (p±ci. 839) vacanato duµµhullav±c±pi p±cittiyavatthukanti katv± t±sa½ aññath± aniyatakaº¹assa avattabbat±pattito na vuttanti tesa½ adhipp±yo. Pakiººaka½.
“Desan±vuµµh±nag±min²na½ ±patt²na½ vasena alajji-±dayo lajj²na½ codessant²”ti ±gatatt± lajjipaggahatth±ya patir³p±yapi up±sik±ya vacanena akatv± bhikkhusseva paµiññ±ya k±tabbanti ±pattiyo pana lakkhaºadassanattha½ paññatta½ vitth±ranayameva gahetv± vattu½ yutta½ “ime kho pan±yasmanto dve aniyat± dhamm±”ti (p±r±. 443) uddesadassanatt±ti likhita½. Sotassa rahoti ettha rahoti vacanas±maññato vutta½. Duµµhullas±maññato duµµhull±rocanappaµicch±danasikkh±padesu p±r±jikavacana½ viya. Tasm± “cakkhusseva pana raho ‘raho’ti idha adhippeto”ti vutta½. Katha½ paññ±yat²ti ce? “M±tug±mo n±ma…pe… antamaso tadahuj±t±pi d±rik±”ti (p±r±. 445) vuttatt± duµµhullobh±sana½ idha n±dhippetanti d²pitamev±ti. Antodv±dasahatthep²ti pi-saddena apihitakav±µassa gabbhassa dv±re nisinnop²ti attho. Acelakavagge rahopaµicchann±sanasikkh±pade (p±ci. 288) “yo koci viññ³ puriso dutiyo hot²”ti imassa anur³pato “itth²na½ pana satampi an±patti½ na karotiyev±”ti vutta½. “Ala½kammaniyeti sakk± hoti methuna½ dhamma½ paµisevitun”ti (p±r±. 445) vibhaªge vacanato rahonisajjass±do cettha methunadhammasannissitakileso, na dutiye viya duµµhullav±cass±dakileso. Tasm± ca paññ±yati sotassa raho n±dhippetoti.
Tiººa½ dhamm±na½ aññatarena vadeyy±ti rahonisajjasikkh±padavasena nisinnassa tass±nus±rena p±cittiyameva avatv± p±r±jikasaªgh±dises±yapi ±pattiy± bhedadassanattha½ vutta½. Puna ±pattippaµij±nana½ avatv± kasm± “nisajja½ bhikkhu paµij±nam±no”ti vatthuppaµij±nana½ vuttanti? Vuccate– ±pattiy± codite vinayadharena “kismi½ vatthusmin”ti pucchite cuditakena “imasmi½ vatthusmin”ti vutte vinayadharena “²disa½ n±ma ak±s²”ti pucchite so vatthu½ paµij±nam±nova k±retabboti dassanattha½ “nisajja½ bhikkhu paµij±nam±no”ti vutta½. Yadi eva½ nisajja½ paµij±nam±nopi ±pattiy±va k±retabboti? Anur³pameva. Eva½ pana gahetabba½– tiººampi ±patt²na½ vatth³ni aggahetv± idha sikkh±padavasena nisajjameva vutta½. Tasmi½ gahitepi hi ±patti gahit±va hot²ti. Yena v± s±ti ettha -saddo “tena so bhikkhu k±retabbo v±”ti yojetabbo. So ca vikappattho. Tasm± “k±retabbo v± paµij±nam±no, na v± k±retabbo appaµij±nam±no”ti attho. Tena vutta½ “paµij±nam±no v±”ti-±di. Rahonisajjasikkh±padavasena nisajjapaccay± ±pattiy± vuttatt± sesesupi sesasikkh±padavasena ±patti gahetabb±. “Samuµµh±n±d²ni paµhamap±r±jikasadis±nev±”ti vuttatt± idha duµµhullobh±sanassa anadhippetabh±vo veditabbo.

Paµham±niyatasikkh±padavaººan± niµµhit±.