5. Paµhamapav±raº±sikkh±padavaººan±

Bhuttav±ti katabhattakicco. S±sapamattampi ajjhoharitanti eva½ parittampi bhojana½ saªkh±ditv± v± asaªkh±ditv± v± gilita½. Pav±ritoti paµikkhepito. Yo hi bhuñjanto parivesakena upan²ta½ bhojana½ anicchanto paµikkhipati, so tena pav±rito paµikkhipito n±ma hoti. Byañjana½ pana an±diyitv± atthamattameva dassetu½ “katappav±raºo katappaµikkhepoti attho”ti vutta½. Sopi ca paµikkhepo yasm± na paµikkhepamattena, atha kho pañcaªgavasena. Tenassa padabh±jane “asana½ paññ±yat²”ti-±di (p±ci. 239) vutta½.
Bhojana½ paññ±yat²ti pañcanna½ bhojan±na½ aññatara½ patt±d²su dissati. Ten±ha “pav±raºappahonaka½ ce bhojanan”ti-±di. S±l²ti (p±ci. aµµha. 238-239) antamaso n²v±ra½ up±d±ya sabb±pi s±lij±ti. V²h²ti sabb±pi v²hij±ti. Yavagodhumesu bhedo natthi. Kaªg³ti setarattak±¼abhed± sabb±pi kaªguj±ti. Varakoti antamaso varakacoraka½ up±d±ya sabb±pi setavaºº± varakaj±ti. Kudr³sakoti k±¼akodravo ceva s±m±k±dibhed± ca sabb±pi tiºadhaññaj±ti.
N²v±ravarakacorak± cettha “dhaññ±nulom±”ti vadanti. Y±gunti ambilay±gukh²ray±gu-±dibheda½ ya½ kiñci y±gu½. Imin±va p±y±sass±pi gahitatt± “ambilap±y±s±d²su aññatara½ pac±m±ti v±”ti na vutta½. Pav±raºa½ janet²ti anatirittabhojan±pattinibandhana½ paµikkhepa½ s±dheti. Sace pana odhi na paññ±yati, y±gusaªgaha½ gacchati, pav±raºa½ na janeti. Puna pav±raºa½ janeti ghanabh±vagamanato paµµh±ya bhojanasaªgahitatt±ti adhipp±yo.
Udakakañjikakh²r±d²ni ±kiritv±ti udakañceva kañjikañca kh²r±d²ni ca ±kiritv± tehi saddhi½ amadditv± bhattamissake katv±. Ten±ha “y±gu½ gaºhath±”ti-±di. Sace pana bhatte udakakañjikakh²r±d²ni ±kiritv± madditv± “y±gu½ gaºhath±”ti denti, pav±raº± na hoti. Y±guy±p²ti eva½ y±gusaªgaha½ gat±ya v± aññ±ya v± y±guy±pi. Suddharasako, pana rasakay±gu v± na janeti.
Pañcanna½ bhojan±na½ aññataravasena vippakatabhojanabh±vassa upacchinnatt± “dvepi kh±dit±ni honti…pe… na pav±ret²”ti vutta½. Akappiyama½sa½ (p±ci. aµµha. 238-239), akappiyabhojanañca buddhapaµikuµµha½ paµikkhipato pav±raº±ya avatthut±ya na pav±raº± hot²ti ±ha “yo pan±”ti-±di. Yañhi bhikkhuno kh±ditu½ vaµµati, ta½ eva paµikkhipato pav±raº± hoti. Ida½ pana j±nanto akappiyatt± paµikkhipati. Aj±nantopi paµikkhipitabbaµµh±ne µhitameva paµikkhipati n±ma, tasm± na pav±reti. Sace pana akappiyama½sa½ kh±danto kappiyama½sa½ v± bhojana½ v± paµikkhipati, pav±reti. Kasm±? Vatthut±ya. Yañhi tena paµikkhitta½, ta½ pav±raº±ya vatthu. Ya½ pana kh±dati, ta½ kiñc±pi paµikkhipitabbaµµh±ne µhita½, kh±diyam±na½ pana ma½sabh±va½ na jahati, tasm± pav±reti. Ko pana v±do kappiyama½sa½ kh±dato kappiyama½sabhojanappaµikkhepe. Esa nayo akappiyabhojana½ kh±dato kappiyabhojanappaµikkhepe.
Bhojane sat²ti pañcasu bhojanesu ekasmimpi bhojane sati. Añña½ vuttalakkhaºa½ bhojananti patt±digatato añña½ vuttalakkhaºa½ pañcasu bhojanesu ekampi bhojana½. “Nirapekkho hot²”ti etasseva vivaraºa½ “ya½ patt±d²s³”ti-±di. Na kevala½ nirapekkho v±ti ±ha “aññatra v±”ti-±di. So paµikkhipantopi na pav±ret²ti tasmi½ ce antare añña½ bhojana½ abhihaµa½, ta½ so paµikkhipantopi na pav±reti. Kasm±? Vippakatabhojanabh±vassa upacchinnatt±.
“Upan±met²”ti (p±ci. aµµha. 238-239) imin± k±y±bhih±ra½ dasseti. Hatthe v± ±dh±rake v±ti ettha -saddo avuttavikappattho, tena “³r³su v±”ti vikappeti. D³re nisinnassa daharabhikkhussa patta½ pesetv± “ito odana½ gaºh±h²”ti vadati, gaºhitv± pana gato tuºh² tiµµhati, tampi paµikkhipato eseva nayo. Kasm±? Bhikkhussa d³rabh±vato, d³tassa ca anabhiharaºato. Sace pana gahetv± ±gato bhikkhu “ima½ bhatta½ gaºh±”ti vadati, ta½ paµikkhipato pav±raº± hoti. Eva½ vuttep²ti “bhatta½ gaºh±”ti vuttepi.
Bhattapacchi½ gahetv± parivisantass±ti ekena hatthena bhattapacchi½ gahetv± ekena hatthena kaµacchu½ gahetv± parivisantassa. Añño “aha½ dh±ress±m²”ti gahitamattakameva karot²ti añño ±gantv± “aha½ pacchi½ dh±ress±mi, tva½ odana½ deh²”ti vatv± gahitamattakameva karoti. Abhihaµ±va hot²ti parivesakeneva abhihaµ±va hoti. Id±ni asati tassa d±tuk±m±bhih±re gahaºasamayepi paµikkhipato na hot²ti dassetu½ “sace pan±”ti-±di vutta½. Uddhaµeti uddhaµe bhatte. Kaµacchu-abhih±royeva hi tassa abhih±roti adhipp±yo. Anantarassa diyyam±neti anantarassa bhikkhuno bhatte diyyam±ne. K±yavik±ren±ti “aªguli½ v± hattha½ v± macchikab²jani½ v± c²varakaººa½ v± c±leti, bhamuk±ya v± ±k±ra½ karoti, kuddho v± oloket²”ti (p±ci. aµµha. 238-239) eva½ vuttena aªgulicalan±din± k±yavik±rena. “Ala½ m± deh²”ti-±din± vac²vik±ren±ti “alan”ti v± “na gaºh±m²”ti v± “m± ±kir±”ti v± “apagacch±”ti v± eva½ yena kenaci vac²vik±rena.
Abhihaµe pana bhatte pav±raº±ya bh²to hatthe apanetv± punappuna½ patte odana½ ±kiranta½ “±kira ±kira, koµµetv± p³reh²”ti vadato pav±raº± na hoti. Esa nayo bhatta½ abhiharanta½ bhikkhu½ sallakkhetv± “ki½, ±vuso, itopi kiñci gaºhissasi, dammi te kiñc²”ti vadatopi.
“Rasa½ paµiggaºhath±”ti appav±raº±janakassa n±ma½ gahetv± vuttatt± “ta½ sutv± paµikkhipato pav±raº± natth²”ti vutta½. Ma½sarasanti ettha pana na kevala½ ma½sassa rasa½ “ma½sarasa”micceva viññ±yati, atha kho ma½sañca rasañca ma½sarasanti eva½ pav±raº±janakan±mavasen±pi. Tasm± ta½ paµikkhipato pav±raº±va hot²ti ±ha “ma½sarasanti vutte pana paµikkhipato pav±raº± hot²”ti. Parato macchama½sa½ byañjananti etth±pi eseva nayo. Yasmi½ iriy±pathe pav±reti, ta½ avikopenteneva bhuñjitabbanti yo gacchanto (p±ci. aµµha. 238-239) pav±reti, tena gacchanteneva bhuñjitabba½. Kaddama½ v± udaka½ v± patv± µhitena atiritta½ k±retabba½. Sace antar± nad² p³r± hoti, nadit²re gumba½ anupariy±yantena bhuñjitabba½. Atha n±v± v± setu v± atthi, ta½ abhiruhitv±pi caªkamanteneva bhuñjitabba½, gamana½ na upacchinditabba½. Esa nayo itara-iriy±pathesupi. Ta½ ta½ iriy±patha½ kopentena atiritta½ k±retabba½. Yo ukkuµikova nis²ditv± pav±reti, tena ukkuµikeneva bhuñjitabba½. Tassa pana heµµh± pal±lap²µha½ v± kiñci v± nis²dana½ d±tabba½. P²µhake nis²ditv± pav±ritena pana ±sana½ ac±letv±va catasso dis± parivattantena bhuñjitu½ labbhati. Mañce nis²ditv± pav±ritena ito v± etto v± sa½saritu½ na labbhati. Sace pana saha mañcena ukkhipitv± aññatra nenti, vaµµati. Nipajjitv± pav±riten±pi nipanneneva bhuñjitabba½. Parivattantena yena passena nipanno, tassa µh±na½ n±tikkametabba½.
Alameta½ sabbanti eta½ sabba½ ala½ pariyatta½, idampi te adhika½, ito añña½ na lacchas²ti adhipp±yo. Yo atiritta½ karot²ti yo “alameta½ sabban”ti atiritta½ karoti. Paµipakkhanayen±ti “kappiyakata½, paµiggahitakata½, ucc±ritakata½, hatthap±se kata½, bhutt±vin± kata½, bhutt±vin± pav±ritena ±san± avuµµhitena kata½ ‘alameta½ sabban’ti vuttan”ti (p±ci. 239) imehi sattahi vinayakamm±k±rehi ya½ atiritta½ kappiya½ kata½, yañca gil±n±tiritta½, tadubhayampi atirittanti eva½ tasseva paµipakkhanayena. Ettha ca “alameta½ sabban”ti tikkhattu½ vattabba½, aya½ kira ±ciººo. Vinayadhar± pana “saki½ eva vattabban”ti vadanti.
Kasm± ta½ so puna k±tu½ na labhat²ti ±ha “yañh²”ti-±di. Tattha yañhi akatanti yena paµhama½ kappiya½ kata½, tena ya½ akata½, ta½ k±tabba½. Paµhamabh±jane pana k±tu½ na labbhati. Yena ca akatanti aññena bhikkhun± yena paµhama½ na kata½, tena ca k±tabbanti attho. Vuttanti s²ha¼aµµhakath±su vutta½. Aññasmi½ pana bh±janeti yasmi½ pana bh±jane paµhama½ kata½, tato aññasmi½ patte v± kuº¹e v± pacchiya½ v± yattha katthaci purato µhapetv± on±mitabh±jane.
Aññatra bhuñjanavatthusminti bhutt±vin± pav±ritena hutv± aññatra bhuñjanavatthusmi½. Tikap±cittiyanti anatiritte anatirittasaññivematika-atirittasaññ²na½ vasena t²ºi p±cittiy±ni. Ajjhoharato ca dukkaµanti ajjhoharato ajjhoh±re ajjhoh±re dukkaµa½. Sace pana ±misasa½saµµh±ni honti, ±h±ratth±yapi an±h±ratth±yapi paµiggahetv± ajjhoharantassa p±cittiyameva. Tesa½ anuññ±taparibhogavasen±ti y±mak±lik±d²na½ anuññ±taparibhogavasena, y±mak±lika½ pip±s±ya sati pip±sacchedanattha½, satt±hak±lika½ y±vaj²vikañca tena tena upasametabbake ±b±dhe sati tassa upasamanatthanti vutta½ hoti. Idampi ajjhoharaºato k±yakamma½, v±c±ya “atiritta½ karotha bhante”ti ak±r±panena vac²kammanti ±ha “samuµµh±n±d²ni paµhamakathinasadis±nev±”ti. Kiriy±kiriyanti ettha paµikkhipitv± bhuñjana½ kiriya½. Atirittassa akaraºa½ akiriyanti veditabba½.

Paµhamapav±raº±sikkh±padavaººan± niµµhit±.