11. Bhed±nuvattakasikkh±padavaººan±

Tiººa½ uddha½ kamm±rah±…pe… karot²ti ettha “ime catt±ro”ti v± “imañca imañc±”ti v± vatv± k±tu½ na vaµµat²ti likhita½.

Bhed±nuvattakasikkh±padavaººan± niµµhit±.

12. Dubbacasikkh±padavaººan±

Dukkhena vattabbo dubbaco. Vuccam±no na sahati.

Dubbacasikkh±padavaººan± niµµhit±.

Nigamanavaººan±

“N±mamattavasen±”ti p±µho. “N±magottavasen±”ti likhita½. Ida½ vutta½ hoti– “aya½ kiriy± bhikkh³na½ k±tu½ na vaµµat²”ti j±nitv± sace ch±deti, chann±va hot²ti attho. Sabh±gamattamev±ti averisabh±gamattamev±ti adhipp±yo.
Vatthu ceva gottañc±ti ettha vatth³ti v²tikkamana½ asucimuccana½. Gottanti ga½ t±yat²ti gotta½, saj±tito aññattha gantu½ adatv± ga½ buddhi½, vacanañca t±yat²ti attho. Vatthu ca saj±timeva gacchati. Saj±ti n±mettha aññehi visiµµh±visiµµhabh³t± kiriy±, na k±yasa½sagg±di. N±mañceva ±patti c±ti ettha ±patt²ti v²tikkamen±pann±pattiy± n±ma½.
Puna ±gat±gat±na½ bhikkh³na½ ±rocenten±ti ettha dvinna½ ±rocentena “±yasmant± dh±rentu”tiººa½ v± atirek±na½ v± ±rocentena “±yasmanto dh±rent³”ti eva½ ±rocanavidh±na½ veditabba½. Vattabhedañca ratticchedañca akatv±ti ettha µhapetv± navakatara½ p±riv±sika½ avases±na½ antamaso m³l±yapaµikassan±rah±d²nampi abhiv±dan±dis±diyane, paµip±µiy± nis²dane, ovadane, kammik±na½ garahaºe c±ti-±d²su vattabhedo hoti. Dassanasavanavisayesu an±rocane ca bhikkh³hi ekacchanne vasane ca aj±nantasseva vih±re bhikkh³na½ ±gantv± gamane c±ti-±d²su ratticchedo hoti. N±n±sa½v±sakehi vinayakamm±bh±vato tesa½ an±rocane ratticchedo na hoti. “Dve le¹¹up±te atikkamitv±”ti vacanato anto na vaµµati. Nikkhittavatteneva hutv± vicarantena yassa santike pubbe sam±diyitv± ±rocita½, tass±pi santike pacch± nikkhipanak±le ±rocetv±va nikkhipitabba½. Tasm± puna sam±d±nak±lepi so ce tato gacchati, ta½ divasa½ agantv± div± ±rocetv±pi yadi eva½ at²tadivasa½ hoti, “aruºe uµµhite tassa santike ±rocetv± vatta½ nikkhipitv± vih±ra½ gantabbanti tassa santike ±rocetv± vatta½ nikkhipitabban”ti vutta½. Apica “vih±ra½ gantv± ya½ sabbapaµhama½ bhikkhu½ passati, tassa ±rocetv± nikkhipitabban”ti vutta½. Sace ratticchedo hoti, vih±ras²m±pariy±pann±na½ sabbesa½ ±rocetabba½ siy±. “Tassa ±rocetv±”ti ida½ pana pubbe an±rocita½ sandh±ya vattabhedarakkhaºattha½ vutta½. Tasm± eva samantap±s±dik±ya½ (c³¼ava. aµµha. 97) eva½ vutta½ “añña½ vih±rato nikkhanta½ v± ±gantuka½ v±”ti.
Suddhantapariv±se pana sace “m±samatta½ asuddhomh²”ti aggahesi, parivasanto puna ³na½ v± adhika½ v± sanniµµh±na½ karoti, tattakampi parivasitabbameva, pariv±sad±nakicca½ natthi. Ayañhi suddhantapariv±so n±ma uddhampi ±rohati, heµµh±pi orohati. Idamassa lakkhaºa½.
Samodahitv±ti m³l±pattiµµh±ne µhapetv±, pakkhipitv±ti attho. Appaµicchann± ce antar±patti, m³l±ya paµikassana½ akatv± pubbe gahitapariv±seneva parivasitabba½. Yo pana ±patti½ ±pajjitv± vibbhamitv± puna upasampanno hutv±pi paµicch±deti, yo ca pubbe paµicch±detv± pacch± na paµicch±deti, yo ca ubhayattha paµicch±deti, sabbesa½ paµicchannadivasavasena pariv±so d±tabbo. “Purimasmi½ ±pattikkhandhe v±”ti ca “pacchimasmi½ ±pattikkhandhe v±”ti (c³¼ava. 166 ±dayo) ca p±¼iya½ vuttatt± dve bhikkh³ visuddhika½ ±pann± honti, te suddhikadiµµhino honti. Eko ch±deti, eko na ch±deti. Yo ch±deti, so dukkaµa½ des±petabbo. “Ubhopi yath±dhamma½ k±r±petabb±”ti (c³¼ava. 181) vacanato ya½ kañci ±patti½ ch±detv± dukkaµa½ ±pajjat²ti veditabbo.
Tesu gatesu v± agatesu v± purimanayeneva paµipajjitabbanti ettha ³ne gaºe caraºa½, anuµµhahana½ ekarattampi gaºena vippav±sa½, sace rattiy± ekakkhaºena saªgho vasati, sace so pure aruºameva kenaci karaº²yena gatoti etthapi m±nattepi eva½ j±te. “Ayañca yasm± gaºassa ±rocetv±, bhikkh³nañca atthibh±va½ sallakkhetv±va vasi, tenassa ³ne gaºe caraºadoso v± vippav±so v± na hot²”ti (c³¼ava. aµµha. 97) samantap±s±dik±ya½ vutta½. Tasm± tena ±rocite muhuttampi nis²ditv± gatepi vippav±so natthi. P±riv±sikassa, ukkhittakassa ca pakatattena tasmi½ vasana½ udakap±tena v±rita½, tasm± n±n³pac±repi ekacchanne na vaµµati.
Id±ni p±µhavic±raº± veditabb±– “nava paµham±pattik± catt±ro y±vatatiyak±”ti ida½ sabh±vaniyamavacana½. Tena vuµµh±na½ aniyamanti dasseti. Ekacc±pattivuµµh±nañhi kammatopi hoti akammatopi, na eva½ ±pajjananti vutta½ hoti. Aññatara½ v± aññatara½ v±ti tesa½ dvidh± bhinn±nampi vuµµh±nakkamabhed±bh±vad²pakavacana½. Y±vat²ha½, t±vat²hanti ettha ahaparicchedo aruºavasena. “J±nan”ti imin± j±nanappaµicchannassa ak±m± parivatthabbanti dasseti. Tena bhikkhun± ak±m± parivatthabbanti tena bhikkhun± vasat± ak±m± parivatthabba½, na parivattitaliªgen±ti dassanattha½ vutta½. Parivutthapariv±sen±ti ±dimhi parivutthapariv±seneva pariv±sato uttari itiv±rena ±dito bhikkhun±va ch±ratta½, parivattitaliªgena uddhampi bhikkhum±natt±ya paµipajjitabba½, na pariv±se viya tappaccay± aciººam±natto. Ciººam±nattova abbhetabbo, na itaro, na pariv±se viya m±natt±rahe, pakkham±nattañca carantiy± bhikkhuniy± liªga½ parivatt±tikkame sati ciººam±natto bhikkhu hoti, puna bhikkhum±natta½ gahetv± ciººam±nattova bhikkhu abbhetabboti dasseti.
Yattha siy±ti yassa½ sam±nasa½v±sakas²m±yampi v²satigaºo bhikkhusaªgho atthi. Ekenapi ce ³no v²satigaºoti na yujjati, ³no ce. Na hi v²satigaºo, saªgho ce ³no. Tasm± “ekenapi ce ³no saªgho”ti ettakameva vattabbanti ce? Na, catuvaggapañcavaggadasavaggappasaªganiv±raºappayojanato. Tasm± v²sativaggo bhikkhusaªgho ce bhikkhun± ekenapi ³no, naµµho daµµhabbo. Keci pana vinaye appakataññuno “yath± atirekacatuvaggopi saªgho catuvaggakaraº²ye kamme ‘catuvaggo’ti vuccati, tath± pañcavaggadasavaggakaraº²ye kamme atirekapañcavaggadasavaggopi ‘pañcavaggadasavaggo’ti vuccati. Tasm± ³nopi catuvaggapañcavaggadasavaggav²sativaggov±”ti maññeyyu½, tesa½ maññan±niv±raºattha½ “ekenapi ce ³no”ti-±di vutta½. Atha v± v²sati bhikkhusaªgho ce, µhapetv± ekenapi ce ³no appakatatto, ta½ µhapetv± ekenapi ceti evamettha attho daµµhabbo. Aya½ tattha s±m²c²ti vacana½ ya½ vutta½ sabbattha “tassa ±pattiy± pariv±sa½ deti, m³l±ya paµikassati, m±natta½ deti, abbhet²”ti, tassa ±vibh±vakaraºattha½ vuttanti veditabba½. Tena tesu aya½ yath±vutt± s±m²ci niyat± icchitabb±, na r±jasikkh±pad±d²su viya aniyat±. Tattha hi kenaci antar±yena ta½ s±m²cimakarontepi an±patt²ti d²pita½ hoti.

Saªgh±disesavaººan± niµµhit±.