3. Ov±davaggo

1. Ov±dasikkh±padavaººan±

Aµµhaªgasamann±gatass±ti “s²lav± hot²”ti-±d²hi (p±ci. 147) aµµhahi aªgehi samann±gatassa. Anuññ±t±ti imassa sikkh±padassa nid±ne anuññ±t± “Vassasat³pasampann±y±”ti-±di vakkham±na-aµµhagarudhammadassana½. Tattha s±m²cikammanti maggasampad±nab²janap±n²y±pucchan±dika½ anucchavika½ vatta½. ¾disaddena–
“Na bhikkhuniy± abhikkhuke ±v±se vassa½ vasitabba½, anvaddham±sa½ bhikkhuniy± bhikkhusaªghato dve dhamm± pacc±s²sitabb± uposathapucchakañca ov±d³pasaªkamanañca, vassa½vuµµh±ya bhikkhuniy± ubhatosaªghe t²hi µh±nehi pav±retabba½ diµµhena v± sutena v± parisaªk±ya v±, garudhamma½ ajjh±pann±ya bhikkhuniy± ubhatosaªghe pakkham±natta½ caritabba½, dve vass±ni chasu dhammesu sikkhitasikkh±ya sikkham±n±ya ubhatosaªghe upasampad± pariyesitabb±, na bhikkhuniy± kenaci pariy±yena bhikkhu akkositabbo paribh±sitabbo, ajjatagge ovaµo bhikkhun²na½ bhikkh³su vacanapatho, anovaµo bhikkh³na½ bhikkhun²su vacanapatho”ti (c³¼ava. 403; a. ni. 8.51)–

Ime satta dhamme saªgaºh±ti. Garudhammeti garuke dhamme. Te hi g±rava½ katv± bhikkhun²hi sampaµicchitabbatt± “garudhamm±”ti vuccanti.

Aññena v± dhammen±ti µhapetv± aµµha garudhamme aññena yena kenaci dhammena. Bhikkhun²su upasampannamatta½ v± ovadatoti bhikkhun²su upasampannamatta½ garudhammena ovadato v±. Bhikkh³na½ santike upasampann±ya yath±vatthukameva. “Adhammakamme”ti-±d²su bhikkhunov±dasammutikamma½ “kamman”ti veditabbanti ±ha “sammatass±p²”ti-±di. Vagge bhikkhunisaªghe ovadato tikap±cittiyanti vagge bhikkhunisaªghe ovadato vaggasaññivematikasamaggasaññ²na½ vasena t²ºi p±cittiy±ni. Tath± vematikassa c±ti adhammakamme vematikassa ca vagge bhikkhunisaªghe ovadato tikap±cittiyanti attho. Esa nayo dhammakammasaññino c±ti etth±pi. Yath± ca vagge bhikkhunisaªghe ovadato nava p±cittiy±ni, eva½ adhammakamme adhammakammasaññino samagge bhikkhunisaªghe ovadato tasmi½ saªghe vaggasaññivematikasamaggasaññ²na½ vasena tikap±cittiya½, tath± vematikassa ca dhammakammasaññino c±ti nava p±cittiy±ni. Ten±ha “samaggepi bhikkhunisaªghe nav±”ti-±di. Dhammakamme pana adhammakammasaññino vagga½ bhikkhunisaªgha½ ovadato tikadukkaµa½, tath± vematikassa, dhammakammasaññino c±ti nava dukkaµ±ni. Samagga½ pana bhikkhunisaªgha½ ovadato aµµh±ti sattarasa dukkaµ±ni. Ten±ha “sace pan±”ti-±di. Añña½ dhammanti añña½ suttanta½ v± abhidhamma½ v±. “Samagg±mh±yy±”ti vacanena hi ov±da½ pacc±s²santi. Tasm± µhapetv± ov±da½ añña½ dhamma½ bhaºantassa dukkaµa½. Ov±dañca aniyy±tetv±ti “eso bhagini ov±do”ti avatv±. Paripuccha½ det²ti tass±yeva paguº±ya garudhammap±¼iy± attha½ bhaºati. Os±reh²ti ucc±rehi, katheh²ti attho. Os±ret²ti aµµhagarudhammap±¼i½ vadati. Pañha½ puµµhoti garudhammanissita½ v± khandh±dinissita½ v± pañha½ bhikkhuniy± puµµho.

Ov±dasikkh±padavaººan± niµµhit±.