2. Bh³tag±mavaggo

1. Bh³tag±masikkh±padavaººan±

“Bhavant²”ti (s±rattha. µ². p±cittiya 3.90) imin± viru¼ham³le n²labh±va½ ±pajjitv± va¹¹ham±nake taruºagacche dasseti. “Ahesun”ti imin± pana va¹¹hitv± µhite mahante rukkhagacch±dike dasseti. Ten±ha “j±yant²”ti-±di. Ettha ca “bhavant²”ti imassa vivaraºa½ “j±yanti va¹¹hant²”ti, “ahesun”ti imassa “j±t± va¹¹hit±”ti. G±moti sam³ho. Patiµµhitaharitatiºarukkh±d²nanti bh³miya½ patiµµhitassa haritatiºassa ceva haritarukkh±d²nañca. ¾disaddena osadhigacchalat±dayo veditabb±. Nimittatthe ca bhumma½. Yo attho sampajjati, tam±ha “bh³tag±map±tabyat±y±”ti-±din±.
Nanu ca rukkh±dayo cittarahitat±ya na j²v±, cittarahitat± ca pariphand±bh±vato, chinnepi viruhanato, visadisaj±tikabh±vato, catuyoniya½ apariy±pannato ca veditabb±, vu¹¹hi pana pav±¼asil±lavaº±nampi vijjat²ti na tesa½ j²vabh±ve k±raºa½, visayaggahaºañca nesa½ parikappan±matta½ supana½ viya ciñc±d²na½, tath± doha¼±dayo, atha kasm± bh³tag±massa p±tabyat±ya p±cittiya½ icchitanti? Samaºa-as±ruppato, tannissitasatt±nurakkhaºato ca. Tenev±ha “j²vasaññino hi moghapuris± manuss± rukkhasmin”ti-±di (p±ci. 89). S±sapab²jakasev±lamp²ti s±sapab²jakasaªkh±ta½ sev±lampi, s±sapasev±la½, b²jakasev±lamp²ti attho. Tattha s±sapasev±lo n±ma s±sapamatto khuddakasev±lo. B²jakasev±lo n±ma upari khuddakapatto heµµh± khuddakam³lo sev±lo.
M³lab²jakhandhab²japha¼ub²ja-aggab²jab²jab²j±nanti ettha m³lameva b²ja½ m³lab²ja½. Eva½ sesesupi. Tattha m³lab²ja½ haliddi-±dika½. Khandhab²ja½ assatth±dika½. Pha¼ub²ja½ ucchu-±dika½. Aggab²ja½ hiriver±dika½. B²ja½b²ja½ pubbaºº±dika½. Bh±janagatanti sar±v±dibh±janagata½. Nikkhanta½ m³lamatta½ etasm±ti nikkhantam³lamatta½. Matta saddena cettha paººassa nikkhamana½ paµikkhipati. Esa nayo nikkhanta-aªkuramattanti etth±pi. Sace pana m³lañca paººañca niggata½, bh³tag±masaªkha½ gacchati. Vidatthimatt± pattavaµµi niggacchat²ti vidatthimatt± an²lavaºº± pattavaµµi nikkhamati. Ten±ha “nikkhante”ti-±di. Harito na hot²ti n²lavaººo na hoti. Mugg±d²na½ pana paººesu uµµhitesu, v²hi-±d²na½ v± aªkure harite bh³tag±masaªgaha½ gacchanti. Esa nayo ambaµµhi-±d²su.
Bh³tag±mab²jag±meti ettha bh³tag±mato viyojita½ viruhanasamatthameva m³lab²j±dika½ b²jag±mo n±m±ti veditabba½. Ubhayatth±ti bh³tag±mab²jag±mesu. Atath±saññiss±ti abh³tag±m±b²jag±masaññissa. Ko pana v±do abh³tag±m±b²jag±mesu abh³tag±m±b²jag±masaññissa. Asañcicc±ti p±s±ºarukkh±d²ni v± pavaµµentassa, s±kha½ v± ka¹¹hantassa, kattaradaº¹ena v± bh³mi½ paharitv± gacchantassa tiº±ni kuppanti. T±ni tena “vikopess±m²”ti eva½ sañcicca avikopitatt± asañcicca vikopit±ni n±ma honti. Iti asañcicca vikopentassa an±patti.
Asatiy±ti aññavihito kenaci saddhi½ kiñci kathento p±daªguµµhakena v± hatthena v± tiºa½ v± lata½ v± vikopento tiµµhati, eva½ asatiy± vikopentassa an±patti.
Aj±nitv±ti ettha abbhantare “b²jag±mo”ti v± “bh³tag±mo”ti v± na j±n±ti, “vikopem²”ti pana j±n±ti. Eva½ tiºe v± pal±lapuñje v± khaºitti½ v± kud±la½ v± saªgopanatth±ya µhapeti, ¹ayham±nahattho v± aggi½ p±teti. Tatra ce tiº±ni chijjanti v± ¹ayhanti v±, eva½ aj±nitv± vikopentassa an±patti.
Yena kenaci aggin±ti kaµµhaggigomayaggi-±d²su yena kenaci aggin±, antamaso lohakhaº¹enapi ±dittena. “Kappiyan”ti vatv±v±ti y±ya k±yaci bh±s±ya “kappiyan”ti vatv±va. Eva-saddena paµhama½ aggin± phusitv± pacch± “kappiyan”ti vattu½ na vaµµat²”ti dasseti. “Paµhama½ aggi½ nikkhipitv± ta½ anuddharitv±va ‘kappiyan’ti vutte pana vaµµat²”ti (s±rattha. µ². p±cittiya 3.93) vadanti. Esa nayo sesesupi. Tathev±ti ‘kappiyan’ti vatv±va. Assamahi½sas³karamigagor³p±na½ pana khur± atikhiº±, tasm± tehi na k±tabba½, katampi akata½ hot²ti ±ha “µhapetv± gomahi½s±d²na½ khure”ti. Hatthinakh± pana khur± na honti, tasm± tehi vaµµati. Tiracch±n±nanti s²habyagghad²pimakkaµ±na½, sakunt±nañca. Tesañhi nakh± tikhiº± honti, tasm± tehi k±tabba½. “Antamaso chinditv± ±haµenap²”ti imin± yehi k±tu½ vaµµati, tehi tatthaj±takehi k±tabbanti ettha vattabbameva natth²ti dasseti. “Satthe vuttanayenev±”ti imin± cheda½ v± vedha½ v± dassentena “kappiyanti vatv±v±”ti vuttamatidisati. Ettha ca kiñc±pi “kappiyanti vatv±va k±tabban”ti-±din± kappiya½ karontena kattabb±k±rameva dassita½, tath±pi bhikkhun± “kappiya½ karoh²”ti vutteyeva anupasampannena “kappiyan”ti vatv± aggiparijit±di k±tabbanti gahetabba½. Avacana½ pana “punapi kappiya½ karoh²ti k±retv±va paribhuñjitabban”ti paµhamameva vuttatt±.
Ekasmi½…pe… kappiye kate sabba½ kata½ hot²ti eka½yeva “kappiya½ karom²”ti adhipp±yenapi kappiye kate ek±baddhatt± sabba½ kata½ hoti. D±ruka½ vijjhat²ti j±nitv± v± aj±nitv± v± vijjhati v± vijjh±peti v±, vaµµatiyeva. Bhattasitthe vijjhat²ti etth±pi eseva nayo. Ta½ vijjhati, na vaµµat²ti valli-±d²na½ bh±janagatikatt±ti adhipp±yo. Bhind±petv± kappiya½ k±retabbanti b²jato muttassa kaµ±hassa bh±janagatikatt± vutta½. Ab²janti aªkurajananasamatthab²jarahitataruºambaphal±di. Ten±ha “ya½ pana phala½ taruºa½ hoti, ab²jan”ti. Nibbattab²ja½ n±ma b²ja½ nibbattetv± visu½ katv± paribhuñjitu½ sakkuºeyya½ ambapanas±diphala½. Ten±ha “b²ja½ apanetv± paribhuñjitabban”ti. Tattha kappiyakaraºakicca½ natthi, sayameva kappiy±n²ti adhipp±yo.

Bh³tag±masikkh±padavaººan± niµµhit±.