4. Vassikas±µikasikkh±padavaŗŗan±

Pacchimam±sassa paµhamadivasato paµµh±y±ti jeµµham³lapuŗŗam±siy± pacchimap±µipadadivasato paµµh±ya. T±v±ti t±va parim±ŗe k±le. Jeµµham³lapuŗŗam±siy± pacchimap±µipadadivasato paµµh±ya y±va kattikapuŗŗam±, imasmi½ pańcam±seti attho. K±lo vassikas±µik±y±ti-±din±ti ettha ±disaddena “samayo vassikas±µik±ya, ańńepi manuss± vassikas±µikac²vara½ dent²”ti (p±r±. 628) imesa½ gahaŗa½. Detha me vassikas±µikac²varanti-±dik±y±ti ettha ±disaddena pana “±haratha me vassikas±µikac²vara½, parivattetha me vassikas±µikac²vara½, cet±petha me vassikas±µikac²varan”ti imesa½ gahaŗa½. Attano ańń±taka-appav±ritesu tadubhaya½ karontassa ki½ hot²ti ±ha “ańń±taka-appav±ritaµµh±ne”ti-±di. “Vattabhede dukkaµan”ti ida½ vassikas±µika½ pubbe adente sandh±ya vutta½. Ye pana pubbepi denti, tesu vattabhedo natthi. Vuttańhi samantap±s±dik±ya½ “ye manuss± pubbepi vassikas±µikac²vara½ denti, ime pana sacepi attano ańń±taka-appav±rit± honti, vattabhedo natthi tesu satupp±dakaraŗassa anuńń±tatt±”ti (p±r±. aµµha. 2.628). Ańń±takavińńattisikkh±padena nissaggiya½ p±cittiyanti “yo pana bhikkhu ańń±taka½ gahapati½ v± gahapat±ni½ v± c²vara½ vińń±peyya ańńatra samay±, nissaggiya½ p±cittiyan”ti (p±r±. 518) imin± sikkh±padena nissaggiya½ p±cittiya½. Ida½ pana pakatiy± vassikas±µikad±yakesupi hotiyeva.
Gimh±na½ pacchimaddham±sassa paµhamadivasato paµµh±y±ti ettha jeµµham³lak±¼apakkh³posathassa pacchimap±µipadadivasato paµµh±ya y±va ±s±¼hipuŗŗam±, ayamaddham±so gimh±na½ pacchimaddham±so n±ma, tassa paµhamadivasato paµµh±y±ti attho, addham±sassa paµhamap±µipadadivasato paµµh±y±ti vutta½ hoti. Kattikam±sassa pacchimadivaso n±ma pacchimakattikam±sassa puŗŗam±. Ett±vat±ti “m±so seso gimh±nanti bhikkhun± vassikas±µikac²vara½ pariyesitabba½, addham±so seso gimh±nanti katv± niv±setabban”ti ettakena gaŗanena. Pariyesanakkhettanti pariyesanassa khetta½. Etasmińhi m±se vassikas±µika½ aladdha½ pariyesitu½ vaµµati. Karaŗaniv±sanakkhettamp²ti karaŗakkhettańceva niv±sanakkhettańca. Pi-saddena pariyesanakkhetta½ sampiŗ¹eti. Etasmińhi addham±se pariyesitu½, k±tu½, niv±setuńca vaµµati, adhiµµh±tu½yeva na vaµµati. Ya½ pana samantap±s±dik±ya½ katthaci potthake “jeµµham³lapuŗŗam±siy± pacchimap±µipadadivasato paµµh±ya y±va k±lapakkhuposatho, ayameko addham±so pariyesanakkhettańceva karaŗakkhettańca. Etasmińhi antare vassikas±µika½ aladdha½ pariyesitu½ laddha½ k±tuńca vaµµati, niv±setu½, adhiµµh±tuńca na vaµµat²”ti (p±r±. aµµha. 2.628) vacana½ dissati, ta½ pam±dalikhita½ m±tik±ya virodhatoti daµµhabba½. “Addham±so seso gimh±nanti katv± niv±setabban”ti (p±r±. 627) hi p±¼i. Sabbamp²ti pariyesana½, karaŗa½, niv±sana½, adhiµµh±nańc±ti sabbampi. Imin± ime catt±ro m±s± pariyesanakaraŗaniv±san±dhiµµh±n±na½ catunnampi khettanti dasseti. Etesu hi cat³su m±sesu aladdha½ pariyesitu½, laddha½ k±tu½, niv±setu½, adhiµµh±tuńca vaµµati.
Vassa½ ukka¹¹h²yat²ti sa½vacchara½ uddha½ ka¹¹h²yati va¹¹h²yati, ±ruyhat²ti attho, vass±nassa paµhamam±sa½ ukka¹¹hitv± gimh±na½ pacchimam±sameva karont²ti vutta½ hoti. Vass³pan±yikadivase adhiµµh±tabb±ti vass±nato pubbeyeva das±hassa atikkantatt± vass³pan±yikadivaseyeva adhiµµh±tabb±. Tańhi divasa½ atikk±metu½ na vaµµati. Antovasse pana laddh± ceva niµµhit± ca tasmi½yeva antovasse laddhadivasato paµµh±ya das±ha½ n±tikk±metabb±, das±h±tikkame niµµhit± pana tadaheva adhiµµh±tabb±. Das±he appahonte c²varak±la½ n±tikk±metabb±. Aya½ t±va kat±ya parih±ro. Akat±ya pana ko parih±roti ±ha “sace”ti-±di. Ek±hampi na labhati ito ańńassa parih±rass±bh±vatoti adhipp±yo.
So kuto hot²ti ±ha “y±va hemantassa paµhamadivaso”ti, jeµµham³lapuŗŗam±sito paµµh±ya y±va kattikapuŗŗam±siy± pacchimap±µipadadivaso, t±v±ti attho. Etesu sattasu piµµhisamayam±ses³ti paµilomakkamena vuttesu kattikapuŗŗam±siy± pacchimap±µipad±d²su jeµµham³lapuŗŗam±s±vas±nesu etesu sattasu piµµhisamayan±makesu m±sesu. Satupp±dakaraŗen±ti “k±lo vassikas±µik±y±”ti-±din± nayena satupp±dakaraŗena. Vińń±pentass±ti “detha me vassikas±µikac²varan”ti-±din± (p±r±. 628) nayena vińńatti½ karontassa. Tena sikkh±padena an±patt²ti ańń±takavińńattisikkh±padena an±patti, imin± pana sikkh±padena ±pattiyeva asamayatt±. Vuttańheta½ bhadantabuddhadatt±cariyena–
“Katv± pana satupp±da½, vassas±µikac²vara½;
nipph±dentassa bhikkhussa, samaye piµµhisammate.
“Hoti nissaggiy±patti, ń±tak±ńń±tak±dino;
tesuyeva ca vińńatti½, katv± nipph±dane tath±”ti.
Ettha ca “ida½ me, bhante, vassikas±µikac²vara½ atirekam±se sese gimh±ne pariyiµµha½ atirekaddham±se sese gimh±ne katv± paridahita½ nissaggiyan”ti imin± (p±r±. 628) nayena nissajjanavidh±na½ veditabba½.
Vassikas±µikapariyesanavatthusminti paµikacceva vassikas±µikapariyesanavatthusmi½. Tikap±cittiyanti atirekam±saddham±sesu atirekasańńivematika-³nakasańń²na½ pariyesananiv±sanavasena t²ŗi p±cittiy±ni, ekasesaniddeso c±ya½, s±mańńaniddeso v±. Šnakam±saddham±ses³ti ³nakam±se ceva ³nakaddham±se ca. Atirekasańńino, vematikassa v± dukkaµanti ettha “pariyesananiv±sana½ karontass±”ti p±µhaseso. Ida½ vutta½ hoti– “³nakam±se sese gimh±ne atirekasańńino, vematikassa v± pariyesantassa dukkaµa½, ³nakaddham±se sese gimh±ne ca atirekasańńino, vematikassa v± niv±sentassa dukkaµan”ti. “Tath±”ti imin± dukkaµa½ atidisati, tańca dukkaµa½ udakaphusitagaŗan±ya akatv± nh±napariyos±navasena payoge payoge k±retabba½, tańca kho vivaµaŖgaŗe ±k±sato patita-udakeneva nh±yantassa, na nh±nakoµµhakav±pi-±d²su ghaµehi ±sitt³dakena nh±yantassa. Tenev±ha “satiy± vassikas±µik±y±”ti-±di. Pokkharaŗiy±d²su pana naggassa nh±yantassa an±patt²ti sambandho, pokkharaŗiy±d²su pana satiy±pi vassikas±µik±ya naggassa nh±yantassa natthi dukkaµ±patt²ti attho.
Eva½ antar±pattiy± an±patti½ dassetv± id±ni nissaggiyena an±patti½ dassetu½ “acchinnac²varass±”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha acchinnac²varass±ti acchinnasesac²varassa. Tass±pi asamaye niv±sato an±patti. Esa nayo naµµhac²varassa v±ti etth±pi. Yath± cettha niv±sent±na½ tesa½ an±patti, eva½ tattha pariyesant±namp²ti daµµhabba½. Ettha pana mahagghavassikas±µika½ µhapetv± nh±yantassa cor³paddavo ±pad± n±m±ti ±ha “anivatthan”ti-±di. ¾pad±su v± niv±sayatoti ±pad±su vijjam±n±su asamaye niv±sentassa. Ya½ pana samantap±s±dik±ya½ “acchinnac²varass±ti eta½ vassikas±µika½yeva sandh±ya vutta½. Tesańhi nagg±na½ k±yovass±pane an±patti. Ettha ca mahagghavassikas±µika½ niv±setv± nh±yantassa cor³paddavo ±pad± n±m±”ti acchinnac²var±dino nissaggiyena an±patti½ adassetv± naggassa nh±yato dukkaµeneva an±pattidassana½, ta½ yutta½ viya na dissati. Sabbasikkh±padesu hi m³l±pattiy± eva ±pattippasaŖge an±pattidassanattha½ an±pattiv±ro ±rabh²yati, na antar±pattiy±ti, tasm± upaparikkhitabba½. Sac²varat±ti antarav±saka-uttar±saŖgehi sac²varat±.

Vassikas±µikasikkh±padavaŗŗan± niµµhit±.