Eva½ kathinatth±ra½ dassetv± id±ni ubbh±ra½ dassento “ta½ paneta½ kathinan”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha m±tik±ti m±taro, janettiyoti attho. Kathinubbh±rańhi et± aµµha janenti. T±su pakkamana½ anto etiss±ti pakkamanantik±. Eva½ ses±pi veditabb±. Tattha yo bhikkhu atthatakathino kathinac²vara½ ±d±ya tasmi½ ±v±se nirapekkho “na paccessan”ti pakkamati, tasseva½ pakkamato kathinuddh±ro atikkantamatt±ya s²m±ya hot²ti pakkamanantiko kathinuddh±roti veditabbo.
Yo pana ±nisa½sac²vara½ ±d±ya pakkamati, tassa bahis²m±gatassa eva½ hoti “idhevima½ kariss±mi, na puna ta½ vih±ra½ gacchiss±m²”ti tasmi½ ±v±se nirapekkho hutv± ta½ c²vara½ k±reti, tassa bhikkhuno niµµh±nantiko kathinuddh±ro.
Yadi pana ±nisa½sam³lac²vara½ ±d±ya bahis²m±gato “nevima½ c²vara½ kariss±mi, na ca ta½ ±v±sa½ gacchiss±m²”ti sanniµµh±na½ karoti, tad± sanniµµh±nantiko kathinuddh±ro.
Tadeva ±nisa½sac²vara½ laddh± ta½ ±d±ya bahis²ma½ gantv± “idhevima½ c²vara½ kariss±mi, na gacchiss±m²”ti karontassa sace ta½ c²vara½ nassati vinassati ¹ayhati, n±sanantiko kathinuddh±ro hoti.
Sace pana ±nisa½sac²vara½ laddh± tasmi½ vih±re s±pekkhova bahis²m±gato “vih±re bhikkh³hi antarubbh±ra½ katan”ti suŗ±ti, tassa savanantiko kathinuddh±ro hoti.
¾s±ya avacchedo etiss±ti ±s±vacchedik±. Yo pana yena kenaci “tuyha½ c²vara½ dass±m²”ti vutto tasmi½ c²vare ±s±ya vih±re apekkha½ pah±ya bahis²m±gato puna tena “na sakkomi d±tun”ti vutte ±sa½ chindati, tassa ±s±vacchediko kathinuddh±ro hoti.
Yo pana vassa½vuµµhavih±rato ańńa½ vih±ra½ s±pekkhova gantv± ±gacchanto antar±maggeyeva kathinuddh±ra½ v²tin±meti, tassa s²m±tikkamanantiko kathinuddh±ro.
Saha ubbh±ren±ti sahubbh±r±. ¾nisa½sac²vara½ ±d±ya s±pekkhova bahi gantv± kathinuddh±ra½ sambhuŗantassa kathinuddh±ro sahubbh±roti veditabbo.
“Etasmi½ pana pakkamanantike kathinuddh±re paµhama½ c²varapalibodho chijjat²”ti-±din± c²varapalibodhupacched±dikassa vinicchayassa vitth±rato samantap±s±dik±ya½ (mah±va. aµµha. 311) vuttatt± “tattha vitth±ravinicchayo”ti-±dim±ha. Atth±rubbh±r±na½yeva v± vitth±ravinicchayassa tatth±gatatt± eva½ vuttanti daµµhabba½. Sesapalibodh±bh±vanti avasesassa palibodhassa abh±va½, ±v±sapalibodh±bh±vanti attho.
Ass±ti k±lassa. Das±haparamanti accantasa½yoge upayogavacananti ±ha “ta½ das±haparama½ k±lan”ti. Atirekanti adhika½, so ca adhikabh±vo adhiµµhitavikappitac²varatoti ±ha “adhiµµhitavikappites³”ti-±di. Khomanti (p±r±. aµµha. 2.636-638) khomasuttehi v±yita½ khomapaµµac²vara½. Tath± ses±ni. Kambala½ n±ma manussalomav±¼alome µhapetv± sesalomehi v±yitv± katavattha½. S±ŗa½ n±ma s±ŗav±kehi katavattha½. BhaŖga½ n±ma khomasutt±d²hi pańcahi missetv± katavattha½. “P±µekka½ v±kamayamev±”tipi vadanti. Tadanulom±na½ v±ti duk³la½ pattuŗŗa½ som±rapaµµa½ c²napaµµa½ iddhija½ devadinnanti tesa½ khom±d²na½yeva anulom±na½ channa½ c²var±na½ v±, tattha duk³la½ s±ŗassa anuloma½ v±kamayatt±. Pattuŗŗadese p±ŗakehi sańj±tavattha½ pattuŗŗa½. Som±radese j±ta½ vattha½ som±rapaµµa½. Tath± c²napaµµa½. Im±ni t²ŗipi koseyyassa anulom±ni p±ŗakehi katasuttamayatt±. Iddhija½ ehibhikkh³na½ puńńiddhiy± nibbattac²vara½. Ta½ pana khom±d²namańńatara½ hot²ti tesa½yeva anuloma½. Devehi dinna½ c²vara½ devadinna½, ta½ kapparukkhe nibbatta½ j±liniy± devakańń±ya anuruddhattherassa dinnavatthasadisa½, tampi khom±d²na½yeva anuloma½ hoti tesu ańńatarabh±vato.
D²ghato va¹¹hakihatthappam±ŗa½, vitth±rato tato upa¹¹happam±ŗa½ vikappanupaga½ pacchima½. AµµhaŖgula½ sugataŖgulen±ti ettha sugataŖgula½ n±ma id±ni majjhimassa purimassa t²ŗi aŖgul±ni, tena sugataŖgulena aµµhaŖgula½ va¹¹hakihatthappam±ŗanti attho. CaturaŖgulavitthatanti etth±pi yath±vutt±nus±reneva attho veditabbo. Yesa½ pana adhiµµh±navikappan±na½ abh±vato adhiµµhitavikappitesu apariy±pannatt± ida½ atirekac²vara½ n±ma hoti.
Ta½ adhiµµh±navikappana½ ken±k±rena j±nitabbanti anuyoga½ sandh±ya ta½ dassetu½ “ya½ pana vuttan”ti-±di ±raddha½. Tattha ya½ pana vuttanti atirekac²vara½ dassetu½ “adhiµµhitavikappitesu apariy±pannatt±”ti amhehi ya½ vuttanti attho. Tic²vara½ adhiµµh±tunti n±ma½ vatv± adhiµµh±tu½. Na vikappetunti saŖgh±µi-±din±mena vikappetu½ na anuj±n±m²ti attho. “Ima½ c²vara½ vikappem²”ti pana vikappetu½ vaµµatiyeva. S±mańńavacana½ pana tic²varassa kaŗ¹upaµicch±divassikas±µik±na½ viya k±lavasena vises±bh±v± cassa vikappetabbat±ti dassanattha½ na pana sabbath± vikappanapaµisedhanatthanti daµµhabba½. Tath± hi pur±ŗac²vara½ paccuddharitv± navassa adhiµµh±navacanato, “an±patti adhiµµheti vikappet²”ti-±divacanato (p±r±. 469) ca tic²varassapi vikappan±ya ok±so dinno. Esa nayo sabbattha. Tic²var±d²ni hi adhiµµhahantena “ima½ saŖgh±µi½ adhiµµh±m²”ti-±din± ta½ ta½ n±ma½ vatv± adhiµµh±tabba½. Vikappentena pana “ima½ saŖgh±µin”ti-±din± tassa tassa c²varassa n±ma½ aggahetv± “ima½ c²vara½ tuyha½ vikappem²”ti vikappetabba½. Tic²vara½ v± hotu, ańńa½ v±, yadi ta½ ta½ n±ma½ gahetv± vikappeti, avikappita½ hoti, atirekac²varaµµh±neyeva tiµµhati. Tato para½ vikappetunti catum±sato para½ “ima½ c²vara½ vikappem²”ti vikappetu½. Idańca paribhuńjitu½ anuńń±ta½. Keci pana (s±rattha. µ². 2.469) “tato para½ vikappetv± y±va ±g±misa½vacchare vass±na½ catum±sa½, t±va µhapetu½ anuńń±tan”ti vadanti. Tato paranti ±b±dhato para½. “Im±sańca pana vassikas±µikakaŗ¹upaµicch±d²na½ tato para½ vikappetv± paribhogassa anuńń±tatt± tath±vikappita½ ańńan±mena adhiµµhahitv± paribhuńjitabban”ti gaŗµhipadesu vutta½. Adhiµµh±tabbavikappetabbat± j±nitabb±ti adhiµµh±tabba½ vikappetabbanti eva½ adhiµµh±navikappan± j±nitabb±ti attho.
Pańcaparim±ŗa½ ass±ti pańcaka½, muµµhissa muµµhihatthassa sambandha½ pańcaka½ muµµhipańcaka½. Esa na yo muµµhittikanti etth±pi. P±rupanenapi sakk± n±bhi½ paµicch±detunti ±ha “dvihatthopi vaµµat²”ti. Na kevala½ a¹¹hateyyova vaµµati, atha kho dvihatthopi vaµµat²ti pi-saddassa attho daµµhabbo. Atirekańc±ti sugatac²varappam±ŗampi tato adhikampi. Paccuddhar±m²ti µhapemi, pariccaj±m²ti v± attho. “Ima½ c²vara½ saŖgh±µi½ adhiµµh±m²”ti (s±rattha. µ². 2.469) evampi vattu½ vaµµati. K±yavik±ra½ karonten±ti hatth±din± c²vara½ par±masantena, c±lentena v±. Idańhi adhiµµh±na½ yena kenaci sar²r±vayavena aphusantassa na vaµµati. Duvidhanti sammukh±parammukhabhedena duvidha½. V±c± bhinditabb±ti vacana½ nicch±retabba½. Antogabbh±d²s³ti antogabbha-uparip±s±desu. S±mantavih±reti yattha tadaheva gantv± nivattetu½ sakk±, evar³pe sam²pavih±re. Idańca desan±s²samatta½, tasm± d³re µhitampi adhiµµh±tabbanti vadanti. “Żhapitaµµh±na½ sallakkhetv±”ti imin± c²varasa½lakkhaŗa½ vutta½. Na hi µhapitaµµh±namattasallakkhaŗena kińci payojana½ atthi.
Adhiµµhahitv± µhapitavattheh²ti paccattharaŗamukhapuńchanaco¼aparikkh±raco¼avasena adhiµµhahitv± µhapitavatthehi. Adhiµµh±nato pubbe saŖgh±µi-±divoh±rassa abh±vato “ima½ paccuddhar±m²”ti paccattharaŗ±d²na½ visu½ paccuddharaŗavidhi½ dasseti. Paccattharaŗ±din±mena pana adhiµµh±tabbatt± “ima½ paccattharaŗa½ paccuddhar±m²”ti-±din± vuttepi nevatthi doso. Puna adhiµµh±tabb±n²ti saŖgh±µi-±din±mena adhiµµh±tabb±ni. Parikkh±raco¼akassa pana parikkh±raco¼avasena adhiµµhahitv± µhapitavatthehipi saŖgh±µi-±dimhi kate paccuddharitv± puna adhiµµh±tabbanti natthi. Pubbe kat±dhiµµh±nameva adhiµµh±na½. Adhiµµhitena pana tena saddhi½ mahantatarameva dutiya½ paµµa½ v± khaŗ¹a½ v± sa½sibbantena adhiµµh±tabba½, same v± khuddake v± adhiµµh±nakicca½ natthi. Sukhaparibhogatthanti vippav±sados±bh±vato yattha katthaci µhapetv± dhammassavan±din± kiccena ańńattha aruŗa½ uµµh±petv± ±gantv± nissajjana½ vin±va paribhuńjitu½ sakkuŗeyyat±ya sukhaparibhogattha½. Parikkh±raco¼a½ adhiµµh±tunti parikkh±raco¼a½ katv± adhiµµh±tu½.
Anatirittapam±ŗ±ti “d²ghaso cha vidatthiyo sugatavidatthiy±, tiriya½ a¹¹hateyy±”ti (p±ci. 543) vuttappam±ŗato anadhikapam±ŗ±. Paccuddharitv± vikappetabb±ti vassikas±µikabh±vato apanetv± vikappetabb±, hemantassa paµhamadivasato paµµh±ya antodas±he vassikas±µik±vassikas±µikabh±vato apanetv± “ima½ c²vara½ tuyha½ vikappem²”ti-±din± nayena vikappetabb±ti vutta½ hoti. Ańńath± hi “vassikas±µik± vass±nam±s±tikkamen±pi, kaŗ¹upaµicch±di ±b±dhav³pasamen±pi adhiµµh±na½ vijahat²”ti (kaŖkh±. aµµha. kathinasikkh±padavaŗŗan±) vakkham±natt± vass±nam±sato para½ asati adhiµµh±ne ki½ paccuddhareyy±ti “paccuddharitv±”ti vacanameva nopapajjeyya.
Keci pana (s±rattha. µ². 2.469) “yath± kathinam±sabbhantare uppannac²vara½ kathinam±s±tikkame nissaggiya½ hoti, evamaya½ vassikas±µik±pi vass±nam±s±tikkame nissaggiy± hoti. Tasm± kattikapuŗŗamadivase paccuddharitv± tato para½ hemantassa paµhamadivase vikappetabb±ti evamattho gahetabbo, paccuddharitv± tato para½ vikappetabb±ti padayojan± veditabb±”ti ca vadanti, ta½ na yutta½. Kathinam±se uppannańhi c²vara½ atirekac²varaµµh±ne µhitatt± avas±nadivase anadhiµµhita½ kathinam±s±tikkame nissaggiya½ hoti. Aya½ pana vassikas±µik± adhiµµhahitv± µhapitatt± na tena sadis±ti vass±n±tikkame katha½ nissaggiya½ hoti anadhiµµhita-avikappitameva hi ta½ k±l±tikkame nissaggiya½ hoti, tasm± hemantepi vassikas±µik± das±haparih±ra½ labhati. Eva½ kaŗ¹upaµicch±dipi adhiµµh±navijahanato para½ das±haparih±ra½ labhati. Das±ha½ pana anatikk±metv± vikappetabb±. Nah±natth±ya anuńń±tatt± vaŗŗabhedamattaratt±pi ces± vaµµat²ti vutta½. “Dve pana na vaµµant²”ti dvinna½ adhiµµh±n±bh±vato vutta½ “Sace vass±ne apar± vassikas±µik± uppann± hoti, purimavassikas±µika½ paccuddharitv±, vikappetv± ca adhiµµh±tabb±”ti vadanti.
Pam±ŗayuttanti “d²ghaso sugatavidatthiy± dve vidatthiyo, vitth±rato diya¹¹ha½ das± vidatth²”ti (p±ci. 531 ±dayo) imin± pam±ŗena yutta½. Pam±ŗik±ti “sugatavidatthiy± d²ghaso catasso vidatthiyo, tiriya½ dve vidatthiyo”ti eva½ vuttappam±ŗayutt±. Paccuddharitv± vikappetabb±ti ettha ya½ vattabba½, ta½ heµµh± vuttameva. Yasm± bhikkh³na½ tic²vare paripuŗŗe, atthe ca sati pariss±van±d²hi “anuj±n±mi, bhikkhave, parikkh±raco¼akan”ti (mah±va. 357) bah³na½ pattatthavikapariss±van±d²na½ saŖgahavasena parikkh±raco¼±dhiµµh±namanuńń±ta½, tasm± “parikkh±raco¼e gaŗan± natth²”ti-±di vutta½. Bhagavat± hi ya½ ya½ bhikkh³ labhanti, ta½ ta½ imin± vidh±nena adhiµµhahitv± puna “yena yena pariss±van±din± attho hoti, ta½ ta½ katv± gaŗhant³”ti anukamp±ya anuńń±ta½. Tenev±ha “thavik±p²”ti-±di. ¾disaddena “et±ni c²var±ni parikkh±raco¼±ni adhiµµh±m²”ti asammukh±dhiµµh±na½ saŖgaŗh±ti. “Sen±sanaparikkh±ratth±ya dinnapaccattharaŗe c±”ti imin± attano santaka½ paµikkhipati. Keci pana (s±rattha. µ². 2.469) “aniv±setv±, ap±rupitv± ca kevala½ pańcap²µhesuyeva attharitv± paribhuńjiyam±na½ paccattharaŗa½ attano santakampi anadhiµµhita½ vaµµat²”ti vadanti, ta½ ayutta½ sen±sanaparikkh±ratth±ya dinnan”ti paccattharaŗassa visesitatt±. Bhisibibbohanap±v±rakojav±nampi sen±sanaparikkh±ratoyeva adhiµµh±nakicca½ natth²ti veditabba½.