Ańńa½ kańci vih±ra½ gatenapi bhikkh³na½ ±rocetabbameva (c³¼ava. aµµha. 76). Sace sabbe ekaµµh±ne µhite passati, ekaµµh±ne µhiteneva ±rocetabba½. Atha rukkham³l±d²su visu½ visu½ µhit± honti, tattha tattha gantv± ±rocetabba½. Sańcicca an±rocentassa ratticchedo ca hoti, vattabhede ca dukkaµa½. Atha vicinanto ekacce na passati, ratticchedova hoti na ca vattabhedadukkaµa½. Sańcicca an±rocentassa pana ratticchedo ceva hoti, vattabhede ca dukkaµa½.
Tatthev±ti m±¼akas²m±yameva. M±¼akato pana bhikkh³su nikkhantesu ekassapi santike nikkhipitu½ vaµµati (c³¼ava. aµµha. 97). M±¼akato nikkhamitv± sati½ paµilabhantena saha gacchantassa santike nikkhipitabba½. Ten±ha “ekapuggalassa v± santike”ti. Sace sopi pakkanto, ańńassa yassa m±¼ake n±rocita½, tassa ±rocetv± nikkhipitabba½. Pakatattaµµh±neti saŖghakamm±na½ arahaµµh±ne. Dve le¹¹up±te atikkamitv±ti (s±rattha. µ². c³¼avagga 3.97) bhikkh³na½ sajjh±yanasaddasavan³pac±ravijahanattha½ vutta½. Mah±maggato okkamm±ti maggappaµipannabhikkh³na½ upac±ravijahanattha½ vutta½. Gumbena v± vatiy± v± paµicchannaµµh±neti dassan³pac±ravijahanattha½ vutta½. Vatta½ sam±diyitv± ±rocetabbanti vuttanayeneva vatta½ sam±diyitv± pariv±so ±rocetabbo. “¾rocetabban”ti pana s±mańńena vutta½. ¾rocentena ca sace navakataro hoti, “±vuso”ti vattabba½. Sace vu¹¹hataro, “bhante”ti vattabba½. Sace ańńo koci bhikkhu kenacideva karaŗ²yena ta½ µh±na½ ±gacchati. Sace esa na½ passati, sadda½ v± tassa suŗ±ti, ±rocetabba½. An±rocentassa ratticchedo ceva vattabhedo ca. Ten±ha “yampi ańńa½ bhikkhu½ passati, tass±pi ±rocetabbamev±”ti. Atha dv±dasahattha½ upac±ra½ okkamitv± aj±nantasseva gacchati, ratticchedo hotiyeva, vattabhedo pana natthi. Uµµhiteti uggate. Ya½ sabbapaµhama½ bhikkhunti vih±rato nikkhamanta½ v± ±gantuka½ v± sabbapaµhama½ ya½ ańńa½ bhikkhu½ passati. Tassa ±rocetv± nikkhipitabbanti an±rocentassa dukkaµa½ siy±, ta½ sandh±ya vutta½, na tu ratticcheda½ sandh±ya. Itarath± hi “vih±ras²m±pariy±pann±na½ sabbesa½ ±rocetv±”ti vadeyya. Y±va rattiyo p³rent²ti yattak± rattiyo ±patti paµicchann± hoti, tattak± rattiyo y±va p³renti, t±va parivatthabba½. Samantap±s±dik±ya½ pana “eva½ yattak±ni divas±ni ±patti paµicchann± hoti, tattak±ni, tato adhikatar±ni v± kukkuccavinodanatth±ya parivasitv±”ti vutta½. Vitth±roti papańco.
Itaresu pana dv²s³ti suddhantapariv±so, samodh±napariv±soti dvinna½ majjhe. Khandhaketi samuccayakkhandhake (c³¼ava. 156 ±dayo). C³¼asuddhanto mah±suddhantoti ettha yo upasampadato (c³¼ava. aµµha. 102; vi. saŖga. aµµha. 242) paµµh±ya anulomakkamena v± ±rocitadivasato paµµh±ya paµilomakkamena v± “asukańca asukańca divasa½ v± pakkha½ v± m±sa½ v± sa½vacchara½ v± tava suddhabh±va½ j±n±s²”ti pucchiyam±no “±ma, bhante, j±n±mi ettaka½ n±ma k±la½ aha½ suddho”ti vadati, tassa dinno suddhantapariv±so “c³¼asuddhanto”ti vuccati.
Ta½ gahetv± parivasantena yattaka½ k±la½ attano suddhabh±va½ j±n±ti, tattaka½ apanetv± avasesa½ m±sa½ v± dvem±sa½ v± parivasitabba½. Sace “m±samatta½ asuddhomh²”ti sallakkhetv± pariv±sa½ aggahesi, parivasanto ca puna ańńa½ m±sa½ sarati, tampi m±sa½ parivasitabbameva, puna pariv±sad±nakicca½ natthi. Atha “dvem±sa½ asuddhomh²”ti sallakkhetv± aggahesi, parivasanto ca “m±samattamev±ha½ asuddhomh²”ti sanniµµh±na½ karoti, m±sameva parivasitabba½, puna pariv±sad±nakicca½ natthi. Ayańhi suddhantapariv±so uddhampi ±rohati, heµµh±pi orohati, idamassa lakkhaŗa½.
Yo pana yath±vuttena anulomappaµilomavasena pucchiyam±nopi rattipariyanta½ (c³¼ava. aµµha. 102) na j±n±ti nassarati, rattipariyante vematiko v± hoti, tassa dinno suddhantapariv±so “mah±suddhanto”ti vuccati. Ta½ gahetv± gahitadivasato y±va upasampadadivaso, t±va rattiyo gaŗetv± parivasitabba½. Aya½ uddha½ n±rohati, heµµh± pana orohati. Tasm± sace parivasanto rattiparicchede sanniµµh±na½ karoti “m±so v± sa½vaccharo v± mayha½ ±pannass±”ti, m±sa½ v± sa½vacchara½ v± parivasitabba½. Ettha ca kińc±pi “ettaka½ k±la½ aha½ suddho”ti vadantassa c³¼asuddhanto d²yati, tath±pi niyameneva j±nan±bh±v± “duvidhopi cesa…pe… d±tabbo”ti vutta½. Tassa d±navidhi khandhake ±gatoti tassa duvidhass±pi suddhantassa d±navidhi “tena, bhikkhave, bhikkhun± saŖgha½ upasaŖkamitv±…pe… evamassa vacan²yo”ti-±din± samuccayakkhandhake (c³¼ava. 156) ±gato. Tasm± tattha vuttanayeneva veditabboti adhipp±yo. Esa nayo vinicchayakath± pana vitth±rato samantap±s±dik±ya½ vutt±ti etth±pi.
Odhunitv± avadhuya pah±ya samodh±no odh±nasamodh±no. Cirappaµicchann±na½ agghena samodh±no agghasamodh±no. Missak±na½ samodh±no missakasamodh±no. Id±ni ta½ tividhampi samodh±napariv±sa½ saŖkhepato dassetu½ “tatth±”ti-±dim±ha. Antar±patti½ ±pajjitv± paµicch±dentass±ti yo pariv±sa½ gahetv± anikkhittavatto hutv± parivasanto apariniµµhiteyeva pariv±se antar± vemajjhe saŖgh±dises±patti½ ±pajjitv± paµicch±deti, tassa. Parivutthadivaseti lakkhaŗavacanameta½, tena “m±nattaciŗŗadivase c±”tipi vuttameva hoti. Makkhetv±ti ńatticatutthena kammena m³l±ya paµikassanavasena makkhetv±. Samodahitv±ti m³l±pattiµµh±ne µhapetv±, pakkhipitv±ti attho. D±tabbapariv±soti “suŗ±tu me, bhante, saŖgho”ti-±din± ńatticatutthena kammena d±tabbapariv±so. Ida½ vutta½ hoti– yo paµicchann±ya ±pattiy± pariv±sa½ gahetv± parivasanto (c³¼ava. aµµha. 102; vi. saŖga. aµµha. 243) v± m±natt±raho v± m±natta½ caranto v± abbh±n±raho v± anikkhittavatto ańńa½ ±patti½ ±pajjitv± purim±pattiy± sam± v± ³natar± v± rattiyo paµicch±deti, tassa m³l±ya paµikassanena te parivutthadivase ca m±nattaciŗŗadivase ca sabbe odhunitv± adivase katv± pacch± ±pann±patti½ m³l±pattiya½ samodh±ya pariv±so d±tabboti.
Sace pana antar±patti m³l±pattito atirekappaµicchann± hoti (c³¼ava. aµµha. 102), ta½ m³l±patti½ katv± tattha itara½ samodh±ya pariv±so d±tabbo. Sace pana antar±patti appaµicchann± hoti, m³l±ya paµikassana½ akatv± pubbe gahitapariv±seneva parivasitabba½.
Y± ek± v±…pe… sabbacirappaµicchann±yoti y± ek± v± ±patti sabbacirappaµicchann±, y± dve v± tisso v± sambahul± v± ±pattiyo sabbacirappaµicchann±yoti attho. T±santi sabbacirappaµicchann±na½ ±patt²na½. D±navidhi panassa khandhake vuttanayeneva veditabbo.
Yassa pana sata½ ±pattiyo das±hapaµicchann±, aparampi sata½ ±pattiyo das±hapaµicchann±, aparampi sata½ ±pattiyo das±hapaµicchann±ti eva½ dasakkhattu½ katv± ±pattisahassa½ divasasatapaµicchanna½ hoti, tena ki½ k±tabbanti? Sabba½ samodahitv± dasa divase parivasitabba½. Eva½ ekeneva das±hena divasasatampi parivasitameva hoti. Vuttampi ceta½–
“Dasasata½ rattisata½, ±pattiyo ch±dayitv±na;
dasa rattiyo vasitv±na, mucceyya p±riv±siko”ti. (Pari. 477).

Aya½ agghasamodh±no n±ma.

Id±ni missakasamodh±na½ niddisitu½ “missakasamodh±no n±m±”ti-±dim±ha. Tatr±ya½ nayo–
“Aha½, bhante, sambahul± saŖgh±dises± ±pattiyo ±pajji½ eka½ sukkavissaµµhi½, eka½ k±yasa½sagga½, eka½ duµµhullav±ca½, eka½ attak±ma½, eka½ sańcaritta½, eka½ kuµik±raka½, eka½ vih±rak±raka½, eka½ duµµhadosa½, eka½ ańńabh±giya½, eka½ saŖghabheda½, eka½ bhed±nuvattaka½, eka½ dubbaca½, eka½ kulad³saka½, soha½, bhante, saŖgha½ t±sa½ ±patt²na½ samodh±napariv±sa½ y±c±m²”ti–

Tikkhattu½ y±c±petv± tadanur³p±ya kammav±c±ya pariv±so d±tabbo. Ettha ca “saŖgh±dises± ±pattiyo ±pajji½ n±n±vatthuk±yo”tipi “saŖgh±dises± ±pattiyo ±pajjin”tipi eva½ pubbe vuttanayena vatthuvasenapi gottavasenapi n±mavasenapi ±pattivasenapi yojetv± kammav±ca½ k±tu½ vaµµhatiyev±ti. Aya½ missakasamodh±no. Sabbapariv±sakammav±c±vas±ne pana nikkhitt±nikkhittavatt±dikath± purimanayeneva veditabb±. Tividhepi samodh±napariv±se atthamattasseva vuttatt±, vinicchay±d²na½ v± an±maµµhatt± “aya½ tividhepi samodh±napariv±se saŖkhepakath±”ti vutta½. Mah±visayatt± samodh±navic±raŗ±ya s± niravases± kuto laddhabb±ti ±ha “vitth±ro”ti-±di.

Ch±rattanti saddo t²yati chijjati etth±ti ratti, satt±na½ saddassa v³pasamanak±loti attho, cha rattiyo sam±haµ±, channa½ ratt²na½ v± sam±h±ro charatta½, charattameva ch±ratta½, avayavabyatirekena samud±yass±bh±vato cha rattiyoti attho vutto.
Pariv±sa½ adatv± m±nattameva d±tabbanti yasm± ±patti appaµicchann±, yasm± ca ±pannabh±veneva m±natt±raho hoti, tasm± pariv±sa½ adatv± kevala½ m±nattameva d±tabba½. Ya½ paµicchann±ya ±pattiy± parivutthapariv±sassa d²yati, ida½ paµicchannam±natta½ n±m±ti ±ha “yassa paµicchann± hot²”ti-±di. Idanti paµicchannam±natta½. Idh±ti imasmi½ v±kye. Katha½ pana tesa½ dvinna½ m±natt±na½ d±navidhi ca vinicchayakath± ca veditabb±ti ±ha “ubhinnampi pan±”ti-±di.
Ayanti vakkham±na½ sandh±y±ha. Pariv±se vuttappak±ra½ padesanti parikkhittassa vih±rassa parikkhepato aparikkhittassa parikkhep±rahaµµh±nato dve le¹¹up±te atikkamitv± mah±maggato okkamma gumbena v± vatiy± v± paµicchannaµµh±na½. Sam±diyitv±ti anto-aruŗeyeva sam±diyitv±. ¾rocetv±ti–
“Aha½, bhante, eka½ ±patti½ ±pajji½ sańcetanika½ sukkavissaµµhi½ appaµicchanna½, soha½, bhante, saŖgha½ ekiss± ±pattiy± sańcetanik±ya sukkavissaµµhiy± appaµicchann±ya ch±ratta½ m±natta½ y±ci½ tassa me saŖgho ekiss± ±pattiy± sańcetanik±ya sukkavissaµµhiy± appaµicchann±ya ch±ratta½ m±natta½ ad±si, soha½ m±natta½ car±mi, veday±maha½, bhante, vedayat²’ti ma½ saŖgho dh±ret³”ti-±din± (c³¼ava. aµµha. 97)–

¾pattidivas±nur³pa½ ±rocetv±. Imańca pana attha½ gahetv± (c³¼ava. aµµha. 97) y±ya k±yaci bh±s±ya ±rocetu½ vaµµatiyeva. ¾rocitak±lato paµµh±ya ca eka½ bhikkhu½ µhapetv± sesehi sati karaŗ²ye gantumpi vaµµati. Aruŗe uµµhite tassa bhikkhussa santike vatta½ nikkhipitabba½. Sace sopi kenaci kammena pure aruŗeyeva gacchati, ańńa½ vih±rato nikkhanta½ v± ±gantuka½ v± ya½ paµhama½ passati, tassa santike ±rocetv± nikkhipitabba½. Ayańca yasm± gaŗassa ±rocetv±, bhikkh³nańca atthibh±va½ sallakkhetv±va vasi, tenassa ³ne gaŗe caraŗadoso v± vippav±so v± na hoti. Sace pana kańci na passati, vih±ra½ gantv± ya½ paµhama½ passati, tassa ±rocetv± nikkhipitabba½. Ten±ha “tato tesu gatesu v± agatesu v± purimanayena paµipajjitabban”ti.

Yattha siy±ti yassa½ sam±nasa½v±sakas²m±ya½ v²satigaŗo bhikkhusaŖgho atthi. Avh±tabboti abbh±nakammavasena pakkositabbo. Abbh±nakamma½ pana kathanti ±ha “abbh±nakamma½ pan±”ti-±di. P±¼ivasen±ti “suŗ±tu me, bhante, saŖgho”ti-±din± (c³¼ava. 101) p±¼ivasena. Vinicchayavasen±ti “abbhantehi ca paµhama½ abbh±n±raho k±tabbo. Ayańhi nikkhittavattatt± pakatattaµµh±ne µhito, pakatattassa ca abbh±na½ k±tu½ na vaµµati, tasm± vatta½ sam±dapetabbo. Vatte sam±dinne abbh±n±raho hoti. Ten±pi vatta½ sam±diyitv± ±rocetv± abbh±na½ y±citabba½. Anikkhittavattassa pana vattasam±nakicca½ natthi. So hi ch±ratt±tikkameneva abbh±n±raho hot²”ti-±din± (c³¼ava. aµµha. 97) vinicchayavasena. Ta½ paneta½ sabba½ pariv±s±dikamma½ p±¼ivasena (c³¼ava. 75) ca aµµhakath±vasena (c³¼ava. aµµha. 75, 97) ca suvińńeyyatt± ativitth±rabhayena na vitth±rayimha, atthikehi pana tatova gahetabba½. Imassa pana kammassa v²sativaggakaraŗ²yatt± tato ³natarena kata½ kuppati. Ten±ha “eken±pi ce…pe… anabbhito”ti. Ayanti aya½ yath±vutt±. S±m²c²ti vatta½.

Iti kaŖkh±vitaraŗiy± p±timokkhavaŗŗan±ya

Vinayatthamańj³s±ya½ l²natthappak±saniya½

SaŖgh±disesavaŗŗan± niµµhit±.