Saªgh±disesanigamanavaººan±

Paµham±pattik±ti avayavena viggaho samud±yo sam±satthoti ±ha “paµhama½ ±patti etesanti paµham±pattik±”ti. V²tikkamanakkhaºeyev±ti vatthuv²tikkamanakkhaºeyeva. Eva-k±rena samanubh±sanakammakkhaºa½ paµikkhipati. Ahassa yattako paricchedo y±vat²ha½. Ten±ha “yattak±ni ah±n²”ti. Ah±n²ti ca divas±n²ti attho.
Vatthuvasena v±ti asucimocan±div²tikkamamattavasena v±. Idanti ida½ v²tikkama½. N±mamattavasena v± aya½ itthann±m± ±patt²ti “aya½ saªgh±diseso n±ma ±patt²”ti eva½ vin± vatthu½ n±mavasena v±. Mattasaddena cettha vatthu½ paµikkhipati. Potthakesu pana katthaci “n±magottavasena v±”ti likhanti, ta½ na sundara½ “aya½ itthann±m± ±patt²”ti vuttatt±. Id±ni na½ kassaci na ±rocess±m²ti sambandho. Dhura½ nikkhipitv±ti ±rocane uss±ha½ µhapetv±. Na kevala½ vatthun±mavaseneva ±pattisaññ² hutv± ch±dentasseva, atha kho yopi eva½ aj±nanto kevala½ “±patti½ ch±dem²”ti ±pattisaññ±ya ch±deti, tassapi chann± hot²ti veditabba½. Sace panettha an±pattisaññ² v± hoti, aññ±pattikkhandhasaññ² v± vematiko v± hutv± “na d±ni na½ kassaci ±rocess±m²”ti eva½ ch±detuk±mova dhura½ nikkhipitv± aruºa½ uµµh±peti, acchann±va hot²ti ±netv± yojetabba½. An±patti pana ±pattisaññ±yapi an±pattisaññ±yapi ch±dentena acch±dit±va hoti. Lahuka½ v± “garuk±”ti garuka½ v± “lahuk±”ti ch±deti, alajjipakkhe tiµµhati, ±patti pana acchann± hoti. Garuka½ “lahuk±”ti maññam±no deseti, neva desit± hoti nacchann±.
Pakato sabh±vabh³to att± ass±ti pakatatto, na kammehi vikatattoti attho. Ten±ha “anukkhitto sam±nasa½v±sako”ti. Vuttanayenev±ti “na d±ni na½ kassaci ±rocess±m²”ti-±din± vuttaneva nayena. Atha “mayha½ saªghena kamma½ katan”ti (c³¼ava. aµµha. 102) apakatattasaññ² hutv± ch±deti, acchann±va hoti. Apakatattena pana pakatattasaññin± v± pakatattena apakatattasaññin± v± ch±dit±pi acchann±va hoti. Vuttampi ceta½–
“¾pajjati garuka½ s±vasesa½;
ch±deti an±dariya½ paµicca;
na bhikkhun² no ca phuseyya vajja½;
pañh±mes± kusalehi cintit±”ti. (Pari. 481).

Ayañhi pañho ukkhittakena kathito.

Dasasu antar±yesu ya½ vattabba½, ta½ heµµh± vuttameva. Sace pana yo bh²rukaj±tikat±ya andhak±re amanussacaº¹amigabhayena antar±yikasaññ² hutv± ch±deti, acchann±va hoti. Yassapi pabbatavih±re vasantassa kandara½ v± nadi½ v± atikkamitv± ±rocetabba½ hoti, antar±magge ca caº¹av±¼a-amanuss±dibhaya½ atthi, magge ajagar± nipajjanti, nad² p³r± hoti, etasmi½ satiyeva antar±ye antar±yikasaññ² hutv± ch±deti, acchann±va hoti. Antar±yikassa pana antar±yikasaññ±ya v± anantar±yikasaññ±ya v± ch±dayato acchann±va.
Bhikkhunoti sabh±gassa bhikkhuno. Sacassa mukhe appamattako gaº¹o v± hoti, hanukav±to v± vijjhati, danto v± rujjati, bhikkh± v± mand± laddh± hoti, t±vatakena pana neva vattu½ na sakkoti, na gantu½. Apica kho “na sakkom²”ti saññ² hoti, aya½ pahu hutv± appahusaññ² n±ma. Imin± ch±dit±pi acch±dit±. Appahun± pana vattu½ v± gantu½ v± asamatthena pahusaññin± v± appahusaññin± v± ch±dit±pi acch±dit±va.
Ida½ utt±namev±ti ida½ aªgadvaya½ utt±natthameva. Sace pana “ch±dess±m²”ti dhuranikkhepa½ katv± purebhatte v± pacch±bhatte v± paµhamay±m±d²su v± lajjidhamma½ okkamati, anto-aruºeyeva ±roceti, aya½ ch±detuk±mo na ch±deti n±ma.
Yassa pana abhikkhuke µh±ne vasantassa ±patti½ ±pajjitv± sabh±gassa bhikkhuno ±gamana½ ±gamentassa v±, sabh±gassa santika½ v± gacchantassa a¹¹ham±sopi m±sopi atikkamati, aya½ nacch±detuk±mo ch±deti n±ma. Ayampi acchann±va hoti.
Yo pana ±pannamattova aggi½ akkantapuriso viya sahas± apakkamitv± sabh±gaµµh±na½ gantv± ±vi karoti, aya½ nacch±detuk±mova na ch±deti n±ma. Sabh±gamattameva pam±ºanti averisabh±gamattameva pam±ºa½. Averisabh±gassa hi santike ±rocetabba½. Yo pana visabh±go hoti sutv± pak±setuk±mo, evar³passa upajjh±yassapi santike na ±rocetabb±. Tattha purebhatta½ ±patti½ ±panno hotu, pacch±bhatta½ v± div± v± ratti½ v±, y±va aruºa½ na uggacchati, t±va ±rocetabba½. Uddhaste aruºe paµicchann± hoti, paµicch±danapaccay± ca dukkaµa½ ±pajjati. Saªkhepatoti sam±sato. Vitth±rato pana samantap±s±dik±ya½ vuttoti adhipp±yo.
Ak±m± parivatthabbanti appaµikammakat±ya ±pattiy± saggamokkh±varaºabh±vato anicchanten±pi parivasitabbanti attho. Ten±ha “na k±men±”ti-±di. Pariv±sa½ sam±d±y±ti pariv±savatta½ saªghamajjhe sam±diyitv±. Yadipi catubbidho pariv±so appaµicchannapariv±so, paµicchannapariv±so, suddhantapariv±so, samodh±napariv±soti, tath±pi appaµicchannapariv±so idha na adhippetoti ±ha “tattha paµicchanna…pe… tividho pariv±so”ti. Tatth±ti tasmi½ v±kye. Paµicchann±ya ±pattiy± sati d±tabbo pariv±so paµicchannavisayat±ya paµicchannapariv±so. Suddhantato paµµh±ya d±tabbo pariv±so suddhantapariv±so. Samodahitv± d±tabbo pariv±so samodh±napariv±so.
Id±ni te tividheyeva pariv±se sar³pato dassetu½ “tatth±”ti-±dim±ha. ti yasm±. Ek±ha½ paµicchann± ek±happaµicchann±. Vuttanayen±ti “±patti ca hot²”ti-±din± vuttena nayena. Ek±happaµicchannanti ettha itisaddo “iti v±, iti evar³p± vis³kadassan± paµivirato”ti-±d²su (d². ni. 1.13, 197) viya ±di-attho. Tena “soha½, bhante, saªgha½ ekiss± ±pattiy± sañcetanik±ya sukkavisaµµhiy± ek±happaµicchann±ya ek±hapariv±sa½ y±c±m²”ti ima½ p±¼isesa½ (c³¼ava. 102) saªgaºh±ti. Eva½ pariv±sa½ y±c±petv±ti eva½ y±vatatiya½ y±c±petv±. Khandhake ±gatanayen±ti samuccayakkhandhake (c³¼ava. 97 ±dayo) ±gatanayena. Tatoti pakkhato paµµh±ya. Atirekapakkhappaµicchannanti pakkhassa atireko atirekapakkho, ta½ paµicchannanti attho. Tatoti ti½satimadivasato paµµh±ya. M±sappaµicchannanti satt±na½ ±yu½ minanto viya siyati anta½ karot²ti m±so, ti½sarattindivo, ta½ paµicchannanti attho. Sa½vacchare puººeti ta½ ta½ satta½, dhammappavattiñca saªgamma vadanto viya sarati pavattat²ti sa½vaccharo, dv±dasa m±s±, tasmi½ paripuººe.
Vatthukittanavasena v±ti n±mena saha vatthukittanavasena v±ti attho. Teneva hi upari “n±mamattavasena v±”ti mattaggahaºa½ katanti daµµhabba½. N±mamattavasen±ti vatthukittana½ vin± kevala½ n±masseva vasena. Tasm±ti yasm± duvidhe n±me “±patt²”ti sabbas±dh±raºa½ n±ma½, tasm± Sukkavissaµµh²ti sukkavissaµµhi n±m±ya½. Itisaddo hettha vacan²yattha½ nidasseti. Nidassanamattañceta½ “sukkavissaµµh²”ti k±yasa½sagg±d²nampi vatthu-±dibh±vena icchitabbatt±. Vatthu ceva gottañc±ti v²tikkamatt± vatthu ceva anaññas±dh±raºatt± gottañca. Ga½ t±yat²ti gotta½, saj±tito aññattha k±yasa½sagg±d²su gantu½ adatv± buddhi½, vacanañca rakkhat²ti attho. Saªgh±disesoti saªgh±diseso n±m±ya½. Ettha pana itisaddo vacanavacan²yasamud±ya½ nidasseti. Ten±ha “n±mañceva ±patti c±”ti, saj±tis±dh±raºan±matt± n±mañceva tena tena v²tikkamen±pajjitabbatt± ±patti c±ti attho. Idampi nidassanamattameva “±pattiyo”ti imass±pi n±m±dibh±vena icchitabbatt±. Itisaddo v± ±di-attho. Evañca katv± “k±yasa½sagganti-±divacanen±p²”ti-±dikampi samatthita½ hoti.
Tayida½ kammav±c±ya kena vacanena gahitanti anuyoga½ sandh±ya “tatth±”ti-±dim±ha. “¾patt²”ti sabbas±dh±raºan±matt±, v²tikkamena ±pajjitabbatt± ca n±mañceva ±patti ca hot²ti ±ha “±pattiyoti vacanen±p²”ti. Tasm±ti yasm± ida½ pariv±s±divinayakamma½ vatthuvasena, gottavasena, n±mavasena, ±pattivasena ca k±tu½ vaµµatiyeva, tasm±. Etes³ti vatthu-±d²su, sukkavissaµµhi-±d²su v±. Vatta½ sam±d±tabbanti yath±vuttesu dv²su padesu ekenapi sam±d±tabba½. Dv²hi pana susam±dinna½yeva. Teneva vakkhati “sam±d±nepi eseva nayo”ti (kaªkh±. aµµha. nid±navaººan±).
¾rocetv±ti
“Aha½, bhante, eka½ ±patti½ ±pajji½ sañcetanika½ sukkavissaµµhi½ ek±happaµicchanna½, soha½ saªgha½ ekiss± ±pattiy± sañcetanik±ya sukkavissaµµhiy± ek±happaµicchann±ya ek±hapariv±sa½ y±ci½, tassa me saªgho ekiss± ±pattiy± sañcetanik±ya sukkavissaµµhiy± ek±happaµicchann±ya ek±hapariv±sa½ ad±si, soha½ parivas±mi, veday±maha½, bhante, ‘vedayat²’ti ma½ saªgho dh±ret³”ti (c³¼ava. aµµha. 102)–

Evam±din± ta½ ta½ yojan±nur³pa½ ±rocetv±. Imañca panattha½ gahetv± y±ya k±yaci bh±s±ya ±rocetu½ vaµµatiyeva (c³¼ava. aµµha. 102). “Puna ±gat±gat±na½ bhikkh³na½ ±rocenten±”ti ida½ ±gantuka½ bhikkhu½ sandh±ya vutta½. Ettha ca ekassa ±rocentena avas±ne “vedayat²ti ma½ ±yasm± dh±retu”, dvinna½ “±yasmant± dh±rentu”, tiººa½ “±yasmanto dh±rent³”ti vattabba½. Vattabhedañca ratticchedañca akatv±ti “na, bhikkhave, p±riv±sikena bhikkhun± s±ditabba½ pakatatt±na½ bhikkh³na½ abhiv±dana½ paccupaµµh±nan”ti-±din± (c³¼ava. 75) p±riv±sikakkhandhake y±ni catunavuti vatt±ni vutt±ni, tesa½ bhedañca, yo ca “tayo kho, up±li, p±riv±sikassa bhikkhuno ratticched± sahav±so vippav±so an±rocan±”ti (c³¼ava. 83) ratticchedo vutto, tañca akatv±.

Aya½ hettha vinicchayo– sace (c³¼ava. aµµha. 76) ±gantuk± muhutta½ vissamitv± v± avissamitv± eva v± vih±ramajjhena gacchanti, tesampi ±rocetabba½. Sace tassa aj±nantasseva gacchanti, ayañca gatak±le j±n±ti, gantv± ±rocetabba½. Samp±puºitu½ asakkontassa ratticchedova hoti, na vattabhedadukkaµa½. Yepi antovih±ra½ appavisitv± upac±ras²ma½ okkamitv± gacchanti, ayañca nesa½ chattasadda½ v± ukk±sitasadda½ v± khipitasadda½ v± sutv±va ±gantukabh±va½ j±n±ti, gantv± ±rocetabba½. Gatak±le j±nanten±pi anubandhitv± ±rocetabbameva. Samp±puºitu½ asakkontassa ratticchedova hoti, na vattabhedadukkaµa½. Yopi ratti½yeva ±gantv± ratti½yeva gacchati, sopissa ratticcheda½ karoti. Aññ±tatt± pana vattabhedadukkaµa½ natthi. Sace aj±nitv±va abbh±na½ karoti, akatameva hot²ti kurundiya½ (c³¼ava. aµµha. 76) vutta½. Tasm± adhik± rattiyo gahetv± k±tabba½. Aya½ apaººakappaµipad±.
Nadi-±d²su n±v±ya gacchantampi parat²re µhitampi ±k±se gacchantampi pabbatatala-araññ±d²su d³re µhitampi bhikkhu½ disv± sace “bhikkh³”ti vavatth±na½ atthi, n±v±d²hi v± gantv±, mah±sadda½ katv± v± vegena anubandhitv± v± ±rocetabba½, an±rocentassa ratticchedo ceva vattabhedadukkaµañca. Sace v±yamantopi samp±puºitu½ v± s±vetu½ v± na sakkoti, ratticchedova hoti, na vattabhedadukkaµa½.