8. Duµµhadosasikkh±padavaººan±

D³s²yat²ti duµµho, d³seti para½ vin±set²ti doso. Ten±ha “d³sito cev±”ti-±di. Id±ni “d³sito ceva d³sako c±”ti imin± saªkhepena vuttamevattha½ vitth±retv± dassetu½ “uppanne hi dose”ti-±dim±ha. Pakatibh±va½ jah±pitoti (s±rattha. µ². 2.385-386) sommabh±va½ jah±pitoti attho, vik±ram±p±ditoti vutta½ hoti. ¾k±ran±n±tten±ti d³sit±k±rassa ceva d³sak±k±rassa c±ti imesa½ dvinna½ ±k±r±na½ n±n±bh±vena. Nappatitoti p²tisukh±d²hi na abhigato anupagato, na upagatoti attho. Yo ca p²tisukh±d²hi anupagato, so tehi vajjito n±ma hot²ti ±ha “p²tisukh±d²hi vivajjito”ti. Yo ca tehi vajjito, na so tehi abhisaµo n±ma hot²ti ±ha “na abhisaµo”ti, p²tisukh±d²hi na patthaµoti attho. N±ssa m³lanti am³laka½. Ta½ pana am³lakatta½ yasm± codakavasena adhippeta½, na cuditakavasena, tasm± tadattha½ dassetu½ “ya½ codaken±”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha yanti p±r±jika½. Etanti cuditakassa ±pann±n±pannatta½. Idh±ti imasmi½ sikkh±pade.
Id±ni attan± vuttameva diµµh±di½ vivaritu½ “ettha c±”ti-±di vutta½. Tathev±ti “pas±dasotena v± dibbasotena v±”ti imamattha½ atidisati. Parisaªkita½ (p±r±. aµµha. 2.385-386) pana tividha½ diµµhaparisaªkita½, sutaparisaªkita½, mutaparisaªkitanti. Tattha bhikkhuñca m±tug±mañca tath±r³pe µh±ne disv± “addh± imehi katan”ti v± “karissant²”ti v± parisaªkita½, ida½ diµµhaparisaªkita½ n±ma. Andhak±re v± paµicchannok±se v± bhikkhussa ca m±tug±massa ca vacana½ sutv± dutiyassa atthibh±va½ aj±nato pubbe vuttanayena parisaªkita½, ida½ sutaparisaªkita½ n±ma. Dhuttehi itth²hi saddhi½ paccantavih±re maº¹ape v± s±l±d²su v± pupphagandhama½sasur±d²ni anubhavitv± gataµµh±na½ disv± “kena nu kho ida½ katan”ti v²ma½santena tatra kenaci bhikkhun± gandh±d²hi p³j± kat± hoti, bhesajjatth±ya ariµµha½ v± p²ta½, so tassa gandha½ gh±yitv± “aya½ so bhavissat²”ti parisaªkita½, ida½ mutaparisaªkita½ n±ma. Eva½ tividhassa parisaªkitassa abh±vo aparisaªkita½. Ten±ha “diµµhasutamutavasena cetas± aparisaªkitan”ti. Tañca paneta½ diµµh±dika½ na kevala½ attano v±ti ±ha “attano v± parassa v±”ti. Yasm± “tva½ paº¹ako”ti-±divacanen±pi codayato ±pattiyeva, tasm± “bhikkhuno anur³pesu ek³nav²satiy± aññataren±”ti vutta½. Yadi eva½ atha kasm± padabh±jane “p±r±jikena dhammen±ti catunna½ aññataren±”ti (p±r±. 386) vuttanti ±ha “padabh±jane pan±”ti-±di. Upasagganip±t±na½ v±cakasaddasanniµµh±ne tadatthajotanabh±vena pavattanato “dha½seyy±”ti vutta½. Dha½sanañcettha abhibhavana½. Ten±ha “abhibhaveyy±”ti. “Tva½ methuna½ dhamma½ paµisev²”ti-±din± nayena pavatt±ti “tva½ methuna½ dhamma½ paµisevi, adinna½ ±diyi, manussa½ gh±tayittha, abh³ta½ ±rocayitth±”ti eva½ pavatt±. Ettha ca “assamaºos²’ti avandanak±raºassa avuttatt± antimavatthu½ ajjh±panno na vanditabbo”ti vadanti, ta½ na gahetabba½ avandiyesu antimavatthu½ ajjh±pannassa avuttatt±, “pacch± upasampannena pure upasampanno vandiyo”ti (pari. 468) vuttatt± ca. Ida½ pana attan± vattabba½ dassetu½ vutta½.
Sam²peti dv±dasahatthapam±ºe padese. Sikkh±paccakkh±nameva hi hatthamudd±ya s²sa½ na eti, ida½ pana anuddha½sana½, abh³tarocanañca etiyeva. Ten±ha “hatthamudd±ya eva v±”ti. Brahmacariy±ti brahma½ seµµha½ pasattha½ cariyanti brahmacariya½, brahm³na½ v± seµµh±na½ buddhapaccekabuddha-ariyas±vak±na½, brahm±nañca cariyanti brahmacariya½, tamh± brahmacariy±. Ten±ha “seµµhacariy±”ti. S±dhu vatassa ekantena bhaddaka½ bhaveyya. “Tajjan²yakamm±disattavidhampi kamma½ kariss±m±”ti ±pattiy± codentassa adhipp±yo kamm±dhipp±yo. “¾pattito vuµµh±pess±m±”ti adhipp±yo vuµµh±n±dhipp±yo. Anuvijjan±dhipp±yoti v²ma½san±dhipp±yo, upaparikkh±dhipp±yo. Anuvijjaken±ti saªghamajjhe otiººa½ adhikaraºa½ vinicchinitu½ nisinnena vinayadharena. Ki½ te diµµhanti tay± ki½ diµµha½, paµhama½ p±r±jika½ ajjh±pajjanto diµµho, dutiya½ tatiya½ catuttha½ p±r±jika½ ±pajjanto diµµhoti vutta½ hoti. ¾disaddena “kinti te diµµha½, kad± te diµµha½, kattha te diµµhan”ti ima½ naya½ saªgaºh±ti.
Samanatth±ya pavattam±nehi samathehi adhik±tabbanti adhikaraºa½. Yath± hi samanavasena samath±na½ viv±d±d²su adhikatabh±vo, eva½ viv±d±d²na½ tehi adhikattabbat±ti. Ten±ha “samathehi adhikaraº²yabh±ven±”ti-±di. Imin± hi adhikaraºasaddassa kammas±dhanat± vutt±. Adhikaraºanti viv±d±dhikaraºa½ anuv±d±dhikaraºa½ ±patt±dhikaraºa½ kicc±dhikaraºanti catubbidha½ adhikaraºa½. Viv±d±d²ni adhikaraº±ni samenti v³pasament²ti samath±, sammukh±vinay±dayo. Atha v± adhikar²yanti etth±ti adhikaraºa½. Ke adhikar²yanti? Samath±. Katha½ adhikar²yanti? Samanavasena. Adhikaraºa½ samenti v³pasament²tipi samath±ti evampettha attho daµµhabbo. ¾patt±dhikaraºa½ µhapetv± ses±dhikaraºehi codan±ya abh±vato “ida½ pana p±r±jikasaªkh±ta½ ±patt±dhikaraºameva adhippetan”ti vutta½. ¾pattiyeva adhikaraºa½ ±patt±dhikaraºa½. Anuddha½sitakkhaºeyeva saªgh±diseso, so ce taªkhaºeyeva j±n±t²ti adhipp±yo.
Mettiyabh³majaketi mettiyañca bh³majakañca. Chabbaggiy±na½ aggapuris± ete. Suddha½ v±ti p±r±jikaman±panna½ v±. “Sace so taªkhaºeyeva j±n±t²”ti imin± ±vajjanasamayam±ha. Taªkhaºeyeva j±nana½ n±ma dukkara½, samayena ±vajjitv± ñ±te pana ñ±tameva hoti. Pacch± ce j±n±ti, s²sa½ na eti. Sikkh±paccakkh±na-abh³t±rocanaduµµhullav±c±-attak±maduµµhadosabh³t±rocanasikkh±pad±n²ti sabb±neva hi im±ni ekaparicched±ni. Yasm± pana parammukh± sattahipi ±pattikkhandhehi vadato dukkaµameva, tasm± “parammukh± codentassa pana s²sa½ na et²”ti vutta½. Vuttanay±pattiyoti “v±c±ya v±c±y±”ti-±din± vuttanay± saªgh±disesadukkaµ±pattiyo. Tathev±ti v±c±ya v±c±yeva. Vadantass±ti sattahipi ±pattikkhandhehi upasampanna½ sammukh± vadantassa. Vuttanayenev±ti v±c±ya v±c±yeva. Ok±sa½ k±retv± upasampanna½ sammukh± vadantassa v±c±ya v±c±ya p±cittiyanti ±ha “ok±sa½ k±retv± vadantassa p±cittiyamev±”ti. Evasaddena dukkaµa½ nivatt²yati. Asammukh± sattahipi ±pattikkhandhehi vadantassa dukkaµa½. Sattavidhampi kammanti tajjan²ya½, niyasa½, pabb±jan²ya½, paµis±raº²ya½, tividhañca ukkhepan²yanti sattavidhampi kamma½.
Uposatha½ v± pav±raºa½ v± µhapentassa ca ok±sakamma½ natth²ti ettha uposathato pure v± pacch± v± µhapitopi aµµhapito hoti. Khette µhapito pana µhapito hoti, tasm± “suº±tu me, bhante, saªgho, ajjuposatho pannaraso, yadi saªghassa pattakalla½, saªgho uposatha½ kareyy±”ti ettha y±va re-k±ra½ bhaºati, t±va µhapetabbo, ida½ khetta½. Yya-k±re pana vutte µhapentena pacch± µhapito n±ma hoti “Suº±tu me”ti an±raddhe µhapentena pure µhapito hoti. Pav±raº±µµhapana½ pana sabbasaªg±hika½, puggalikañc±ti duvidha½. Tattha sabbasaªg±hike “suº±tu me, bhante, saªgho…pe… saªgho tev±cika½ pav±reyy±”ti su-k±rato y±va re-k±ro, t±va apariyosit±va hoti pav±raº±, etthantare ekapadepi µhapentena µhapit± hoti pav±raº±. Yya-k±re pana patte pariyosit±va hoti, tasm± tato paµµh±ya µhapentena aµµhapit± hoti. Puggalikaµµhapane pana “saªgha½, bhante, pav±remi…pe… tatiyampi bhante saªgha½ pav±remi diµµhena v±…pe… passanto paµ²”ti (mah±va. 210) sa½-k±rato y±va aya½ sabbapacchimo µi-k±ro, t±va apariyosit±va hoti pav±raº±, etthantare ekapadepi µhapentena µhapit± hoti pav±raº±. “Kariss±m²”ti vutte pana pariyosit± hoti, tasm± “kariss±m²”ti etasmi½ pade sampatte µhapit±pi aµµhapit± hoti. Eseva nayo dvev±cika-ekav±cikasam±navassik±su. Et±supi hi µi-k±r±vas±na½yeva µhapanakkhettanti. Ten±ha “µhapanakkhetta½ pana j±nitabban”ti. Osaµe vatthusminti codakena attan± vattabbe saªghamajjhe ud±haµe. Idañca idañca karot²ti p±º±tip±ta½, adinn±d±nañca karoti, j±tar³parajatañca paµiggaºh±ti. Asuko ca asuko ca assamaºo, anup±sakoti akkos±dhipp±yena parammukh± vadantassa dukkaµa½, sammukh± vadantassa pana p±cittiyameva. Ten±ha “sace pana odissa niyametv±”ti-±di. Saªkhyupagamananti voh±r³pagamana½.

Duµµhadosasikkh±padavaººan± niµµhit±.