Ettha ca “bhante, saŖghass±”ti-±divacana½ “suŗ±tu me, bhante, saŖgho, ida½ saŖghassa kathinadussa½ uppanna½, yadi saŖghassa pattakalla½, saŖgho ima½ kathinadussa½ itthann±massa bhikkhuno dadeyya kathina½ attharitun”ti im±ya ńattip±¼iy± sameti. “Yo jiŗŗac²varo, tass±”ti-±di “saŖghena kass±”ti-±di “saŖghena kassa d±tabba½, yo jiŗŗac²varo hot²”ti-±din± aµµhakath±vacanena (mah±va. aµµha. 306) sameti. “So mah±thero aµµhahaŖgehi samann±gato”ti-±di “aµµhahaŖgehi samann±gato puggalo bhabbo kathina½ attharitun”ti-±dik±ya pariv±rap±¼iy± (pari. 409) samet²ti daµµhabba½. Yassa pana d²yati, tassa ńattidutiyakammav±c±ya d±tabbanti sambandho. Imin± imassa kathinad±nakammassa garukatt± na apalokanamattena d±tabbanti imamattha½ pak±seti. Garukalahuk±na½ bhedo kamm±kammavinicchayakath±ya½ ±vi bhavissati.
Eva½ dinne pana kathine paccuddharitabb± adhiµµh±tabb± v±c± bhinditabb±ti sambandho. Sace ta½ kathinadussa½ niµµhitaparikammameva hot²ti imin± kathinadussa½ n±ma na kevala½ pakatis±µakameva hoti, atha kho pariniµµhitasattavidhapubbakiccac²varampi hot²ti dasseti, tasm± niµµhitac²varasmi½ dinne sattavidhapubbakiccakaraŗena attho natthi, kevala½ paccuddharaŗ±d²niyeva k±tabb±ni. Sace pana kińci apariniµµhita½ hoti, antamaso kappabindumattampi, ta½ niµµh±petv±yeva paccuddharaŗ±d²ni k±tabb±ni. Gaŗµhikapaµµap±sakapaµµ±ni pana sibbanantogadh±ni, t±nipi niµµh±petv±yeva k±tabb±ni. Aniµµh±pento aniµµhitasibbanakiccameva hoti. Vuttańhi aµµhakath±ya½ (p±r±. aµµha. 2.462-463) “tattha katanti s³cikammapariyos±nena kata½, s³cikammapariyos±na½ n±ma ya½ kińci s³ciy± kattabba½. P±sakapaµµagaŗµhikapaµµapariyos±na½ katv± s³ciy± paµis±manan”ti. Idańhi kathinavatta½ n±ma buddhappasatthanti “atthatakathin±na½ vo bhikkhave pańca kappissant²”ti-±din± pasattha½.
Katapariyosita½ pana kathina½ gahetv±ti–
“Dhovanańca vic±ro ca, chedana½ bandhanampi ca;
sibbana½ rajana½ kappa½, pubbakiccanti vuccat²”ti. (Vi. vi. 2707)–

Vutt±ni sattavidhapubbakaraŗ±ni katv± pariyos±pita½ kathinac²vara½ gahetv±. Atth±rakena bhikkhun± paccuddharitabb± adhiµµh±tabb± v±c± bhinditabb±ti sambandho. SaŖgh±µiy± kathina½ attharituk±mo bhikkhu pubbe tic²var±dhiµµh±nena adhiµµhita½ por±ŗika½ saŖgh±µi½ “ima½ saŖgh±µi½ paccuddhar±m²”ti vatv± paccuddharitabb±, tato anadhiµµhita½ nava½ saŖgh±µi½ “ima½ saŖgh±µi½ adhiµµh±m²”ti vatv± adhiµµh±tabb±, tato attharaŗak±le tameva adhiµµhitasaŖgh±µi½ “im±ya saŖgh±µiy± kathina½ atthar±m²”ti v±c± bhinditabb±ti attho. Esa nayo itaresu. Etena kathinatth±raŗa½ n±ma vac²bhedakaraŗameva hoti, na kińci k±yavik±rakaraŗanti imamattha½ d²peti Tath± hi vutta½ vinayatthamańj³s±ya½ (kaŖkh±. abhi. µ². kathinasikkh±padavaŗŗan±) “attharitabbanti attharaŗa½ k±tabba½, tańca kho tath±vac²bhedakaraŗamev±ti daµµhabban”ti.

Tattha paccuddh±ro tividho “ima½ saŖgh±µi½ paccuddhar±m²”ti saŖgh±µiy± paccuddh±ro, “ima½ uttar±saŖga½ paccuddhar±m²”ti uttar±saŖgassa paccuddh±ro, “ima½ antarav±saka½ paccuddhar±m²”ti antarav±sakassa paccuddh±roti. Vuttańheta½ pariv±re (pari. 408) “paccuddh±ro t²hi dhammehi saŖgahito saŖgh±µiy± uttar±saŖgena antarav±saken±”ti. Adhiµµh±na½ tividha½ “ima½ saŖgh±µi½ adhiµµh±m²”ti saŖgh±µiy± adhiµµh±na½, “ima½ uttar±saŖga½ adhiµµh±m²”ti uttar±saŖgassa adhiµµh±na½, “ima½ antarav±saka½ adhiµµh±m²”ti antarav±sakassa adhiµµh±nanti. Vuttańheta½ pariv±re (pari. 408) “adhiµµh±na½ t²hi dhammehi saŖgahita½ saŖgh±µiy± uttar±saŖgena antarav±saken±”ti.
Atha v± adhiµµh±na½ duvidha½ k±yena adhiµµh±na½, v±c±ya adhiµµh±nanti. Tattha por±ŗika½ saŖgh±µi½ “ima½ saŖgh±µi½ paccuddhar±m²”ti paccuddharitv± nava½ saŖgh±µi½ hatthena gahetv± “ima½ saŖgh±µi½ adhiµµh±m²”ti cittena ±bhoga½ katv± k±yavik±rakaraŗena k±yena v± adhiµµh±tabba½, vac²bheda½ katv± v±c±ya v± adhiµµh±tabba½. Vuttańhi aµµhakath±ya½ (p±r±. aµµha. 2.469; kaŖkh±. aµµha. kathinasikkh±padavaŗŗan±) “tattha yasm± dve c²varassa adhiµµh±n±ni k±yena v± adhiµµheti, v±c±ya v± adhiµµhet²ti vutta½, tasm±…pe… adhiµµh±tabb±”ti. Atha v± adhiµµh±na½ duvidha½ sammukh±dhiµµh±naparammukh±dhiµµh±navasena. Tattha yadi c²vara½ hatthap±se µhita½ hoti, “ima½ saŖgh±µi½ adhiµµh±m²”ti vac²bheda½ katv± adhiµµh±tabba½, atha antogabbhe v± s±mantavih±re v± hoti, µhapitaµµh±na½ sallakkhetv± “eta½ saŖgh±µi½ adhiµµh±m²”ti vac²bheda½ katv± adhiµµh±tabba½. Vuttańhi aµµhakath±ya½ (p±r±. aµµha. 2.469; kaŖkh±. aµµha. kathinasikkh±padavaŗŗan±) “tatra duvidha½ adhiµµh±na½ sace hatthap±se hot²”ti-±di, vinayatthamańj³s±yańca (kaŖkh±. abhi. µ². kathinasikkh±padavaŗŗan±) “duvidhanti sammukh±parammukh±bhedena duvidhan”ti.
Atth±ro katividho? Atth±ro ekavidho. Vac²bhedakaraŗeneva hi atth±ro sampajjati, na k±yavik±rakaraŗena. Ayamattho yath±vutta-pariv±rap±¼iy± ca “attharitabbanti attharaŗa½ k±tabba½, tańca kho tath±vac²bhedakaraŗamev±ti daµµhabban”ti vinayatthamańj³s±vacanena ca vińń±yati. Atha v± atth±ro tividho vatthuppabhedena. Tattha yadi saŖgh±µiy± kathina½ attharituk±mo hoti, por±ŗik± saŖgh±µi paccuddharitabb±, nav± saŖgh±µi adhiµµh±tabb±, “im±ya saŖgh±µiy± kathina½ atthar±m²”ti v±c± bhinditabb±. Atha uttar±saŖgena kathina½ attharituk±mo hoti, por±ŗako uttar±saŖgo paccuddharitabbo, navo uttar±saŖgo adhiµµh±tabbo, “imin± uttar±saŖgena kathina½ atthar±m²”ti v±c± bhinditabb±. Atha antarav±sakena kathina½ attharituk±mo hoti, por±ŗako antarav±sako paccuddharitabbo, navo antarav±sako adhiµµh±tabbo, “imin± antarav±sakena kathina½ atthar±m²”ti v±c± bhinditabb±. Vuttańheta½ pariv±re (pari. 413) “sace saŖgh±µiy±”ti-±di.
Ettha siy±– ki½ pana “ima½ saŖgh±µi½ paccuddhar±m²”ti visesa½ katv±va paccuddharitabb±, ud±hu “ima½ paccuddhar±m²”ti s±mańńatopi paccuddharitabb±ti? Parikkh±raco¼±dhiµµh±nena adhiµµhita½ c²vara½ “ima½ paccuddhar±m²”ti s±mańńato paccuddharitabba½, na “ima½ saŖgh±µi½ paccuddhar±m²”ti visesato paccuddharitabba½. Kasm±? Pubbe aladdhan±matt±. Tic²var±dhiµµh±nena adhiµµhita½ pana c²vara½ visesatoyeva paccuddharitabba½, na s±mańńato. Kasm±? Paµiladdhavisesan±matt± Idha pana kathin±dhik±re pubbeva tic²var±dhiµµh±nena adhiµµhitatt± visesatoyeva paccuddharitabbanti daµµhabba½. Vuttańheta½ pariv±re (pari. 408) kathin±dhik±re “paccuddh±ro t²hi dhammehi saŖgahito saŖgh±µiy± uttar±saŖgena antarav±saken±”ti. Ki½ pana niccatec²varikoyeva kathina½ attharitu½ labhati, ud±hu avatth±tec²varikop²ti? Tec²variko duvidho dhutaŖgatec²varikavinayatec²varikavasena. Tattha dhutaŖgatec²variko “atirekac²vara½ paµikkhip±mi, tec²varikaŖga½ sam±diy±m²”ti adhiµµhahitv± dh±raŗato sabbak±lameva dh±reti. Vinayatec²variko pana yad± tic²var±dhiµµh±nena adhiµµhahitv± dh±retuk±mo hoti, tad± tath± adhiµµhahitv± dh±reti. Yad± pana parikkh±raco¼±dhiµµh±nena adhiµµhahitv± dh±retuk±mo hoti, tad± tath± adhiµµhahitv± dh±reti, tasm± tic²var±dhiµµh±nassa dupparih±ratt± sabbad± dh±retu½ asakkonto hutv± parikkh±raco¼avasena dh±rentopi ta½ paccuddharitv± ±sanne k±le tic²var±dhiµµh±nena adhiµµhahantopi kathina½ attharitu½ labhatiyev±ti daµµhabba½.
Kacci nu bho kathinad±nakammav±c±bhaŗanas²m±yameva kathina½ attharitabba½, ud±hu ańńas²m±y±ti? Yadi kathinad±nakammav±c±bhaŗanabaddhas²m± vass³pan±yikakhettabh³ta-upac±ras²m±ya anto µhit±, eva½ sati tasmi½yeva s²mamaŗ¹ale attharaŗa½ k±tabba½. Katha½ vińń±yat²ti ce? “Pariniµµhitapubbakaraŗameva ce d±yako saŖghassa deti, sampaµicchitv± kammav±c±ya d±tabba½. Tena ca tasmi½yeva s²mamaŗ¹ale adhiµµhahitv± attharitv± saŖgho anumod±petabbo”ti vajirabuddhiµ²k±ya½ (vajira. µ². mah±vagga 308) ±gatatt± vińń±yat²ti. Yadi eva½ “tasmi½yeva s²mamaŗ¹ale”icceva µ²k±ya½ vuttatt± “yasmi½ kismińci s²mamaŗ¹ale kammav±ca½ bhaŗitv± tasmi½yeva s²mamaŗ¹ale attharitabban”ti vattabba½, na “kathinad±nakammav±c±bhaŗanabaddhas²m± vass³pan±yikakhettabh³ta-upac±ras²m±ya anto µhit±”ti visesa½ katv± vattabbanti? Na na vattabba½. Kammav±c±bhaŗanas²m± hi baddhas²m±bh³t±, kathinatth±ras²m± pana upac±ras²m±bh³t±, upac±ras²m± ca n±ma baddhas²ma½ avattharitv±pi gacchati, tasm± s± s²m± baddhas²m± ca hoti upac±ras²m± c±ti tasmi½yeva s²mamaŗ¹ale kathinad±nakammav±ca½ bhaŗitv± tattheva attharaŗa½ k±tabba½, na yasmi½ kismińci s²mamaŗ¹ale kammav±ca½ bhaŗitv± tattheva attharaŗa½ kattabbanti daµµhabba½. Evampi “upac±ras²m±ya”icceva vattabba½, na “vass³pan±yikakhettabh³ta-upac±ras²m±y±”ti, tampi vattabbameva. Tesa½ bhikkh³na½ vass³pan±yikakhettabh³t±ya eva upac±ras²m±ya kathinatth±ra½ k±tu½ labhati, na ańńa-upac±ras²m±ya. Vuttańhi aµµhakath±ya½ (mah±va. aµµha. 306) “ańńasmi½ vih±re vutthavass±pi na labhant²ti mah±paccariya½ vuttan”ti.
Yathicchasi, tath± bhavatu, api tu khalu “kammav±c±bhaŗanas²m± baddhas²m±bh³t±, kathinatth±ras²m± upac±ras²m±bh³t±”ti tumhehi vutta½, tath±bh³tabh±vo katha½ j±nitabboti? Vuccate– kathinatth±ras²m±ya½ t±va upac±ras²m±bh³tabh±vo “sace pana ekas²m±ya bah³ vih±r± honti, sabbe bhikkh³ sannip±tetv± ekattha kathina½ attharitabban”ti imiss± aµµhakath±ya (mah±va. aµµha. 306) attha½ sa½vaŗŗetu½ “ekas²m±y±ti eka-upac±ras²m±y±ti attho yujjat²”ti vajirabuddhiµ²k±ya½ (vajira. µ². mah±vagga 306) ±gatatt± vińń±yati. Kammav±c±bhaŗanas²m±ya baddhas²m±bh³tabh±vo pana “te ca kho hatthap±sa½ avijahitv± ekas²m±ya½ µhit±. S²m± ca n±mes± baddhas²m± abaddhas²m±ti duvidh± hot²”ti kaŖkh±vitaraŗiya½ (kaŖkh±. aµµha. nid±navaŗŗan±) ±gatatt± ca “s²m± ca n±mes± katam±, yattha hatthap±sa½ avijahitv± µhit± kammappatt± n±ma hont²ti anuyoga½ sandh±ya s²ma½ dassento vibh±gavant±na½ sabh±vavibh±vana½ vibh±gadassanamukheneva hot²ti ‘s²m± ca n±mes±’ti-±dim±h±”ti vinayatthamańj³s±ya½ (kaŖkh±. abhi. µ². nid±navaŗŗan±) ±gatatt± ca vińń±yati.
Tattha katividh± baddhas²m±, katividh± abaddhas²m±ti? Tividh± baddhas²m± khaŗ¹as²m±sam±nasa½v±sas²m±-avippav±sas²m±vasena. Tividh± abaddhas²m± g±mas²m±-udakukkhepas²m±sattabbhantaras²m±vasen±ti daµµhabb±. Katha½ vińń±yat²ti ce? “Eva½ ek±dasa vipattis²m±yo atikkamitv± tividhasampattiyutt± nimittena nimitta½ sambandhitv± sammat± s²m± baddhas²m±ti veditabb±. Khaŗ¹as²m± sam±nasa½v±sas²m± avippav±sas²m±ti tass±yeva bhedo. Abaddhas²m± pana g±mas²m± sattabbhantaras²m± udakukkhepas²m±ti tividh±”ti kaŖkh±vitaraŗiya½ (kaŖkh±. aµµha. nid±navaŗŗan±) ±gatatt± vińń±yati. Eva½ t²su baddhas²m±su t²su abaddhas²m±s³ti chasuyeva s²m±su kammappattasaŖghassa catuvaggakaraŗ²y±dikammassa kattabbabh±vavacanato suddh±ya upac±ras²m±ya kammav±c±ya abhaŗitabbabh±vo vińń±yati. Anto-upac±ras²m±ya baddhas²m±ya sati ta½ baddhas²ma½ avattharitv±pi upac±ras²m±ya gamanato s± baddhas²m± kammav±c±bhaŗan±rah± ca hoti kathinatth±r±rah± c±ti veditabba½.