P±maŖgasaŗµh±n±ti p±maŖgad±ma½ viya caturassasaŗµh±n±. Ekarajjumayanti n±n±vaµµe ekatovaµµetv± kata½ rajjumaya½ k±yabandhana½ vattu½ vaµµat²ti “rajjuk± dussapaµµ±d²”ti etthaekavaµµarajjuk± gahit±. Idha pana n±n±vaµµe ekato vaµµetv± kat± ek±va rajju gahit±.Tańc±ti ta½ v± nayampi ekarajjukak±yabandhana½ p±maŖgasaŗµh±nena ganthita½. Ekampica na vaµµat²ti kevalampi na vaµµati.
Bah³ rajjuke ekato katv±ti yojan±. Vaµµati bandhitunti muraja½kal±bukańca na hoti, rajjukak±yabandhanameva hot²ti adhipp±yo. Aya½ pana vinicchayo“bahurajjuke ekato katv± ekena nirantara½ veµhetv± kata½ bahurajjukanti navattabba½, ta½ vaµµat²”ti aµµhakath±gato idha vutto. Sikkh±bh±janavinicchaye “bahurajjuyoekato katv± ek±ya veµhita½ muraja½ n±m±”ti ya½ vutta½, ta½ imin± virujjhanatona gahetabba½.
Danta-saddena hatthidant± vutt±. Jat³ti l±kh±. SaŖkhamayanti saŖkhan±bhimaya½. Vidhak±mat±ti ettha vedhik±tipi p±µho, vidhapariy±yo. K±yabandhanavidheti k±yabandhanassadas±ya thirabh±vattha½ kaµµhadant±d²hi kate vidhe. Vik±ro aµµhamaŖgal±diko. Tatthatatth±ti tasmi½ tasmi½ µh±ne. Tu-saddena ghaµ±k±ropi vaµµat²ti d²pet²ti atthopak±sito, tasm± tena nayena k±yabandhanavic±ro k±tabboti.
11. Ańjaniya½ “ujukamev±”ti vuttatt± caturass±disaŗµh±n±pi vaŖkagatik± navaµµati. Sip±µik±y±ti v±si-±dibhaŗ¹apakkhipane. Vinayavinicchayappakaraŗe pana–
“M±l±kammalat±kamma-n±n±r³pavicittit±;
na ca vaµµati bhikkh³na½, ańjan² janarańjan².
“T±disa½ pana gha½sitv±, veµhetv± suttakena v±;
va¼ańjantassa bhikkhussa, na doso koci vijjati.
“Vaµµ± v± caturass± v±, aµµha½s± v±pi ańjan²;
vaµµatev±ti niddiµµh±, vaŗŗamaµµh± na vaµµati.
“Tath±ńjanisal±k±pi, ańjanithavik±ya ca;
n±n±vaŗŗehi suttehi, cittakamma½ na vaµµati.
“Ekavaŗŗena suttena, sip±µi½ yena kenaci;
ya½ kińci pana sibbetv±, va¼ańjantassa vaµµat²”ti.–

¾gata½.

Taµµ²k±yampi m±l±…pe… cittit±ti m±l±kammalat±kammehi ca migapakkhir³p±din±n±r³pehica vicittit±. Janarańjan²ti b±lajanapalobhin². Aµµha½s± v±p²ti ettha api-saddenaso¼asa½s±d²na½ gahaŗa½. Vaŗŗamaµµh±ti m±l±kamm±divaŗŗamaµµh±. Ańjan²sal±k±pi tath±vaŗŗamaµµh± na vaµµat²ti yojan±. Ańjan²thavik±ya ca n±n±vaŗŗehi suttehi cittakamma½ navaµµat²ti p±µho yujjati, “thavik±pi v±”ti p±µho dissati, so na gahetabbo. “P²t±din±yena kenaci ekavaŗŗena suttena pilotik±dimaya½ kińcipi sip±µika½ sibbetv±va¼ańjantassa vaµµat²ti yojan±”ti ±gata½.
12. ¾rakaŗµak±d²su ±rakaŗµaketi potthak±di-abhisaŖkharaŗattha½ kate d²ghamukhasatthake.Bhamak±r±na½ d±ru-±dilikhanasatthakanti keci. Vaµµamaŗikanti vaµµa½ katv± uµµh±petabbabubbu¼aka½.Ańńanti imin± pi¼ak±di½ saŖgaŗh±ti. Pipphaliketi ya½ kińci chedanakekhuddakasatthe. Maŗikanti ekavaµµamaŗi. Pi¼akanti s±sapamattik±muttar±jisadis±bahuvaµµalekh±. Imasmi½ adhik±re avuttatt± lekhaniya½ ya½ kińci vaŗŗamaµµha½ vaµµat²tivadanti. Vajirabuddhiµ²k±ya½ pana “kuńcik±ya sen±sanaparikkh±ratt± suvaŗŗar³piyamay±pivaµµat²ti ch±y± dissati. ‘Kuńcik±ya vaŗŗamaµµhakamma½ na vaµµat²’ti (p±r±. aµµha. 1.85)vacanato ańńe kappiyaloh±dimay±va kuńcik± kappanti pariharaŗ²yaparikkh±ratt±”tivutta½. ¾rakaŗµako potthak±dikaraŗasatthakaj±ti, ±maŗ¹as±rako ±malakaphalamayotivadanti.
Valitakanti nakhacchedanak±le da¼haggahaŗattha½ valiyuttameva karonti.Tasm± ta½ vaµµat²ti imin± ańńampi vik±ra½ da¼h²kamm±di-atth±ya karonti, na vaŗŗamaµµhatth±ya,ta½ vaµµat²ti d²pita½, tena ca kattaradaŗ¹akoµiya½ ańńamańńa½ saŖghaµµanena saddaniccharaŗatth±yakatavalay±dika½ avuttampi yato upapanna½ hoti. Ettha ca da¼h²kamm±d²ti ±di-saddenaparissayavinodan±di½ saŖgaŗh±ti, tena kattarayaµµhikoµiya½ katavalay±na½ ańńamańńasaŖghaµµanena saddaniccharaŗa½d²ghaj±tik±diparissayavinodanattha½ hoti, tasm± vaµµat²ti d²peti. Ten±ha ±cariyavaro–
“Maŗika½ pi¼aka½ v±pi, pipphale ±rakaŗµake;
µhapetu½ pana ya½ kińci, na ca vaµµati bhikkhuno.
“Daŗ¹akepi pariccheda-lekh±matta½ tu vaµµati;
valitv± ca nakhaccheda½, karont²ti hi vaµµat²”ti.
Tassa vaŗŗan±yampi maŗikanti th³labubbu¼a½. P²¼akanti sukhumabubbu¼a½. Pipphaletivatthacchedanasatthe. ¾rakaŗµaketi pattadh±ravalay±na½ vijjhanakaŗµake. Żhapetuntiuµµh±petu½. Ya½ kińc²ti sesavaŗŗamaµµhampi ca. Daŗ¹aketi pipphalidaŗ¹ake. Yath±ha“pipphalikepi maŗika½ v± pi¼aka½ v± ya½ kińci µhapetu½ na vaµµati, daŗ¹akepana paricchedalekh± vaµµat²”ti. Paricchedalekh±mattanti ±ŗibandhanaµµh±na½ patv± paricchindanattha½ek±va lekh± vaµµat²ti. Valitv±ti ubhayakoµimukha½ katv± majjhe valiyo g±hetv±nakhaccheda½ yasm± karonti, tasm± vaµµat²ti yojan±ti ±gat±.
Uttar±raŗiya½ maŗ¹alanti uttar±raŗiy± pavesanattha½ ±v±µamaŗ¹ala½ hoti. Dantakaµµhacchedanav±siya½ujukameva bandhitunti sambandho. Ettha ca ujukamev±ti imin± vaŖka½ katv± bandhitu½na vaµµat²ti dasseti, teneva ańjaniyampi tath± dassita½. Ubhosu passesuekapasse v±ti vacanaseso, v±sidaŗ¹assa ubhosu passesu daŗ¹akoµ²na½ acalanattha½ bandhituntiattho. Kappiyalohena caturassa½ v± aµµha½sa½ v± k±tu½ vaµµat²ti yojan±.
13. ¾maŗ¹as±raketi ±malakaphal±ni pisitv± tena kakkena katatelabh±jane.Tattha kira pakkhitta½ tela½ s²ta½ hoti. Tath± hi vutta½ ±cariyena–
“Uttar±raŗiya½ v±pi, dhanuke pelladaŗ¹ake;
m±l±kamm±di ya½ kińci, vaŗŗamaµµha½ na vaµµati.
“Saŗ¹±se dantakaµµh±na½, tath± chedanav±siy±;
dv²su passesu lohena, bandhitu½ pana vaµµati.
“Tath± kattaradaŗ¹epi, cittakamma½ na vaµµati;
vaµµalekh±va vaµµanti, ek± v± dvepi heµµhato.
“Vis±ŗe n±¼iya½ v±pi, tathev±maŗ¹as±rake;
telabh±janake sabba½, vaŗŗamaµµha½ tu vaµµat²”ti.
Ż²k±yampi araŗisahite bhantakiccakaro daŗ¹o uttar±raŗ² n±ma. V±p²ti pi-saddenaadhar±raŗi½ saŖgaŗh±ti. Udukkhaladaŗ¹asseta½ adhivacana½. Ańchanakayantadhanu dhanuka½ n±ma.Musalamatthakap²¼anadaŗ¹ako pelladaŗ¹ako n±ma. Saŗ¹±seti aggisaŗ¹±se. Dantakaµµh±na½chedanav±siy± tath± ya½ kińci vaŗŗamaµµha½ na vaµµat²ti sambandho. Dv²su passes³ti v±siy±ubhosu passesu. Lohen±ti kappiyalohena. Bandhitu½ vaµµat²ti ujukameva v±caturassa½ v± aµµha½sa½ v± bandhitu½ vaµµati. Saŗ¹±seti aggisaŗ¹±seti nissandehevutta½. Aµµhakath±ya½ panettha s³cisaŗ¹±so dassito Heµµh±ti heµµh± ayopaµµavalaye.“Upari ahicchattakamaku¼amattan”ti aµµhakath±ya½ vutta½. Vis±ŗeti tel±sińcanakagavayamahi½s±disiŖge.N±¼iya½ v±p²ti ve¼un±¼ik±din±¼iya½. Api-saddena al±bu½ saŖgaŗh±ti. ¾maŗ¹as±raketi±malakacuŗŗamayatelaghaµe Telabh±janaketi vuttappak±reyeva telabh±jane. Sabba½vaŗŗamaµµha½ vaµµat²ti pumitthir³parahita½ m±l±kamm±di sabba½ vaŗŗamaµµha½ vaµµat²ti ±gata½.
Bh³mattharaŗeti kaµas±r±dimaye parikammakat±ya bh³miy± attharitabba-attharaŗe. P±n²yaghaµetiimin± sabbabh±jane saŖgaŗh±ti. Sabba½…pe… vaµµat²ti yath±vuttesu mańc±d²suitthipurisar³pampi vaµµati. Telabh±janesuyeva itthipurisar³p±na½ paµikkhipitatt± telabh±janenasaha agaŗetv± visu½ mańc±d²na½ gahitatt± c±ti vadanti. Kińc±pi vadanti, etesa½pana mańc±d²na½ hatthena ±masitabbabhaŗ¹att± itthir³pamettha na vaµµat²ti gahetabba½. Vajirabuddhiµ²k±ya½(vajira. µ². p±r±jika 85) pana “t±lavaŗµab²jani-±d²su vaŗŗamaµµhakamma½ vaµµat²”tivutta½. Kińc±pi t±ni kuńcik± viya pariharaŗ²y±ni, atha kho ucc±vac±ni nadh±retabb±n²ti paµikkhep±bh±vato vutta½. Kevalańhi t±ni “anuj±n±mi bhikkhavevidh³panańca t±lavaŗµańc±”ti-±din± vutt±ni. Gaŗµhipade pana “telabh±janesu vaŗŗamaµµhakamma½vaµµati, sen±sanaparikkh±ratt± vuttan”ti vutta½. ¾cariyabuddhadattattherenapi vuttameva–
“P±n²yassa u¼uŖkepi, doŗiya½ rajanassapi;
ghaµe phalakap²µhepi, valay±dh±rak±dike.
“Tath± pattapidh±ne ca, t±lavaŗµe ca b²jane;
p±dapuńchaniya½ v±pi, sammuńjaniyameva ca.
“Mańce bh³matthare p²µhe, bhisibimbohanesu ca;
m±l±kamm±dika½ citta½, sabbameva ca vaµµat²”ti.
14. Eva½ samaŗaparikkh±resu kappiy±kappiya½ kathetv± id±ni sen±sane kathetu½“sen±sane pan±”ty±dim±ha. Ettha pana-saddo visesajotako. Tena sabbaratanamayampivaŗŗamaµµhakamma½ vaµµati, kimaŖga½ pana ańńavaŗŗamaµµhakammanti attha½ joteti. Yadi eva½ kismińcipaµisedhetabbe santepi tath± vattabba½ siy±ti ±ha “sen±sane kińci paµisedhetabba½natth²”ti. Vuttampi ceta½ ±cariyabuddhadattattherena–
“N±n±maŗimayatthambha-kav±µadv±rabhittika½
sen±sanamanuńń±ta½, k± kath± vaŗŗamaµµhake.
“Sovaŗŗiya½ dv±rakav±µabaddha½;
suvaŗŗan±n±maŗibhittibh³mi½;
na kińci ekampi nisedhan²ya½;
sen±sana½ vaµµati sabbamev±”ti.
Samantap±s±dik±yampi paµhamasaŖgh±disesavaŗŗan±ya½ (p±r±. aµµha. 2.281) “sen±sanaparibhogopana sabbakappiyo, tasm± j±tar³parajatamay± sabbepi sen±sanaparikkh±r± ±m±s±. Bhikkh³na½dhammavinayavaŗŗanaµµh±ne ratanamaŗ¹ape karonti phalikatthambhe ratanad±mapaµimaŗ¹ite. Tatthasabbupakaraŗ±ni bhikkh³na½ paµijaggitu½ vaµµant²”ti ±gata½. Tass± vaŗŗan±ya½ pana vimativinodaniya½(vi. vi. µ². 1.281) “sabbakappiyoti yath±vuttasuvaŗŗ±dimay±na½ sen±sanaparikkh±r±na½±masanagopan±divasena paribhogo sabbath± kappiyoti adhipp±yo. Ten±ha ‘tasm±’ti-±di.‘Bhikkh³na½ dhammavinayavaŗŗanaµµh±ne’ti vuttatt± saŖghikameva suvaŗŗamaya½sen±sana½ sen±sanaparikkh±r± ca vaµµanti, na puggalik±n²ti veditabban”ti vaŗŗita½.
Sen±sanakkhandhakavaŗŗan±yampi samantap±s±dik±ya½ (c³¼ava. aµµha. 320) ‘sabba½ p±s±daparibhogantisuvaŗŗarajat±divicitr±ni kav±µ±ni mańcap²µh±ni t±lavaŗµ±ni suvaŗŗarajatamayap±n²yaghaµap±n²yasar±v±niya½ kińci cittakammakata½, sabba½ vaµµati. P±s±dassa d±sid±sa½ khetta½ vatthu½ gomahi½sa½dem±ti vadanti, p±µekka½ gahaŗakicca½ natthi, p±s±de paµiggahite paµiggahitamevahoti. Gonak±d²ni saŖghikavih±re v± puggalikavih±re v± mańcap²µhesu attharitv±paribhuńjitu½ na vaµµanti, dhamm±sane pana gihivikatan²h±rena labbhanti, tatr±pi nipajjitu½na vaµµat²”ti ±gata½. Tass± vaŗŗan±ya½ pana vimativinodaniya½ (vi. vi. µ². c³¼avagga2.320) “suvaŗŗarajat±divicitr±n²ti saŖghikasen±sana½ sandh±ya vutta½, puggalika½pana suvaŗŗ±divicitra½ bhikkhussa sampaµicchitumeva na vaµµati ‘na tvev±ha½ bhikkhave kenaci pariy±yena j±tar³parajata½ s±ditabban’ti (mah±va. 299) vuttatt±, tenevettha aµµhakath±ya½ ‘saŖghikavih±re v± puggalikavih±re v±’ti na vutta½, gonak±di-akappiyabhaŗ¹avisayevaeva½ vutta½, ekabhikkhussapi tesa½ gahaŗe dos±bh±v±”ti vaŗŗita½.
Tasmi½yeva khandhake aµµhakath±ya½ (c³¼ava. aµµha. 321) “sacepi r±jar±jamah±matt±dayo ekappah±renevamańcasata½ v± mańcasahassa½ v± denti, sabbe kappiyamańc± sampaµicchitabb±, sampaµicchitv±vu¹¹hapaµip±µiy± saŖghikaparibhogena paribhuńjath±ti d±tabb±, puggalikavasena na d±tabb±”ti±gata½. Tass± vaŗŗan±ya½yeva vimativinodaniya½ “kappiyamańc± sampaµicchitabb±tiimin± suvaŗŗ±divicitta½ akappiyamańca½ ‘saŖghass±’ti vuttepi sampaµicchitu½ navaµµat²ti dasseti, ‘vih±rassa dem±’ti vutte saŖghasseva vaµµati, na puggalassakhett±di viy±ti daµµhabban”ti vaŗŗita½, tasm± bhagavato ±ŗa½ sampaµicchantehi lajjipesalabahussutasikkh±k±mabh³tehibhikkh³hi suµµhu manasik±tabbamida½ µh±na½.
Nanu ca sen±sane viruddhasen±sana½ n±ma paµisedhetabba½ atthi, atha kasm± “sen±sanekińci paµisedhetabba½ natth²”ti vuttanti codana½ sandh±y±ha “ańńatra viruddhasen±san±”ti.Tassattho– viruddhasen±san± viruddhasen±sana½ ańńatra µhapetv± ańńa½ vaŗŗamaµµhakamm±dikamma½sandh±ya sen±sane kińci paµisedhetabba½ natth²ti vutta½, na tadabh±voti. Yadi eva½ta½ viruddhasen±sana½ ±cariyena vattabba½, katama½ viruddhasen±sana½ n±m±ti pucch±yam±ha“viruddha…pe… vuccat²”ti. Tattha ańńesanti s²mass±mik±na½. R±javallabheh²tilajjipesal±na½ uposath±di-antar±yakar± alajjino bhinnaladdhik± ca bhikkh³ adhippet±tehi saha uposath±dikaraŗ±yogato. Tena ca “s²m±y±”ti vutta½. Tesa½ lajjiparis±titesa½ s²mass±mik±na½ anubala½ d±tu½ samatth± lajjiparis±. Bhikkh³hi katantiya½ alajj²na½ sen±sanabhedan±dika½ lajjibhikkh³hi kata½, ta½ sabba½ sukatameva alajjiniggahatth±yapavattetabbato.
Ettha ca siy±– “ańńesa½ s²m±y±”ti aµµhakath±ya½ vutta½, s²m± n±ma bahuvidh±, kataras²ma½sandh±y±ti? Baddhas²ma½ sandh±y±ti daµµhabba½. Katha½ vińń±yat²ti ce? “M± amh±ka½uposathapav±raŗ±na½ antar±yamakatth±”ti aµµhakath±yameva vuttatt±, s±ratthad²paniyampi (s±rattha.µ². 2.85) “uposathapav±raŗ±na½ antar±yakar± alajjino r±jakul³pak± vuccant²”ti vuttatt±, uposath±divinayakammakhettabh³t±ya eva s²m±ya idha adhippetatt± adi eva½ g±mas²masattabbhantaras²ma-udakukkhepas²m±yopi ta½khettabh³t± eva, tasm± t±pi sandh±y±tivattabbanti? Na vattabba½ t±sa½ abaddhas²matt±, na te t±sa½ s±mik±, baddhas²m±yeva bhikkh³na½kiriy±ya siddhatt± t±sa½yeva te s±mik±. Tena vutta½ “ya½ pana s²mass±mikehibhikkh³h²”ti. Ya½ pana vadanti “upac±ras²m±pi ta½khettabh³t±”ti, ta½ na gahetabba½,tass± tadakkhettabh±va½ upari s²m±vinicchayakath±d²su (vi. saŖga. aµµha. 156 ±dayo)kathayiss±ma. Apica g±mas²m±ya ańńesa½ sen±sanakaraŗassa paµisedhitumayuttatt± sattabbhantara-udakukkhepas²m±nańcasabbad± atiµµhanato baddhas²m±yeva adhippet±ti vińń±yat²ti.
Chind±peyya v± bhind±peyya v±, anupavajjoti ida½ sabbamattik±mayakuµ²viya sabbath± anupayog±raha½ sandh±ya vutta½. Ya½ pana pańcavaŗŗasuttehi vinaddhachatt±dika½,tattha akappiyabh±gova chinditabbo, na tadavaseso, tassa kappiyatt±ti chindanto upavajjovahoti. Teneva vutta½ “ghaµakampi v±¼ar³pampi chinditv± dh±retabban”ti-±di.

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