Idha pana “arańńe samant± sattabbhantar±”ti eva½ p±¼iya½ (mah±va. 147), “vińjh±µavisadisearańńe samant± sattabbhantar±”ti aµµhakath±yańca (mah±va. aµµha. 147) rukkh±dinirantarepiarańńe sattabbhantaras²m±ya vihitatt± attano nissayabh³t±ya arańńas²m±ya saha etiss±rukkh±disambandhe dos±bh±vo, pageva ag±make rukkheti nissitepi padese c²varavippav±sassarukkhaparih±ra½ vin±va ajjhok±saparih±ro ca anumatoti siddhoti veditabba½.
Upac±ratth±y±ti s²mantarikatth±ya. Sattabbhantarato adhika½ vaµµati, ³naka½ pana na vaµµatieva sattabbhantaraparicchedassa dubbij±natt±. Tasm± saŖgha½ vin± ekenapi bhikkhun± bahitiµµhantena ańńa½ sattabbhantara½ atikkamitv± d³re eva µh±tabba½. Itarath± kammakopasaŖkarato.Udakukkhepepi eseva nayo. Teneva vakkhati “³naka½ pana na vaµµat²”ti (vi. saŖga.aµµha. 167). Idańcettha s²mantarik±vidh±na½ dvinna½ baddhas²m±na½ s²mantarik±nuj±nanasutt±nulomatosiddhanti daµµhabba½. Kińc±pi hi bhagavat± nid±navasena ekag±manissit±na½ ekasabh±g±nańcadvinna½ baddhas²m±nameva ańńamańńa½ sambheda-ajjhottharaŗadosaparih±r±ya s²mantarik± anuńń±t±,tath±pi tadanulomato eka½ arańńas²ma½ nad²-±dis²mańca nissit±na½ ekasabh±g±na½ dvinna½sattabbhantaras²m±nampi udakukkhepas²m±nampi ańńamańńa½ sambhedajjhottharaŗa½, s²mantarika½vin± abyavadh±nena µh±nańca bhagavat± anabhimatamev±ti ńatv± aµµhakath±cariy± idh±pi s²mantarik±vidh±namaka½su.Visabh±gas²m±nampi hi ekas²m±nissitatta½ ekasabh±gattańc±ti dv²haŖgehi samann±gamesati eva s²mantarika½ vin± µh±na½ sambhed±ya hoti, n±sat²ti daµµhabba½.S²mantarikavidh±nas±matthiyeneva cet±sa½ rukkh±disambandhopi baddhas²m± viya ańńamańńa½na vaµµat²ti ayampi nayato dassitov±ti gahetabba½.
167. Sabh±venev±ti imin± g±mas²m± viya abaddhas²m±ti dasseti. Sabbamettha saŖghakamma½k±tu½ vaµµat²ti sam±nasa½v±s± ek³posath±ti dasseti. Yena kenac²ti antamasos³kar±din± sattena. Mahoghena pana uŗŗataµµh±nato ninnaµµh±ne patantena khato khuddako v±mahanto v± lakkhaŗayutto “j±tassaro”tveva vuccati. Etthapi khuddake udakukkhepakicca½natthi. Samudde pana sabbattha udakukkhepas²m±yameva kamma½ k±tabba½ sodhetu½ dukkaratt±.Puna tatth±ti lokavoh±rasiddh²su eva t±su nad²-±d²su t²su abaddhas²m±su puna vaggakammaparih±rattha½s±sanavoh±rasiddh±ya abaddhas²m±ya pariccheda½ dassentoti adhipp±yo. P±¼iya½ (mah±va.147) “ya½ majjhimassa purisass±”ti-±d²su udaka½ ukkhipitv± khip²yati etth±tiudakukkhepo, udakassa patanok±so, tasm± udakukkhep±, ayańhettha padasambandhavasenaattho– parisapariyantato paµµh±ya samant± y±va majjhimassa purisassa udakukkhepo udakassapatanaµµh±na½, t±va ya½ ta½ paricchinnaµµh±na½, aya½ tattha nad²-±d²su apar± sam±nasa½v±s±udakukkhepas²m±ti.
Tassa antoti tassa udakukkhepaparicchinnassa µh±nassa anto. Na kevalańca tasseva anto,tato bahipi, “ekassa udakukkhepassa anto µh±tu½ na vaµµat²”ti vacana½ udakukkhepaparicchedassadubbij±nato kammakopasaŖk± hot²ti Teneva m±tik±µµhakath±ya½ (kaŖkh±.aµµha. nid±navaŗŗan±) “paricchedabbhantare hatthap±sa½ vijahitv± µhitopi paricchedatobahi ańńa½ tattaka½yeva pariccheda½ anatikkamitv± µhitopi kamma½ kopeti, ida½sabba-aµµhakath±su sanniµµh±nan”ti vutta½. Ya½ panettha s±ratthad²paniya½ (s±rattha. µ².mah±vagga 3.147) “tassa antohatthap±sa½ vijahitv± µhito kamma½ kopet²ti imin±paricchedato bahi yattha katthaci µhito kamma½ na kopet²”ti vatv± m±tik±µµhakath±vacanampipaµikkhipitv± “neva p±¼iya½ na aµµhakath±ya½ upalabbhat²”ti-±di bahu papańcita½,ta½ na sundara½ idha aµµhakath±vacanena m±tik±µµhakath±vacanassa nayato sa½sandanato saŖghaµanato.Tath± hi dvinna½ udakukkhepapa-acched±namantar± vidatthicaturaŖgulamattampi s²mantarika½aµhapetv± “ańńo udakukkhepo s²mantarik±ya µhapetabbo, “tato adhika½ vaµµati eva,³naka½ pana na vaµµat²”ti eva½ idheva vuttena imin± aµµhakath±vacanena s²mantarikopac±reudakukkhepato ³nake µhapite s²m±ya s²m±sambhedato kammakopopi vutto eva. Yadaggenaca eva½ vutto, tadaggena ca tattha ekabhikkhuno pavesepi sati tassa s²maµµhabh±vato kammakopovutto eva hoti. Aµµhakath±ya½ “³naka½ pana na vaµµat²”ti kathanańceta½ udakukkhepaparicchedassadubbij±nantenapi s²m±sambhedasaŖk±parih±rattha½ vutta½. Sattabbhantaras²m±namantar± tattakaparicchedenevas²mantarikavidh±navacanatopi et±sa½ dubbij±naparicchedat±, tattha ca µhit±na½ kammakopasaŖk±sijjhati. KammakopasaŖkaµµh±nampi ±cariy± d³rato parih±rattha½ “kammakopaµµh±nan”tivatv±va µhapesunti gahetabba½.
S±ratthad²paniya½ (s±rattha. µ². mah±vagga 3.147) pana– aparicchinn±y±ti baddhas²m±vasenaakataparicched±ya. Yena kenaci khaŗitv± akatoti antamaso tiracch±nenapikhaŗitv± akato. Tassa antohatthap±sa½ vijahitv± µhito kamma½ kopet²ti imin±paricchedato bahi yattha katthaci µhito kamma½ na kopet²ti d²peti. Ya½ pana vutta½m±tik±µµhakath±ya½ (kaŖkh±. aµµha. nid±navaŗŗan±) “paricchedabbhantare hatthap±sa½ vijahitv±µhitopi paricchedato bahi ańńa½ tattaka½yeva pariccheda½ anatikkamitv± µhitopikamma½ kopeti, ida½ sabba-aµµhakath±su sanniµµh±nan”ti. Tattha ańńa½ tattaka½yeva pariccheda½anatikkamitv± µhitopi kamma½ kopet²ti ida½ neva p±¼iya½, na aµµhakath±ya½ upalabbhati,yadi ceta½ dvinna½ saŖgh±na½ visu½ uposath±dikammakaraŗ±dhik±re vuttatt± udakukkhepatobahi ańńa½ udakukkhepa½ anatikkamitv± uposath±dikaraŗattha½ µhito saŖgho s²m±sambhedasambhavatokamma½ kopet²ti imin± adhipp±yena vutta½ siy±, evampi yujjeyya. Teneva m±tik±µµhakath±yal²natthappak±saniya½ (kaŖkh±. µ². nid±navaŗŗan±) vutta½ “ańńa½ tattaka½yeva paricchedantidutiya½ udakukkhepa½ anatikkantopi kopeti. Kasm±? Attano udakukkhepas²m±yaparesa½ udakukkhepas²m±ya ajjhotthaµatt± s²m±sambhedo hoti, tasm± kopet²”ti.“Ida½ sabba-aµµhakath±su sanniµµh±nan”ti ca imin±va adhipp±yena vuttanti gahetabba½sabb±supi aµµhakath±su s²m±sambhedassa anicchitatt±. Teneva hi “attano ca ańńesańcaudakukkhepaparicchedassa antar± ańńo udakukkhepo s²mantarikatth±ya µhapetabbo”ti vutta½.Ańńe panettha ańńath±pi papańcenti, ta½ na gahetabba½.
Sabbattha saŖgho nis²dat²ti hatthap±sa½ avijahitv± nis²dati. Udakukkhepas²m±ya kamma½natth²ti yasm± sabbopi nad²padeso bhikkh³hi ajjhotthaµo, tasm± samantato nadiy± abh±v± udakukkhepappayojana½ natthi. Udakukkhepappam±ŗ± s²mantarik± suvińńeyyatar±hoti, s²m±sambhedasaŖk± ca na siy±ti s±m²cidassanattha½ “ańńo udakukkhepo s²mantarikatth±yaµhapetabbo”ti vutta½. Yattakena pana s²m±sambhedo na hoti, tattaka½ µhapetu½ vaµµatiyeva.Tenev±hu por±ŗ± “yattakena s²m±sambhedo na hoti, tattakampi µhapetu½ vaµµat²”ti.Šnaka½ pana na vaµµat²ti idampi udakukkhepas²m±ya parisavasena va¹¹hanato s²m±sambhedasaŖk±siy±ti tanniv±raŗatthameva vuttanti vutta½.
Vajirabuddhiµ²k±yampi (vajira. µ². mah±vagga 147)– ya½ majjhimassa purisassa samant±udakukkhep±ti pana etiss± nadiy± catuvagg±d²na½ saŖgh±na½ visu½ catuvaggakaraŗ²y±dikammakaraŗak±les²m±paricchedadassanattha½ vutta½ tic²varena vippav±s±vippav±saparicchedadassanatthampisattabbhantaras²m±ya paricchedadassana½ viy±ti ±cariy±, tasm± udakukkhepaparicched±bh±vepiantonadiya½ kamma½ k±tu½ vaµµat²ti siddha½. Aya½ pana viseso– tattha n±v±gato ce,n±v±ya½ vuttanayena, satthagato ce, satthe vuttanayena. So ce atirekac±tum±sanivutthoce, g±me vuttanayena tic²var±vippav±so veditabbo. Tatth±pi aya½ viseso– sacesattho udakukkhepassa anto hoti, udakukkhepas²m± pam±ŗanti eke. Satthova pam±ŗanti±cariy±. Sace panettha bah³ bhikkh³ti-±dimhi keci adhiµµh±nuposatha½, kecigaŗuposatha½, keci saŖghuposathanti vattuk±mat±ya “bah³ saŖgh±”ti avatv± “bhikkh³”tivutta½. Šnaka½ pana na vaµµat²ti ettha s²m±sambhedasambhavatoti upatissatthero. Żhapentehi ³naka½ na µhapetabba½, “aµµhapetumpi vaµµati ev±”ti vuttanti vutta½.
Tanti s²ma½. S²ghameva atikkamat²ti imin± ta½ anatikkamitv±anto eva parivattam±n±ya k±tu½ vaµµat²ti dasseti. Etadatthameva hi v±lik±d²his²m±paricchindana½, itarath± bahi parivatt± nu kho, no v±ti kammakopasaŖk± bhaveyy±ti.Ańńiss± anuss±van±ti keval±ya nad²s²m±ya anuss±van±. Antonadiya½ j±tarukkhev±ti udakukkhepaparicchedassa bahi µhite rukkhe v±. Bahinad²t²rameva hi visabh±gas²matt±abandhitabbaµµh±na½, na antonad² nissayattena sabh±gatt±. Teneva “bahinad²t²re vih±ras²m±yav±”ti-±din± t²rameva abandhitabbaµµh±nattena dassita½, na pana nad². J±tarukkhepi µhiteh²tiida½ anto-udakukkhepaµµha½ sandh±ya vutta½. Na hi bahi-udakukkhepe bhikkh³na½ µh±tu½vaµµati.
Rukkhass±ti tasseva anto-udakukkhepaµµhassa rukkhassa. S²ma½ v± sodhetv±ti yath±vutta½vih±re baddhas²ma½ g±mas²mańca tattha µhitabhikkh³na½ hatthap±s±nayanabahis²makaraŗavaseneva sodhetv±.Yath± ca udakukkhepas²m±ya½ kamma½ karontehi, eva½ baddhas²m±ya½ v± g±mas²m±ya½ v±kamma½ karontehipi udakukkhepas²maµµhe sodhetv±va k±tabba½. Eteneva sattabbhantara-arańńas²m±hipisaddhi½ udakukkhepas²m±ya, im±ya ca saddhi½ t±sa½ rukkh±disambandhadosopi nayato dassitovahoti. Imin±va nayena sattabbhantaras²m±ya baddhas²mag±mas²m±hipi saddhi½, et±sańca sattabbhantaras²m±yasaddhi½ sambandhadoso ń±tabbo. Aµµhakath±ya½ paneta½ sabba½ vuttanayatova sakk± vińń±tuntiańńamańń±sann±namevettha dassita½.
Tatrida½ sutt±nulomato nayaggahaŗamukha½– yath± hi baddhas²m±ya½ sammat± baddhas²m± vipattis²m±hot²ti t±sa½ ańńamańńa½ rukkh±disambandho na vaµµati, eva½ nad²-±d²su sammat±pi baddhas²m±vipattis²m±va hot²ti t±hipi saddhi½ tass± rukkh±disambandho na vaµµat²tisijjhati. Imin± nayena sattabbhantaras²m±ya g±manad²-±d²hi saddhi½, udakukkhepas²m±ya caarańń±d²hi saddhi½ rukkh±disambandhassanavaµµanakabh±vo ń±tabbo, evamet± bhagavat± anuńń±t±baddhas²masattabbhantara-udakukkhepas²m± ańńamańńańceva attano nissayavirahit±hi itar²tar±sa½nissayas²m±hi ca rukkh±disambandhe sati sambhedadosam±pajjat²ti sutt±nulomanayo ń±tabbova.
Attano attano pana nissayabh³tag±m±d²hi saddhi½ baddhas²m±d²na½ tissanna½ uppattik±lebhagavat± anuńń±tassa sambhedajjhottharaŗassa anulomanato rukkh±disambandhopi anuńń±tovahot²ti daµµhabba½. Yadi eva½ udakukkhepabaddhas²m±d²na½ antar± kasm± s²mantarik± navihit±ti? Nissayabhedasabh±vabhedehi sayameva bhinnatt±. Ekanissaya-ekasabh±v±nameva his²mantarik±ya vin±sa½ karot²ti vuttov±yamattho. Eteneva nad²nimitta½ katv± baddh±yas²m±ya saŖghe kamma½ karonte nadiyampi y±va g±makkhetta½ ±hacca µhit±ya udakukkhepas²m±yaańńesa½ kamma½ k±tu½ vaµµat²ti siddha½ hoti. Y± panet± lokavoh±rasiddh± g±m±rańńanad²samuddaj±tassaras²m±pańca, t± ańńamańńa½ rukkh±disambandhepi sambhedadosa½ n±pajjati tath± lokavoh±r±bh±vato.Na hi g±m±dayo g±mantar±d²hi nad²-±d²hi ca rukkh±disambandhamattena sambhinn±tiloke voharanti. Lokavoh±rasiddh±nańca lokavoh±ratova sambhedo v± asambhedo v±gahetabbo, na ańńath±. Teneva aµµhakath±ya½ t±sa½ ańńamańńa½ katthacipi sambhedanayo na dassito,s±sanavoh±rasiddho eva dassitoti.