2. Parikkh±ravinicchayakath±

6. Eva½ div±seyyavinicchaya½ kathetv± id±ni parikkh±ravinicchaya½ kathetu½“parikkh±roti samaºaparikkh±ro”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha div±seyyavinicchayakath±ya ±dimhivutta½ “tatth±”ti pada½ ±netv± tattha tesu m±tik±padesu samabhiniviµµhassa “parikkh±ro”tipadassa “samaºaparikkh±ro”ti attho daµµhabboti yojan±, esa nayo ito parepi. Samaºaparikkh±rovutto, na gihiparikkh±roti adhipp±yo. Parisamantato kariyateti parikkh±ro,chatt±diko. Tatr±ti samaºaparikkh±re. Kappat²ti kappiyo, na kappiyo akappiyo,kappiyo ca akappiyo ca kappiy±kappiyo, sam±h±radvandepi pulliªgamicchanti paº¹it±.Kappiy±kappiyo ca so parikkh±ro ceti tath±, tassa vinicchayo kappiy±kappiyaparikkh±ravinicchayo.
Keci t±lapaººacchattanti ida½ upalakkhaºamatta½. Sabbampi hi chatta½ tath±kariyam±na½ navaµµati. Tenev±ha vajirabuddhiµ²k±ya½ (vajira. µ². p±r±jika 85) “sabbaparikkh±resuvaººamaµµhavik±ra½ karontassa dukkaµanti d²pentena na vaµµat²ti vuttanti veditabban”ti.Na vaººamaµµhatth±y±ti imin± thirakaraºattha½ ekavaººasuttena vinandhiyam±na½ yadi vaººamaµµha½hoti, tattha na dosoti dasseti. ¾raggen±ti nikh±danamukhena. Yadi na vaµµati,t±disa½ chattadaº¹a½ labhitv± ki½ k±tabbanti ±ha “ghaµaka½ v±”ti-±di. Suttakenav± daº¹o veµhetabboti yath± lekh± na paññ±yati, tath± veµhetabbo. Daº¹abundetidaº¹am³le, chattadaº¹assa heµµhimakoµiyanti attho. Chattamaº¹alikanti chattassa antokhuddakamaº¹ala½, chattapañjare maº¹al±k±rena baddhadaº¹avalaya½ v±. Ukkiritv±ti ninna½,unnata½ v± katv± uµµh±petv±. S± vaµµat²ti s± lekh± rajjukehi bandhantu v±m± v±, bandhitu½ yuttaµµh±natt± vaµµati. Tena vutta½ ±cariyabuddhadattamah±therena–
“Chatta½ paººamaya½ kiñci, bahi anto ca sabbaso;
pañcavaººena suttena, sibbitu½ na ca vaµµati.
“Chinditu½ a¹¹hacanda½ v±, paººe makaradantaka½;
ghaµaka½ v±¼ar³pa½ v±, lekh± daº¹e na vaµµati.
“Sibbitu½ ekavaººena, chatta½ suttena vaµµati;
thirattha½ pañcavaººena, pañjara½ v± vinandhitu½.
“Ghaµaka½ v±¼ar³pa½ v±, lekh± v± pana keval±;
chinditv± v±pi gha½sitv±, dh±retu½ pana vaµµati.
“Ahicchattakasaºµh±na½ daº¹abundamhi vaµµati;
ukkiritv± kat± lekh±, bandhanatth±ya vaµµat²”ti.

Tassa vaººan±yampi chatta½ paººamaya½ kiñc²ti t±lapaºº±dipaººacchadana½ ya½ kiñci chatta½.Bah²ti upari. Antoti heµµh±. Sibbitunti r³pa½ dassetv± s³cikamma½ k±tu½.Paººeti chadanapaººe. A¹¹hacandanti a¹¹hacand±k±ra½. Makaradantakanti makaradant±k±ra½,ya½ “girik³µan”ti vuccati. Chinditu½ na vaµµat²ti sambandho. Mukhavaµµiy± n±metv±baddhapaººakoµiy± v± matthakamaº¹alakoµiy± v± girik³µ±di½ karonti, imin± ta½paµikkhitta½. Daº¹eti chattadaº¹e. Ghaµakanti ghaµ±k±ro. V±¼ar³pa½ v±tibyaggh±div±¼±na½ r³paka½ v±. Lekh±ti ukkiritv± v± chinditv± v± cittakammavasenav± katar±ji. Pañcavaºº±na½ sutt±na½ antare n²l±di-ekavaººena suttena thirattha½ chatta½anto ca bahi ca sibbitu½ v± chattadaº¹agg±hakasal±kapañjara½ thirattha½ vinandhitu½ v± vaµµat²ti yojan±. Pañcavaºº±na½ ekavaººena thiratthanti imin± anekavaººehi suttehi vaººamaµµhatth±ya sibbituñca vinandhituñca na vaµµat²ti d²peti. Potthakesu pana “pañcavaººen±”tip±µho dissati, tassa ekavaººena pañcavaººena v± suttena thirattha½ sibbitu½ vinandhitu½v± vaµµat²ti yojan± k±tabb± hoti.

Ettha ca heµµh± vuttena “pañcavaººena suttena sibbitu½ na ca vaµµat²”ti p±µhena ca “kecit±lapaººacchatta½ anto v± bahi v± pañcavaººena suttena sibbetv± vaººamaµµha½ karonti,ta½ na vaµµati, ekavaººe pana n²lena v± p²takena v± yena kenaci suttena anto v±bahi v± sibbitu½, chattadaº¹agg±haka½ sal±kapañjara½ v± vinandhitu½ vaµµati, tañca khothirakaraºattha½, na vaººamaµµhatth±y±”ti aµµhakath±p±µhena ca virujjhati, tasm± so na gahetabbo.
Lekh± v± pana keval±ti yath±vuttappak±r± sakal± lekh± v±.Chinditv±ti ukkiritv± kata½ chinditv±. Gha½sitv±ti cittakamm±divasenakata½ gha½sitv±. Daº¹abundamh²ti chattadaº¹assa pañjare g±haºatth±ya ph±litabundamhi,m³leti attho. Ayamettha nissandehe vuttanayo. Khuddasikkh±gaºµhipade pana “chattapiº¹iy±m³le”ti vutta½. Ahicchattakasaºµh±nanti phulla-ahicchattak±k±ra½. Rajjukehig±h±petv± daº¹e bandhanti, tasmi½ bandhanaµµh±ne valayamiva ukkiritv±ti valaya½viya upaµµh±petv±. Bandhanatth±y±ti v±tena yath± na calati, eva½ rajj³hi daº¹e pañjarassabandhanatth±ya. Ukkiritv± kat± lekh± vaµµat²ti yojan±. Yath± v±tappah±rena acalanattha½chattamaº¹alika½ rajjukehi g±h±petv± daº¹e bandhanti, tasmi½ bandhanaµµh±ne valayamivaukkiritv± lekha½ µhapenti, s± vaµµat²ti. Sacepi na bandhati, bandhan±rahaµµh±natt± valaya½ukkiritv± vaµµat²ti gaºµhipade vattant²ti ±gata½, tasm± pakkharaºesu ±gatanayenevachatte paµipajjitabbanti.
7. C²vare pana n±n±suttakeh²ti (s±rattha. µ². 2.85; vi. vi. µ². 1.85)n±n±vaººehi suttehi. Idañca tath± karont±na½ vasena vutta½, ekavaººasuttakenapi navaµµatiyeva. “Pakatis³cikammameva vaµµat²”ti hi vutta½. Paµµamukheti dvinna½paµµ±na½ saªghaµitaµµh±na½ sandh±yeta½ vutta½. Pariyanteti c²varapariyante. Anuv±ta½ sandh±yeta½vutta½. Veº²ti varakas²s±k±rena sibbana½. Saªkhalikanti dviguºasaªkhalik±k±renasibbana½, bi¼±lasaªkhalik±k±rena sibbana½ v±. Veºi½ v± saªkhalika½ v± karont²tikaraºakiriy±ya sambandho. Agghiya½ n±ma cetiyasaºµh±na½ ya½ “agghiyatthambho”tivadanti. Gay± n±ma m³le tanuka½ agge mahanta½ katv± gad±k±rena sibbana½.Muggaro n±ma m³le ca agge ca ekasadisa½ katv± muggar±k±rena sibbana½. Kakkaµakkh²niukkirant²ti gaºµhikapaµµap±sakapaµµ±na½ ante p±¼ibaddha½ katv± kakkaµak±na½akkhisaºµh±na½ paµµhapenti, karont²ti attho. “Koºasuttapi¼ak±ti gaºµhikap±sakapaµµ±na½koºehi n²haµasutt±na½ koµiyo”ti t²supi gaºµhipadesu vutta½. Katha½ pana t± pi¼ak±duviññeyyar³p± k±tabb±ti? Koºehi n²haµasutt±na½ antesu ekav±ra½ gaºµhikakaraºenav± puna nivattetv± sibbanena v± duviññeyyasabh±va½ katv± suttakoµiyo rassa½ katv±chinditabb±. Dhammasirittherena pana “koºasutt± ca pi¼ak±, duviññeyy±va kappare”tivutta½, tath± ±cariyabuddhadattattherenapi “sutt± ca pi¼ak± tattha, duviññeyy±va d²pit±”tivutta½, tasm± tesa½ matena koºasutt± ca pi¼ak± ca koºasuttapi¼ak±ti evametthaattho daµµhabbo.
Vimativinodaniyampi (vi. vi. µ². 1.85) koºasuttapi¼ak±ti gaºµhikap±sakapaµµ±na½koºehi bahi niggatasutt±na½ pi¼ak±k±rena µhapitakoµiyoti keci vadanti, te pi¼akechinditv± duviññeyy± k±tabb±ti tesa½ adhipp±yo. Keci pana “koºasutt±ca pi¼ak± c±ti dveyev±”ti vadanti, tesa½ matena gaºµhikap±sakapaµµ±na½ koºatokoºa½ n²haµasutt± koºasutt± n±ma. Samantato pana pariyantena gat± caturassasutt±pi¼ak± n±ma. Ta½ duvidhampi keci c²varato visu½ paññ±natth±ya vik±rayutta½karonti, ta½ nisedh±ya “duviññeyyar³p± vaµµat²”ti vutta½, na pana sabbath± acakkhugocarabh±venasibbanatth±ya tath±sibbanassa asakkuºeyyatt±, yath± pakatic²varato vik±ro na paññ±yati,eva½ sibbitabbanti adhipp±yo. Rajanakammato pubbe paññ±yam±nopi viseso c²vare ratteekavaººato na paññ±yat²ti ±ha “c²vare ratte”ti.
8. Maºin±ti n²lamaºi-±dip±s±ºena, a½sabaddhakak±yabandhan±dika½ ac²varatt±saªkh±d²hi gha½situ½ vaµµat²ti vadanti. Kaººasuttakanti c²varassa d²ghato tiriyañcasibbit±na½ cat³su kaººesu koºesu ca nikkhant±na½ suttas²s±nameta½ n±ma½, ta½chinditv±va p±rupitabba½. Ten±ha “rajitak±le chinditabban”ti. Bhagavat±anuññ±ta½ eka½ kaººasuttampi atthi, ta½ pana n±mena sadisampi ito aññamev±ti dassetu½“ya½ pan±”ti-±di vutta½. Lagganatth±y±ti c²vararajjuya½ c²varabandhanatth±ya. Vimativinodaniya½ (vi. vi. µ². 1.85) ettakameva vutta½.
S±ratthad²paniya½ (s±rattha. µ². 2.85) pana “p±saka½ katv± bandhitabbanti rajanak±lebandhitabba½, sesak±le mocetv± µhapetabban”ti vutta½. Vinayasaªgahappakaraºassa por±ºaµ²k±yampiidameva gahetv± vutta½, ta½ pana c²varakkhandhake (mah±va. 344) “majjhena laggenti,ubhato galati, bhagavato etamattha½ ±rocesu½. Anuj±n±mi, bhikkhave, kaººe bandhitunti.Kaººo j²rati. Bhagavato etamattha½ ±rocesu½. Anuj±n±mi, bhikkhave, kaººasuttakan”tieva½ anuññ±tac²vararajjuya½ rajitv± pas±ritac²varassa olambakasutta½ sandh±ya vuttantidaµµhabba½.
Gaºµhiketi c²varap±rupanak±le p±sake lagg±panattha½ kate dant±dimaye gaºµhike.Pi¼ak±ti bindu½ bindu½ katv± uµµh±petabbapi¼ak±. Vuttañheta½ vinayavinicchayappakaraºe–
“N±n±vaººehi suttehi, maº¹anatth±ya c²vara½;
sama½ satapad±d²na½, sibbitu½ na ca vaµµati.
“Pattassa pariyante v±, tath± pattamukhepi ca;
veºi½ saªkhalika½ v±pi, karoto hoti dukkaµa½.
“Paµµampi gaºµhip±s±na½, aµµhakoº±dika½ vidhi½;
tatthagghiyagad±r³pa½, muggar±di½ karonti ca.
“Tattha kakkaµakakkh²ni, uµµh±penti na vaµµati;
sutt± ca pi¼ak± tattha, duviññeyy±va d²pit±.
“Catukoº±va vaµµanti, gaºµhip±sakapaµµak±;
kaººakoºesu sutt±ni, ratte chindeyya c²vare.
“S³cikammavik±ra½ v±, añña½ v± pana kiñcipi;
c²vare bhikkhun± k±tu½, k±r±petu½ na vaµµati.
“Yo ca pakkhipati bhikkhu c²vara½,
kañjipiµµhakhali-allik±disu;
vaººamaµµhamabhipatthaya½ para½;
tassa natthi pana mutti dukkaµ±.
“S³cihatthamal±d²na½, karaºe c²varassa ca;
tath± kiliµµhak±le ca, dhovanattha½ tu vaµµati.
“Rajane pana gandha½ v±, tela½ v± l±khameva v±;
kiñci pakkhipitu½ tattha, bhikkhuno na ca vaµµati.
“Saªkhena maºin± v±pi, aññenapi ca kenaci;
c²vara½ na ca ghaµµeyya, gha½sitabba½ na doºiy±.
“C²vara½ doºiya½ katv±, n±tighaµµeyya muµµhin±;
ratta½ paharitu½ kiñci, hattheheva ca vaµµati.
“Gaºµhike pana lekh± v±, pi¼ak± v± na vaµµati;
kappabinduvik±ro v±, p±¼ikaººikabhedato”ti.
Vinayas±ratthasand²paniyampi sama½ satapad±d²nanti satapad±d²hi sadisa½. Tulyatthekaraºavacanappasaªge s±mivacana½. Paµµassa pariyante v±ti anuv±tassa ubhayapariyantev±. Paµµamukhepi v±ti dvinna½ ±y±mavitth±rapaµµ±na½ saªghaµitaµµh±ne, kaººepi v±ekasseva v± paµµassa ³nap³raºattha½ ghaµitaµµh±nepi v± Veº²ti kudr³sas²s±k±renasibbana½. Keci “varakas²s±k±ren±”ti vadanti. Saªkhalikanti bi¼±lad±masadisasibbana½. Keci “satapadisadisan”ti vadanti.