Baddhas²m±ya pana ańń±ya baddhas²m±ya nad²-±dis²m±su ca bandhitu½ paµikkhepasiddhito ceva udakukkhepasattabbhantaras²m±na½nad²-±d²su eva k±tu½ niyamanasuttas±matthiyena baddhas²mag±mas²m±su karaŗapaµikkhepasiddhoca t±sa½ ańńamańńasabh±gat± uppattikkhaŗe pacch± ca rukkh±d²hi sambhed±didosasambhavo cavuttanayena suttasutt±nulomatova sijjhanti. Teneva aµµhakath±ya½ visabh±gas²m±namevavaµarukkh±divacanehi sambandhadosa½ dassetv± sabh±g±na½ baddhas²mag±mas²m±d²na½sambandhadoso na dassito. Na kevalańca na dassito, atha kho t±sa½ sabh±gas²m±na½ rukkh±disambandhepidos±bh±vopi p±¼i-aµµhakath±su ń±pito eva. Tath± hi p±¼iya½ (mah±va. 138) “pabbatanimitta½p±s±ŗanimitta½ vananimitta½ rukkhanimittan”ti-±din± va¹¹hanakanimitt±ni anuńń±t±ni,tena nesa½ rukkh±dinimitt±na½ va¹¹hane baddhas²mag±mas²m±na½ saŖkarados±bh±vo ń±pitovahoti, dvinna½ pana baddhas²m±na½ ²diso sambandho na vaµµati. Vuttańhi “ekarukkhopi dvinna½s²m±na½ nimitta½ hoti, so pana va¹¹hanto s²masaŖkara½ karoti, tasm± na k±tabbo”ti.“Anuj±n±mi, bhikkhave, tiyojanaparama½ s²ma½ bandhitun”ti (mah±va. 140) vacanatopic±ya½ ń±pito. Tiyojanaparam±ya hi s²m±ya samant± pariyantesu rukkhalat±gumb±d²hibaddhag±mas²m±na½ niyamena ańńamańńa½ sambandhassa sambhavato “²disa½ sambandha½ vin±setv±vas²m± sammannitabb±”ti aµµhakath±yampi na vutta½.
Yadi cettha rukkh±disambandhena kammavipatti bhaveyya, avassameva vattabba½ siy±. Vipattiparih±ratthańhi±cariy± nir±saŖkaµµh±nesupi “bhitti½ akittetv±”ti-±din± siddhamevattha½ punappuna½avocu½, idha pana “vanamajjhe vih±ra½ karonti, vana½ na kittetabban”ti-±din± rukkhalat±d²hinirantare vanamajjhepi s²m±bandhanamavocu½. Tath± thambh±na½ upari katap±s±d±d²su heµµh±thambh±d²hi ek±baddhesu uparimatal±d²su s²m±bandhana½ bahudh± vutta½, tasm± baddhas²mag±mas²m±na½ rukkh±disambandho tehi mukhatova vihito, apica g±mas²m±nampi p±µekka½ baddhas²m±sadisat±yaek±ya g±mas²m±ya kamma½ karontehi dabbatiŗamattenapi sambandh± g±mantaraparampar± arańńanad²samudd±ca sodhetabb±ti sakala½ d²pa½ sodhetv±va k±tabba½ siy±. Eva½ panaasodhetv± paµhamamah±saŖg²tik±lato pabhuti kat±na½ upasampad±dikamm±na½ s²m±sammut²nańcavipajjanato sabbesampi bhikkh³na½ anupasampannasaŖk±pasaŖgo ca dunniv±ro hoti, naceta½ yutta½, tasm± vuttanayena visabh±gas²m±nameva rukkh±disambandhadoso, na baddhas²mag±mas²m±d²na½sabh±gas²m±nanti gahetabba½.
Mah±s²m±sodhanassa dukkarat±ya khaŗ¹as²m±yameva yebhuyyena saŖghakammakaraŗanti ±ha “s²mam±¼ake”ti-±di.Mah±saŖghasannip±tesu pana khaŗ¹as²m±ya appahonakat±ya mah±s²m±ya kamme kariyam±nepiaya½ nayo gahetabbova. Ukkhip±petv±ti imin± k±yapaµibaddhena s²ma½ phusantopis²maµµhova hot²ti dasseti. Purimanayep²ti khaŗ¹as²mato mah±s²ma½ paviµµhas±kh±nayepi.S²maµµharukkhas±kh±ya nisinno s²maµµhova hot²ti ±ha ‘hatthap±sameva ±netabbo”ti.Ettha ca “rukkhas±kh±d²hi ańńamańńasambandh±su et±su khaŗ¹as²m±ya tayo bhikkh³, mah±s²m±yadveti eva½ dv²su s²m±su s²mantarika½ aphusitv±, hatthap±sańca avijahitv± µhitehipańcahi bhikkh³hi upasampad±di kamma½ k±tu½ vaµµat²”ti keci vadanti, ta½ na yutta½“n±n±s²m±ya½ µhitacatuttho kamma½ kareyya, akamma½ na ca karaŗ²yan”ti-±divacanato(mah±va. 389). Tenevetth±pi mah±s²ma½ sodhetv± m±¼akas²m±yameva kammakaraŗa½vihita½. Ańńath± bhinnas²maµµhat±ya tatraµµhassa gaŗap³rakatt±bh±v± kammakopova hot²ti.
Yadi eva½ katha½ chandap±risuddhi-±haraŗavasena mah±s²m±sodhananti? Tampi vinayańń³ na icchanti,hatthap±s±nayanabahis²makaraŗavasena panettha sodhana½ icchanti, dinnassapi chandassa n±gamanena mah±s²maµµho kamma½ kopet²ti. Yadi cassa chand±di n±gacchati, katha½ sokamma½ kopessat²ti? Dvinna½ visabh±gas²m±na½ sambandhadosato, so ca sambandhadosoaµµhakath±vacanappam±ŗato. Na hi vinaye sabbattha yutti sakk± ń±tu½ buddhagocaratt±tiveditabba½. Keci pana “sace dvepi s²m±yo p³retv± nirantara½ µhitesu bhikkh³sukamma½ karontesu ek±ya eva s²m±ya gaŗo ca upasampad±pekkho ca anuss±vako caekato tiµµhati kamma½ sukatameva hoti. Sace pana kamm±raho v± anuss±vako v±s²mantaraµµho hoti, kamma½ vipajjat²”ti vadanti, tańca baddhas²mag±mas²m±disabh±gas²m±sueva yujjati. Y±su ańńamańńa½ rukkh±disambandhesupi doso natthi, y±su pana atthi,na t±su, visabh±gas²m±su rukkh±disambandhe sati ekattha µhito itaraµµh±na½ kamma½ kopetieva aµµhakath±ya s±mańńato sodhanassa vuttatt±ti amh±ka½ khanti, v²ma½sitv± gahetabba½.
S±ratthad²paniya½ (s±rattha. µ². mah±vagga 3.138) “ukkhip±petv± k±tu½ na vaµµat²tikhaŗ¹as²m±ya anto µhitatt± rukkhassa tattha µhito hatthap±sameva ±netabboti ukkhip±petv±k±tu½ na vaµµat²”ti vutta½. Vajirabuddhiµ²k±ya½ (vajira. µ². mah±vagga 138) pana“ukkhip±petv± k±tu½ na vaµµati, kasm±? Anto µhitatt±. Rukkhassa hi heµµh±pathav²gata½ m³la½ khaŗ¹as²m±yeva hoti. Abboh±rika½ v±ti apare. ‘Majjhe pana chinnemah±s²m±ya µhita½ m³la½ mah±s²mameva bhajati, khaŗ¹as²m±ya µhita½ khaŗ¹as²mameva bhajati tad±yattapathav²-±d²hianuggahitatt±’ti ca vutta½. ‘S²m±ya pacch± uµµhitarukkhe nis²ditv± kamma½k±tu½ vaµµati pacch± s²m±ya½ katagehe viy±’ti vatv± ‘bandhanak±le µhite rukkhe nis²ditv±k±tu½ na vaµµati uparis²m±ya agamanato’ti k±raŗa½ vadanti. Eva½ sati bandhanak±le puna ±rohaŗa½ n±ma natthi, bandhitak±le eva ±rohat²ti ±pajjatipacch± uµµhitarukkho pana tappaµibaddhatt± s²m±saŖkhameva gato. Eva½ pubbe uµµhitarukkhop²tigahetabba½. “Ya½ kińc²”ti vacanato tiŗ±dipi saŖgahita½, mah±ther±pi tiŗa½ sodhetv±vakaront²”ti vutta½.
Na otarat²ti paŗavasaŗµh±napabbat±d²su heµµh± pam±ŗarahita½ µh±na½ na otarati. Kińc±pipanettha bajjham±nakkhaŗe uddhampi pam±ŗarahitapabbat±di n±rohati, tath±pi ta½ pacch± s²maµµhat±yas²m± hoti. Heµµh± paŗavasaŗµh±n±di pana upari baddh±yapi s²m±ya s²masaŖkha½ na gacchati, tassevavasena “na otarat²”ti vutta½, itarath± orohaŗ±rohaŗ±na½ s±dh±raŗavasena “naotarat²”ti-±din± vattabbato. J±ta½ ya½ kińc²ti niµµhitas²m±ya upari j±ta½ vijjam±na½pubbe µhita½ pacch± sańj±ta½ paviµµhańca ya½ kińci savińń±ŗak±vińń±ŗaka½ sabbamp²tiattho. Antos²m±ya hi hatthikkhandh±disavińń±ŗakesu nisinnopi bhikkhu s²maµµhova hoti.Baddh±ya s²m±y±ti idańca pakaraŗavasena upalakkhaŗato vutta½. Abaddhas²m±supi sabb±suµhita½ ta½ s²m±saŖkhameva gacchati. Ekasambandhena gatanti rukkhalat±ditatraj±tamevasandh±yavutta½. T±disańhi “ito gatan”ti vattabbata½ arahati.
Ya½ pana “ito gatan”ti v± “tato ±gatan”ti v± vattu½ asakkuŗeyya½ ubhosu baddhas²mag±mas²m±suudakukkhepanad²-±d²su ca tiriya½ patitarajjudaŗ¹±di, tattha ki½ k±tabbanti? Etthapana “baddhas²m±ya patiµµhitabh±go baddhas²m±, g±mas²m±ya patiµµhitabh±go g±mas²m± tadubhayas²maµµhapabbat±diviya, baddhas²mato uµµhitavaµarukkhassa p±rohe, g±mas²m±ya g±mas²mato uµµhitavaµarukkhassa p±roheca baddhas²m±ya patiµµhitepi eseva nayo. M³le patiµµhitak±lato paµµh±ya hi‘ito gata½, tato ±gatan’ti vattu½ asakkuŗeyyato so bh±go yath±paviµµhas²maµµhasaŖkhameva gacchati.Tesa½ rukkhap±roh±na½ antar± pana ±k±saµµhas±kh± bh³miya½ s²m±paricchedappam±ŗena tadubhayas²m±hot²”ti keci vadanti. Yasm± panass± s±kh±ya p±roho paviµµhas²m±ya pathaviya½ m³lehipatiµµhahitv±pi y±va s±kha½ vin± µh±tu½ na sakkoti, t±va m³las²maµµhata½ na vijahati.Yad± pana saŗµh±tu½ sakkoti, tad±pi p±rohamattameva paviµµhas²mata½ samupeti, tasm± sabbopi±k±saµµhas±kh±bh±go purimas²maµµhata½ na vijahati tato ±gatabh±gassa avijahitatt±ti amh±ka½khanti. Udakukkhepanad²-±d²supi eseva nayo. Tattha ca visabh±gas²m±ya eva paviµµhe sakalas²m±sodhana½,sabh±g±ya paviµµhe phusitv± µhitamattabhikkhusodhanańca sabba½ pubbe vuttanayameva.
164. Ettha ca nad²p±ras²m±kath±ya p±rayat²ti ajjhottharati. Nadiy± ubhosu t²resupatiµµhaham±n± s²m± nad²-ajjhotthar± n±ma hot²ti ±ha “nadi½ ajjhottharam±nan”ti.Antonadiyańhi s²m± na otarati. Nad²lakkhaŗe pana asati otarati. S± ca tad± nad²p±ras²m±na hot²ti ±ha “nadiy± lakkhaŗa½ nad²nimitte vuttanayamev±”ti. Ass±ti bhaveyya.Avassa½ labbhaneyy± pana dhuvan±v±va hot²ti sambandho. Na n±v±y±ti imin± n±va½ vin±pis²m± baddh± subaddh± eva hoti, ±pattiparih±ratth± n±v±ti dasseti.
RukkhasaŖgh±µamayoti anekarukkhe ekato ghaµetv± katasetu. Rukkha½ chinditv± katotip±µhaseso. “Sabbanimitt±na½ anto µhitabhikkh³ hatthap±se katv±ti ida½ ubhinna½t²r±na½ ekag±makhettabh±va½ sandh±ya vutta½. Pabbatasaŗµh±n±ti ekatouggatad²pasikharatt± samantap±s±dik±ya½ vutta½.
165. S²m±sam³hanakath±ya½ soti bhikkhunisaŖgho. Dvep²ti dve sam±nasa½v±sa-avippav±sas²m±yo.Avippav±sas²m±ti mah±s²ma½ sandh±ya vadati. Tattheva yebhuyyena avippav±s±ti.Avippav±sa½ aj±nant±p²ti ida½ mah±s²m±ya vijjam±n±vijjam±natta½, tass± b±hiraparicchedańcaaj±nant±na½ vasena vutta½. Eva½ aj±nantehipi antos²m±ya µhatv± kammav±c±ya kat±yas± s²m± sam³hat±va hot²ti ±ha “sam³hanituńceva bandhituńca sakkhissant²”ti.Nir±saŖkaµµh±neti khaŗ¹as²m±rahitaµµh±ne. Idańca mah±s²m±ya vijjam±n±yapi kammakaraŗasukhattha½khaŗ¹as²m± icchit±ti ta½ cetiyaŖgaŗ±dibahusannip±taµµh±ne na bandhat²ti vutta½. Tatth±pis± baddh± subaddh± eva mah±s²m± viya. Paµibandhitu½ pana na sakkhissantev±ti ida½ khaŗ¹as²m±yaasam³hatatt±, tass± avijjam±nattassa aj±nanato ca mah±s²m±bandhana½ sandh±ya vutta½.Khaŗ¹as²m± pana nir±saŖkaµµh±ne bandhitu½ sakkhissanteva. S²m±sambheda½ katv±ti khaŗ¹as²m±yavijjam±napakkhe s²m±ya s²ma½ ajjhottharaŗasambheda½ katv± avijjam±napakkhepi sambhedasaŖk±yaanivattanena sambhedasaŖka½ katv±. Avih±ra½ kareyyunti saŖghakamm±n±raha½ kareyyu½.Pubbe hi cetiyaŖgaŗ±dinir±saŖkaµµh±ne kamma½ k±tu½ sakk±, id±ni tampi vin±sitantiadhipp±yo. Na sam³hanitabb±ti khaŗ¹as²ma½ aj±nantehi na sam³hanitabb±. Ubhopina j±nant²ti ubhinna½ padesaniyama½ v± t±sa½ dvinnampi v± ańńatar±ya v± vijjam±nata½v± avijjam±nata½ v± na j±nanti, sabbattha saŖk± eva hoti. Neva sam³hanitu½, na bandhitu½sakkhissant²ti ida½ nir±saŖkaµµh±ne µhatv± sam³hanitu½ sakkont±pi mah±s²ma½ paµibandhitu½na sakkhissant²ti imamattha½ sandh±ya vutta½. Na ca sakk±…pe… kammav±c±k±tunti ida½ s²m±bandhanakammav±ca½ sandh±ya vutta½. Tasm±ti yasm± bandhitu½na sakk±, tasm± na sam³hanitabb±ti attho.
Keci pana “²disesupi vih±resu chapańcamatte bhikkh³ gahetv± vih±rakoµito paµµh±yavih±raparikkhepassa anto ca bahi ca samant± le¹¹up±te sabbattha mańcappam±ŗe ok±senirantara½ µhatv± paµhama½ avippav±sas²ma½, tato sam±nasa½v±sakas²mańca sam³hananavasena s²m±yasamuggh±te kate tasmi½ vih±re khaŗ¹as²m±ya, mah±s²m±ya v± µhitavijjam±natte satiavassa½ ekasmi½ mańcaµµh±ne t±sa½ majjhagat± te bhikkh³ t± sam³haneyyu½, tato g±mas²m±eva avasisseyya. Na hettha s²m±ya, tapparicchedassa v± j±nana½ aŖga½. S²m±ya pana antoµh±na½‘sam³haniss±m±’ti kammav±c±karaŗańcettha aŖga½. Aµµhakath±ya½ ‘khaŗ¹as²ma½ pana j±nant±avippav±sa½ aj±nant±pi sam³hanituńceva bandhituńca sakkhissant²’ti eva½ mah±s²m±ya paricchedassaaj±nanepi sam³hananassa vuttatt± g±mas²m±ya eva ca avasiµµh±ya tattha yath±ruci duvidhampis²ma½ bandhituńceva upasampad±dikamma½ k±tuńca vaµµat²”ti vadanti, ta½ yutta½ viyadissati, v²ma½sitv± gahetabbanti vimativinodaniya½ (vi. vi. µ². mah±vagga 2.144)±gato vinicchayo. S±ratthad²paniya½ (s±rattha. µ². mah±vagga 3.144) pana “avippav±sas²m±na sam³hantabb±ti mah±s²ma½ sandh±ya vadati. Nir±saŖkaµµh±nesu µhatv±ti cetiyaŖgaŗ±d²na½khaŗ¹as²m±ya anok±satt± vutta½. Khaŗ¹as²mańhi bandhant± t±disa½ µh±na½ pah±ya ańńasmi½vivitte ok±se bandhanti. Appeva n±ma sam³hanitu½ sakkhissant²ti avippav±sas²ma½yevasam³hanitu½ sakkhissanti, na khaŗ¹as²ma½. Paµibandhitu½ pana na sakkhissantev±ti khaŗ¹as²m±ya½ańń±tatt± na sakkhissanti. Na sam³hanitabb±ti khaŗ¹as²ma½ aj±nantehi na sam³hanitabb±”tivutta½.