Aruºe uggate vuµµhahiss±m²ti…pe… ±pattiyev±ti ettha kad± assa ±patt²ti?Vuccate– na t±va rattiya½, “div± ±pajjati, no rattin”ti (pari. 323) vuttatt± an±dariyadukkaµ± na muccat²ti vuttadukkaµa½ pana div±sayanadukkaµameva na hoti an±dariyadukkaµatt± eva. “Aruºuggamane pana acittaka½ akiriyasamuµµh±na½ ±patti½ ±pajjat²ti veditabban”tivimativinodaniya½ (vi. vi. µ². 1.77) vutta½, s±ratthad²paniyampi (s±rattha. µ².p±r±jika 2.77) “yath±paricchedameva vuµµh±t²ti aruºe uggateyeva uµµhahati. Tassa ±patt²tiasuddhacitteneva nipannatt± nidd±yantassapi aruºe uggate div±paµisall±nam³lik± ±patti.‘Eva½ nipajjanto an±dariyadukkaµ±pi na muccat²’ti vuttatt± asuddhacittena nipajjantoaruºuggamanato puretara½ uµµhahantopi anuµµhahantopi nipajjanak±leyeva an±dariyadukkaµa½±pajjati, div±paµisall±nam³lika½ pana dukkaµa½ aruºeyeva ±pajjat²”ti vutta½,tasm± eva½ nipajjantassa dve dukkaµ±ni ±pajjant²ti veditabba½.
Sace dv±ra½ sa½varitv± aruºe uggate uµµhahiss±m²ti nipajjati, dv±re ca aññehi aruºuggamanak±levivaµepi tassa an±pattiyeva dv±rapidahanassa rattidiv±bh±gesu vises±bh±v±. ¾patti-±pajjanassevak±laviseso icchitabbo, na tapparih±rass±ti gahetabba½. “Dv±ra½ sa½varitv± ratti½ nipajjat²”ti (p±r±. aµµha. 1.77) hi vutta½. Div± sa½varitv± nipannassakenaci vivaµepi dv±re an±pattiyeva, attan±pi anuµµhahitv±va sati paccaye vivaµepian±patt²ti vadanti, idampi vimativinodaniyameva (vi. vi. µ². 1.77) vutta½.
Yath±paricchedameva vuµµh±t²ti aruºe uggateyeva vuµµh±ti, ±pattiyev±ti m³l±patti½sandh±ya vutta½. An±dariya-±patti pana pur±ruº± uµµhitassapi tassa hoteva “dukkaµ±na muccat²”ti vuttatt±. Dukkaµ± na muccat²ti ca pur±ruº± uµµhahitv± m³l±pattiy±muttopi an±dariyadukkaµ± na muccat²ti adhipp±yo.
5. Nidd±vasena nipajjat²ti nidd±bhibh³tat±ya ekapassena nipajjati. “Nidd±vasenanipajjat²”ti voh±ravasena vutta½, p±d±na½ pana bh³mito amocitatt± aya½ nipannon±ma hot²ti teneva an±patti vutt±. Apass±ya supantass±ti kaµiµµhito uddha½ piµµhikaºµakeappamattaka½ padesa½ bh³mi½ aphus±petv± supantassa. Kaµiµµhi½ pana bh³mi½ phus±pentassasayana½ n±ma na hoti. Piµµhipas±raºalakkhaº± hi seyy± d²gh±, vandan±d²supi tiriya½piµµhikaºµak±na½ pas±ritatt± nipajjanamev±ti ±patti pariharitabb±va. Vandan±pi hip±dam³le nipajjat²ti-±d²su nipajjanameva vutt±. Sahas± vuµµh±t²ti pakkhalit± patitoviya sahas± vuµµh±ti, tassapi an±patti patanakkhaºe avisayatt±, visaye j±tesahas± vuµµhitatt± ca. Yassa pana visaññit±ya pacch±pi avisayo eva, tassa an±pattiyevapatanakkhaºe viya. Tattheva sayati, na vuµµh±t²ti imin± visayepi akaraºa½ dasseti,teneva tassa ±patt²ti vutta½.
Id±ni aµµhakath±v±dasa½sandana½ k±tu½ “ko muccati, ko na muccat²”ti-±dim±ha.Tattha mah±paccariyanti-±d²su paccar²ti u¼umpa½ vuccati, tasmi½ nis²ditv±katatt± tameva n±ma½ j±ta½. Kurundivallivih±ro n±ma atthi, tattha katatt± kurund²tin±ma½ j±ta½. Mah±-aµµhakath± n±ma saªg²tittayam±ru¼h± tepiµakassa buddhavacanassa aµµhakath±.Y± mah±mahindattherena tambapaººid²pa½ ±bhat±, tambapaººiyehi therehi pacch± s²ha¼abh±s±yaabhisaªkhat± ca hoti. Ekabhaªgen±ti ekapassabhañjanena p±de bh³mito amocetv± ekapassenasar²ra½ bhañjitv± nipannoti vutta½ hoti. Mah±-aµµhakath±ya½ pana mah±padumattherenavuttanti sambandho. Tena mah±-aµµhakath±ya likhitamah±padumattherav±de “ayan”ti dasseti.“Mucchitv± patitatt± avisayatt± ±patti na dissat²”ti therena vutta½. ¾cariy±pana yath± yakkhagahitako bandhitv± nipajj±pito ca paravaso hoti, eva½ aparavasatt± mucchitv±patito kañcik±la½ j±nitv± nipajjat²ti an±patti½ na vadanti, visaññite pana satian±pattiyeva.
Dve jan±ti-±di mah±-aµµhakath±yameva vacana½, tadeva pacch± vuttatt± pam±ºa½. Yakkhagahitaggahaºenevacettha visaññibh³topi saªgahito, ekabhaªgena nipanno pana anipannatt± ±pattito muccatiyev±tigahetabba½. S±ratthad²paniyañca (s±rattha. µ². 2.77) “yo ca yakkhagahitako, yo ca bandhitv±nipajj±pito”ti imassa aµµhakath±v±dassa pacchimatt± soyeva pam±ºato gahetabbo, tath±ca vakkhati “sabbattha yo yo aµµhakath±v±do v± pacch± vuccati, so soyeva pam±ºato gahetabbo”ti.Imasmi½ µh±ne imassa aµµhakath±p±µhassa ±n²tatt± imasmi½ vinayasaªgahappakaraºepi masmi½yeva µh±ne so p±µho vattabboti no khanti. Ettha ca “ratti½ dv±ra½ vivaritv±nipanno aruºe uggate uµµh±ti, an±patt²”ti-±divacanato aruºuggamane sa½sayavinodanattha½aruºakath± vattabb±. Tatrida½ vuccati–
“Ko esa aruºo n±ma;
kena so aruºo bhave;
k²diso tassa vaºº± tu;
saºµh±na½ k²disa½ bhave.
“Kismi½ k±le ca dese ca, aruºo samugacchati;
ki½ paccakkhasiddho eso, ud±hu anum±nato”ti.

Tattha ko esa aruºo n±m±ti ettha esa aruºo n±ma s³riyassa pabh±viseso. Vuttañheta½abhidh±nappad²pik±ya½–

“S³rassodayato pubbuµµhitara½si siy±ruºo”ti.

Taµµ²k±yañca “s³rassa udayato pubbe uµµhitara½si aruºo n±ma siy±”ti. Vimativinodan²n±mik±ya½vinayaµ²k±yañca (vi. vi. µ². 1.463) “aruºoti cettha s³riyuggamanassa purecarova¹¹hanaghanaratto pabh±visesoti daµµhabbo”ti vutta½, tasm± s³riyappabh±yeva aruºo n±ma,na aññoti daµµhabba½. Kena so aruºo bhaveti ettha aruºo vaººo ass±ti aruºo,kiñcirattavaººasamann±gatoti attho. Atha v± arati gacchati rattavaººabh±vena pavattat²tiaruºo. Vuttañheta½ abhidh±nappad²pik±µ²k±ya½ “aruºavaººat±ya arati gacchat²tiaruºo”ti. K²diso tassa vaººoti ettha abyattarattavaººo tassa vaººo bhave. Vuttañhiabhidh±nappad²pik±ya½ “aruºo kiñcirattoth±”ti. Taµµ²k±yañca kiñciratto abyattarattavaººo aruºo n±ma yath± macchassa akkh²”ti. Vimativinodaniyañca(vi. vi. µ². 1.463) “va¹¹hanaghanaratto pabh±viseso”ti, tasm± s³riyassa rattappabh±yevaaruºo n±ma, na setappabh±dayoti daµµhabba½. Yadi eva½ p±timokkhaµµhapanakkhandhakavaººan±yavimativinodaniya½ (vi. vi. µ². c³¼avagga 2.383) “p±¼iya½ pana nandimukhiy±tiod±tadis±mukhat±ya tuµµhamukhiy±”ti vutta½, ta½ katha½ yujjeyy±ti, no na yujjeyya.Tattha hi aruºuggatak±le aruºobh±sena od±tadis±mukhabh±vo vutto, na aruºobh±sassaod±tabh±vo. Vuttañheta½ ud±naµµhakath±ya½ (ud±. aµµha. 23) “nandimukhiy±ti aruºassauggatatt± eva aruºobh±ya s³riy±lok³paj²vino satte nand±panamukhiy± rattiy± j±t±yavibh±yam±n±y±ti attho”ti.

J±takaµµhakath±yañca–
“Jighaññaratti½ aruºasmimuhate;
y± dissati uttamar³pavaººin²;
tath³pam± ma½ paµibh±si devate;
±cikkha me ta½ katam±si acchar±”ti. (J±. aµµha. 5.21.254).

Imassa g±th±ya atthavaººan±ya½ “tattha jighaññarattinti pacchimaratti½, rattipariyos±netiattho. Uhateti aruºe uggate. ti y± puratthim± dis± rattavaººat±ya uttamar³padhar±hutv± dissat²”ti. Eva½ aruºuggatasamaye puratthimadis±ya rattavaººat± vutt±, tasm±tasmi½ samaye aruºassa uµµhitatt± puratthim±ya dis±ya rattabh±go s³riy±lokassa patthaµatt±sesadis±na½ od±tabh±vo viññ±yati.

Saºµh±na½ k²disa½ bhaveti ettha aruºassa p±µekka½ saºµh±na½ n±ma natthirasmimattatt±. Yattaka½ padesa½ pharati, tattaka½ tassa saºµh±nanti daµµhabba½. Atha v±puratthimadis±saºµh±na½. Vuttañhi j±takaµµhakath±ya½ (j±. aµµha. 5.21.255) “puratthimadis±rattavaººat±ya uttamar³padhar± hutv± dissat²”ti.
Kismi½ k±le ca dese ca, aruºo samugacchat²ti ettha esa aruºo s³riyuggamanassapure k±le puratthimadis±ya½ uggacchati. Vuttañheta½ ud±naµµhakath±ya½ (ud±. aµµha.23) “uddhaste aruºeti uggate aruºe, aruºo n±ma puratthimadis±ya½ s³riyodayatopuretarameva uµµhitobh±so”ti. Abhidh±nappad²pik±yañca “s³rassodayato pubbuµµhitara½s²”ti.
Ki½ paccakkhasiddho eso, ud±hu anum±natoti ettha aya½ aruºo n±ma paccakkhasiddhoeva na anum±nasiddho. Kasm± viññ±yat²ti ce? Cakkhuviññ±ºagocaravaºº±yatanabh±vato.Akkhassa pat²ti paccakkha½, cakkhur³p±na½ abhimukhabh±vena ±p±thagatatt± cakkhuviññ±ºa½hoti. Vuttañheta½ bhagavat± “cakkhuñca paµicca r³pe ca uppajjati cakkhuviññ±ºan”ti(ma. ni. 1.204, 400; 3.421, 425, 426; sa½. ni. 2.43, 44, 45, sa½. ni.4.60; kath±. 465, 467), tasm± aya½ aruºavaººo cakkhun± disv± j±nitabbato paccakkhasiddhoyevahoti, na eva½ sati eva½ bhaveyy±ti anum±nena punappuna½ cintanena siddhoti. Ima½pañhavissajjana½ s±dhuka½ manasi karitv± paº¹itehi rattobh±soyeva aruºoti paccetabbosallakkhetabboti.
Kasm± pana imasmi½ µh±ne aruºakath± vutt±ti? Imiss± aruºakath±ya mah±visayabh±vato.Katha½? Uposathik± up±sak± ca up±sik±yo ca aruºuggamana½ tathato j±nant± anuggateyeva aruºe uggatasaññ±ya kh±dan²ya½ v± kh±danti, bhojan²ya½ v± bhuñjanti,m±l±gandh±d²ni v± dh±renti, tato tesa½ s²la½ bhijjati. S±maºer± tatheva vik±labhojana½bhuñjitv± s²lavin±sa½ p±puºanti. Nissayapaµipannak± bhikkh³ ±cariyupajjh±yehivin± bahis²me carant± nissayappassambhana½ p±puºanti, antovasse bhikkh³ upac±ras²matobahigacchant± vassaccheda½, tec²varik± bhikkh³ abaddhas²m±ya½ c²varena vippavasant± nissaggiyap±cittiya½,tath± sattabbhantaras²m±ya½, sahaseyyappahonakaµµh±ne anupasampannam±tug±mehi saha sayant±p±cittiya½, tath± y±vak±lika½ bhuñjant± bhikkh³, p±riv±sik±dayo vatta½nikkhipant± ratticcheda½. Evam±di-anek±d²navasambhavato lajjipesal±na½ bhikkh³na½tathato aruºuggamanassa j±nanattha½ vutt±ti daµµhabb±.
Keci pana bhikkh³ a¹¹harattisamaye ghaµisuññatt± a¹¹harattik±la½ atikkamma aññadivaso hoti,tasm± tasmi½ k±le aruºa½ uµµhita½ n±ma hot²ti maññam±n± a¹¹haratti½ atikkamma kh±dan²yabhojan²y±d²nibhuñjanti, te pana buddhasamaya½ aj±nant± vedasamayameva manasi karont± eva½ karonti,tasm± tesa½ ta½karaºa½ pam±ºa½ na hoti. Bahavo pana bhikkh³ aruºassa paccakkhabh±va½ aj±nant±anum±navasena cintituñca asakkont± anussavavaseneva paravacana½ saddahant± amh±ka½ ±cariy±aruºuggamanavel±ya½ uµµh±ya gacchant± s³riyuggamanavel±ya½ dvisahassadaº¹appam±ºa½ µh±na½p±puºanti, tisahassadaº¹appam±ºa½ µh±na½ p±puºant²ti ca vadanti. Imamh± vih±r± asuka½n±ma vih±ra½ asuka½ n±ma cetiya½ asuka½ n±ma g±ma½ p±puºant²ti-±d²ni ca vadant²tieva½ anussavavacana½ vadanti, tampi appam±ºa½. Kasm±? Addh±na½ n±ma balavantassa javasampannassaca rassa½ hoti, dubbalassa santassa ca d²gha½ hoti. Vuttañhi bhagavat±–
“D²gh± j±garato ratti, d²gha½ santassa yojana½;
d²gho b±l±na sa½s±ro, saddhamma½ avij±natan”ti. (Dha. pa. 60).

Tasm± addh±na½ n±ma sabbesa½ ekasadisa½ na hot²ti aruºuggamanassa lakkhaºa½ bhavitu½ nasakk±, na ca te ±yasmanto piµakattayato kiñci s±dhakabh³ta½ vacana½ ±haranti, asakkhika½a¹¹a½ karonti viya yath±jjh±sayameva vadant²ti pam±ºa½ na hoti.

Aññe pana–
“At²tarattiy± y±mo;
pacchimo¹¹hamamussa v±;
bh±viniy±dippah±ro;
tada¹¹ha½ v±jjatehya hoti–

Kacc±yanas±rappakaraº±gata½ g±tha½ vatv± at²tarattiy± pacchimo y±mo ajja pariy±panno,tasm± pacchimay±massa ±dito paµµh±ya aruºa½ uggacchat²”ti vadanti. Aya½ v±do sak±raºasaññ±pakatt±purimehi balav± hoti, eva½ santepi ayuttoyeva. Kasm±? Ayañhi g±th± b±hirasaddasatthejaªgad±sappakaraºe vuttanayena ajja bhav± ajjatan²ti vutta-ajjavoh±rassa pavattanak±la½ dassetu½vutt±, na piµakattaye vuttassa aruºuggamanassa k±la½ dassetu½, tasm± aññas±dhyassaaññas±dhakena s±dhitatt± ayuttoyeva.

Apare pana “pah±ro y±masaññito”ti abhidh±nappad²pik±ya½ vuttatt± pah±ray±masadd±na½ekatthatt± tattheva “tiy±m± sa½var² bhave”ti vuttatt± rattiy± ca tiy±mabh±vato p±¼iyañca(ud±. 45; c³¼ava. 383) “abhikkant± bhante, ratti, nikkhanto pacchimo y±mo, uddhastoaruºo”ti ±gatatt± id±ni rattiy± cat³su pah±resu tatiyappah±rassaavas±ne aruºo uggato, tasm± avasesa-ekappah±ramatto k±lo divasabh±ga½ bhajat²tivadeyyu½, aya½ v±do tatiyav±datopi balavataro. Kasm±? ѱpakañ±py±na½ anur³pabh±vato.Tath± hi “pah±ro y±masaññito”ti aya½ ñ±pako pah±ray±m±na½ ekatthabh±vassa anur³po,“tiy±m± sa½var²bhave”ti aya½ rattiy± tiy±mabh±vassa, “p±¼iyañc±”ti-±di tatiyappah±rassaavas±ne aruºuggamanassa, tath±pi ayuttoyeva hoti. Kasm±? “Avasesa-ekappah±ramattok±lo divasabh±ga½ bhajat²”ti vacanassa viruddhatt±. Majjhimadese hi dasaghaµik±pam±ºassak±lassa ekappah±ratt± sabb± ratti tiy±m±va hoti, na catuy±m±, id±ni pana paccantavisayesusattaµµhaghaµik±mattassa k±lassa ekappah±rakatatt± catuppah±r± bhavati, tasm± majjhimadesavoh±ra½gahetv± abhidh±nappad²pik±yañca “tiy±m± sa½var² bhave”ti vutta½, p±¼iyañca (ud±.45; c³¼ava. 383) “nikkhanto pacchimo y±mo, uddhasto aruºo”ti, tasm± rattipariyos±neyevaaruºo uggatoti daµµhabbo. Tath± hi vutta½ vimativinodaniya½ (vi. vi. µ². mah±vagga2.201) “tath± p±riv±sik±d²nampi aruºa½ anuµµh±petv± vatta½ nikkhipant±na½ ratticchedovutto, uggate aruºe nikkhipitabbanti hi vuttan”ti.
Sahaseyyasikkh±padepi (p±ci. 52-54) “anupasampannehi saha nivutthabh±vaparimocanattha½pur±ruº± nikkhamitv±”ti-±di vutta½. Eva½ c²varavippav±s±d²su ca sabbattharattipariyos±ne ±gamanavasena aruºuggamana½ dassita½, na at²t±ruºavasen±ti. J±takaµµhakath±yampi(j±. aµµha. 5.21.255) “rattipariyos±neti attho”ti. Na kevala½ majjhimadesesurattiy±yeva tippah±rabh±vo hoti atha kho divasassapi. Tath± hi vutta½aµµhas±liniya½ (dha. sa. aµµha. nid±nakath±) “samm±sambuddhassa abhidhammadesan±pariyos±nañcatesa½ bhikkh³na½ sattappakaraºa-uggahaºañca ekappah±reneva hot²”ti, m³laµ²k±yañca (dha.sa. m³laµ². nid±nakath±vaººan±) “ekappah±ren±ti ettha pah±roti divasassa tatiyabh±govuccat²”ti, tasm± eko rattidivo chappah±ro hot²ti viññ±yati. Eva½ majjhimadesavoh±renatiy±masaªkh±tassa tippah±rassa avas±ne sabbarattipariyos±ne uµµhita½ aruºa½ paccantadesavoh±renatippah±rassa avas±neti gahetv± ekappah±r±vasesak±le aruºo uggatoti vuttatt±ayampi v±do ayuttoyeva hot²ti daµµhabbo.
Bahavo pana paº¹it± “khuddasikkh±nissaye vutta½–
‘Setaruºañca paµhama½, dutiya½ nandiy±vaµµa½;
tatiya½ tambavaººañca, catuttha½ gadrabha½ mukhan’ti.–

Ima½ g±tha½ niss±ya ekarattiya½ aruºo catukkhattu½ uµµhahati, tattha paµhama½ setavaººa½hoti, dutiya½ nandiy±vaµµapupphavaººa½ hoti, tatiya½ tambavaººa½ hoti, catuttha½ gadrabhamukhavaººa½hot²”ti vatv± rattobh±sato puretara½ at²tarattik±leyeva vattanikkhipan±dikamma½karonti. Tesa½ ta½ karaºa½ anisammak±rita½ ±pajjati. Ayañhi g±th± neva p±¼iya½dissati, na aµµhakath±ya½, na µ²k±su, kevala½ nissaye eva, nissayesu ca ekasmi½yevakhuddasikkh±nissaye dissati, na aññanissayesu, tatth±pi neva pubb±parasambandho dissati,na hetuphal±dibh±vo, na ca liªganiyamoti na nissayak±r±cariyena µhapit± bhaveyya, atha khopacch± aññehi lekhakehi v± attano icch±nur³pa½ likhit± bhaveyya, tasm± aya½ g±th±kuto ±bhat± p±¼ito v± aµµhakath±to v± µ²k±to v± vinayato v± suttantatov± abhidhammato v±ti pabhava½ apariyesitv± nissaye diµµhamattameva s±rato gahetv± p±¼iyaµµhakath±µ²k±suvuttavacana½ anis±metv± katatt± anisammak±rita½ ±pajjati.

Tatr±ya½ p±¼i “tena kho pana samayena buddho bhagav± s²t±su hemantik±su ratt²su antaraµµhak±suhimap±tasamaye ratti½ ajjhok±se ekac²varo nis²di, na bhagavanta½ s²ta½ ahosi.Nikkhante paµhame y±me s²ta½ bhagavanta½ ahosi, dutiya½ bhagav± c²vara½ p±rupi, na bhagavanta½s²ta½ ahosi. Nikkhante majjhime y±me s²ta½ bhagavanta½ ahosi, tatiya½ bhagav± c²vara½p±rupi, na bhagavanta½ s²ta½ ahosi. Nikkhante pacchime y±me uddhaste aruºe nandimukhiy±rattiy± s²ta½ bhagavanta½ ahosi, catuttha½ bhagav± c²vara½ p±rupi, na bhagavanta½ s²ta½ahos²”ti. Aya½ mah±vagge (mah±va. 346) c²varakkhandhak±gat± vinayap±¼i. P±¼iya½nandimukhiy±ti tuµµhimukhiy±, pasannadis±mukh±y±ti attho. Aya½ ta½sa½vaººan±ya vimativinodan²p±µho(vi. vi. µ². mah±vagga 2.346).
“Tena kho pana samayena buddho bhagav± s±vatthiya½ viharati pubb±r±me mig±ram±tup±s±de ena kho pana samayena bhagav± tadahuposathe bhikkhusaªghaparivuto nisinno hoti. Atha kho±yasm± ±nando abhikkant±ya rattiy± nikkhante paµhame y±me uµµh±y±san± eka½sa½uttar±saªga½ karitv± yena bhagav± tenañjali½ paº±metv± bhagavanta½ etadavoca– abhikkant±,bhante ratti, nikkhanto paµhamo y±mo, ciranisinno bhikkhusaªgho, uddisatu, bhante, bhagav±bhikkh³na½ p±timokkhanti. Eva½ vutte bhagav± tuºh² ahosi. Dutiyampi kho ±yasm± ±nando abhikkant±ya rattiy± nikkhante majjhime y±me uµµh±y±san± eka½sa½uttar±saªga½ karitv± yena bhagav± tenañjali½ paº±metv± bhagavanta½ etadavoca– abhikkant±,bhante, ratti, nikkhanto majjhimo y±mo, ciranisinno bhikkhusaªgho, uddisatu, bhante,bhagav± bhikkh³na½ p±timokkhanti. Dutiyampi bhagav± tuºh² ahosi. Tatiyampi kho±yasm± ±nando abhikkant±ya rattiy± nikkhante pacchime y±me uddhaste aruºe nandimukhiy±rattiy± uµµh±y±san± eka½sa½ uttar±saªga½ karitv± yena bhagav± tenañjali½ paº±metv± bhagavanta½etadavoca– abhikkant±, bhante, ratti, nikkhanto pacchimo y±mo, uddhasta½ aruºa½,nandimukh² ratti, ciranisinno bhikkhusaªgho, uddisatu bhante bhagav± bhikkh³na½ p±timokkhanti.Aparisuddh±, ±nanda, paris±”ti (c³¼ava. 383). Aya½ c³¼avagge p±timokkhaµµhapanakkhandhak±gat±apar±pi vinayap±¼i.
Nandimukhiy± rattiy±ti aruºuµµhitak±le p²timukh± viya ratti kh±yati. Ten±ha“nandimukhiy±”ti (c³¼ava. aµµha. 383) aya½ ta½sa½vaººan±bh³tasamantap±s±dikaµµhakath±p±µho.Abhikkant±ti parikkh²º±. Uddhaste aruºeti uggate aruºas²se. Nandimukhiy±tituµµhimukhiy±. Aya½ ta½sa½vaººan±bh³tas±ratthad²pan²p±µho (s±rattha. µ². c³¼avagga 3.383).P±¼iya½ nandimukhiy±ti od±tadis±mukhit±ya tuµµhamukhiy±. Aya½ ta½sa½vaººan±ya (vi.vi. µ². c³¼avagga 2.283) vimativinodan²p±µho.
“Tatiyampi kho ±yasm± ±nando abhikkant±yarattiy± nikkhante pacchime y±me uddhastearuºe nandimukhiy± rattiy± uµµh±y±san± eka½sa½ c²vara½ katv± yena bhagav± tenañjali½paº±metv± bhagavanta½ etadavoca– abhikkant±, bhante, ratti, nikkhanto pacchimo y±mo,uddhasto aruºo, nandimukh² ratti, ciranisinn± ±gantuk± bhikkh³, paµisammodatu,bhante, bhagav± ±gantuke bhikkh³”ti. Aya½ ud±n±gat± suttantap±¼i (ud±.45). Uddhaste aruºeti uggate aruºe. Aruºo n±ma puratthimadis±ya½ s³riyodayatopuretarameva uµµhitobh±so. Nandimukhiy± rattiy±ti aruºassa uggatatt± eva aruºobh±yas³riy±lok³paj²vino satte nand±panamukhiy± rattiy± j±t±ya, vibh±yam±n±y±ti attho.Aya½ ta½sa½vaººan±bh³t± ud±naµµhakath± (ud±. aµµha. 23).
Iti ettak±su vinayasuttant±gat±su p±¼iyaµµhakath±µ²k±su ekasmimpiµh±ne aruºocatukkhattu½ uggatoti natthi, ekav±rameva vutto. Catubbidhavaººasamann±gatotipi natthi,ekavaººo eva vutto. J±takaµµhakath±yampi (j±. aµµha. 5.21.255) rattavaººo eva vutto,na setavaºº±diko. Nandimukh²ti ca satte nand±panadis±mukh² ratti eva vutt±,na aruºassa nandiy±vaµµapupphasadisavaººat±. Ten±ha “satte nand±panamukhiy± rattiy±”ti.Eva½ abhidh±nappad²pik±pakaraºavacanena viruddhatt± p±¼iyaµµhakath±d²hi asa½sandanato dubbalas±dhakatt±ca ayampi v±do ayuttoyev±ti daµµhabbo, tasm± samm±sambuddhassa ±ºa½ anatikkantenalajjibhikkhun± yadi kenaci appaµicchanne vivaµok±se hoti, macchakkhisam±na-abyattarattobh±sassapaññ±yam±nak±lato paµµh±ya vattanikkhipan±dikamma½ k±tabba½.
Yadi pana pabbat±din± paµicchannaµµh±na½ hoti, yattakena k±lena vivaµaµµh±ne rattobh±sopaññ±yati, s³riyamaº¹alassa dissanak±lato ekaghaµik±mattena v± dvighaµik±mattena v±tattaka½ k±la½ sallakkhetv± imasmi½ k±le aruºo uggato bhaveyy±ti takketv±k±tabba½, sa½saya½ anicchantena tatopi kañcik±la½ adhiv±setv± nissa½sayak±le kattabba½,aya½ tattha s±m²ci. Aya½ pana v±do yath±vuttappakaraºavacanehi suµµhu sa½sandatiyath± gaªgodakena yamunodaka½, tasm± paº¹itehi punappuna½ pubb±para½ ±lo¼entenamanasi k±tabbo. Eva½ manasi karitv± aruºapaµisa½yuttesu µh±nesu sa½sayo chinditabbo,sa½saya½ chinditv± vis±radena hutv± ta½ ta½ kamma½ k±tabbanti.
Visuddhatth±ya s²lassa, bhikkh³na½ piyas²lina½;
kat±ruºakath± es±, na s±rambh±dik±raº±.
Tasm± suµµh³padh±retv±, yutta½ gaºhantu s±dhavo;
ayuttañce cha¹¹ayantu, m± hontu dumman±dayoti.

Iti vinayasaªgahasa½vaººan±bh³te vinay±laªk±re

Div±seyyavinicchayakath±laªk±ro n±ma

Paµhamo paricchedo.