N±pi saya½ j±n±t²ti “yo eva½ pabbajati, so theyyasa½v±sako n±ma hot²”ti v±“eva½ k±tu½ na labhat²”ti v± “eva½ pabbajito samaºo n±ma na hot²”ti v± na j±n±ti.Yo eva½ pabbajati, so theyyasa½v±sako n±ma hot²ti ida½ pana nidassanamatta½. Anupasampannak±leyev±tiimin± upasampannak±le sutv± sacepi n±roceti, theyyasa½v±sako na hot²ti d²peti.
Sikkha½ appaccakkh±ya…pe… theyyasa½v±sako na hot²ti ida½ bhikkh³hi dinnaliªgassaapariccattatt± na liªgatthenako hoti, liªg±nur³passa sa½v±sassa s±ditatt± n±pi sa½v±satthenakohot²ti vutta½. Eko bhikkhu k±s±ye sa-uss±hova od±ta½ niv±setv±tietth±pi idameva k±raºa½ daµµhabba½. Parato “s±maºero saliªge µhito”ti-±din±s±maºerassa vuttavidh±nesupi atheyyasa½v±sapakkhe ayameva nayo. “Bhikkhuniy±pi esevanayo”ti vuttamevattha½ “s±pi gihibh±va½ patthayam±n±”ti-±din± vibh±veti.
Sace koci vu¹¹hapabbajitoti s±maºera½ sandh±ya vutta½. Mah±pe¼±d²s³ti etenagihisantaka½ dassita½. S±maºerapaµip±µiy±…pe… theyyasa½v±sako na hot²tiettha kiñc±pi theyyasa½v±sako na hoti, p±r±jika½ pana ±pajjatiyeva. Sesametthautt±namev±ti s±ratthad²paniya½ (s±rattha. µ². mah±vagga 3.110) vutta½.
Vimativinodaniya½ (vi. vi. µ². mah±vagga 2.110) pana– theyy±ya liªgaggahaºamattampi idhasa½v±so ev±ti ±ha “tayo theyyasa½v±sak±”ti. Na yath±vu¹¹ha½vandananti bhikkh³na½ s±maºer±na½ v± vandana½ na s±diyati. Yath±vu¹¹ha½ vandanantiattan± mus±v±dena dassitavassakkamena bhikkh³na½ vandana½ s±diyati. Daharas±maºero panavu¹¹has±maºer±na½, daharabhikkh³ ca vu¹¹h±na½ vandana½ s±diyantopi theyyasa½v±sako nahoti. Imasmi½ attheti sa½v±satthenakatthe. Bhikkhuvass±n²ti ida½ sa½v±satthenakevuttap±µhavasena vutta½, sayameva pana pabbajitv± s±maºeravass±ni gaºentopi ubhayatthenakoeva. Na kevalañca purisova, itth²pi bhikkh³n²su eva½ paµipajjati, theyyasa½v±sik±va.¾dikammik±pi cettha na muccanti. Upasampannesu eva paññatt±patti½ paµicca ±dikammik±vutt±, tenevettha ±dikammikopi na mutto.
R±ja…pe… bhayen±ti ettha bhaya-saddo pacceka½ yojetabbo. Y±va so suddham±nasoti“imin± liªgena bhikkh³ vañcetv± tehi sa½vasiss±m²”ti asuddhacitt±bh±vena suddhacitto.Tena hi asuddhacittena liªge gahitamatte pacch± bhikkh³hi saha sa½vasatu v± m± v±, liªgatthenakohoti. Pacch± sa½vasantopi abhabbo hutv± sa½vasati, tasm± ubhayatthenakopi liªgatthenakeeva pavisat²ti veditabba½. Yo pana r±j±dibhayena suddhacittova liªga½ gahetv± vicaranto pacch± “bhikkhuvass±ni gaºetv± j²vass±m²”ti asuddhacitta½ upp±deti, so cittupp±damattenatheyyasa½v±sako na hoti suddhacittena gahitaliªgatt±. Sace pana so bhikkh³na½ santika½gantv± s±maºeravassagaºan±di½ karoti, tad± sa½v±satthenako, ubhayatthenako v± hot²tidaµµhabba½. Ya½ pana parato “saha dhuranikkhepena ayampi theyyasa½v±sakov±”ti vutta½, ta½bhikkh³hi saªgamma sa½v±s±dhiv±sanavasena dhuranikkhepa½ sandh±ya vutta½. Tena vutta½ “sa½v±sa½n±dhiv±seti, y±v±”ti tassa t±va theyyasa½v±sako n±ma na vuccat²tisambandho daµµhabbo. Ettha ca cor±dibhaya½ vin±pi k²¼±dhipp±yena liªga½ gahetv± bhikkh³nampisantike pabbajit±laya½ dassetv± vandan±di½ as±diyantopi “sobhati nu kho me pabbajitaliªgan”ti-±din±suddhacittena gaºhantopi theyyasa½v±sako na hot²ti daµµhabba½.
Sabbap±saº¹iyabhatt±n²ti sabbas±mayik±na½ s±dh±raºa½ katv± paññatt±ni bhatt±ni.Idañca bhikkh³naññeva niyamitabhattaggahaºe sa½v±sopi sambhaveyy±ti sabbas±dh±raºabhatta½ vutta½.Sa½v±sa½ pana as±diyitv± abhikkhukavih±r±d²su vih±rabhatt±d²ni bhuñjantopi theyyasa½v±sakona hoti eva. Kammant±nuµµh±nen±ti kasi-±dikamm±karaºena. Pattac²vara½ ±d±y±tibhikkhuliªgavasena sar²rena dh±retv±.
Yo eva½ pabbajati, so theyyasa½v±sako n±ma hot²ti ida½ nidassanamatta½. “Theyyasa½v±sako”tipana n±ma½ aj±nantopi “eva½ k±tu½ na vaµµat²”ti v± “karonto samaºo n±ma na hot²”tiv± “yadi ±rocess±mi, cha¹¹ayissanti man”ti v± “yena kenaci pabbajj± mena ruhat²”ti j±n±ti, theyyasa½v±sako hoti. Yo pana paµhama½ “pabbajj± eva½ megahit±”ti saññ² kevala½ antar± attano setavatthaniv±san±divippak±ra½ pak±setu½lajjanto na katheti, so theyyasa½v±sako na hoti. Anupasampannak±leyev±tiettha avadh±raºena upasampannak±le theyyasa½v±sakalakkhaºa½ ñatv± vañcan±yapi n±roceti,theyyasa½v±sako na hot²ti d²peti. So hi suddhacittena gahitaliªgatt± liªgatthenakona hoti, laddh³pasampadatt± tadanuguºasseva sa½v±sassa s±ditatt± sa½v±satthenakopi a hoti. Anupasampanno pana liªgatthenako hoti, sa½v±s±rahassa liªgassa gahitatt± sa½v±sas±diyanamattenasa½v±satthenako hoti.
Saliªge µhitoti saliªgabh±ve µhito. Theyyasa½v±sako na hot²ti bhikkh³hi dinnaliªgassa apariccattatt± liªgatthenako na hoti. Bhikkhupaµiññ±ya apariccattatt± sa½v±satthenakona hoti. Ya½ pana m±tik±µµhakath±ya½ (kaªkh±. aµµha. paµhamap±r±jikavaººan±) “liªg±nur³passasa½v±sassa s±ditatt± n±pi sa½v±satthenako”ti k±raºa½ vutta½, tampi idameva k±raºa½sandh±ya vutta½. Itarath± s±maºerass±pi bhikkhuvassagaºan±d²su liªg±nur³pasa½v±so evas±ditoti sa½v±satthenakat± na siy± bhikkh³hi dinnaliªgassa ubhinnampi s±dh±raºatt±.Yath± cettha bhikkhu, eva½ s±maºeropi p±r±jika½ sam±panno s±maºerapaµiññ±ya apariccattatt±sa½v±satthenako na hot²ti veditabbo. Sobhat²ti sampaµicchitv±ti k±s±vadh±raºedhura½ nikkhipitv± gihibh±va½ sampaµicchitv±.
Sace koci vu¹¹hapabbajitoti s±maºera½ sandh±ya vutta½. Mah±pe¼±d²s³ti vil²v±dimayesugharadv±resu µhapitesu bhattabh±janavisesesu. Etena vih±re bhikkh³hi saddhi½ vassagaºan±d²na½akaraºa½ dasset²ti vutta½.
139. Titthiyapakkantakakath±ya½ tesa½ liªge ±dinnamatte titthiyapakkantako hot²ti“titthiyo bhaviss±m²”ti gatassa liªgaggahaºeneva tesa½ laddhipi gahit±yeva hot²tikatv± vutta½. Kenaci pana “tesa½ liªge ±dinnamatte laddhiy± gahit±yapi aggahit±yapititthiyapakkantako hot²”ti vutta½, ta½ na gahetabba½. Na hi “titthiyo bhaviss±m²”tigatassa liªgasampaµicchanato añña½ laddhiggahaºa½ n±ma atthi. Liªgasampaµicchanenevahi so gahitaladdhiko hoti. Teneva “v²ma½sanattha½ kusac²r±d²ni…pe… y±vana sampaµicchati, t±va ta½ laddhi rakkhati, sampaµicchitamatte titthiyapakkantako hot²”tivutta½. Naggova ±j²vak±na½ upassaya½ gacchati, padav±re padav±re dukkaµanti “±j²vakobhavissan”ti asuddhacittena gamanapaccay± dukkaµa½ vutta½. Naggena hutv± gamanapaccay±pipadav±re dukkaµ± na muccatiyev±ti s±ratthad²paniya½ (s±rattha. µ². mah±vagga 3.110)vutta½.
Vimativinodaniya½ (vi. vi. µ². mah±vagga 2.110) pana– titthiyapakkantak±dikath±sutesa½ liªge ±dinnamatteti v²ma½s±di-adhipp±ya½ vin± “titthiyo bhaviss±m²”tisanniµµh±navasena liªge k±yena dh±ritamatte. Sayamev±ti titthiy±na½ santika½ agantv± sayameva saªgh±r±mepi kusac²r±d²ni niv±seti. ¾j²vako bhavissanti…pe…gacchat²ti ±j²vak±na½ santike tesa½ pabbajanavidhin± “±j²vako bhaviss±m²”tigacchati. Tassa hi titthiyabh±v³pagamana½ pati sanniµµh±ne vijjam±nepi “gantv± bhaviss±m²”tiparikappitatt± padav±re dukkaµameva vutta½. Dukkaµanti p±¼iy± avuttepi methun±d²suvuttapubbapayogadukkaµ±nulomato vutta½. Etena ca sanniµµh±navasena liªge sampaµicchitep±r±jika½, tato purimapayoge thullaccayañca vattabbameva. Thullaccayakkhaºe nivattantopi±patti½ des±petv± muccati ev±ti daµµhabba½. Yath± cettha, eva½ saªghabhedepi lohitupp±depibhikkh³na½ pubbapayog±d²su dukkaµathullaccayap±r±jik±hi muccanas²m± ca veditabb±.S±sanaviruddhat±yettha ±dikammik±nampi an±patti na vutt±. Pabbajj±yapi abhabbat±dassanattha½panete aññe ca p±r±jikakaº¹e visu½ sikkh±padena p±r±jik±di½ adassetv±idha abhabbesu eva vutt±ti veditabba½.
Ta½ laddh²ti titthiyavese seµµhabh±vaggahaºameva sandh±ya vutta½. Tesañhi titthiy±na½ sassat±digg±ha½gaºhantopi liªge asampaµicchite titthiyapakkantako na hoti, ta½ laddhi½ aggahetv±pi“etesa½ vatacariy± sundar±”ti liªga½ sampaµicchanto titthiyapakkantako hotieva. Laddhiy± abh±ven±ti bhikkhubh±ve s±layat±ya titthiyabh±v³pagamanaladdhiy± abh±vena.Etena ca ±pad±su kusac²r±di½ p±rupantassapi naggassa viya an±patt²ti dasseti.Upasampannabhikkhun± kathitoti ettha saªghabhedakopi upasampannabhikkhun±va kathito, m±tugh±tak±dayopana anupasampannen±tipi daµµhabbanti ±gata½.
140. Tiracch±nakath±ya½ “yo koci amanussaj±tiyo, sabbova imasmi½ atthe tiracch±nagatotiveditabbo”ti etena eso manussaj±tiyo eva bhagavato s±sane pabbajitu½ v± upasampajjitu½v± labhati, na tato aññeti d²peti. Ten±ha bhagav± “tumhe khottha n±g± aviru¼hidhamm±imasmi½ dhammavinaye”ti (mah±va. 111).
141. ¾nantariyakath±ya½ tiracch±n±di-amanussaj±tito manussaj±tik±naññeva puttesumett±dayopi tikkhavisad± honti lokuttaraguº± viy±ti ±ha “manussitthibh³t±janik± m±t±”ti. Yath± manuss±naññeva kusalapavatti tikkhavisad±, eva½ akusalapavattip²ti±ha “sayampi manussaj±tikenev±”ti-±di. Atha v± yath± sam±naj±tiyassa vikopanekamma½ garutara½, na tath± vij±tiyass±ti ±ha “manussitthibh³t±”ti. Puttasambandhenam±tupitusamaññ± dattakittim±divasenapi puttavoh±ro loke dissati,so ca kho pariy±yatoti nippariy±yasiddhata½ dassetu½ “janik± m±t±”ti vutta½.Yath± manussattabh±ve µhitasseva kusaladhamm±na½ tikkhavisadas³rabh±v±patti yath± ta½ tiººampibodhisatt±na½ bodhittayanibbattiya½, eva½ manussattabh±ve µhitasseva akusaladhamm±nampitikkhavisadas³rabh±v±patt²ti ±ha “sayampi manussaj±tikenev±”ti. ¾nantariyen±tiettha cuti-anantara½ niraye paµisandhiphala½ anantara½ n±ma, tasmi½ anantare janakattena niyutta½±nantariya½, tena. Atha v± cuti-anantara½ phala½ anantara½ n±ma, tasmi½ anantare niyutta½,tannibbattanena anantarakaraºas²la½, anantarappayojana½ v± ±nantariya½, tena ±nantariyenam±tugh±takakammena. Pitugh±takepi “yena manussabh³to janako pit± sayampimanussaj±tikeneva sat± sañcicca j²vit± voropito, aya½ ±nantariyena pitugh±takakammenapitugh±tako”ti-±din± sabba½ veditabbanti ±ha “pitugh±takepi eseva nayo”ti.
Parivattitaliªgampi m±tara½ v± pitara½ v± j²vit± voropentassa ±nantariyakamma½ hotiyeva.Satipi hi liªgaparivatte so eva ekakammanibbatto bhavaªgappabandho j²vitappabandho, na aññoti.Yo pana saya½ manusso tiracch±nabh³ta½ pitara½ v± m±tara½ v±, saya½ v± tiracch±nabh³tomanussabh³ta½, tiracch±noyeva v± tiracch±nabh³ta½ j²vit± voropeti, tassa kamma½ ±nantariya½na hoti, bh±riya½ pana hoti, ±nantariya½ ±hacceva tiµµhati. E¼akacatukka½ saªg±macatukka½coracatukkañcettha kathetabba½. “E¼aka½ m±rem²”ti abhisandhin±pi hi e¼akaµµh±neµhita½ manusso manussabh³ta½ m±tara½ v± pitara½ v± m±rento ±nantariya½ husati maraº±dhipp±yeneva ±nantariyavatthuno vikopitatt±. E¼ak±bhisandhin±,pana m±t±piti-abhisandhin± v± e¼aka½ m±rento ±nantariya½ na phusati ±nantariyavatthunoabh±vato. M±t±piti-abhisandhin± m±t±pitaro m±rento phussateva. Esa nayo itarasmimpicatukkadvaye. Yath± ca m±t±pit³su, eva½ arahantesu et±ni catukk±ni veditabb±ni.Sabbattha hi purima½ abhisandhicitta½ appam±ºa½, vadhakacitta½, pana tad±rammaºaj²vitindriyañcapam±ºa½. Kat±nantariyakammo ca “tassa kammassa vip±ka½ paµib±hess±m²”ti sakalacakkav±¼a½mah±cetiyappam±ºehi kañcanath³pehi p³retv±pi sakalacakkav±¼a½ p³retv± nisinnassabhikkhusaªghassa mah±d±na½ datv±pi buddhassa bhagavato saªgh±µikaººa½ amuñcanto vicaritv±pik±yassa bhed± nirayameva upapajjati, pabbajjañca na labhati. Pitugh±take vesiy± puttotiupalakkhaºamatta½, kulitthiy± atic±riniy± puttopi attano pitara½ aj±nitv± gh±ntentopipitugh±takova hoti.