22. Pabbajj±vinicchayakath±

123. Eva½ paµikkhepapav±raŗ±vinicchaya½ kathetv± id±ni pabbajj±vinicchaya½ kathetu½“pabbajj±ti ettha pan±”ty±dim±ha. Tattha paµhama½ vajitabb±ti pabbajj±, upasampad±topaµhama½ upagacchitabb±ti attho. Pa-pubba vaja gatimh²ti dh±tu. Kulaputtanti±c±rakulaputta½ sandh±ya vadati. Ye puggal± paµikkhitt±, te vajjetv±ti sambandho.Pabbajj±dosavirahitoti pabbajj±ya antar±yakarehi pańc±b±dh±didosehi virahito.Nakhapiµµhippam±ŗanti ettha kaniµµhaŖgulinakhapiµµhi adhippet±. “Tańce nakhapiµµhippam±ŗampiva¹¹hanapakkhe µhita½ hoti, na pabb±jetabboti imin± s±mańńalakkhaŗa½ dassita½,tasm± yattha katthaci sar²r±vayavesu nakhapiµµhippam±ŗa½ va¹¹hanakapakkhe µhita½ ce, na vaµµat²tisiddha½. Evańca sati nakhapiµµhippam±ŗampi ava¹¹hanakapakkhe µhita½ ce, sabbattha vaµµat²ti ±panna½,tańca na s±mańńato adhippetanti padesaviseseyeva niyametv± dassento ‘sace pan±’ti-±dim±ha.Sace hi avisesena nakhapiµµhippam±ŗa½ ava¹¹hanakapakkhe µhita½ vaµµeyya, ‘niv±sanap±rupanehipakatipaµicchannaµµh±ne’ti padesaniyama½ na kareyya, tasm± niv±sanap±rupanehi pakatipaµicchannaµµh±natoańńattha nakhapiµµhippam±ŗa½ ava¹¹hanakapakkhe µhitampi na vaµµat²ti siddha½. Nakhapiµµhippam±ŗatokhuddakatara½ pana ava¹¹hanakapakkhe v± va¹¹hanakapakkhe v± µhita½ hotu, vaµµati nakhapiµµhippam±ŗatokhuddakatarassa va¹¹hanakapakkhe ava¹¹hanakapakkhe v± µhitassa mukh±d²suyeva paµikkhittatt±”tis±ratthad²paniya½ (s±rattha. µ². mah±vagga 3.88) vutta½.
Vimativinodaniya½ (vi. vi. µ². mah±vagga 88-89) pana “paµicchannaµµh±ne nakhapiµµhippam±ŗa½ava¹¹hanakapakkhe µhita½ hoti, vaµµat²ti vuttatt± appaµicchannaµµh±ne t±disampi na vaµµati,paµicchannaµµh±nepi ca va¹¹hanakapakkhe µhita½ na vaµµat²ti siddhameva hoti. P±kaµaµµh±nepi pananakhapiµµhippam±ŗato ³natara½ ava¹¹hanaka½ vaµµat²ti ye gaŗheyyu½, tesa½ ta½ gahaŗa½ paµisedhetu½‘mukhe pan±’ti-±di vuttan”ti vutta½. Godh±…pe… na vaµµat²ti imin± t±disopirogo kuµµheyeva antogadhoti dasseti. Gaŗ¹epi imin± nayena vinicchayoveditabbo. Tattha pana mukh±d²su kolaµµhimattato khuddakataropi gaŗ¹o na vaµµat²ti visu½na dassito. “Appaµicchannaµµh±ne ava¹¹hanakapakkhe µhitepi na vaµµat²”ti ettakameva hitattha vutta½, tath±pi kuµµhe vuttanayena mukh±d²su kolaµµhippam±ŗato khuddakataropi gaŗ¹ona vaµµat²ti vińń±yati, tasm± ava¹¹hanakapakkhe µhitep²ti ettha pi-saddo avuttasampiŗ¹anattho,tena kolaµµhimattato khuddakataropi na vaµµat²ti ayamattho dassitoyev±ti amh±ka½ khanti.Pakativaŗŗe j±teti rogahetukassa vik±ravaŗŗassa abh±va½ sandh±ya vutta½.
Kolaµµhimattakoti badaraµµhippam±ŗo. “Sańj±tachavi½ k±retv±”ti p±µho, vijjam±nachavi½k±retv±ti attho. Vimativinodaniya½ (vi. vi. µ². mah±vagga 2.88-89) pana “sacchavi½k±retv±ti vijjam±nachavi½ k±retv±ti attho, sańchavinti v± p±µho, sańj±tacha-antiattho. Gaŗ¹±d²su v³pasantesupi ta½ µh±na½ vivaŗŗampi hoti, ta½ vaµµat²”ti vutta½.
Padumapuŗ¹ar²kapattavaŗŗanti rattapadumasetapadumapupphadalavaŗŗa½. Kuµµhe vuttanayenev±ti“paµicchannaµµh±ne ava¹¹hanaka½ vaµµati, ańńattha na kińci vaµµat²”ti vuttanaya½ dasseti.Sosaby±dh²ti khayarogo. Yakkhumm±doti kad±ci ±gantv± bh³miya½ p±tetv±hatthamukh±dika½ avayava½ bh³miya½ gha½sanako yakkhova rogo.
124. Mah±mattoti mahatiy± issariyamatt±ya samann±gato. “Na d±n±ha½ devassabhaµo”ti ±pucchat²ti rańń± eva dinna½ µh±nantara½ sandh±ya vutta½. Yo pana r±jakammikehiamacc±d²hi µhapito, amacc±d²na½ eva v± bhaµo hoti, tena ta½ ta½ amacc±dimpi±pucchitu½ vaµµat²ti.
125. “Dhajabandho”ti vuttatt± ap±kaµacoro pabb±jetabboti vińń±yati. Tenavakkhati “ye pana ambalabuj±dicorak±”ti-±di. Eva½ j±nant²ti “s²lav± j±to”tij±nanti.
126. Bhinditv±ti andubandhana½ bhinditv±. Chinditv±ti saŖkhalikabandhana½ chinditv±.Muńcitv±ti rajjubandhana½ muńcitv±. Vivaritv±ti g±mabandhan±d²su g±madv±r±d²nivivaritv±. Apassam±n±na½ v± pal±yat²ti purisaguttiya½ puris±na½ gopak±na½ apassam±n±na½pal±yati.
129. Purimanayenev±ti “kas±hato katadaŗ¹akammo”ti ettha vuttanayeneva.
130. Pal±top²ti iŗass±mik±na½ ±gamana½ ńatv± bhayena pal±topi iŗ±yiko. G²v± hoti iŗ±yikabh±va½ ńatv± an±darena iŗamuttake bhikkhubh±ve pavesitatt±.
Upa¹¹hupa¹¹hanti thoka½ thoka½. D±tabbamev±ti iŗ±yikena dhana½ sampajjatu v±,m± v±, d±ne sa-uss±heneva bhavitabba½, ańńehi ca bhikkh³hi “m± dhura½ nikkhip±h²”tivatv± sah±yakehi bhavitabbanti dasseti. Dhuranikkhepena hissa bhaŗ¹agghena k±retabbat±siy±ti.
131. D±sac±ritta½ ±ropetv± k²toti imin± d±sabh±vaparimocanatth±ya k²ta½nivatteti. T±diso hi dhanakk²topi ad±so eva. Vajirabuddhiµ²k±ya½ (vajira. µ².mah±vagga 97) pana “desac±rittanti s±vanapaŗŗ±ropan±dika½ ta½ ta½desac±rittan”ti vutta½. Tattha tattha c±rittavasen±ti tasmi½ tasmi½ janapaded±sapaŗŗajjh±pan±din± ad±sakaraŗaniy±mena. Abhisek±d²su sabbabandhan±ni moc±penti,ta½ sandh±ya “sabbas±dh±raŗen±”ti vutta½.
Sace sayameva paŗŗa½ ±ropenti, na vaµµat²ti t± bhujissitthiyo “mayampi vaŗŗad±siyohom±”ti attano rakkhaŗatth±ya sayameva r±j³na½ d±sipaŗŗe attano n±ma½ likh±penti,t±sa½ putt±pi r±jad±s±va honti, tasm± te pabb±jetu½ na vaµµati. Tehi adinn±na pabb±jetabb±ti yattak± tesa½ s±mino, tesu ekena adinnepi na pabb±jetabb±.Bhujisse katv± pana pabb±jetu½ vaµµat²ti yassa vih±rassa te ±r±mik± dinn±,tasmi½ vih±re saŖgha½ ń±petv± ph±tikammena dhan±di½ katv± bhujisse katv± pabb±jetu½vaµµati. Vajirabuddhiµ²k±ya½ (vajira. µ². mah±vagga 97) pana “devad±siputte vaµµat²tilikhita½. ‘¾r±mikańce pabb±jetuk±mo, ańńameka½ datv± pabb±jetabban’ti vutta½.Mah±paccariv±dassa ayamidha adhipp±yo, ‘bhikkhusaŖghassa ±r±mike dem±’ti dinnatt±na te tesa½ d±s±, ‘±r±miko ca neva d±so na bhujisso’ti vattabbato na d±sotilikhita½. Takk±sińcana½ s²ha¼ad²pe c±ritta½, te ca pabb±jetabb± saŖghass±r±mikatt±.Niss±mika½ d±sa½ attan±pi bhujissa½ k±tu½ labhat²”ti vutta½.
S±ratthad²paniya½ (s±rattha. µ². mah±vagga 3.97) pana “takka½ s²se ±sittakasadis±vahont²ti yath± ad±se karont± takkena s²sa½ dhovitv± ad±sa½ karonti, eva½ ±r±mikavacanena dinnatt± ad±s±va teti adhipp±yo. ‘Takk±sińcana½ pana s²ha¼ad²pe c±rittan’ti vadanti. Neva pabb±jetabboti vuttanti kappiyavacanena dinnepi aŖghassa ±r±mikad±satt± eva½ vuttan”ti vutta½. Vimativinodaniyampi (vi.vi. µ². mah±vagga 2.97) “takka½ s²se ±sittakasadis±va hont²ti kesucijanapadesu ad±se karont± takka½ s²se ±sińcanti, tena kira te ad±s± honti,evamidampi ±r±mikavacanena dinnamp²ti adhipp±yo. Tath± dinnepi saŖghassa ±r±mikad±soev±ti ‘neva pabb±jetabbo’ti vutta½. ‘T±vak±liko n±ma’ti vuttatt±k±lapariccheda½ katv± v± pacch±pi gahetuk±mat±ya v± dinna½ sabba½ t±vak±likamev±tigahetabba½. Niss±mikad±so n±ma yassa s±mikula½ ańń±tika½ maraŗena parikkh²ŗa½,na koci tassa d±y±do, so pana sam±naj±tikehi v± niv±sag±mav±s²hi v± issarehiv± bhujisso katova pabb±jetabbo. Devad±s±pi d±s± eva. Te hi katthaci dese r±jad±s±honti, katthaci vih±rad±s± v±, tasm± pabb±jetu½ na vaµµat²”ti vutta½.
S±ratthad²paniya½ (s±rattha. µ². mah±vagga 3.97) pana “niss±mikad±so n±ma yassas±mik± saputtad±r± mat± honti, na koci tassa parigg±hako, sopi pabb±jetu½na vaµµati, ta½ pana attan±pi bhujissa½ k±tu½ vaµµati. Ye v± pana tasmi½ raµµhe s±mino,tehipi k±r±petu½ vaµµati, ‘devad±siputta½ pabb±jetu½ vaµµat²’ti t²supi gaŗµhipadesuvutta½. ‘D±sassa pabbajitv± attano s±mike disv± pal±yantassa ±patti natth²’tivadant²”ti vutta½. Vimativinodaniya½ pana “d±sampi pabb±jetv± s±mike disv±paµicch±danattha½ apanento padav±rena adinn±d±n±pattiy± k±retabbo, d±sassa panapal±yato an±patt²”ti vutta½.
132. Hatthacchinnak±divatth³su kaŗŗam³leti sakalassa kaŗŗassa cheda½ sandh±y±ha.Kaŗŗasakkhalik±y±ti kaŗŗac³¼ik±ya Yassa pana kaŗŗ±vaµµetiheµµh± kuŗ¹al±diµhapanachidda½ sandh±ya vutta½. “Tańhi saŖghaµµanakkhama½. Ajapadaketiajapadan±sikaµµhikoµiya½. Tato hi uddha½ na vicchinditu½ sakk± hoti. Sandhetuntiavir³pasaŗµh±na½ sandh±ya vutta½, vir³pa½ pana parisad³saka½ ±p±deti.
Khujjasar²roti vaŖkasar²ro. Brahmuno viya ujuka½ gatta½ sar²ra½ yassa so brahmujugatto,bhagav±. Avaseso sattoti imin± lakkhaŗena rahitasatto. Etena µhapetv± mah±purisa½cakkavattińca itare satt± khujjapakkhik±ti dasseti. Yebhuyyena hi satt± khandhekaµiya½ j±ŗ³s³ti t²su µh±nesu namanti, te kaµiya½ namant± pacchato namanti, dv²suµh±nesu namant± purato namanti, d²ghasar²r± pana ekena passena vaŖk± honti, eke mukha½unn±metv± nakkhatt±ni gaŗayant± viya caranti, eke appama½salohit± s³lasadis± honti,eke purato pabbh±r± honti, pavedham±n± gacchanti. Parivaµumoti samantato vaµµak±yo.Etena evar³p± eva v±manak± na vaµµant²ti dasseti.
133. Aµµhisir±cammasar²roti aµµhisir±cammamattasar²ro. K³µak³µas²soti anekesuµh±nesu piŗ¹itama½sata½ dassetu½ ±me¹ita½ kata½. Ten±ha “t±laphalapiŗ¹isadisen±”ti.T±laphal±na½ mańjar² piŗ¹i n±ma. Anupubbatanukena s²sen±ti cetiyath³pik±viya kamena kisena s²sena. Mah±ve¼upabba½ viya ±dito paµµh±ya y±va pariyos±n±avisamath³lena s²sena samann±gato n±¼is²so n±ma. Kappas²soti gajamatthaka½viya dvidh± bhinnas²so. “Kaŗŗikakeso v±”ti imassa vivaraŗa½ “p±ŗakeh²”ti-±di.Makkaµasseva nal±µepi kes±na½ uµµhitabh±va½ sandh±y±ha “s²salomeh²”ti-±di.
Makkaµabhamukoti nal±µalomehi avibhattalomabhamuko. Akkhicakkeh²tiakkhimaŗ¹alehi. Kekaroti tiriya½ passanako. Udakat±rak±ti olokent±na½udake paµibimbikacch±y±. Udakabubbu¼anti keci. Akkhit±rak±ti abhimukheµhit±na½ ch±y±. Akkhibhaŗ¹ak±tipi vadanti. AtipiŖgalakkhi majj±rakkhi. MadhupiŖgalantimadhuvaŗŗapiŖgala½. Nippakhumakkh²ti ettha pakhuma-saddo akkhidalalomesu niru¼ho,tadabh±v± nippakhumakkhi. Akkhip±ken±ti akkhidalapariyantesu p³tit±pajjanarogena.
Cipiµan±sikoti anunnatan±siko. PaµaŖgamaŗ¹³ko n±ma mah±mukhamaŗ¹³ko. Bhinnamukhotiupakkamukhapariyos±no, sabbad± vivaµamukho v±. VaŖkamukhoti ekapasse apakkammaµhitaheµµhimahanukaµµhiko. Oµµhacchinnakoti ubhosu oµµhesu yattha katthaci j±tiy±v± pacch± v± satth±din± apan²tama½sena oµµhena samann±gato. E¼amukhoti niccapaggharital±l±mukho.