21. Pav±raº±vinicchayakath±

116. Eva½ paµiggahaºavinicchaya½ kathetv± id±ni pav±raº±vinicchaya½ kathetu½ “paµikkhepapav±raº±”ti-±dim±ha.Tattha paµikkhipana½ paµikkhepo, asampaµicchananti attho. Pav±riyate pav±raº±, paµisedhanantyattho.Paµikkhepasaªkh±t± pav±raº± paµikkhepapav±raº±. Atha v± paµikkhepavasena pav±raº± paµikkhepapav±raº±.Pañcanna½ bhojan±na½ aññatara½ bhuñjantassa aññasmi½ bhojane abhihaµe paµikkhepasaªkh±t± pav±raº±tisambandho.
117. Ya½ asn±t²ti ya½ bhuñjati. Ambilap±y±s±d²s³ti ±di-saddena kh²rap±y±s±di½saªgaºh±ti. Tattha ambilap±y±saggahaºena takk±di-ambilasa½yutt± ghanay±guvutt±. Kh²rap±y±saggahaºena kh²rasa½yutt± y±gu saªgayhati. Pav±raºa½ janet²tianatirittabhojan±pattinibandhana½ paµikkhepa½ s±dheti. Katopi paµikkhepo anatirittabhojan±pattinibandhanona hoti, akataµµh±neyeva tiµµhat²ti ±ha “pav±raºa½ na janet²”ti.
“Y±gu-saddassa pav±raºajanakay±guy±pi s±dh±raºatt± ‘y±gu½ gaºhath±’ti vuttepi pav±raº±hot²ti pav±raºa½ janetiyev±ti vuttan”ti t²supi gaºµhipadesu vutta½. Ta½ paratotattheva “bhattamissaka½ y±gu½ ±haritv±”ti ettha vuttak±raºena na sameti. Vuttañhitattha– heµµh± ay±guke nimantane udakakañjikakh²r±d²hi saddhi½ maddita½ bhattameva sandh±ya“y±gu½ gaºhath±”ti vuttatt± pav±raº± hoti. “Bhattamissaka½ y±gu½ ±haritv±”tiettha pana visu½ y±guy± vijjam±natt± pav±raº± na hot²ti. Tasm± tattha vuttanayenevakh²r±d²hi saddhi½ maddita½ bhattameva sandh±ya “y±gu½ gaºhath±”ti vuttatt± y±guy±vatattha abh±vato pav±raº± hot²ti evamettha k±raºa½ vattabba½. Evañhi sati parato “yen±pucchito,tassa atthit±y±”ti aµµhakath±ya vuttak±raºenapi sa½sandati, aññath± gaºµhipadesuyevapubb±paravirodho ±pajjati, aµµhakath±ya ca na samet²ti. Sace…pe… paññ±yat²tiimin± vuttappam±ºassa macchama½sakhaº¹assa nah±runo v± sabbh±vamatta½ dasseti. T±h²tiputhuk±hi.
S±liv²hiyavehi katasatt³ti yebhuyyanayena vutta½, satta dhaññ±ni pana bhajjitv± katopisattuyeva. Tenev±ha “kaªguvaraka…pe… sattusaªgahameva gacchat²”ti. Sattumodakotisattuyo piº¹etv± kato apakko sattugu¼o Vimativinodaniya½(vi. vi. µ². p±cittiya 2.238-239) pana “sattumodakoti sattu½ temetv±kato apakko, sattu½ pana pisitv± piµµha½ katv± temetv± p³va½ katv± pacanti, ta½na pav±ret²”ti vutta½.
Pañcanna½ bhojan±na½ aññataravasena vippakatabhojanabh±vassa upacchinnatt± “mukhe s±sapamattampi…pe…na pav±ret²”ti vutta½. “Akappiyama½sa½ paµikkhipati, na pav±ret²”ti vacanatosace saªghika½ l±bha½ attano ap±puºanta½ j±nitv± v± aj±nitv± v± paµikkhipati, napav±reti paµikkhipitabbasseva paµikkhittatt±, alajjisantaka½ paµikkhipantopi na pav±reti.Avatthut±y±ti anatiritt±pattis±dhik±ya pav±raº±ya avatthubh±vato. Etena paµikkhipitabbassevapaµikkhittabh±va½ d²peti. Yañhi paµikkhipitabba½ hoti, tassa paµikkhepo ±pattiy±aªga½ na hot²ti ta½ pav±raº±ya avatth³ti vuccati.
118. ¾sannatara½ aªganti hatthap±sato bahi µhatv± onamitv± dentassa s²sa½ ±sannatara½hoti, tassa orimantena paricchinditabba½.
Upan±met²ti imin± k±y±bhih±ra½ dasseti. Apan±metv±ti abhimukha½ haritv±.Ida½ bhatta½ gaºh±ti vadat²ti kiñci apan±metv± vadati. Kevala½ v±c±bhih±rassaanadhippetatt± gaºhath±ti gahetu½ ±raddha½. Hatthap±sato bahi µhitassa satipi d±tuk±mat±bhih±repaµikkhipantassa d³rabh±veneva pav±raº±ya abh±vato therassapi d³rabh±vamatta½ gahetv± pav±raº±yaabh±va½ dassento “therassa d³rabh±vato”ti-±dim±ha, na pana therassa abhih±rasambhavato.Sacepi gahetv± gato hatthap±se µhito hoti, kiñci pana avatv± ±dh±raµµh±neµhitatt± abhih±ro n±ma na hot²ti “d³tassa ca anabhiharaºato”ti vutta½. “Gahetv±±gatena ‘bhatta½ gaºhath±’ti vutte abhih±ro n±ma hot²ti ‘sace pana gahetv± ±gatobhikkhu…pe… pav±raº± hot²’ti vuttan”ti t²supi gaºµhipadesu vutta½.Keci pana “patta½ kiñcipi upan±metv± ‘ima½ bhatta½ gaºhath±’ti vuttanti gahetabban”tivadanti, ta½ yutta½ viya dissati v±c±bhih±rassa idha anadhippetatt±.
Parivesan±y±ti bhattagge. Abhihaµ±va hot²ti parivesakeneva abhihaµ± hoti. Tato d±tuk±mat±ya gaºhanta½ paµikkhipantassa pav±raº± hot²ti ettha aggaºhantampipaµikkhipato pav±raº± hotiyeva. Kasm±? D±tuk±mat±ya abhihaµatt±, “tasm± s±abhihaµ±va hot²”ti hi vutta½. Teneva t²supi gaºµhipadesu “d±tuk±m±bhih±resati kevala½ ‘dass±m²’ti gahaºameva abhih±ro na hoti, ‘dass±m²’ti gaºhantepi agaºhantepid±tuk±mat±bhih±rova abhih±ro hoti, tasm± gahaºasamaye v± aggahaºasamaye v± ta½ paµikkhipatopav±raº± hot²”ti vutta½. Id±ni tassa asati d±tuk±mat±bhih±re gahaºasamayepipaµikkhipato pav±raº± na hot²ti dassetu½ “sace pan±”ti-±di vutta½. Kaµacchun±anukkhittampi pubbe eva abhihaµatt± pav±raº± hot²ti “abhihaµ±va hot²”ti vutta½.Uddhaµamatteti bh±janato viyojitamatte. Dvinna½ samabh±rep²ti parivesakassa ca aññassaca bhattapacchibh±raggahaºe sambh³tep²ti attho.
119. Rasa½ gaºhath±ti ettha kevala½ ma½sarasassa apav±raº±janakassa n±mena vuttatt± paµikkhipatopav±raº± na hoti. Maccharasanti-±d²su maccho ca rasañc±ti atthasambhavato,vatthunopi t±disatt± pav±raº± hoti. “Ida½ gaºhath±”tipi avatv± tuºh²bh³tenaabhihaµa½ paµikkhipatopi hoti eva.
Karambakoti missak±dhivacanameta½. Yañhi bah³hi missetv± karonti, so “karambako”tivuccati, so sacepi ma½sena missetv± kato hoti, “karambaka½ gaºhath±”ti apav±raº±rahassan±mena vuttatt± paµikkhipato pav±raº± na hoti. “Ma½sakarambaka½ gaºhath±”ti vuttepana “ma½samissaka½ gaºhath±”ti vutta½ hoti, tasm± pav±raº±va hoti.
120. “Uddissakatan”ti maññam±noti ettha “vatthuno kappiyatt± akappiyasaññ±yapaµikkhepatopi acittakatt± imassa sikkh±padassa pav±raº± hot²”ti vadanti. “Heµµh±ay±guke nimantane udakakañjikakh²r±d²hi saddhi½ maddita½ bhattameva sandh±ya ‘y±gu½ gaºhath±’tivuttatt± pav±raº± hoti, ‘bhattamissaka½ y±gu½ ±haritv±’ti ettha pana visu½ y±guy±vijjam±natt± pav±raº± na hot²”ti vadanti. Ayamettha adhipp±yoti “yen±pucchito”ti-±din±vuttamevattha½ sandh±ya vadati. K±raºa½ panettha duddasanti ettha eke t±va vadanti “yasm±y±gumissaka½ n±ma bhattameva na hoti, kh²r±dikampi hotiyeva, tasm± karambakeviya pav±raº±ya na bhavitabba½, evañca sati ‘y±gu bahutar± v± hoti samasam± v± na pav±reti,y±gu mand±, bhatta½ bahutara½, pav±ret²’ti ettha k±raºa½ duddasan”ti. Keci panavadanti “y±gumissaka½ n±ma bhatta½, tasm± ta½ paµikkhipato pav±raº±ya eva bhavitabba½,evañca sati ‘idha pav±raº± hoti, na hot²’ti ettha k±raºa½ duddasan”ti.
Yath± cettha k±raºa½ duddasa½, eva½ parato “missaka½ gaºhath±”ti etth±pik±raºa½ duddasamev±ti veditabba½. Na hi pav±raºappahonakassa appabahubh±vo pav±raº±yabh±v±bh±vanimitta½, kiñcarahi pav±raº±janakassa n±ma gahaºamevettha pam±ºa½, tasm± “idañcakarambakena na sam±netabban”ti-±din± yampi k±raºa½ vutta½, tampi pubbe vuttena sa½sandiyam±na½na sameti. Yadi hi missakanti bhattamissakeyeva ru¼ha½ siy±, eva½ sati yath± “bhattamissaka½gaºhath±”ti vutte bhatta½ bahutara½ v± sama½ v± appatara½ v± hoti, pav±retiyeva, eva½“missaka½ gaºhath±”ti vuttepi appatarepi bhatte pav±raº±ya bhavitabba½ “missakan”tibhattamissakeyeva ru¼hatt±. Tath± hi “missakanti bhattamissakeyeva ru¼havoh±ratt±ida½ pana bhattamissakamev±ti vuttan”ti t²supi gaºµhipadesu vutta½. Atha missakantibhattamissake ru¼ha½ na hoti, missakabhatta½ pana sandh±ya “missaka½ gaºhath±”ti vuttanti.Evampi yath± ay±guke nimantane kh²r±d²hi sammaddita½ bhattameva sandh±ya “y±gu½ gaºhath±”tivutte pav±raº± hoti, evamidh±pi missakabhattameva sandh±ya “missaka½ gaºhath±”tivutte bhatta½ appa½ v± hotu, bahu v±, pav±raº± eva siy±, tasm± missakanti bhattamissakeru¼ha½ v± hotu, missaka½ sandh±ya bh±sita½ v±, ubhayath±pi pubben±para½ na samet²tikimettha k±raºacint±ya. ¿disesu pana µh±nesu aµµhakath±pam±ºeneva gantabbanti aya½amh±ka½ khanti.
Vimativinodaniya½ (vi. vi. µ². p±cittiya 2.238-239) pana “uddissakatanti maññam±notiettha vatthuno kappiyatt± ‘pav±ritova hot²’ti vutta½. Tañce uddissakatameva hoti,paµikkhepo natthi. Ayametth±dhipp±yoti ‘yen±pucchito’ti-±din± vuttamevattha½sandh±ya vadati. K±raºa½ panettha duddasanti bhattassa bahutarabh±ve pav±raº±yasambhavak±raºa½ duddasa½, aññath± karambakepi macch±dibahubh±ve pav±raº± bhaveyy±ti adhipp±yo.Yath± cettha k±raºa½ duddasa½, eva½ parato ‘missaka½ gaºhath±’ti etth±pi k±raºa½ duddasamev±tidaµµhabba½. Yañca ‘ida½ pana bhattamissakamev±’ti-±di k±raºa½ vutta½, tampi ‘appatara½na pav±ret²’ti vacanena na samet²”ti ettakameva vutta½.
“Visu½ katv± det²ti bhattassa upari µhita½ ras±di½ visu½ gahetv± det²”tit²supi gaºµhipadesu vutta½. Kehici pana “yath± bhattasittha½ na patati, tath± g±¼ha½hatthena p²¼etv± pariss±vetv± det²”ti vutta½. Tatth±pi k±raºa½ na dissati. Yath±hi bhattamissaka½ y±gu½ ±haritv± “y±gu½ gaºhath±”ti vatv± y±gumissaka½ bhattampidenta½ paµikkhipato pav±raº± na hoti, evamidh±pi bahukh²raras±d²su bhattesu “kh²ra½gaºhath±”ti-±d²ni vatv± dinn±ni kh²r±d²ni v± detu kh²r±dimissaka½ bhatta½ v±,ubhayath±pi pav±raº±ya na bhavitabba½, tasm± “visu½ katv± det²”ti ten±k±rena denta½sandh±ya vutta½, na pana bhattamissaka½ katv± d²yam±na½ paµikkhipato pav±raº± hot²tidassanatthanti gahetabba½. Yadi pana bhattamissaka½ katv± d²yam±ne pav±raº± hot²tiadhipp±yena aµµhakath±ya½ “visu½ katv± det²”ti vutta½, eva½ sati aµµhakath±yevetthapam±ºanti gahetabba½, na pana k±raºantara½ gavesitabba½. Vimativinodaniya½ (vi. vi.µ². p±cittiya 2.238-239) pana “visu½ katv± det²ti ‘rasa½ gaºhath±’ti-±din±v±c±ya visu½ katv± det²ti attho gahetabbo, na pana k±yena ras±di½ viyojetv±titath± aviyojitepi paµikkhipato pav±raº±ya asambhavato apav±raº±pahonakassa n±mena vuttatt±bhattamissakay±gu½ ±haritv± ‘y±gu½ gaºhath±’ti vuttaµµh±n±d²su viya,aññath± ettha yath± pubb±para½ na virujjhati, tath± adhipp±yo gahetabbo”ti vutta½.
N±v± v± setu v±ti-±dimhi n±v±di-abhiruhan±dikkhaºe kiñci µhatv±pi abhiruhan±dik±tabbattepigamanatapparat±ya µh±na½ n±ma na hoti, janasammaddena pana anok±s±dibh±vena µh±tu½ na vaµµati.Ac±letv±ti vuttaµµh±nato aññasmi½ p²µhappadese v± uddha½ v± apelletv±, tasmi½eva pana µh±ne parivattetu½ labhati. Ten±ha “yena passen±”ti-±di. Sace ukkuµika½nisinno p±de amuñcitv±pi bh³miya½ nis²dati, iriy±patha½ vikopento n±ma hot²tiukkuµik±sana½ avikopetv± sukhena nis²ditu½ “tassa pana heµµh±…pe…nis²danaka½ d±tabban”ti vutta½. “¾sana½ ac±letv±ti p²µhe phuµµhok±sato±nisadama½sa½ amocetv± anuµµhahitv±ti vutta½ hoti. Adinn±d±ne viya µh±n±c±vana½na gahetabban”ti t²supi gaºµhipadesu vutta½.
121. Akappiyakatanti ettha akappiyakatasseva anatirittabh±vato kappiya½ ak±r±petv±tasmi½ patte pakkhitta½ m³laphal±diyeva atiritta½ na hoti, akappiyabhojana½ v±kulad³san±din± uppanna½. Sesa½ pana pattapariy±panna½ atirittameva hoti, paribhuñjitu½vaµµati, ta½ pana m³laphal±di½ paribhuñjituk±mena tato n²haritv± kappiya½ k±r±petv±aññasmi½ bh±jane µhapetv± atiritta½ k±r±petv± paribhuñjitabba½.
122. So puna k±tu½ na labhat²ti tasmi½yeva bh±jane kariyam±na½ paµhama½ katena saddhi½kata½ hot²ti puna soyeva k±tu½ na labhati, añño labhati. Aññasmi½ pana bh±jane tenav± aññena v± k±tu½ vaµµati. Ten±ha “yena akata½, tena k±tabba½,yañca akata½, ta½ k±tabban”ti. Ten±p²ti ettha pi-saddo na kevala½ aññenev±tiimamattha½ d²peti. Eva½ katanti aññasmi½ bh±jane kata½.
Pesetv±ti anupasampannassa hatthe pesetv±. Imassa vinayakammabh±vato “anupasampannassahatthe µhita½ na k±tabban”ti vutta½.
Sace pana ±misasa½saµµh±n²ti ettha sace mukhagaten±pi anatirittena ±misena sa½saµµh±nihonti, p±cittiyamev±ti veditabba½, tasm± pav±ritena bhojana½ atiritta½ k±r±petv±bhuñjantenapi yath± akatena missa½ na hoti, eva½ mukhañca hatthañca suddha½ katv± bhuñjitabba½.Kiñc±pi apav±ritassa purebhatta½ y±mak±lik±d²ni ±h±ratth±ya paribhuñjatopi an±patti,pav±ritassa pana pav±raºam³laka½ dukkaµa½ hotiyev±ti “y±mak±lika½…pe… ajjhoh±reajjhoh±re ±patti dukkaµass±”ti p±¼iya½ (p±ci. 240) vutta½.

Iti vinayasaªgahasa½vaººan±bh³te vinay±laªk±re

Paµikkhepapav±raº±vinicchayakath±laªk±ro n±ma

Ekav²satimo paricchedo.