Yampi ca “ucchu ce, y±vak±liko, ucchuraso ce, y±mak±liko, ph±ŗita½ ce, satt±hak±lika½,taco ce, y±vaj²viko”ti aµµhakath±vacana½ dassetv± “ucchuraso udakasambhinno y±mak±liko”tiańńena kenaci vutta½, tampi tath±vidhassa aµµhakath±vacanassa samantap±s±dik±ya vinayaµµhakath±yaabh±vato na s±rato paccetabba½, tatoyeva ca “ucchuraso udakasambhinnopi asambhinnopisatt±hak±likoyev±”ti keci ±cariy± vadanti. Bhesajjakkhandhake ca “anuj±n±mi,bhikkhave, ucchurasan”ti ettha t²supi gaŗµhipadesu avisesena vutta½ “ucchurasosatt±hak±liko”ti. Saya½kata½ nir±misameva vaµµat²ti ettha apariss±vita½ paµiggahitampikaraŗasamaye pariss±vetv±, kasaµa½ apanetv± ca attan± katanti veditabba½, aya½ s±ratthad²pan²p±µho(s±rattha. µ². 2.623).
Vimativinodaniya½ (vi. vi. µ². 1.623) pana ucchurasa½ up±d±y±ti nikkasaµarasass±pisatt±hak±likatta½ dasseti “ucchumh± nibbattan”ti p±¼iya½ s±mańńato vuttatt±.Ya½ pana suttantaµµhakath±ya½ “ucchu ce, y±vak±liko, ucchuraso ce, y±mak±liko,ph±ŗita½ ce, satt±hak±lika½, taco ce, y±vaj²viko”ti vutta½, ta½ ambaphalaras±dimissat±yay±mak±likatta½ sandh±ya vuttanti gahetabba½, avinayavacanatt± ta½ appam±ŗanti.Teneva “purebhatta½ paµiggahitena apariss±vita-ucchurasen±”ti-±di vutta½. Nir±misamevavaµµati tattha paviµµhay±vak±likassa abboh±rikatt±ti ida½ gu¼e kate tattha vijjam±nampikasaµa½ p±kena sukkhat±ya y±vaj²vikatta½ bhajat²ti vutta½. Tassa y±vak±likattehi s±ma½p±kena purebhattepi anajjhoharaŗ²ya½ siy±ti. “Savatthukapaµiggahitatt±”tiida½ ucchurase cuŗŗavicuŗŗa½ hutv± µhitakasaµa½ sandh±ya vutta½, tena ca “apariss±vitenaappaµiggahitena anupasampannehi kata½ satt±ha½ vaµµat²ti dasset²”ti vutta½.
Jh±ma-ucchuph±ŗitanti aggimhi ucchu½ t±petv± kata½. Koµµita-ucchuph±ŗitantikhudd±nukhuddaka½ chinditv± koµµetv± nipp²¼etv± pakka½. Ta½ tattha vijjam±nampikasaµa½ pakkak±le y±vak±likatta½ vijahat²ti ±ha “ta½ yuttan”ti. S²todakenakatanti madhukapupph±ni s²todakena madditv± pariss±vetv± pacitv± kata½. “Apariss±vetv±katan”ti keci, tattha k±raŗa½ na dissati. Kh²ra½ pakkhipitv± kata½ madhukaph±ŗita½y±vak±likanti ettha kh²ra½ pakkhipitv± pakkatela½ kasm± vik±le vaµµat²ti ce?Tele pakkhitta½ kh²ra½ telameva hoti, ańńa½ pana kh²ra½ pakkhipitv± kata½ kh²rabh±va½gaŗh±t²ti idamettha k±raŗa½. Yadi eva½ khaŗ¹asakkharampi kh²ra½ pakkhipitv± karonti,ta½ kasm± vaµµat²ti ±ha “khaŗ¹asakkhara½ pan±”ti-±di. Tattha kh²rajallikanti kh²rapheŗa½.
99. “Madhukapuppha½ pan±”ti-±di y±vak±likar³pena µhitass±pi avaµµanaka½ merayab²javatthu½dassetu½ ±raddha½. ¾h±rakicca½ karont±ni et±ni kasm± eva½ paribhuńjitabb±n²ticodan±parih±r±ya bhesajjodissa½ dassentena tappasaŖgena sabb±nipi odissak±ni ekato dassetu½ “sattavidhańh²”ti-±di vutta½ samantap±s±dik±ya½ (p±r±. aµµha.2.623). VinayasaŖgahappakaraŗe pana ta½ na vutta½, “pacch±bhattato paµµh±ya sati paccayeti vuttatt±paµiggahitabhesajj±ni dutiyadivasato paµµh±ya purebhattampi sati paccayeva paribhuńjitabb±ni,na ±h±ratth±ya bhesajjatth±ya paµiggahitatt±”ti vadanti. Dv±rav±tap±nakav±µes³timah±dv±rassa v±tap±n±nańca kav±µaphalakesu. Kas±ve pakkhitt±ni t±ni attano sabh±va½pariccajant²ti “kas±ve…pe… makkhetabb±n²”ti vutta½, ghuŗap±ŗak±diparih±rattha½makkhetabb±n²ti attho. Adhiµµhet²ti “id±ni mayha½ ajjhoharaŗ²ya½ na bhavissati,b±hiraparibhogatth±ya bhavissat²”ti citta½ upp±det²ti attho. Tenev±ha “sappińcatelańca vasańca muddhani tela½ v± abbhańjana½ v±”ti-±di, eva½ paribhoge anapekkhat±yapaµiggahaŗa½ vijahat²ti adhipp±yo. Eva½ ańńesupi k±likesu anajjhoharituk±mat±yasuddhacittena b±hiraparibhogatth±ya niyamepi paµiggahaŗa½ vijahat²ti idampi visu½ eka½paµiggahaŗavijahananti daµµhabba½.
Ańńena bhikkhun± vattabboti ettha suddhacittena dinnatt± sayampi ±har±petv± paribhuńjitu½vaµµatiyeva. Dvinnampi an±patt²ti yath± ańńassa santaka½ ekena paµiggahita½ satt±h±tikkamepinissaggiya½ na hoti parasantakabh±vato, evamidampi avibhattatt± ubhayas±dh±raŗampivinibbhog±bh±vato nissaggiya½ na hot²ti adhipp±yo. Paribhuńjitu½ pana na vaµµat²tibhikkhun± paµiggahitatt± satt±h±tikkame yassa kassaci bhikkhuno paribhuńjitu½ navaµµati paµiggahitasappi-±d²na½ paribhogassa satt±heneva paricchinnatt±. “T±ni paµiggahetv±satt±haparama½ sannidhik±raka½ paribhuńjitabb±n²”ti (p±r±. 623) hi vutta½.
“¾vuso ima½ tela½ satt±hamatta½ paribhuńjitu½ vaµµat²”ti imin±yena paµiggahita½, tena antosatt±heyeva parassa vissajjitabh±va½ dasseti. Kassa ±patt²ti“paµhama½ t±va ubhinna½ s±dh±raŗatt± an±patti vutt±, id±ni pana ekena itarassa vissaµµhabh±vatoubhayas±dh±raŗat± natth²ti vibhattasadisa½ hutv± µhita½, tasm± ettha paµiggahitassa satt±h±tikkameekassa ±pattiy± bhavitabban”ti mańńam±no “ki½ paµiggahaŗapaccay± paµigg±hakassa±patti, ud±hu yassa santaka½ j±ta½, tass±”ti pucchati. Nissaµµhabh±vatoyeva ca idha“avibhattabh±vato”ti k±raŗa½ avatv± “yena pariggahita½, tena vissajjitatt±”ti vutta½, idańca vissaµµh±bh±vato ubhayas±dh±raŗata½ pah±ya ekassa santaka½ hontampi yena paµiggahita½,tato ańńassa santaka½ j±ta½, tasm± parasantakapaµiggahaŗe viya paµigg±hakassa paµiggahaŗapaccay±natthi ±patt²ti dassanattha½ vutta½, na pana “yena paµiggahita½, tena vissajjitatt±”tivacanato avissajjite sati avibhattepi satt±h±tikkame ±patt²ti dassanattha½ avissajjiteavibhattabh±vatoyeva an±pattiy± siddhatt±. Sace pana itaro yena paµiggahita½, tassevaantosatt±he attano bh±gampi vissajjeti, satt±h±tikkame siy± ±patti yena paµiggahita½,tasseva santakabh±vam±pannatt±. “Itarassa appaµiggahitatt±”ti imin± tassa santakabh±vepiańńehi paµiggahitasakasantake viya tena appaµiggahitabh±vato an±patt²ti d²peti, ima½pana adhipp±ya½ aj±nitv± ito ańńath± gaŗµhipadak±r±d²hi papańcita½, na ta½ s±rato paccetabba½,ida½ s±ratthad²pan²vacana½ (s±rattha. µ². 2.625).
Vimativinodaniya½ (vi. vi. µ². 1.625) pana– sace dvinna½…pe… na vaµµat²tiettha p±µho ga¼ito, eva½ panettha p±µho veditabbo– sace dvinna½ santaka½ekena paµiggahita½ avibhatta½ hoti, satt±h±tikkame dvinnampi an±patti, paribhuńjitu½pana na vaµµat²ti. Ańńath± pana saddappayogopi na saŖgaha½ gacchati, “gaŗµhipadepi ca ayamevap±µho dassito”ti s±ratthad²paniya½ (s±rattha. µ². 2.625) vutta½. “Dvinnampian±patt²”ti avibhattatt± vutta½. “Paribhuńjitu½ pana na vaµµat²”ti ida½“satt±haparama½ sannidhik±raka½ paribhuńjitabban”ti (p±r±. 623) vacanato vutta½.“Yena paµiggahita½, tena vissajjitatt±”ti imin± upasampannassa d±nampi sandh±ya“vissajjet²”ti ida½ vuttanti dasseti. Upasampannassa nirapekkhadinnavatthumhi paµiggahaŗassaavigatattepi sakasantakat± vigat±va hoti, tena nissaggiya½ na hoti. “Attan±va paµiggahitatta½sakasantakattańc±”ti imehi dv²hi k±raŗeheva nissaggiya½ hoti, na ekena. Anupasampannassanirapekkhad±ne pana tadubhayampi vijahati, paribhogopettha vaµµati, na s±pekkhad±ne d±nalakkhaŗ±bh±vato.“Vissajjat²”ti etasmińca p±¼ipade kassaci adatv± anapekkhat±ya cha¹¹anampi saŖgahitantiveditabba½. “Anapekkh± datv±”ti idańca paµiggahaŗavijahanavidhidassanatthameva vutta½.Paµiggahaŗe hi vijahite puna paµiggahetv± paribhogo sayameva vaµµissati, tabbijahanańcavatthuno sakasantakat±paricc±gena hot²ti. Etena ca vatthumhi ajjhoharaŗ±pekkh±ya sati paµiggahaŗavissajjana½ n±ma visu½ na labbhat²ti sijjhati. Itarath± hi “paµiggahaŗe anapekkhova paµiggahaŗa½ vissajjetv± puna paµiggahetv± bhuńjat²”ti vattabba½ siy±, “appaµiggahitatt±”tiimin± ekassa santaka½ ańńena paµiggahitampi nissaggiya½ hot²ti dasseti. Evanti“puna gahess±m²”ti apekkha½ akatv± suddhacittena paricattata½ par±masati. Paribhuńjantassaan±pattidassanatthanti nissaggiyam³lik±hi p±cittiy±di-±patt²hian±pattidassanatthanti adhipp±yo. Paribhoge an±pattidassanatthanti ettha pananissaµµhapaµil±bhassa k±yikaparibhog±d²su y± dukkaµ±patti vutt±, t±ya an±pattidassanatthantiadhipp±yo.
100. Eva½ catuk±likapaccaya½ dassetv± id±ni tesu visesalakkhaŗa½ dassento “imesupan±”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha akappiyabh³miya½ sahaseyy±pahonake gehe vutta½ saŖghika½v± puggalika½ v± bhikkhussa, bhikkhuniy± v± santaka½ y±vak±lika½ y±mak±likańcaekarattampi µhapita½ antovuttha½ n±ma hoti, tattha pakkańca antopakka½ n±ma hoti.Satt±hak±lika½ pana y±vaj²vikańca vaµµati. Paµiggahetv± ekaratta½ v²tin±mita½pana ya½ kińci y±vak±lika½ v± y±mak±lika½ v± ajjhoharituk±mat±ya gaŗhantassapariggahaŗe t±va dukkaµa½, ajjhoharato pana ekamekasmi½ ajjhoh±re sannidhipaccay± p±cittiya½hot²ti attho. Id±ni ańńampi visesalakkhaŗa½ dassento “y±vak±lika½ pan±”ti-±dim±ha.Tattha sambhinnaras±n²ti sa½saµµharas±ni. D²ghak±l±ni vatth³ni rassak±lena sa½saµµh±nirassak±lameva anuvattant²ti ±ha “y±vak±lika½ pana…pe… t²ŗipi y±mak±lik±d²n²”ti.Itaresupi eseva nayo. Tasm±ti-±d²su tadahupurebhattameva vaµµati, na tadahupacch±bhatta½,na rattiya½, na dutiyadivas±d²s³ti attho.
Kasm±ti ce? Tadahupaµiggahitena y±vak±likena sa½saµµhatt±ti. Ettha ca “y±vak±likenasa½saµµhatt±”ti ettakameva avatv± “tadahupaµiggahiten±”ti visesanassa vuttatt± purepaµiggahitay±vak±likenasa½saµµhe sati tadahupurebhattampi na vaµµati, anajjhoharaŗ²ya½ hot²ti vińń±yati. “Sambhinnarasan”tiimin± sacepi sa½saµµha½, asambhinnarasa½ sesak±likattaya½ attano attano k±le vaµµat²tidasseti Y±mak±liken±ti ettha “tadahupaµiggahiten±”ti tatiyantavisesanapada½ajjh±haritabba½, pubbav±kyato v± anuvattetabba½. Tassa phala½ vuttanayameva.
Potthakesu pana “y±mak±likena sa½saµµha½ pana itaradvaya½ tadahupaµiggahitan”ti dissati,ta½ na sundara½. Yattha natthi, tameva sundara½, kasm±? Dutiyantańhi visesanapada½itaradvaya½ viseseti. Tato tadahupaµiggahitameva satt±hak±lika½ y±vaj²vikańca y±mak±likenasa½saµµhe sati y±va aruŗuggaman± vaµµati, na purepaµiggahit±n²ti attho bhaveyya, so nayutto. Kasm±? Satt±hak±likay±vaj²vik±na½ asannidhijanakatt±, “d²ghak±lik±nirassak±lika½ anuvattant²”ti imin± lakkhaŗena viruddhatt± ca, tasm± tadahupaµiggahita½v± hotu purepaµiggahita½ v±, satt±hak±lika½ y±vaj²vikańca tadahupaµiggahitenay±mak±likena sa½saµµhatt± y±va aruŗuggaman± vaµµat²ti attho yutto, evańca upari vakkham±nena“satt±hak±likena pana tadahupaµiggahitena saddhi½ sa½saµµha½ tadahupaµiggahita½ v± purepaµiggahita½v± y±vaj²vika½ satt±ha½ kappat²”ti vacanena sama½ bhaveyya.
Apica “y±mak±likena sa½saµµha½ pana itaradvaya½ tadahu y±va aruŗuggaman± vaµµat²”ti pubbap±µhenabhavitabba½, ta½ lekhakehi ańńesu p±µhesu “tadahupaµiggahitan”ti vijjam±na½ disv±,idha tadahupadato paµiggahitapada½ ga¼itanti mańńam±nehi pakkhipitv± likhita½ bhaveyya,“tadah³”ti ida½ pana “y±va aruŗuggaman±”ti pada½ viseseti, tena y±va tadahu-aruŗuggaman±vaµµati, na dutiy±h±di-aruŗuggaman±ti attha½ dasseti. Teneva uparip±µhepi “satt±hak±likenapana tadahupaµiggahiten±”ti rassak±likatthapadena tuly±dhikaraŗa½ visesanapada½ tamevaviseseti, na d²ghak±likattha½ y±vaj²vikapada½ tasm± “tadahupaµiggahitenasatt±hak±likena sa½saµµha½ tadahupaµiggahita½ v± purepaµiggahita½ v± y±vaj²vika½ satt±ha½kappat²”ti vutta½.
Dv²hapaµiggahiten±ti-±d²supi “dv²hapaµiggahitena satt±hak±likena sa½saµµha½ tadahupaµiggahita½v± purepaµiggahita½ v± y±vaj²vika½ ch±ha½ vaµµati, t²hapaµiggahitena satt±hak±likenasa½saµµha½ tadahupaµiggahita½ v± purepaµiggahita½ v± y±vaj²vika½ pańc±ha½ vaµµati, cat³hapaµiggahitenasatt±hak±likena sa½saµµha½ tadahupaµiggahita½ v± purepaµiggahita½ v± y±vaj²vika½ catur±ha½vaµµati, pańc±hapaµiggahitena satt±hak±likena sa½saµµha½ tadahupaµiggahita½ v± purepaµiggahita½v± y±vaj²vika½ t²ha½ vaµµati, ch±hapaµiggahitena satt±hak±likena sa½saµµha½ tadahupaµiggahita½v± purepaµiggahita½ v± y±vaj²vika½ dv²ha½ vaµµati, satt±hapaµiggahitena satt±hak±likenasa½saµµha½ tadahupaµiggahita½ v± purepaµiggahita½ v± y±vaj²vika½ tadaheva vaµµat²”ti eva½satt±hak±likasseva at²tadivasa½ parih±petv± sesadivasavasena yojetabba½, na y±vaj²vikassa.Na hi y±vaj²vikassa h±petabbo at²tadivaso n±ma atthi sati paccaye y±vaj²va½ paribhuńjitabbato.Ten±ha “satt±hak±likampi attan± saddhi½ sa½saµµha½ y±vaj²vika½ attano sabh±vańńevaupanet²”ti. Kesuci potthakesu “y±mak±likena sa½saµµha½ pana itaradvaya½ tadahupaµiggahitan”tilikhita½ p±µha½ niss±ya imasmimpi p±µhe “tadahupaµiggahitanti idameva icchitabban’timańńam±n± “purepaµiggahitan”ti p±µha½ paµikkhipanti. Kesuci “purebhatta½ paµiggahita½v±”ti likhanti, ta½ sabba½ yath±vuttanaya½ amanasikaront± vibbhantacitt± eva½ karont²tidaµµhabba½.
Imesu cat³su k±likesu y±vak±lika½ majjhanhikak±l±tikkame,y±mak±lika½ pacchimay±m±tikkame, satt±hak±lika½ satt±h±tikkame paribhuńjantassa±patt²ti vutta½. Katarasikkh±padena ±patti hot²ti pucch±yam±ha “k±lay±ma”icc±di.Tassattho– y±vak±lika½ k±l±tikkame paribhuńjantassa “yo pana bhikkhu vik±lekh±dan²ya½ v± bhojan²ya½ v± kh±deyya v± bhuńjeyya v±, p±cittiyan”ti imin± vik±lebhojanasikkh±padena(p±ci. 248) ±patti hoti. Y±mak±lika½ y±m±tikkame paribhuńjantassa “yopana bhikkhu sannidhik±raka½ kh±dan²ya½ v± bhojan²ya½ v± kh±deyya v± bhuńjeyya v±,p±cittiyan”ti imin± sannidhisikkh±padena (p±ci. 253) ±patti hoti. Satt±hak±lika½satt±h±tikkame paribhuńjantassa “y±ni kho pana t±ni gil±n±na½ bhikkh³na½ paµis±yan²y±nibhesajj±ni, seyyathida½, sappi navan²ta½ tela½ madhu ph±ŗita½, t±ni paµiggahetv± satt±haparama½sannidhik±raka½ paribhuńjitabb±ni, ta½ atikk±mayato nissaggiya½ p±cittiyan”tiimin± bhesajjasikkh±padena (p±r±. 622) ±patti hot²ti.
Im±ni catt±ri k±lik±ni ekato sa½saµµh±ni sambhinnaras±ni purimapurimak±likassak±lavasena paribhuńjitabb±n²ti vutta½. Asambhinnaras±ni ce honti, katha½ paribhuńjitabb±n²ti±ha “sace pan±”ti-±di. Tassattho suvińńeyyova.

Iti vinayasaŖgahasa½vaŗŗan±bh³te vinay±laŖk±re

Catuk±likavinicchayakath±laŖk±ro n±ma

Aµµh±rasamo paricchedo.