18. K±likavinicchayakath±

89. Eva½ saªghikasen±sanesu kattabbavinicchaya½ kathetv± id±ni catuk±likavinicchaya½kathetu½ “k±lik±nipi catt±r²”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha karaºa½ k±ro, kiriy±.K±ro eva k±lo ra-k±rassa la-k±ro yath± “mah±s±lo”ti. K±loti cettha paccuppann±dikiriy±.Vuttañhi–
“¾raddh±niµµhito bh±vo, paccuppanno suniµµhito;
at²t±n±gatupp±da-mappatt±bhimukh± kiriy±”ti.
Ettha pana tassa tassa kiriy±saªkh±tassa k±lassa pabhedabh³to purebhatta-eka-ahorattasatt±haj²vikapariyantasaªkh±tok±laviseso adhippeto. K±le tasmi½ tasmi½ k±lavisese paribhuñjitabb±n²tik±lik±ni. Pi-saddo samuccayattho, tena kappiy± catubh³miyoti samucceti.Catt±r²ti saªkhy±niddeso, tena k±lik±ni n±ma catt±ri eva honti, na t²ºina pañc±ti dasseti, ida½ m±tik±padassa atthavivaraºa½. Tattha uddese ya½ m±tik±ya½(vi. saªga. aµµha. ganth±rambhakath±) “k±lik±nipi catt±r²”ti eva½ vutta½, etthaetasmi½ m±tik±pade catt±ri k±lik±ni veditabb±n²ti yojan±. Katam±ni t±n²ti±ha “y±vak±likan”ti-±di Y±vak±lika½…pe… y±vaj²vika½ iti im±nivatth³ni catt±ri k±lik±ni n±m±ti attho.
Id±ni tesa½ vatthuñca visesanañca n±mal±bhahetuñca dassento “tattha purebhattan”ti-±dim±ha.Tattha tesu cat³su k±likesu ya½ kiñci kh±dan²ya½ bhojan²ya½ y±vak±lika½,aµµhavidhap±na½ y±mak±lika½, sappi-±dipañcavidhabhesajja½ satt±hak±lika½, sabbampipaµiggahita½ y±vaj²vika½ iti vuccat²ti sambandho. Ya½ kiñci kh±dan²yabhojan²yantiettha atiby±pita½ pariharitu½ visesanam±ha “purebhattan”ty±di. Purebhatta½ paµiggahetv±paribhuñjitabbameva y±vak±lika½, na añña½ kh±dan²ya½ bhojan²yantyattho. Y±va…pe…paribhuñjitabbatoti n±mal±bhahetu½, etena y±va k±lo ass±ti y±vak±likanti vacanattha½dasseti. Aµµhavidha½ p±nanti ettha aby±pita½ pariharitum±ha “saddhi½ anulomap±neh²”ti.Y±va…pe… tabbatoti n±mal±bhahetu½, etena y±mo k±lo ass±tiy±mak±likanti vacanattha½ dasseti. Satt±ha½ nidhetabbatoti n±mal±bhahetu½, etenasatt±ho k±lo ass±ti satt±hak±likanti vacanattha½ dasseti. Sabbampi paµiggahitantiettha atiby±pita½ pariharitu½ “µhapetv± udakan”ty±ha. Y±va…pe… paribhuñjitabbatotin±mal±bhahetu½, tena y±vaj²va½ k±lo ass±ti y±vaj²vikanti vacanattha½ dasseti.
Etth±ha– “yo pana bhikkhu adinna½ mukhadv±ra½ ±h±ra½ ±hareyya aññatra udakadantapon±,p±cittiyan”ti (p±ci. 265) vacanato nanu udaka½ appaµiggahitabba½, atha kasm± “µhapetv±udaka½ avasesa½ sabbampi paµiggahitan”ti vuttanti? Sacca½, parisuddha-udaka½ appaµiggahitabba½,kaddam±disahita½ pana paµiggahetabba½ hoti, tasm± paµiggahitesu antogadhabh±vato “µhapetv±udakan”ti vuttanti. Evamapi “sabbampi paµiggahitan”ti imin±va siddha½ paµiggahetabbassaudakassapi gahaºatoti? Sacca½, tath±pi udakabh±vena s±maññato “sabbampi paµiggahitan”tiettake vutte ekaccassa udakassa paµiggahetabbabh±vato udakampi y±vaj²vika½ n±m±tiñ±yeyya, na pana udaka½ y±vaj²vika½ suddhassa paµiggahetabb±bh±vato, tasm± ida½ vutta½hoti– ekaccassa udakassa paµiggahetabbabh±ve satipi suddhassa appaµiggahitabbatt± ta½udaka½ µhapetv± sabbampi paµiggahita½ y±vaj²vikanti vuccat²ti.
90. M³lakam³l±d²ni upadesatoyeva veditabb±ni, t±ni pariy±yato vuccam±n±nipi na sakk± viññ±tu½. Pariy±yantarena hi vuccam±ne ta½ ta½ n±ma½ aj±nant±na½ sammohoyevasiy±, tasm± tattha na kiñci vakkh±ma. Kh±dan²ye kh±dan²yatthanti p³v±dikh±dan²yevijjam±na½ kh±dan²yakicca½ kh±dan²yehi k±tabba½ jighacch±haraºasaªkh±ta½ attha½ payojana½ neva pharanti na nipph±denti. Ekasmi½ dese ±h±rakicca½ s±dhenta½v± as±dhenta½ v± aparasmi½ dese uµµhitabh³miras±dibhedena ±h±rajighacch±haraºakicca½as±dhentampi v± sambhaveyy±ti ±ha “tesu tesu janapades³”ti-±di. Kecipana “ekasmi½ janapade ±h±rakicca½ s±dhenta½ sesajanapadesupi vik±le na kappatiev±ti dassanattha½ ida½ vuttan”tipi vadanti. Pakati-±h±ravasen±ti aññehi y±vak±likehiayojita½ attano pakatiy±va ±h±rakiccakaraºavasena. Sammohoyeva hot²ti anekatth±na½n±m±na½ appasiddh±nañca sambhavato sammoho eva siy±. Tenevettha mayampi m³lakam³l±d²na½pariy±yantaradassane ±dara½ na karimha upadesatova gahetabbato.
Yanti vaµµakanda½.
Mu¼±lanti th³lataruºam³lameva.
Rukkhavalli-±d²nanti heµµh± vuttameva sampiº¹etv± vutta½.
Antopathav²gatoti s±lakaly±ºikkhandha½ sandh±ya vutta½.
Sabbakappiy±n²ti m³latacapatt±d²na½ vasena sabbaso kappiy±ni, tesampi n±mavasena nasakk± pariyanta½ dassetunti sambandho.
Acchiv±d²na½ aparipakk±neva phal±ni y±vaj²vik±n²ti dassetu½ “aparipakk±n²”tivutta½.
Har²tak±d²na½ aµµh²n²ti ettha miñja½ paµicch±detv± µhit±ni kap±l±ni y±vaj²vik±n²ti±cariy±. Miñjampi y±vaj²vikanti eke. Vimativinodaniya½ (vi. vi. µ².p±cittiya 2.248-249) pana “har²tak±d²na½ aµµh²n²ti ettha ‘miñja½y±vak±likan’ti keci vadanti, ta½ na yutta½ aµµhakath±ya½ avuttatt±”ti vutta½.
Hiªg³ti hiªgurukkhato paggharitaniyy±so. Hiªgujatu-±dayopi hiªguvikatiyo eva.Tattha hiªgujatu n±ma hiªgurukkhassa daº¹apatt±ni pacitv± kataniyy±so. Hiªgusip±µika½n±ma hiªgupatt±ni pacitv± kataniyy±so. “Aññena missetv± kato”tipi vadanti.Takanti aggakoµiy± nikkhantasileso. Takapatt²ti pattato nikkhantasileso.Takapaºº²ti pal±se bhajjitv± katasileso. “Daº¹ato nikkhantasileso”tipivadanti.
91. Y±mak±likesu pan±ti ettha kiñc±pi p±¼iya½ kh±dan²yabhojan²yapadehi y±vak±likamevasaªgahita½, na y±mak±lika½, tath±pi “an±patti y±mak±lika½ y±me nidahitv±bhuñjat²”ti idha ceva “y±mak±likena bhikkhave satt±hak±lika½…pe… y±vaj²vika½tadahupaµiggahita½ y±me kappati, y±m±tikkante na kappat²”ti aññattha (mah±va. 305)ca vuttatt± “y±mak±likan”tivacanas±matthiyato ca bhagavato adhipp±yaññ³hi aµµhakath±cariyehiy±mak±lika½ sannidhik±raka½ p±cittiyavatthumeva vuttanti daµµhabba½.
Ýhapetv± dhaññaphalarasanti ettha “taº¹uladhovanodakampi dhaññaphalarasoyev±”ti vadanti.
92. Satt±hak±like pañca bhesajj±n²ti bhesajjakicca½ karontu v± m± v±,eva½laddhavoh±r±ni pañca. “Gosapp²”ti-±din± loke p±kaµa½ dassetv± “yesa½ma½sa½ kappat²”ti imin± aññesampi rohitamig±d²na½ sappi½ gahetv± dasseti.Yesañhi kh²ra½ atthi, sappimpi tesa½ atthiyeva, ta½ pana sulabha½ v± dullabha½ v± asammohattha½vutta½ Eva½ navan²tampi. “Yesa½ ma½sa½ kappat²”ti ca ida½ nissaggiyavatthudassanattha½vutta½, na pana yesa½ ma½sa½ na kappati, tesa½ sappi-±di na kappat²ti dassanattha½.Manussakh²r±d²nipi hi no na kappanti.
93. Y±va k±lo n±tikkamati, t±va paribhuñjitu½ vaµµat²ti ettha k±loti bhikkh³na½bhojanak±lo adhippeto, so ca sabbantimena paricchedena µhitamajjhanhiko. Ýhitamajjhanhikopihi k±lasaªgaha½ gacchati, tato paµµh±ya pana kh±ditu½ v± bhuñjitu½ v± na sakk±, sahas±pivitu½ sakk± bhaveyya, kukkuccakena pana na kattabba½. K±laparicchedaj±nanatthañcak±latthambho yojetabbo. K±lantare v± bhattakicca½ k±tabba½. Paµiggahaºetigahaºameva sandh±ya vutta½. Paµiggahitameva hi ta½, sannihita½ na kappat²ti puna paµiggahaºakicca½natthi, teneva “ajjhoharituk±mat±ya gaºhantassa paµiggahaºe”ti vutta½. M±tik±µµhakath±ya½(kaªkh±. aµµha. sannidhik±rakasikkh±padavaººan±) pana “ajjhohariss±m²ti gaºhantassa gahaºe”iccevavutta½.
Yanti ya½ patta½. Sandissat²ti y±guy± upari sandissati. Telavaººe patte satipinisnehabh±ve aªguliy± gha½santassa vaººavaseneva lekh± paññ±yati, tasm± tattha an±patt²tidassanattha½ “s± abboh±rik±”ti vutta½. Saya½ paµiggahetv± apariccattamevahi dutiyadivase na vaµµat²ti ettha paµiggahaºe anapekkhavissajjanena, anupasampannassa nirapekkhad±nenav± vijahitapaµiggahaºa½ pariccattameva hot²ti “apariccattan”ti imin± ubhayath±piavijahitapaµiggahaºameva vutta½, tasm± ya½ parassa pariccajitv± adinnampi sace paµiggahaºenirapekkhavissajjanena vijahitapaµiggahaºa½ hoti, tampi dutiyadivase vaµµat²ti veditabba½.Yadi eva½ “patto duddhoto hot²”ti-±d²su kasm± ±patti vutt±ti? “Paµiggahaºa½avissajjetv±va saya½ v± aññena v± tuccha½ katv± na samm± dhovitv±niµµh±pite patte laggampi avijahitapaµiggahaºameva hot²ti tattha ±patt²”ti t²supigaºµhipadesu vutta½. Keci pana “s±maºer±na½ pariccajant²ti imasmi½ adhik±reµhatv± ‘apariccattamev±’ti vuttatt± anupasampannassa pariccattameva vaµµati, apariccatta½na vaµµat²ti ±panna½, tasm± nir±layabh±vena paµiggahaºe vijahitepi anupasampannassa apariccatta½na vaµµat²”ti vadanti. Ta½ yutta½ viya na dissati. Yadaggena hi paµiggahaºa½ vijahati,tadaggena sannidhimpi na karoti vijahitapaµiggahaºassa appaµiggahitasadisatt±. Paµiggahetv±nidahiteyeva ca sannidhipaccay± ±patti vutt±.
Vimativinodaniya½ (vi. vi. µ². p±cittiya 2.252-253) pana “apariccattamev±tinirapekkhat±ya anupasampannassa adinna½ apariccattañca y±vak±lik±divatthumeva sandh±yavadati, na pana taggatapaµiggahaºa½. Na hi vatthu½ apariccajitv± tatthagatapaµiggahaºa½ pariccajitu½sakk±, na ca t±disa½ vacana½ atthi, yadi bhaveyya ‘sace patto duddhoto hoti…pe…bhuñjantassa p±cittiyan’ti vacana½ virujjheyya. Na hi dhovanena ±misa½ apanetu½v±yamantassa paµiggahaºe apekkh± vattati. Yena punadivase bhuñjato p±cittiya½ janeyya,patte pana vattam±n± apekkh± taggatike ±misepi vattati eva n±m±ti ±mise anapekkhat±ettha na labbhati, tato ±mise avijahitapaµiggahaºa½ punadivase p±cittiya½ janet²tiida½ vutta½. Atha mata½ ‘yadaggenettha ±mis±napekkhat± na labbhati, tadaggena paµiggahaº±napekkhat±pina labbhat²’ti. Tath± sati yattha ±mis±pekkh± atthi, tattha paµiggahaº±pekkh±pi na vigacchat²ti±panna½, evañca paµiggahaºe anapekkhavissajjana½ visu½ na vattabba½ siy±, aµµhakath±yañcetampipaµiggahaºavijahana½ k±raºattena abhimata½ siy±. Ida½ suµµhutara½ katv± visu½ attabba½ c²var±pekkh±ya vattam±n±yapi paccuddh±rena adhiµµh±navijahana½ viya. Etasmiñca up±yesati gaºµhik±hatapattesu avaµµanat± n±ma na siy±ti vuttov±yamattho, tasm± ya½ vutta½s±ratthad²paniya½ (s±rattha. µ². p±cittiya 3.252-253) ‘ya½ parassa pariccajitv± adinnampisace paµiggahaºe nirapekkhavissajjanena vijahitapaµiggahaºa½ hoti, tampi dutiyadivase vaµµat²’ti-±di,ta½ na s±rato paccetabban”ti vutta½.