1. Div±seyyavinicchayakath±

1. Eva½ p±¼imuttavinicchayakath±na½ m±tika½ µhapetv± id±ni yath±µhapitam±tik±nukkamenaniddisanto “tattha div±seyy±ti div±nipajjanan”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha tatth±titesu m±tik±padesu samabhiniviµµhassa “div±seyy±”ti padassa “div±nipajjanan”tiattho daµµhabboti yojan±. Tattha div±-saddo ahav±cako ±k±ranto nip±to. Vuttańhiabhidh±nappad²pik±ya½ “±nuk³lyetu saddhańca, natta½ doso div± tvahe”ti. Sayana½seyy±, karajak±yagatar³p±na½ uddha½ anuggantv± d²ghavasena vitth±rato pavattanasaŖkh±to iriy±pathaviseso.Div±k±lasmi½ seyy± div±seyy±. Aruŗuggamanato paµµh±ya y±va s³riyatthaŖgaman±,etasmi½ k±le sayana-iriy±pathakaraŗanti. Ten±ha “div±nipajjananti attho”ti.
Tatr±ti tasmi½ div±sayane aya½ vakkham±no vinicchayo veditabboti yojan±. “Anuj±n±mi…pe…vacanato”ti (p±r±. 77) aya½ paµhamap±r±jikasikkh±padassa vin²tavatth³su ±gato bhagavat± ±haccabh±sito ń±pakap±µho. Tattha div± paµisall²yanten±ti div± nipajjantena.Dv±ra½ sa½varitv± paµisall²yitunti dv±ra½ pidahitv± nipajjitu½. “Div±…pe…nipajjitabbanti ń±pya½. Nanu p±¼iya½ “aya½ n±ma ±patt²”ti na vutt±, athakathamettha ±patti vińń±yat²ti codana½ sandh±y±ha “ettha ca kińc±p²”ti-±di.Tattha etth±ti etasmi½ div±nipajjane. Ca-saddo v±ky±rambhajotako, kińc±pi-saddonip±tasamud±yo, yadip²tyattho. P±¼iya½ aya½ n±ma ±patt²ti kińc±pi na vutt±,pana tath±pi asa½varitv± nipajjantassa aµµhakath±ya½ (p±r±. aµµha. 1.77) dukkaµa½ yasm±vutta½, tasm± ettha ±patti vińń±yat²ti yojan±. Eva½ santepi asati bhagavato vacanekatha½ aµµhakath±ya½ vutta½ siy±ti ±ha “vivaritv±…pe… anuńń±tatt±”ti.Etena bhagavato anuj±nanampi ta½ akarontassa ±pattik±raŗa½ hot²ti dasseti.
Tattha “uppanne vatthumh²ti itthiy± kata-ajjh±c±ravatthusmin”ti vimativinodaniya½(vi. vi. µ². 1.77) vutta½, s±ratthad²paniya½ (s±rattha. µ². 2.77) pana “methunavatthusmi½uppanne”ti vutta½, por±ŗaµ²k±yampi tameva gahetv± “uppanne methunavatthusmin”tivutta½, tadeta½ vic±retabba½ methunalakkhaŗassa abh±v±. Nanu sikkh±padapańń±pana½ n±mabuddhavisayo, atha kasm± aµµhakath±ya½ dukkaµa½ vuttanti ±ha “bhagavato”ti-±di.Na kevala½ up±litther±d²hi eva aµµhakath± µhapit±, atha kho p±¼ito ca atthato ca buddhenabhagavat± vutto. Na hi bhagavat± aby±kata½ tantipada½ n±ma atthi, sabbesa½yeva atthokathito, tasm± sambuddheneva tiŗŗa½ piµak±na½ atthavaŗŗanakkamopi bh±sitoti daµµhabba½.Tattha tattha hi bhagavat± pavattit± pakiŗŗakadesan±yeva aµµhakath±ti.
Ki½ panettha eta½ div± dv±ra½ asa½varitv± nipajjantassa dukkaµ±patti-±pajjana½aµµhakath±ya½ vuttatt± eva siddha½, ud±hu ańńenap²ti ±ha “atth±patt²”ti-±di.Eta½ dukkaµ±patti-±pajjana½ na kevala½ aµµhakath±ya½ vuttatt± eva siddha½, atha kho “atth±pattidiv± ±pajjati, no rattin”ti (pari. 323) imin± pariv±rap±µhenapi siddha½ hot²tiyojan±. Katarasmi½ pana vatthusmi½ ida½ sikkh±pada½ vuttanti? “Tena kho pana samayenaańńataro bhikkhu ves±liya½ mah±vane k³µ±g±ras±l±ya½ div± vih±ragato dv±ra½ vivaritv±nipanno ahosi. Tassa aŖgamaŖg±ni v±tupatthaddh±ni ahesu½. Tena kho pana samayena sambahul±itthiyo gandhańca m±lańca ±d±ya vih±ra½ ±gami½su vih±rapekkhik±yo. Atha kho t±itthiyo ta½ bhikkhu½ passitv± aŖgaj±te abhinis²ditv± y±vadattha½ katv± ‘purisusabhovat±yan’ti vatv± gandhańca m±lańca ±ropetv± pakkami½su. Bhikkh³ kilinna½ passitv±bhagavato etamattha½ ±rocesu½. Pańcahi, bhikkhave, ±k±rehi aŖgaj±ta½ kammaniya½hoti r±gena, vaccena, pass±vena, v±tena, ucc±liŖgap±ŗakadaµµhena. Imehi kho, bhikkhave,pańcah±k±rehi aŖgaj±ta½ kammaniya½ hoti. Aµµh±nameta½, bhikkhave, anavak±so, ya½tassa bhikkhuno r±gena aŖgaj±ta½ kammaniya½ assa, araha½ so, bhikkhave, bhikkhu, an±pattibhikkhave tassa bhikkhuno. Anuj±n±mi bhikkhave div± paµisall²yantena dv±ra½ sa½varitv±paµisall²yitun”ti (p±r±. 77) etasmi½ vatthusmi½ ida½ vuttanti daµµhabba½.
2. Id±ni dv±ravisesa½ dassetu½ “k²disan”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha parivattakadv±ramev±tisa½varaŗavivaraŗavasena ito cito ca parivattanayoggadv±rameva. Rukkhas³cikaŗµakadv±rantirukkhas³cidv±ra½ kaŗµakadv±rańca. “Rukkhas³cidv±rakaŗµakadv±ra”micceva v± ±µho. Ya½ ubhosu passesu rukkhatthambhe nikhanitv± tattha vijjhitv± majjhe dve tissorukkhas³ciyo pavesetv± karonti, ta½ rukkhas³cidv±ra½ n±ma. Pavesananikkhamanak±leapanetv± thakanayogga½ ek±ya, bah³hi v± kaŗµakas±kh±hi kata½ kaŗµakadv±ra½ n±ma.G±madv±rassa pidh±nattha½ padarena v± kaŗµakas±kh±d²hi v± katassa kav±µassa udukkhalap±sakarahitat±yaekena sa½varitu½ vivarituńca asakkuŗeyyassa heµµh± eka½ cakka½ yojenti, yenaparivattam±nakakav±µa½ sukhathakanaka½ hoti, ta½ sandh±ya vutta½ “cakkalakayuttadv±ran”ti.Cakkameva hi l±tabbatthena sa½varaŗavivaraŗatth±ya gahetabbatthena cakkalaka½, tena yuttakav±µampicakkalaka½ n±ma, tena yuttadv±ra½ cakkalakayuttadv±ra½.
Mah±dv±resu pana dve t²ŗi cakkalak±ni yojet²ti ±ha “phalakes³”ti-±di. Kiµik±s³tive¼upesik±d²hi kaŗµakas±kh±d²hi ca katathakanakesu. Sa½saraŗakiµikadv±ranticakkalakayantena sa½saraŗakiµik±yuttamah±dv±ra½. Gopphetv±ti ±vuŗitv±,rajj³hi ganthetv± v±. Eka½ dussas±ŗidv±ramev±ti ettha kilańjas±ŗidv±rampi saŖgaha½gacchati. Vajirabuddhiµ²k±ya½ (vajira. µ². p±r±jika 76-77) pana “dussadv±ra½ s±ŗidv±rańcadussas±ŗidv±ra½. Dussas±ŗi kilańjas±ŗ²ti-±din± vutta½ sabbampi dussas±ŗiyamevasaŖgahetv± vutta½, ekasadisatt± ekanti vuttan”ti vutta½.
3. Eva½ dv±ravisesa½ dassetv± id±ni yattakena dv±ra½ sa½vuta½ hoti, ta½ pam±ŗa½dassetu½ “kittakena”ty±dim±ha. Tattha s³c²ti majjhe chidda½ katv± pavesit±.Ghaµik±ti upari yojit±. Id±ni yattha dv±ra½ sa½varitv± nipajjitu½ a sakk± hoti, tattha k±tabbavidhi½ dassetu½ “sace bah³na½ va¼ańjanaµµh±na½ hot²”ti-±divutta½. Bah³na½ ava¼ańjanaµµh±nepi eka½ ±pucchitv± nipajjitu½ vaµµatiyeva. Athabhikkh³…pe… nisinn± hont²ti ida½ tattha bhikkh³na½ sannihitabh±vadassanattha½ vutta½,na sesa-iriy±pathasamaŖgit±nivattanattha½, tasm± nipannepi ±bhoga½ k±tu½ vaµµati. Nipajjitv±nidd±yante pana ±bhoga½ k±tu½ na vaµµati. Asantapakkhe µhitatt± raho nisajj±ya viyadv±rasa½varaŗa½ n±ma m±tug±m±na½ pavesaniv±raŗattha½ anuńń±tanti ±ha “kevala½ bhikkhuni½v±”ti-±di.
Ettha ca ta½ yutta½, eva½ sabbatthapi yo yo therav±do v± aµµhakath±v±do v± pacch±vuccati, so sova pam±ŗanti gahetabbanti ida½ aµµhakath±vacanato atireka½ ±cariyassavacana½. Ito pubb±paravacana½ aµµhakath±vacanameva. Tattha ta½ yuttanti “kurundaµµhakath±ya½pana…pe… na vattat²”ti ya½ vacana½ aµµhakath±cariyehi vutta½, ta½ vacana½ yuttantiattho. Eva½…pe… gahetabbanti yath± cettha kurundiya½ vuttavacana½ yutta½,eva½ sabbatthapi vinicchaye yo yo therav±do v± aµµhakath±v±do v± pacch± vuccati, sosova pam±ŗanti gahetabba½, pure vutto therav±do v± aµµhakath±v±do v± pam±ŗantina gahetabbanti adhipp±yo. Ida½ vacana½ aµµh±ne vutta½ viya dissati. Katha½? Ya½ t±vavutta½, ta½ yuttanti. Ta½ imasmi½ ±pucchana-±bhogakaraŗavinicchaye ańńassa ayuttassaaµµhakath±v±dassa v± therav±dassa v± abh±v± vattu½ na sakk±. Na hi pubbav±kye “bhikkh³ev±”ti avadh±raŗa½ kata½, atha kho ±sannavasena v± paµµh±navasena v± “bhikkh³ c²varakamma½”icc±dika½yevavutta½. Yampi vutta½ “eva½ sabbatthap²”ty±di, tampi anok±sa½. Imasmi½ vinicchaye ańńassa aµµhakath±v±dassa v± ±cariyav±dassa v± avacanato pure pacch±bh±voca na dissati, aya½ “pam±ŗan”ti gahetabbo, aya½ “na gahetabbo”ti vattabbabh±voca.
Upari pana “ko muccati, ko na muccat²”ti imassa pańhassa vissajjane mah±paccariv±doca kurundiv±do ca mah±-aµµhakath±v±do c±ti tayo aµµhakath±v±d± ±gat±, eko mah±padumattherav±do,tasm± tattheva yutt±yuttabh±vo ca pam±ŗ±pam±ŗabh±vo ca gahetabb±gahetabbabh±vo ca dissati,tasm± tasmi½yeva µh±ne vattabba½ siy±, suvimalavipulapańń±veyyattiyasamann±gatenapana ±cariy±sabhena avattabbaµµh±ne vutta½ na siy±, tasm± upari aµµhakath±v±dasa½sandan±vas±nemah±padumattherena vuttanti imassa vacanassa pacchato vutta½ siy±, ta½ pacch± lekhakehiparivattetv± likhita½ bhaveyya, p±r±jikakaŗ¹aµµhakath±yańca ida½ vacana½ vutta½. Ż²k±yańcaimasmi½ µh±ne na vutta½, upariyeva vutta½, “yo ca yakkhagahitako, yo ca bandhitv±nipajj±pito”ti imassa aµµhakath±v±dassa pacchimatt± soyeva pam±ŗato gahetabbo. Tath±ca vakkhati “sabbattha yo yo aµµhakath±v±do v± therav±do v± pacch± vuccati, so soyevapam±ŗato daµµhabbo”ti, tasm± idamettha vic±retv± gahetabba½.
4. Id±ni dv±ra½ sa½varaŗassa antar±ye sati asa½varitv±pi nipajjitu½ vaµµat²ti dassetu½“atha dv±rassa”ty±dim±ha. Nisseŗi½ ±ropetv±ti uparimatala½ ±ropetv±visaŖkharitv± bh³miya½ p±tetv±, cha¹¹etv± v± nipajjitu½ vaµµati. Ida½ ek±baddhat±yavutta½. Dvepi dv±r±ni jaggitabb±n²ti ettha sace ekasmi½ dv±re kav±µa½ v± natthi,heµµh± vuttanayena sa½varitu½ v± na sakk± itara½ dv±ra½ asa½varitv± nipajjitu½vaµµati. Dv±rap±lass±ti dv±rakoµµhake mah±dv±re, nisseŗim³le v± µhatv± dv±rajagganakassa.Pacchim±na½ bh±roti ek±baddhavasena ±gacchante sandh±ya vutta½. Asa½vutadv±re antogabbhev±ti yojetabba½. Bahi v±ti gabbhato bahi. Nipajjanak±lepi…pe… vaµµatiyev±tiettha dv±rajagganakassa tadadh²natt± tad± tassa tattha sannihit±sannihitabh±va½ anupadh±retv±pi±bhoga½ k±tu½ vaµµatiyev±ti vadanti.
Yena kenaci parikkhitteti ettha parikkhepassa ubbedhato pam±ŗa½ sahaseyyappahonake vuttasadisameva.Vuttańhi samantap±s±dik±ya½ (p±ci. aµµha. 51) “yańhi sen±sana½ upari pańcahi chadanehiańńena v± kenaci sabbameva paµicchanna½, aya½ sabbacchann± n±ma seyy±…pe… ya½pana sen±sana½ bh³mito paµµh±ya y±va chadana½ ±hacca p±k±rena v± ańńena v± kenaciantamaso vatthenapi parikkhitta½, aya½ sabbaparicchann± n±ma seyy±. Chadana½ an±haccasabbantimena pariy±yena diya¹¹hahatthubbedhena p±k±r±din± parikkhitt±pi sabbaparicchann±yev±tikurundaµµhakath±ya½ vuttan”ti. “Diya¹¹hahatthubbedho va¹¹hakihatthena gahetabbo”tis±ratthad²paniya½ (s±rattha. µ². p±cittiya 3.51) vimativinodaniyańca (vi. vi. µ².p±cittiya 2.50-51) vutta½. Mah±pariveŗanti mahanta½ aŖgaŗa½. Tena bahujanasańcaraŗaµµh±na½dasseti. Ten±ha “mah±bodh²”ti-±di.
Aruŗe uggate vuµµh±ti, an±patti an±pattikhettabh³t±ya rattiy± suddhacittena nipannatt±.Pabujjhitv± puna supati, ±patt²ti aruŗe uggate pabujjhitv± aruŗuggamana½ńatv± v± ańatv± v± anuµµhahitv± sayitasant±nena supati, uµµhahitv± kattabbassadv±rasa½varaŗ±dino akatatt± akiriyasamuµµh±n± ±patti hoti an±pattikhette katanipajjanakiriy±yaanaŖgatt±. Ayańhi ±patti ²dise µh±ne akiriy±, div± dv±ra½ asa½varitv± nipajjanakkhaŗekiriy±kiriy± ca acittak± c±ti veditabb±. Pur±ruŗ± pabujjhitv±pi y±vaaruŗuggaman± sayantassapi purimanayena ±pattiyeva.