15. Bh³tag±mavinicchayakath±

75. Eva½ pathavivinicchaya½ kathetv± id±ni bh³tag±mavinicchaya½ kathetu½“bh³tag±mo”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha bhavanti ahuvuñc±ti bh³t±, j±yanti va¹¹hanti j±t±va¹¹hit± c±ti attho. G±moti r±si, bh³t±na½ g±moti bh³tag±mo, bh³t± eva v±g±mo bh³tag±mo, patiµµhitaharitatiºarukkh±d²nameta½ adhivacana½. Tattha “bhavant²”tiimassa vivaraºa½ “j±yanti va¹¹hant²”ti “ahuvun”ti imassa “j±t± va¹¹hit±”ti.Eva½ bh³ta-saddo paccuppann±t²tavisayo hoti. Ten±ha vimativinodaniya½ (vi. vi.µ². p±cittiya 2.90) “bhavant²ti va¹¹hanti, ahuvunti babhuv³”ti. Id±nita½ bh³tag±ma½ dassento “bh³tag±moti pañcahi b²jehi j±t±na½ rukkhalat±d²nameta½adhivacanan”ti ±ha. Lat±d²nanti ±di-saddena osadhigacch±dayo veditabb±.
Id±ni t±ni b²j±ni sar³pato dassento “tatrim±ni pañca b²j±n²”ti-±dim±ha. Tattham³lameva b²ja½ m³lab²ja½. Eva½ sesesupi. Atha v± m³la½ b²ja½ etass±ti m³lab²ja½,m³lab²jato v± nibbatta½ m³lab²ja½. Eva½ sesesupi. Tattha paµhamena viggahena b²jag±moeva labbhati, dutiyatatiyehi bh³tag±mo. Id±ni te bh³tag±me sar³pato dassento “tattham³lab²ja½ n±m±”ty±dim±ha. Tattha tesu pañcasu m³lab²j±d²su haliddi…pe…bhaddamuttaka½ m³lab²ja½ n±ma. Na kevala½ im±niyeva m³lab²j±ni, atha kho ito aññ±nipiy±ni v± pana bh³tag±maj±t±ni atthi santi, m³le j±yanti, m³le sañj±yanti, eta½ bh³tag±maj±ta½m³lab²ja½ n±ma hot²ti yojan±. Sesesupi eseva nayo. Vuttañhi aµµhakath±ya½ (p±ci.aµµha. 91) “id±ni ta½ bh³tag±ma½ vibhajitv± dassento ‘bh³tag±mo n±ma pañca b²jaj±t±n²’ti-±dim±h±”ti.Tattha bh³tag±mo n±m±ti bh³tag±ma½ uddharitv± yasmi½ sati bh³tag±mohoti, ta½ dassetu½ “pañca b²jaj±t±n²ti ±h±”ti aµµhakath±su vutta½. Eva½ santepi“y±ni v± panaññ±nipi atthi, m³le j±yant²”ti-±d²ni na samenti. Na hi m³lab²j±d²nim³l±d²su j±yanti. M³l±d²su j±yam±n±ni pana t±ni b²jaj±t±ni, tasm± evamatthavaººan±veditabb±– bh³tag±mo n±m±ti vibhajitabbapada½. Pañc±ti tassa vibh±gaparicchedo.B²jaj±t±n²ti paricchinnadhammanidassana½, yato b²jehi j±t±ni b²jaj±t±ni, rukkh±d²na½eta½ adhivacananti ca. Yath± “s±l²na½ cepi odana½ bhuñjat²”ti-±d²su (ma. ni.1.76) s±litaº¹ul±na½ odano s±li-odanoti vuccati, eva½ b²jato sambh³to bh³tag±mo“b²jan”ti vuttoti veditabboti ca.
Pha¼ub²janti pabbab²ja½. Paccayantarasamav±ye sadisaphaluppattiy± visesak±raºabh±vatoviruhaºasamatthe s±raphale niru¼ho b²ja-saddo tadatthasa½siddhiy± m³l±d²supi kesucipavattat²ti m³l±dito nivattanattha½ ekena b²jasaddena visesetv± vutta½ “b²jan”ti“r³par³pa½, dukkhadukkhan”ti ca yath±. Niddese “y±ni v± panaññ±nipi atthi, m³lej±yanti m³le sañj±yant²”ti ettha b²jato nibbattena b²ja½ dassita½, tasm± evamettha atthodaµµhabbo– y±ni v± panaññ±nipi atthi, ±luvakaserukamalan²luppalapuº¹ar²kakuvalayakundap±µalim³l±dibhedem³le gacchavallirukkh±d²ni j±yanti sañj±yanti, t±ni, yamhi m³le j±yanti ceva sañj±yantica, tañca p±¼iya½ (p±ci. 91) vuttahalidd±di ca, sabbampi eta½ m³lab²ja½ n±ma, etenak±riyopac±rena k±raºa½ dassitanti dasseti. Esa nayo khandhab²j±d²su. Yev±panakakhandhab²jesupanettha amb±µaka-indas±lanuhip±libhaddakakaºik±r±d²ni khandhab²j±ni mbil±vallicaturassavallikaºaver±d²ni pha¼ub²j±ni. Makacimallik±sumanajayasuman±d²niaggab²j±ni. Ambajambupanasaµµhi-±d²ni b²jab²j±n²ti daµµhabb±ni. Bh³tag±me bh³tag±masaññ²chindati v± ched±peti v±ti satthak±ni gahetv± saya½ v± chindati, aññena v± ched±peti.Bhindati v± bhed±peti v±ti p±s±º±d²ni gahetv± saya½ v± bhindati, aññena v±bhed±peti. Pacati v± pac±peti v±ti aggi½ upasa½haritv± saya½ v± pacati, aññenav± pac±peti, p±cittiya½ hot²ti sambandho. Tattha ±pattibheda½ dassento “bh³tag±mañh²”ti-±dim±ha.Tattha bh³tag±maparimocitanti bh³tag±mato viyojita½.
76. Sañcicca ukkhipitu½ na vaµµat²ti ettha “sañcicc±”ti vuttatt± sar²relaggabh±va½ ñatv±pi uµµhahati, “ta½ uddhariss±m²”ti saññ±ya abh±vato vaµµati. Anantakaggahaºenas±sapamattik± gahit±. N±mañheta½ tass± sev±laj±tiy±. M³lapaºº±na½ abh±vena “asampuººabh³tag±mon±m±”ti vutta½. Abh³tag±mam³latt±ti ettha bh³tag±mo m³la½ k±raºa½ etass±tibh³tag±mam³lo, bh³tag±massa v± m³la½ k±raºanti bh³tag±mam³la½. B²jag±mo hi n±mabh³tag±mato sambhavati, bh³tag±massa ca k±raºa½ hoti. Aya½ pana t±diso na hot²ti “abh³tag±mam³latt±”tivutta½.
Kiñc±pi hi t±lan±¼iker±d²na½ kh±ºu uddha½ ava¹¹hanato bh³tag±massa k±raºa½ na hoti,tath±pi bh³tag±masaªkhy³pagatanibbattapaººam³lab²jato sambh³tatt± bh³tag±mato uppanno n±mahot²ti b²jag±mena saªgaha½ gacchati. So b²jag±mena saªgahitoti ava¹¹ham±nepi bh³tag±mam³latt±vutta½.
“Aªkure harite”ti vatv± tamevattha½ vibh±veti “n²lavaººe j±te”ti, n²lapaººassavaººasadise paººe j±teti attho, “n²lavaººe j±te”ti v± p±µho gahetabbo.Am³lakabh³tag±me saªgaha½ gacchat²ti ida½ n±¼ikerassa ±veºika½ katv± vadati.“P±n²yaghaµ±d²na½ bahi sev±lo udake aµµhitatt± b²jag±m±nulomatt± ca dukkaµavatth³”tivadanti. Kaººakampi abboh±rikamev±ti n²lavaººampi abboh±rikameva.
77. Seleyyaka½ n±ma sil±ya sambh³t± ek± gandhaj±ti. Pupphitak±lato paµµh±y±tivikasitak±lato pabhuti. Ahicchattaka½ gaºhantoti vikasita½ gaºhanto. Maku¼a½pana rukkhattaca½ akopentenapi gahetu½ na vaµµati. “Rukkhattaca½ vikopet²ti vuttatt±rukkhe j±ta½ ya½ kiñci ahicchattaka½ rukkhattaca½ avikopetv± matthakato chinditv±gahetu½ vaµµat²”ti vadanti, tadayutta½ “ahicchattaka½ y±va maku¼a½ hoti, t±va dukkaµavatth³”tivuttatt±. Rukkhato muccitv±ti ettha “yadipi kiñcimatta½ rukkhe all²n± hutv±tiµµhati, rukkhato gayham±n± pana rukkhacchavi½ na vikopeti, vaµµat²”ti vadanti. Allarukkhatona vaµµat²ti etth±pi rukkhattaca½ avikopetv± matthakato tacchetv± gahetu½ vaµµat²tiveditabba½. Hatthakukkuccen±ti hatthac±pallena. P±n²ya½ na v±setabbanti ida½attano atth±ya n±mita½ sandh±ya vutta½. Kevala½ anupasampannassa atth±ya n±mite panapacch± tato labhitv± na v±setabbanti natthi. Vimativinodaniya½ (vi. vi. µ². p±cittiya2.92) pana “p±n²ya½ na v±setabbanti ida½ attano pivanap±n²ya½ sandh±ya vutta½,aññesa½ pana vaµµati anuggahitatt±. Ten±ha attan± kh±dituk±men±”ti vutta½.“Yesa½ rukkh±na½ s±kh± ruhat²ti vuttatt± yesa½ s±kh± na ruhati, tattha kappiyakaraºakicca½natth²”ti vadanti. Vimativinodaniyampi “yesa½ rukkh±na½ s±kh± ruhat²ti m³la½ anot±retv± paººamattaniggamanamatten±pi va¹¹hati, tattha kappiyampiakaronto chinnan±¼ikerave¼udaº¹±dayo kopetu½ vaµµat²”ti vutta½. “Caªkamitaµµh±na½dassess±m²”ti vuttatt± kevala½ caªkaman±dhipp±yena v± maggagaman±dhipp±yena v±akkamantassa, tiº±na½ upari nis²dan±dhipp±yena nis²dantassa ca doso natthi.
78. Samaºakappeh²ti samaº±na½ kappiyavoh±rehi. Kiñc±pi b²j±d²na½ aggin±phuµµhamattena, nakh±d²hi vilikhanamattena ca aviru¼hidhammat± na hoti, tath±pi eva½kateyeva samaº±na½ kappat²ti aggiparijit±dayo samaºavoh±r± n±ma j±t±, tasm± tehi samaºavoh±rehi karaºabh³tehi phala½ paribhuñjitu½ anuj±n±m²ti adhipp±yo. Ab²janibbaµµab²j±nipi samaº±na½ kappant²ti paññattapaººattibh±vato samaºavoh±r±-icceva saªkha½ gat±ni. Atha v± aggiparijit±d²na½pañcanna½ kappiyabh±vatoyeva pañcahi samaºakappiyabh±vasaªkh±tehi k±raºehi phala½ paribhuñjitu½anuj±n±m²ti evamettha adhipp±yo veditabbo. Aggiparijitanti-±d²su “paricitan”tipipaµhanti. Ab²ja½ n±ma taruºa-ambaphal±di. Nibbaµµab²ja½ n±ma ambapanas±di, ya½ b²ja½nibbaµµetv± visu½ katv± paribhuñjitu½ sakk± hoti. Nibbaµµetabba½ viyojetabba½b²ja½ yasmi½, ta½ panas±di nibbaµµab²ja½ n±ma. “Kappiyan”ti vatv±va k±tabbantiyo kappiya½ karoti, tena kattabbapak±rasseva vuttatt± bhikkhun± avuttepi k±tu½vaµµat²ti na gahetabba½. Puna “kappiya½ k±retabban”ti k±r±panassa paµhamameva kathitatt±bhikkhun± “kappiya½ karoh²”ti vutteyeva anupasampannena “kappiyan”ti vatv±aggiparijit±di k±tabbanti gahetabba½. “Kappiyanti vacana½ pana y±ya k±yaci bh±s±yavattu½ vaµµat²”ti vadanti. “Kappiyanti vatv±va k±tabban”ti vacanato paµhama½ kappiyan”ti vatv± pacch± aggi-±din± phusan±di k±tabbanti veditabba½. “Paµhama½aggimhi nikkhipitv±, nakh±din± v± vijjhitv± ta½ anuddharitv±va kappiyanti vattu½vaµµat²”tipi vadanti.
Vimativinodaniya½ (vi. vi. µ². p±cittiya 2.92) pana “kappiyanti vatv±v±tipubbak±lakiriy±vasena vuttepi vacanakkhaºeva aggisatth±din± b²jag±me vaºa½ k±tabbantivacanato pana pubbe k±tu½ na vaµµati, tañca dvidh± akatv± chedanabhedanameva dassetabba½.Karontena ca bhikkhun± ‘kappiya½ karoh²’ti y±ya k±yaci bh±s±ya vutteyeva k±tabba½.B²jag±maparimocanattha½ puna kappiya½ k±retabbanti k±r±panassa paµhamameva adhikatatt±”tivutta½.
Ekasmi½ b²je v±ti-±d²su “eka½yeva k±rem²ti adhipp±ye satipi ek±baddhatt±sabba½ katameva hot²”ti vadanti. D±ru½ vijjhat²ti ettha “j±nitv±pi vijjhativ± vijjh±peti v±, vaµµatiyev±”ti vadanti. Bhattasitthe vijjhat²ti etth±pi esevanayo. “Ta½ vijjhati, na vaµµat²ti rajju-±d²na½ bh±janagatikatt±”ti vadanti.Mar²capakk±d²hi ca missetv±ti ettha bhattasitthasambandhavasena ek±baddhat± veditabb±,na phal±na½yeva aññamaññasambandhavasena. “Kaµ±hepi k±tu½ vaµµat²”ti vuttatt± kaµ±haton²haµ±ya miñj±ya v± b²je v± yattha katthaci vijjhitu½ vaµµati eva. Bhind±petv± kappiya½k±r±petabbanti b²jato muttassa kaµ±hassa bh±janagatikatt± vutta½.

Iti vinayasaªgahasa½vaººan±bh³te vinay±laªk±re

Bh³tag±mavinicchayakath±laªk±ro n±ma

Pannarasamo paricchedo.