Vimativinodaniya½ (vi. vi. µ². 1.585) pana “d±tabbaµµhena d±ya½, ta½ ±diyant²tid±y±d±. Sattanna½ sekkh±nanti ettha kaly±ŗaputhujjan±pi saŖgahit± tesa½ ±naŗyaparibhogassad±yajjaparibhoge saŖgahitatt±ti veditabba½. Dhammad±y±dasuttanti “dhammad±y±d± me,bhikkhave, bhavatha, m± ±misad±y±d±”ti-±din± pavatta½ sutta½ (ma. ni. 1.29). Tattha“m± me ±misad±y±d±ti eva½ me-sadda½ ±netv± attho veditabbo. Evańhi yath±vuttatthas±dhaka½ hot²”ti vutta½. Tattha me mama ±misad±y±d± catupaccayabhuńjak±ti bhagavato sambandhabh³tassasambandh²bh³t± paccay± vutt±, tasm± d±yakehi dinn±pi paccay± bhagavat± anuńń±tatt±bhagavato paccay±yeva hont²ti etassa atthassa dhammad±y±dasutta½ s±dhaka½ hot²ti atthotivutta½.
Lajjin± saddhi½ paribhogo n±ma lajjissa santaka½ gahetv± paribhogo. Alajjin±saddhinti etth±pi eseva nayo. ¾dito paµµh±ya hi alajj² n±ma natth²ti imin± diµµhadiµµhesuyeva±saŖk± na k±tabb±ti dasseti. Attano bh±rabh³t± saddhivih±rik±dayo. Tepi niv±retabb±tiyo passati, tena niv±retabb±ti p±µho. Aµµhakath±ya½ pana “yopi attano bh±rabh³tenaalajjin± saddhi½ paribhoga½ karoti, sopi niv±retabbo”ti p±µho dissati, tath±piatthato ubhayath±pi yujjati. Attano saddhivih±rik±dayopi alajjibh±vato niv±retabb±.Alajj²hi saddhivih±rik±d²hi ekasambhoga½ karont± ańńepi niv±retabb±va. Sacena oramati, ayampi alajj²yeva hot²ti ettha eva½ niv±rito sopuggalo alajjin± saddhi½ paribhogato oramati viramati, icceta½ kusala½. No ce oramati,ayampi alajj²yeva hoti, tena saddhi½ paribhoga½ karonto sopi alajj²yeva hot²tiattho. Tena vutta½ “eva½ eko alajj² alajjisatampi karot²”ti. Adhammiyotianesan±d²hi uppanno. Dhammiyoti bhikkh±cariy±d²hi uppanno. SaŖghasseva det²tibhatta½ aggahetv± attan± laddhasal±ka½yeva deti.
Vimativinodaniya½ pana “lajjin± saddhi½ paribhogoti dhamm±misavasena miss²bh±vo. Alajjin±saddhinti etth±pi eseva nayo. ¾dito paµµh±ya hi alajj² n±ma natth²ti imin± diµµhadiµµhesu±saŖk± n±ma na k±tabb±, diµµhasut±dik±raŗe sati eva k±tabb±ti dasseti. Attanobh±rabh³t± saddhivih±rik±dayo. Sace na oramat²ti agatigamanavasena dhamm±misaparibhogatona oramati. ¾patti n±ma natth²ti ida½ alajj²na½ dhammenuppannapaccaya½ dhammakammańcasandh±ya vutta½. Tesampi hi kulad³san±disamuppanna½ paccaya½ paribhuńjant±na½ vaggakamm±d²nikaront±nańca ±patti eva. ‘Dhammiy±dhammiyaparibhogo paccayavaseneva veditabbo’tivuttatt± heµµh± lajjiparibhog±lajjiparibhog± paccayavasena ekakamm±divasena ca vutt±ev±ti veditabba½. Teneva duµµhadosasikkh±padaµµhakath±ya½ (p±r±. aµµha. 2.385-386) codakacuditakabh±veµhit± dve alajjino dhammaparibhogampi sandh±ya ‘ekasambhogaparibhog± hutv± j²vath±’ti vutt± tesa½ ańńamańńa½ dhamm±mis±paribhoge virodh±bh±v±. Lajj²nameva hi alajjin±saha tadubhayaparibhogo na vaµµat²”ti vutta½.
Sace pana lajj² alajji½ paggaŗh±ti…pe… antaradh±pet²tiettha kevala½ paggaŗhituk±mat±ya eva½ k±tu½ na vaµµati, dhammassa pana s±sanassa sot³nańcaanuggahatth±ya vaµµat²ti veditabba½. Purimanayena “so ±pattiy± k±retabbo”tivuttatt± imassa ±pattiyev±ti vadanti. Uddesaggahaŗ±din± dhammassa paribhogo dhammaparibhogo.Dhamm±nuggahena gaŗhantassa ±pattiy± abh±vepi thero tassa alajjibh±va½yeva sandh±ya“p±po kir±yan”ti-±dim±ha. Tassa pana santiketi mah±rakkhitattherassa santike.
Vimativinodaniya½ (vi. vi. µ². 1.585) pana imasmi½ µh±ne vitth±rato vinicchita½.Katha½? Dhammaparibhogoti “ekakamma½ ekuddeso”ti-±din± vuttasa½v±so ceva nissayaggahaŗ±dikosabbo nir±misaparibhogo ca veditabbo. “Na so ±pattiy± k±retabbo”tivuttatt± lajjino alajjipaggahe ±patt²ti veditabba½. Itarop²ti lajj²pi. Tass±piatt±na½ paggaŗhantassa alajjino, imin± ca lajjino vaŗŗabhaŗan±dil±bha½ paµicca ±misagarukat±yav± gehassitapemena v± ta½ alajji½ paggaŗhanto lajj² s±sana½ antaradh±peti n±m±tidasseti. Eva½ gahaµµh±d²su upatthambhito alajj² bala½ labhitv± pesale abhibhavitv± nacirasseva s±sana½ uddhamma½ ubbinaya½ karot²ti.
Dhammaparibhogopi tattha vaµµat²ti imin± ±misaparibhogato dhammaparibhogova garuko, tasm±ativiya alajj²vivekena k±tabboti dasseti. “Dhamm±nuggahena uggaŗhitu½ vaµµat²”tivuttatt± alajjussannat±yas±sane osakkante, lajj²su ca appahontesu alajji½pakatatta½ gaŗap³raka½ gahetv± upasampad±dikaraŗena ceva keci alajjino dhamm±misaparibhogenasaŖgahetv± ses±lajjigaŗassa niggahena ca s±sana½ paggaŗhitumpi vaµµatieva.
Keci pana “koµiya½ µhito ganthoti vuttatt± ganthapariy±puŗanameva dhammaparibhogo, naekakamm±di, tasm± alajj²hi saddhi½ uposath±dika½ kamma½ k±tu½ vaµµati, ±patti natth²”tivadanti, ta½ na yutta½, ekakamm±d²su bah³su dhammaparibhogesu alajjin±pi saddhi½kattabb±vatth±yatta½ dhammaparibhoga½ dassetu½ idha nidassanavasena ganthasseva samuddhaµatt±. Nahi ekakamm±diko vidhi dhammaparibhogo na hot²ti sakk± vattu½ an±misatt± dhamm±misesuapariy±pannassa ca kassaci abh±v±. Teneva aµµhas±liniya½ dhammapaµisanth±rakath±ya½ (dha.sa. aµµha. 1351) “kammaµµh±na½ kathetabba½, dhammo v±cetabbo…pe… abbh±navuµµh±nam±nattapariv±s±d±tabb±, pabbajj±raho pabb±jetabbo, upasampad±raho upasamp±detabbo…pe… aya½dhammapaµisanth±ro n±m±”ti eva½ saŖghakamm±dipi dhammakoµµh±se dassita½. Tesu panadhammakoµµh±sesu ya½ gaŗap³rak±divasena alajjino apekkhitv± uposath±di v± tesa½ santik±dhammuggahaŗanissayaggahaŗ±di v± kar²yati, ta½ dhammo ceva paribhogo c±ti dhammaparibhogotivuccati, eta½ tath±r³papaccaya½ vin± k±tu½ na vaµµati, karontassa alajjiparibhogo cahoti dukkaµańca. Ya½ pana alajjisata½ anapekkhitv± tajjan²y±diniggahakamma½ v± pariv±s±di-upak±rakamma½v± uggahaparipucch±d±n±di v± kar²yati, ta½ dhammo eva, no paribhogo, eta½ anur³p±na½k±tu½ vaµµati, ±misad±ne viya ±patti natthi. Nissayad±nampi terasasammutid±n±dica vattapaµipattis±diyan±diparibhogassapi hetutt± na vaµµati.
Yo pana mah±-alajj² uddhamma½ ubbinaya½ satthus±sana½ karoti, tassa saddhivih±rik±d²na½upasampad±di upak±rakammampi uggahaparipucch±d±n±di ca k±tu½ na vaµµati,±patti eva hoti, niggahakammameva k±tabba½. Teneva alajjipaggahopi paµikkhitto.Dhamm±misaparibhogavivajjanenapi hi dummaŖk³na½ puggal±na½ niggahova adhippeto, soca pesal±na½ ph±suvih±rasaddhammaµµhitivinay±nuggah±di-atth±ya etadatthatt± sikkh±padapańńattiy±,tasm± ya½ ya½ dummaŖk³na½ upatthambh±ya, pesal±na½ aph±suvih±r±ya, saddhammaparih±n±di-atth±yahoti, ta½ sabbampi paribhogo v± hotu aparibhogo v± k±tu½ na vaµµati, eva½ karont±s±sana½ antaradh±penti, ±pattińca ±pajjanti, dhamm±misaparibhogesu cettha alajj²hiekakamm±didhammaparibhogo eva pesal±na½ aph±suvih±r±ya saddhammaparih±n±di-atth±yahoti, na tath± ±misaparibhogo. Na hi alajj²na½ paccayaparibhogamattena pesal±na½ aph±suvih±r±dihoti, yath±vuttadhammaparibhogena pana hoti. Tapparivajjanena ca ph±suvih±r±dayo. Tath±hi katasikkh±padav²tikkam± alajjipuggal± uposath±d²su paviµµh± “tumhe k±yadv±receva vac²dv±re ca v²tikkama½ karoth±”ti-±din± bhikkh³hi vattabb± honti. Yath±vinayańca atiµµhant± saŖghato bahikaraŗ±divasena suµµhu niggahetabb±, tath± akatv± tehisaha sa½vasant±pi alajjinova honti “ekopi alajj² alajjisatampi karot²”ti-±divacanato(p±r±. aµµha. 2.585). Yadi hi te eva½ aniggahit± siyu½, saŖghe kalah±di½ va¹¹hetv±uposath±dis±maggikammapaµib±han±din± pesal±na½ aph±su½ katv± kamena te devadattavajjiputtak±dayoviya parisa½ va¹¹hetv± attano vippaµipatti½ dhammato vinayato d²pent± saŖghabhed±dimpikatv± na cirasseva s±sana½ antaradh±peyyu½. Tesu pana saŖghato bahikaraŗ±divasenaniggahitesu sabbopi aya½ upaddavo na hoti. Vuttańhi “duss²lapuggaleniss±ya uposatho na tiµµhati, pav±raŗ± na tiµµhati, saŖghakamm±ni na pavattanti, s±magg²na hoti…pe… duss²lesu pana niggahitesu sabbopi aya½ upaddavo na hoti, tatopesal± bhikkh³ ph±su viharant²”ti, tasm± ekakamm±didhammaparibhogova ±misaparibhogatopiativiya alajj²vivekena k±tabbo, ±pattikaro ca saddhammaparih±nihetutt±ti veditabba½.
Apica “uposatho na tiµµhati, pav±raŗ± na tiµµhati, saŖghakamm±ni na pavattant²”ti eva½alajj²hi saddhi½ saŖghakamm±karaŗassa aµµhakath±ya½ pak±sitatt±pi ceta½ sijjhati. Tath± parivattaliŖgassabhikkhuno bhikkhunupassaya½ gacchantassa paµipattikath±ya½ “±r±dhik± ca hontisaŖg±hik± lajjiniyo, t± kopetv± ańńattha na gantabba½. Gacchati ce, g±mantaranad²p±rarattivippav±sagaŗamh±oh²yan±patt²hi na muccati…pe… alajjiniyo honti, saŖgaha½ pana karonti, t±pipariccajitv± ańńattha gantu½ labhat²”ti eva½ alajjin²su dutiyik±gahaŗ±d²su sa½v±s±pattiparih±r±yanad²p±r±gaman±digaruk±pattiµµh±n±na½ anuńń±tatt± tatopi alajjisa½v±s±patti evasaddhammaparih±niy± hetubh³to garukatar±ti vińń±yati. Na hi lahuk±pattiµµh±na½ v±an±pattiµµh±na½ v± pariharitu½ garuk±pattiµµh±nav²tikkama½ ±cariy± anuj±nanti.Tath± asa½v±sapadassa aµµhakath±ya½ “sabbehipi lajjipuggalehi sama½ sikkhitabbabh±vatosamasikkh±t± n±ma. Ettha yasm± sabbepi lajjino etesu kamm±d²su saha vasanti, naekopi tato bahiddh± sandissati, tasm± t±ni sabb±nipi gahetv± eso sa½v±so n±m±”tieva½ lajj²heva ekakamm±disa½v±so vaµµat²ti pak±sito.
Yadi eva½ kasm± asa½v±sikesu alajj² na gahitoti? N±ya½ virodho,ye gaŗap³rake katv± kata½ kamma½ kuppati, tesa½ p±r±jik±di-apakatatt±nańńeva asa½v±sikattenagahitatt±. Alajjino pana pakatattabh³t±pi santi, te ce gaŗap³rak± hutv± kamma½s±dhenti, kevala½ katv± agatigamanena karont±na½ ±pattikar± honti sabh±g±patti-±pann±viya ańńamańńa½. Yasm± alajjitańca lajjitańca puthujjan±na½ cittakkhaŗapaµibaddha½, na sabbak±lika½.Sańcicca hi v²tikkamacitte uppanne alajjino “na puna ²disa½ kariss±m²”ticittena lajjino honti.
Tesu ca ye pesalehi ovadiyam±n±pi na oramanti, punappuna½ karonti, te eva asa½vasitabb±,na itare lajjidhamme okkantatt±, tasm±pi alajjino asa½v±sikesu agaŗetv± tapparivajjanattha½sodhetv±va uposath±dikaraŗa½ anańń±ta½. Tath± hi “p±risuddhi½ ±yasmanto ±rocetha,p±timokkha½ uddisiss±m²”ti-±din± (mah±va. 134) aparisuddh±ya paris±ya uposathakaraŗassaayuttat± pak±sit±, “yassa siy± ±patti, so ±vikareyya…pe… ph±su hot²”ti(mah±va. 134) eva½ alajjimpi lajjidhamme patiµµh±petv± uposathakaraŗappak±ro cavutto, “kaccittha parisuddh±…pe… parisuddhetth±yasmanto”ti (p±r±. 233) cap±risuddhi-uposathe “parisuddho aha½, bhante, parisuddhoti ma½ dh±reth±”ti (mah±va.168) ca eva½ uposatha½ karont±na½ parisuddhat± ca pak±sit±, vacanamattena anoramant±nańcauposathapav±raŗaµµhapanavidhi ca vutto, sabbath± lajjidhamma½ anokkamantehi sa½v±sassa ayuttat±yanissayad±naggahaŗapaµikkhepo, tajjan²y±diniggahakammakaraŗa-ukkhepan²yakammakaraŗena s±nuvattakaparisassaalajjissa asa½v±sikattap±panavidhi ca vutto, tasm± yath±vuttehi suttantanayehi,aµµhakath±vacanehi ca pakatattehipi apakatattehipi sabbehi alajj²hi ekakamm±disa½v±sona vaµµati, karont±na½ ±patti eva dummaŖk³na½ puggal±na½ niggahatth±yeva sabbasikkh±pad±na½pańńattatt±ti niµµhamettha gantabba½. Teneva dutiyasaŖg²tiya½ pakatatt±pi alajjinovajjiputtak± yasatther±d²hi mahantena v±y±mena saŖghato viyojit±. Na hi tesup±r±jik±di-asa½v±sik±patti atthi, tehi d²pit±na½ dasanna½ vatth³na½ lahuk±pattivisayatt±tivutta½.

Tassa santiketi mah±rakkhitattherassa santike.

Iti vinayasaŖgahasa½vaŗŗan±bh³te vinay±laŖk±re

R³piy±dipaµiggahaŗavinicchayakath±laŖk±ro n±ma

Dv±dasamo paricchedo.