Iti–
“Catubbidhańhi vinaya½, mah±ther± mahiddhik±;
n²haritv± pak±sesu½, dhammasaŖg±hak± pur±”ti. (P±r±. aµµha. 1.45)–

Vuttesu catubbidhavinayesu anantogadhatt± ida½ vacana½ vic±retabba½. Tena vutta½ s±ratthad²paniya½(s±rattha. µ². 2.585) µ²k±cariyena “ta½ v²ma½sitabban”ti. Atha v± “nayagg±henaupaµµhit±k±rakathanan”ti imin± lakkhaŗena tesa½ tesa½ ±cariy±na½ upaµµhit±k±ravasenakathana½ attanomati siy±, evampi vic±retabbameva. “Attanomati ±cariyav±de ot±retabb±.Sace tattha otarati ceva sameti ca, gahetabb±. Sace neva otarati na sameti, na gahetabb±.Ayańhi attanomati n±ma sabbadubbal±”ti (p±r±. aµµha. 1.45) vacanato imassa ca vacanassa aµµhakath±vacane anotaraŗato appavisanato. Vuttańhi aµµhakath±ya½ “sacassa appaccavekkhatovaaruŗo uggacchati, iŗaparibhogaµµh±ne tiµµhat²”ti.

Aparo nayo– ki½ ida½ vacana½ p±¼ivacana½ v± aµµhakath±vacana½ v± µ²k±vacana½ v± ganthantaravacana½v±ti. Tattha na t±va p±¼ivacana½, na aµµhakath±vacana½, na ganthantaravacana½, atha kho µ²k±vacananti.Hotu µ²k±vacana½, sakavacana½ v± paravacana½ v± adhippetavacana½ v± anadhippetavacana½ v±ti.Tattha na sakavacana½ hoti, atha kho paravacana½. Ten±ha “vadant²”ti. Na µ²k±cariyenaadhippetavacana½ hoti, atha kho anadhippetavacana½. Ten±ha “ta½ v²ma½sitabban”ti.Tehi pana ±cariyehi at²taparibhogapaccavekkhaŗ±ti ida½ at²tapa-abhogavasenapaccavekkhaŗ± at²taparibhogapaccavekkhaŗ±ti parikappetv± at²tav±cakena saddena yojetv±kata½ bhaveyya. At²te paribhogo at²taparibhogo, at²taparibhogassa paccavekkhaŗ± at²taparibhogapaccavekkhaŗ±tieva½ pana kate at²taparibhogassa paccuppannasam²patt± paccuppannav±cakena saddena kathana½hoti yath± ta½ nagarato ±gantv± nisinna½ purisa½ “kuto ±gacchas²”ti vutte “nagarato±gacch±m²”ti paccuppannav±cakasaddena kathana½.
Vinayasuttantavisuddhimagg±d²su (ma. ni. 1.23; visuddhi. 1.18) ca “paµisaŖkh± yonisoc²vara½ paµisevat²”ti vattam±navacaneneva p±µho hoti, na at²tavacanena, at²taparibhogotica imasmi½yeva divase pacch±bhatt±dik±la½ up±d±ya purebhatt±d²su paribhogo icchitabbo,na hiyyo paribhogo. Katha½ vińń±yat²ti ce? Aµµhakath±pam±ŗena. Vuttańhi aµµhakath±ya½(p±r±. aµµha. 2.585) “piŗ¹ap±to ±lope ±lope, tath± asakkontena purebhattapacch±bhattapurimay±mapacchimay±mesu.Sacassa appaccavekkhatova aruŗo uggacchati, iŗaparibhogaµµh±ne tiµµhat²”ti. Etena piŗ¹ap±ta½±lope ±lope paccavekkhanto bhojanakiriy±ya apariniµµhitatt± mukhyato paccuppannapaccavekkhaŗ±hoti, purebhatt±d²su cat³su koµµh±sesu paccavekkhanto bhojanakiriy±ya pariniµµhitatt±at²tapaccavekkhaŗ± hot²ti dasseti. S± pana paccuppannasam²patt± vattam±navacanena vidh²yati.Yadi hi hiyyo paribhutt±ni at²tapaccavekkhaŗena paccavekkhitabb±ni siyu½, at²tadutiyadivasatatiyadivas±dim±sasa½vacchar±diparibhutt±nipipaccavekkhitabb±ni siyu½, evańca sati yath±vutta-aµµhakath±vacana½ niratthaka½ siy±,tasm± aµµhakath±vacanameva pam±ŗa½ k±tabba½. Yath±ha–
“Buddhena dhammo vinayo ca vutto;
yo tassa puttehi tatheva ń±to;
so yehi tesa½ matimaccajant±;
yasm± pure aµµhakath± aka½su.
“Tasm± hi ya½ aµµhakath±su vutta½;
ta½ vajjayitv±na pam±dalekha½;
sabbampi sikkh±su sag±rav±na½;
yasm± pam±ŗa½ idha paŗ¹it±nan”ti. (P±r±. aµµha. 1.ganth±rambhakath±).
Yasm± ca sabb±savasutt±d²su (ma. ni. 1.23) bhagavat± desitak±le bhikkhukattukatt±n±mayogatt± vattam±napaµhamapurisavasena “paµisaŖkh± yoniso c²vara½ paµisevat²”ti desit±,tadanukaraŗena bhikkh³na½ paccavekkhaŗak±le attakattukatt± amhayogatt± vattam±na-uttamapurisavasena“paµisaŖkh± yoniso c²vara½ paµisev±m²”ti paccavekkhitabb± hoti, “s²tassa paµigh±t±y±”ti-±d²nitadatthasampad±napad±ni ca “paµisevati, paµisev±m²”ti vuttapaµisevanakiriy±yamevasambandhitabb±ni honti, t±ni ca kiriy±pad±ni paccuppannavasena v± paccuppannasam²pa-at²tavasenav± vattam±navibhattiyutt±ni honti, tasm± paccuppannaparibhutt±na½ v± at²taparibhutt±na½v± paccay±na½ paccavekkhaŗak±le “paµisev±m²”ti vacana½ bhagavato vacanassa anugatatt±upapannamev±ti daµµhabba½.
Anuvacanepi eva½ vic±raŗ± k±tabb±– “ajja p±to paribhutta½ s±ya½ paccavekkhantenaajja ya½ may± c²vara½ paribhuttanti-±din± at²tavasena paccavekkhaŗ± k±tabb±”ti yevadanti, te eva½ pucchitabb±– ki½ bhavanto bhagavat± at²taparibhuttesu at²tavasena paccavekkhaŗ±desit±ti? Na desit±. Katha½ desit±ti? “Paccavekkhat²”ti paccuppannavasenevadesit±ti. Ki½ bhonto bhagavato k±le at²taparibhuttesu paccavekkhaŗ±natth²ti? Atthi. Atha kasm± bhagavat± paccuppannavaseneva paccavekkhaŗ± desit±ti?Paccuppannasam²pavasena v± s±mańńavasena v± desit±ti. Eva½ sante bhagavato anukaraŗenaid±nipi at²taparibhutt±na½ paccay±na½ paccuppannavasena paccavekkhaŗ± k±tabb±ti.Ye pana eva½ vadanti “hiyyo paribhutt±nameva at²tapaccavekkhaŗ± k±tabb±, na ajjaparibhutt±na½, tesa½ pana paccuppannapaccavekkhaŗ±yev±”ti, te eva½ vattabb±– ki½ bhontoyath± tumhe vadanti, eva½ p±¼iya½ atth²ti? Natthi. Aµµhakath±ya½ atth²ti? Natthi.Eva½ sante s±µµhakathesu tepiµakesu buddhavacanesu asa½vijjam±na½ tumh±ka½ vacana½katha½ paccetabbanti? ¾cariyaparampar±vasena. Hotu tumh±ka½ ±cariyaladdhivasenakathana½, k±lo n±ma tividho at²to an±gato paccuppannoti. Tattha pariniµµhitakiriy±at²to n±ma, abhimukhakiriy± an±gato n±ma, ±raddha-aniµµhitakiriy± paccuppanno n±ma.Ten±hu por±ŗ±–
“¾raddh±niµµhito bh±vo, paccuppanno suniµµhito;
at²t±n±gatupp±da-mappatt±bhimukh± kiriy±”ti.
Tattha ajja v± hotu hiyyo v± tato pubbe v±, paribhuttapaccayo supariniµµhitabhuńjanakiriyatt±at²to n±ma. Tattha hiyyo v± tato pubbe v± paribhuttapaccayo atikkanta-aruŗuggamanatt±na paccavekkhaŗ±raho, paccavekkhitopi appaccavekkhitoyeva hoti, iŗaparibhogaµµh±ne tiµµhati.Vuttańhi aµµhakath±ya½ “sacassa appaccavekkhatova aruŗo uggacchati, iŗaparibhogaµµh±ne tiµµhat²”ti.Ajjeva pana c²varańca sen±sanańca paribhoge paribhoge, piŗ¹ap±ta½ ±lope ±lope,bhesajja½ paµiggahaŗe paribhoge ca paccavekkhato apariniµµhitabhuńjanakiriyatt±paccuppannaparibhuttapaccavekkhaŗ± n±ma hoti. Pure paribhutta½ tato pacch± cat³su koµµh±sesupaccavekkhato supariniµµhitabhuńjanakiriyatt± at²taparibhuttapaccavekkhaŗ± n±mahoti. Ettaka½ paccavekkhaŗ±ya khetta½, na tato pubbe pacch± v±. Yath±ha aµµhakath±ya½“s²lavato appaccavekkhitaparibhogo iŗaparibhogo n±ma. Tasm± c²vara½ paribhoge paribhoge…pe…bhesajjassa paµiggahaŗepi paribhogepi satipaccayat± vaµµat²”ti, tasm± hiyyo paribhuttassaiŗaparibhogatt± ta½ an±masitv± ajja paribhuttesu at²tapaccuppannesu bhagavato vacanassaanukaraŗena vattam±navibhattiyuttena “paµisev±m²”ti kiriy±padena paccavekkhaŗ± s³papann±hot²ti daµµhabb±. ædisapaccavekkhaŗameva sandh±ya vimativinodaniy±d²su (vi. vi.µ². 1.585) “paccayasannissitas²lassa at²tapaccavekkhaŗ±ya visujjhanato”ti vutta½.
Eva½ paccayasannissitas²lassa suddhi½ dassetv± id±ni teneva pasaŖgena sabb±pi suddhiyodassetu½ “catubbidh± hi suddh²”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha sujjhati et±y±ti suddhi, yath±dhamma½desan±va suddhi desan±suddhi. Vuµµh±nassapi cettha desan±ya eva saŖgaho daµµhabbo. Chinnam³l±patt²na½pana abhikkhut±paµińń±yeva desan±. Adhiµµh±navisiµµho sa½varova suddhi sa½varasuddhi.Dhammena samena paccay±na½ pariyeµµhi eva suddhi pariyeµµhisuddhi. Cat³su paccayesuvuttavidhin± paccavekkhaŗ±va suddhi paccavekkhaŗasuddhi. Esa t±va suddh²su sam±sanayo.Suddhimantesu s²lesu pana desan± suddhi etass±ti desan±suddhi. Sesesupi esevanayo. Na puneva½ kariss±m²ti ettha evanti sa½varabheda½ sandh±y±ha. Pah±y±ti vajjetv±, akatv±ti attho. Vimativinodaniya½ pana “sujjhati desan±d²hi,sodh²yat²ti v± suddhi, catubbidhas²la½. Ten±ha ‘desan±ya sujjhanato’ti-±di. Etthadesan±ggahaŗena vuµµh±nampi chinnam³l±na½ abhikkhut±paµińń±pi saŖgahit±. Chinnam³l±patt²nampihi p±r±jik±pattivuµµh±nena heµµh±parirakkhita½ bhikkhus²la½ visuddha½ n±ma hoti.Tena tesa½ maggapaµil±bhopi sampajjat²”ti vutta½.
Tattha des²yati ucc±r²yat²ti desan±, dis² ucc±raŗeti dh±tu, des²yati ń±p²yatiet±y±ti v± desan±, disa pekkhaneti dh±tu. Ubhayath±pi viratipadh±nakusalacittasamuµµhitodesan±vac²bhedasaddo. Sa½varaŗa½ sa½varo, sa½-pubba vara sa½varaŗeti dh±tu, satipadh±nocittupp±do. Pariyesan± pariyeµµhi, pari-pubba isa pariyesaneti dh±tu, v²riyapadh±nocittupp±do. Paµi punappuna½ og±hetv± ikkhan± paccavekkhaŗ±, paµi-pubba ava-pubbaikkha dassanaŖkes³ti dh±tu, pańń±padh±no cittupp±do. Tesu desan±ya vac²bhedasaddabh±vatovac²bheda½ k±tu½ asakkontassa ca dutiyaka½ alabhantassa ca na sampajjati, ses± panacittupp±damattabh±vato vac²bheda½ k±tu½ asakkontassapi dutiyaka½ alabhantassapi sampajjantieva, tasm± gil±n±dik±lesu paccavekkhaŗ±p±µha½ paµhitumasakkontenapi attha½ manasi katv±citteneva paccavekkhaŗ± k±tabb±ti.
D±tabbaµµhena d±ya½, ta½ ±diyant²ti d±y±d±, ananuńń±tesu sabbena sabba½ paribhog±bh±vatoanuńń±tesuyeva ca paribhogasabbh±vabh±vato bhikkh³hi paribhuńjitabbapaccay± bhagavato santak±. Dhammad±y±dasuttańcettha s±dhakanti “dhammad±y±d± me, bhikkhave, bhavatha, m± ±misad±y±d± atthi me tumhesu anukamp±, kinti me s±vak± dhammad±y±d± bhaveyyu½, no ±misad±y±d±”tieva½ pavatta½ dhammad±y±dasuttańca (ma. ni. 1.29) ettha etasmi½ atthes±dhaka½. Av²tar±g±na½ taŗh±vas²kat±ya paccayaparibhoge s±mibh±vo natthi, tadabh±venav²tar±g±na½ tattha s±mibh±vo yath±ruci paribhogasabbh±vato. Tath± hi te paµik³lampiappaµik³l±k±rena appaµik³lampi paµik³l±k±rena tadubhayampi vajjetv± ajjhupekkhaŗ±k±renapaccaye paribhuńjanti, d±yak±nańca manoratha½ parip³renti. Ten±ha “te hi taŗh±yad±sabya½ at²tatt± s±mino hutv± paribhuńjant²”ti. Yo pan±ya½ s²lavato puthujjanassapaccavekkhitaparibhogo, so iŗaparibhogassa paccan²katt± ±naŗyaparibhogo n±ma hoti.Yath± pana iŗ±yiko attano ruciy± icchita½ desa½ gantu½ na labhati, eva½ iŗaparibhogayuttolokato nissaritu½ na labhat²ti tappaµipakkhatt± s²lavato paccavekkhitaparibhogo ±naŗyaparibhogotivuccati, tasm± nippariy±yato catuparibhogavinimutto visu½yev±ya½ paribhogotiveditabbo, so idha visu½ na vutto, d±yajjaparibhogeyeva v± saŖgaha½ gacchat²ti. S²lav±pihi im±ya sikkh±ya samann±gatatt± sekkhotveva vuccati.
Sabbesanti ariy±na½ puthujjan±nańca. Katha½ puthujjan±na½ ime paribhog± sambhavant²ti?Upac±ravasena. Yo hi puthujjanassapi sallekhapaµipattiya½ µhitassa paccayagedha½ pah±yatattha anupalittena cittena paribhogo, so s±miparibhogo viya hoti. S²lavato panapaccavekkhitaparibhogo d±yajjaparibhogo viya hoti d±yak±na½ manorathass±vir±dhanato.Tena vutta½ “d±yajjaparibhogeyeva v± saŖgaha½ gacchat²”ti. Kaly±ŗaputhujjanassa paribhogevattabbameva natthi tassa sekkhasaŖgahato. Sekkhasutta ńhetassa (a. ni. 3.86)atthassa s±dhaka½.