12. R³piy±dipaµiggahaŗavinicchayakath±

59. Eva½ kayavikkayasam±pattivinicchaya½ kathetv± id±ni r³piy±dipaµiggahaŗavinicchaya½kathento “r³piy±dipaµiggaho”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha sańń±ŗatth±ya kata½ r³pa½ etthaatth²ti r³piya½, ya½ kińci voh±r³paga½ dhana½. Tena vutta½ samantap±s±dik±ya½(p±r±. aµµha. 2.583-584) “idha pana ya½ kińci voh±ragaman²ya½ kah±paŗ±di adhippetan”ti.Paµhama½ ±d²yat²ti-±di, ki½ ta½? R³piya½, r³piya½ ±di yesa½ teti r³piy±dayo,d±sid±sakhettavatthu-±dayo, paµiggahaŗa½ paµiggaho, sampaµicchananti attho. R³piy±d²na½paµiggaho r³piy±dipaµiggaho. J±tasamaye uppanna½ r³pameva r³pa½ assa bhavati, na vik±ram±pajjat²tij±tar³pa½, suvaŗŗa½. Dhavalasabh±vat±ya sattehi rańjiyateti rajata½, sajjhu. J±tar³penakato m±sako j±tar³pam±sako. Rajatena kato m±sako rajatam±sakoti ida½ catubbidhamevanissaggiyavatthu hoti, na loham±sak±dayoti ±ha “tambaloh±d²hi…pe… saŖgahito”ti.Tambaloh±d²h²ti ±di-saddena ka½salohavaµµalohatipus²s±d²hi katopi loham±sakoyev±tidasseti. Ki½ idameva nissaggiyavatthu hoti, ud±hu mutt±dayop²ti ±ha “mutt±…pe…dukkaµavatth³”ti. Imesa½ dvinna½ vatth³na½ ko visesoti ±ha “tattha nissaggiyavatthu½…pe…dukkaµamev±”ti. Tattha nissaggiyavatthu attano atth±ya nissaggiya½ p±cittiya½,ses±na½ atth±ya dukkaµa½, dukkaµavatthu sabbesa½ atth±ya dukkaµamev±ti yojan±.
Id±ni tesu vatth³su kappiy±kappiyavinicchaya½ vitth±rato dassetu½ ±ha “tatr±ya½vinicchayo”ti. Tattha sampaµicchitu½ na vaµµati, kasm±? “Ida½ saŖghassa damm²”tiakappiyavoh±rena dinnatt±. Datv± pakkamati, vaµµati, kasm±? SaŖghassa hatthe adatv±va¹¹hak²-±d²na½ hatthe dinnatt±. Evampi vaµµati gih²na½ hatthe µhapitatt±. Paµikkhipitu½na vaµµati saŖghagaŗapuggal±na½ an±masitatt±. “Na vaµµat²”ti paµikkhipitabba½ “tumhegahetv± µhapeth±”ti vuttatt±. Paµiggahaŗepi paribhogepi ±patt²ti“saŖghassa damm²”ti vuttatt± paµiggahaŗe p±cittiya½, paribhoge dukkaµa½. Svevas±pattikoti dukkaµ±patti½ sandh±ya vadati. Vadati, vaµµati “tumhe paccayeparibhuńjath±”ti kappiyavoh±rena vuttatt±. C²varatth±ya dinna½ c²vareyeva upanetabba½,kasm±? Yath± d±yak± vadanti, tath± paµipajjitabbatt±. Sen±sanapaccayassa itarapaccayattayatovisesa½ dassento “sen±sanatth±y±”ti-±dim±ha. Imin± avissajjiya-avebhaŖgiyabh±va½dasseti. Eva½ santepi ±pad±su kattabbavidhi½ dassento “sace pan±”ti-±dim±ha.
60. Eva½ nissaggiyavatth³su kattabbavidhi½ dassetv± id±ni dukkaµavatth³su kattabbavidhi½dassento “sace koci mayhan”ty±dim±ha. Ettha pana paµiggahaŗepi paribhogepi±patt²ti dukkaµameva sandh±ya vutta½. Ta¼±kassapi khettasaŖgahitatt± tassa paµiggahaŗepi±patti vutt±. “Catt±ro paccaye paribhuńjath±ti det²ti ettha ‘bhikkhusaŖghassa catt±ropaccaye paribhuńjitu½ ta¼±ka½ damm²’ti v± ‘catupaccayaparibhogattha½ ta¼±ka½ damm²’tiv± vadati, vaµµatiyeva. ‘Ito ta¼±kato uppanne paccaye damm²’ti vutte pana vattabbamevanatth²”ti s±ratthad²paniya½ (s±rattha. µ². 2.537-539) vutta½. Vimativinodaniyampi(vi. vi. µ². 1.538-539) tatheva vatv± “idańca saŖghassa d²yam±nańńeva sandh±ya vutta½,puggalassa pana evampi dinna½ ta¼±kakhett±di na vaµµati. Suddhacittassa pana udakaparibhogattha½k³papokkharaŗi-±dayo vaµµanti. ‘SaŖghassa ta¼±ka½ atthi, ta½ kathan’ti hi ±din± sabbatthasaŖghavaseneva vuttan”ti vutta½. Hatthe bhavissat²ti vase bhavissati.
Kappiyak±raka½ µhapeth±ti vutteti s±m²civasena vutta½, avuttepi µhapentassa na dosoatthi. Ten±ha “udaka½ v±retu½ labbhat²”ti. Yasm± parasantaka½bhikkh³na½ n±setu½ na vaµµati, tasm± “na sassak±le”ti vutta½. Sassak±lepit±setv± muńcitu½ vaµµati, amuńcato pana bhaŗ¹adeyya½. Janapadassa s±mikoti imin±vayo ta½ janapada½ vic±reti, tenapi acchinditv± dinna½ vaµµatiyev±ti vadanti. Punadet²ti acchinditv± puna deti, evampi vaµµat²ti sambandho. Imin± yena kenaciissarena “pariccattamida½ bhikkh³hi ass±mikan”ti sańń±ya attano gahetv± dinna½vaµµat²ti dasseti. Udakav±hakanti udakam±tika½. Kappiyavoh±repi vinicchaya½vakkh±m²ti p±µhaseso. Udakavasen±ti udakaparibhogattha½. Suddhacitt±nanti udakaparibhogatthameva.Ida½ sahatthena ca akappiyavoh±rena ca karonte sandh±ya vutta½. “Sassasamp±danatthan”tieva½ asuddhacitt±nampi pana saya½ akatv± kappiyavoh±rena ±ŗ±petu½ vaµµati eva.Kappiyak±raka½ µhapetu½ na vaµµat²ti ida½ sahatth±din± katata¼±katt± ass±ruppantivutta½. Żhapentassa pana ta½ paccaya½ paribhuńjantassa v± saŖghassa ±patti na pańń±yati,aµµhakath±pam±ŗena v± ettha ±patti gahetabb±. Alajjin± k±r±pite vattabbameva natth²ti±ha “lajjibhikkhun±”ti, mattikuddharaŗ±d²su k±r±pites³ti adhipp±yo.
61. Navasasseti akatapubbe ked±re. Kah±paŗeti imin± dhańńuµµh±pane tassevaakappiyanti dasseti. Aparicchinnabh±geti “ettake bh³mibh±ge ettako bh±go d±tabbo”tieva½ aparicchinnabh±ge. Dhańńuµµh±pane kasati, payogepi dukkaµameva, na kah±paŗuµµh±paneviya. “Kasatha vapath±”ti vacanena sabbesampi akappiya½ siy±ti ±ha “avatv±”ti.Ettako n±ma bh±goti ettha ettako kah±paŗoti idampi sandh±ya vadati. Tath±vuttepihi tad± kah±paŗ±na½ avijjam±natt± ±yati½ uppajjam±na½ ańńesa½ vaµµati va. Ten±ha “tasseva ta½ akappiyan”ti. Tassa pana sabbapayogesu paribhoge cadukkaµa½. Keci pana dhańńaparibhoge eva ±patti, na pubbabh±geti vadanti, ta½na yutta½, yena minanarakkhaŗ±din± payogena pacch± dhańńaparibhoge ±patti hoti tassapayogassa karaŗe an±pattiy± ayuttatt±. Pariy±yakath±ya pana sabbattha an±patti. Teneva“ettakehi v²h²hi idańcidańca ±harath±”ti niyamavacane akappiya½ vutta½.Kah±paŗavic±raŗepi eseva nayo. “Vatthu ca evar³pa½ n±ma sa½vijjati, kappiyak±rakonatth²ti vattabban”ti-±divacanańcettha s±dhaka½. Rajjuy± v± daŗ¹ena v±ti ettha “p±dehipiminitu½ na vaµµat²”ti vadanti. Khale v± µhatv± rakkhat²ti ettha pana thenetv± gaŗhantedisv± “m± gaŗhath±”ti niv±rento rakkhati n±ma, sace pana avic±retv± kevala½tuŗh²bh³tova rakkhaŗatth±ya olokento tiµµhati, vaµµati. “Sacepi tasmi½ tuŗh²bh³tecorik±ya haranti, ‘maya½ bhikkhusaŖghassa ±rocess±m±’ti eva½ vattumpi vaµµat²”tivadanti. N²har±peti paµis±met²ti etth±pi “sace pariy±yena vadati, vaµµat²”tivadanti. Apubbassa anupp±ditatt± ańńesa½ vaµµat²ti ±ha “tasseveta½ akappiyan”ti.
Sabbesa½ akappiya½, kasm±? Kah±paŗ±na½ vic±ritatt±ti ettha s±ratthad²paniya½ (s±rattha.µ². 2.537-539) eva½ vic±raŗ± kat±– nanu ca dubbic±ritamattena tasseveta½ akappiya½,na sabbesa½ r³piyasa½voh±re catutthapatto viya. Vuttańhi tattha (p±r±. aµµha. 2.589)“yo pana r³piya½ asampaµicchitv± ‘therassa patta½ kiŗitv± deh²’ti pahitakappiyak±rakenasaddhi½ kamm±rakula½ gantv± patta½ disv± ‘ime kah±paŗe gahetv± ima½ deh²’ti kah±paŗe d±petv± gahito, aya½ patto etasseva bhikkhuno na vaµµati dubbic±ritatt± ańńesa½ pana vaµµati m³lassa asampaµicchitatt±”ti, tasm± ya½ te ±haranti, sabbesa½akappiya½. Kasm±? Kah±paŗ±na½ vic±ritatt±ti ida½ kasm± vuttanti?Ettha keci vadanti “kah±paŗe s±diyitv± vic±rita½ sandh±ya eva½ vuttan”ti,saŖghikatt± ca nissajjitu½ na sakk±, tasm± sabbesa½ na kappat²ti tesa½ adhipp±yo.Keci pana “as±diyitv±pi kah±paŗ±na½ vic±ritatt± r³piyasa½voh±ro kato hoti,saŖghikatt± ca nissajjitu½ na sakk±, tasm± sabbesa½ na kappat²”ti vadanti. Gaŗµhipadesupana t²supi ida½ vutta½ “catutthapatto gihisantak±na½yeva kah±paŗ±na½ vic±ritatt±ańńesa½ kappati, idha pana saŖghik±na½ vic±ritatt± sabbesa½ na kappat²”ti. Sabbesampiv±do tena tena pariy±yena yuttoyev±ti.
62. Catus±ladv±reti bhojanas±la½ sandh±ya vutta½.
63. “Vana½ dammi, arańńa½ damm²”ti vutte pana vaµµat²ti ettha niv±saµµh±natt± puggalassapisuddhacittena gahetu½ vaµµati. S²ma½ dem±ti vih±ras²m±dis±dh±raŗavacanena vuttatt±“vaµµat²”ti vutta½. Pariy±yena kathitatt±ti “gaŗh±h²”ti avatv± “s²m±gat±”ti pariy±yena kathitatt±. Pakatibh³mikaraŗattha½ “heµµh± gahita½ pa½sun”ti-±divutta½. D±sa½ damm²ti ettha “manussa½ damm²ti vutte vaµµat²”ti vadanti. Veyy±vaccakaranti-±din±vutte puggalassapi d±sa½ gahetu½ vaµµati “anuj±n±mi bhikkhave ±r±mikan”ti visesetv±anuńń±tatt±. Tańca kho pilindavacchena gahitaparibhuttakkamena, na gahaµµh±na½ d±saparibhogakkamena.Khett±dayo pana sabbe saŖghasseva vaµµanti p±¼iya½ puggalikavasena gahetu½ ananuńń±tatt±tidaµµhabba½. Kukkuµas³kare…pe… vaµµat²ti ettha kukkuµas³karesu d²yam±nesu“imehi amh±ka½ attho natthi, sukha½ j²vantu, arańńe vissajjeth±”ti vattu½ vaµµati Vih±rassa dem±ti saŖghikavih±ra½ sandh±ya vutta½. “Khettavatthupaµiggahaŗ±paµivirato hot²”ti-±din± (d². ni. 1.10, 194) suttantesu ±gatapaµikkhepobhagavat± ±pattiy±pi hetubh±vena katoti bhagavato adhipp±ya½ j±nantehi saŖg²tik±rakamah±therehikhettapaµiggahaŗ±dinissito aya½ sabbopi p±¼imuttavinicchayo vuttoti gahetabbo.
64. C²varacet±pannanti c²varam³la½. Pahiŗeyy±ti peseyya. Cet±petv±tiparivattetv±. Acch±deh²ti voh±ravacanameta½, itthann±massa bhikkhuno deh²tiaya½ panettha attho. ¾bhatanti ±n²ta½.
Imasmi½ µh±ne s±ratthad²paniya½ (s±rattha. µ². 2.528-531) eva½ vic±raŗ± kat±– etthaca ya½ vutta½ m±tik±µµhakath±ya½ (kaŖkh±. aµµha. r±jasikkh±padavaŗŗan±) “imin± c²varacet±pannenac²vara½ cet±petv± itthann±ma½ bhikkhu½ c²varena acch±deh²ti ida½ ±gamanasuddhi½dassetu½ vutta½. Sace hi ‘ida½ itthann±massa bhikkhuno deh²’ti peseyya, ±gamanassaasuddhatt± akappiyavatthu½ ±rabbha bhikkhun± kappiyak±rakopi niddisitabbo na bhaveyy±”ti,tattha ±gamanassa suddhiy± v± asuddhiy± v± visesappayojana½ na dissati. Satipihi ±gamanassa asuddhabh±ve d³to attano kusalat±ya kappiyavoh±rena vadati, kappiyak±rakona niddisitabboti ida½ natthi, na ca d³tena kappiyavoh±ravasena vutte d±yakena“ida½ katha½ pesitan”ti ²dis² vic±raŗ± upalabbhati, avic±retv± ca ta½ na sakk±j±nitu½. Yadi pana ±gamanassa asuddhatt± kappiyak±rako niddisitabbo na bhaveyya, c²var±na½atth±ya d³tassa hatthe akappiyavatthumhi pesite sabbattha d±yakena katha½ pesitanti pucchitv±vakappiyak±rako niddisitabbo bhaveyya, tasm± asatipi ±gamanasuddhiya½sace so d³to attano kusalat±ya kappiyavoh±ravasena vadati, d³tasseva vacana½ gahetabba½.Yadi hi ±gamanasuddhiyevettha pam±ŗa½, m³lass±mikena kappiyavoh±ravasena pesitassad³tassa akappiyavoh±ravasena vadatopi kappiyak±rako niddisitabbo bhaveyya, tasm±sabbattha d³tavacanameva pam±ŗanti gahetabba½. Imin± c²varacet±pannen±ti-±din± pana imamattha½dasseti “kappiyavasena ±bhatampi c²varam³la½ ²disena d³tavacanena akappiya½ hoti,tasm± ta½ paµikkhipitabban”ti. Tenev±ha “tena bhikkhun± so d³to evamassa vacan²yoti-±d²”ti.