8. Adhiµµh±navikappanavinicchayakath±

44. Eva½ an±m±savinicchayakatha½ kathetv± id±ni adhiµµh±navikappanavinicchaya½ kathetu½“adhiµµh±navikappanesu pan±”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha adhiµµhiyate adhiµµh±na½, gahaŗa½ sallakkhaŗantiattho. Vikappiyate vikappan±, saŖkappana½ cintananti attho. Tattha “tic²vara½adhiµµh±tunti n±ma½ vatv± adhiµµh±tu½. Na vikappetunti n±ma½ vatv± na vikappetu½.Esa nayo sabbattha. Tasm± tic²vara½ adhiµµhahantena ‘ima½ saŖgh±µi½ adhiµµh±m²’ti-±din±n±ma½ vatv± adhiµµh±tabba½. Vikappentena pana ‘ima½ saŖgh±µin’ti-±din± tassa tassa c²varassan±ma½ aggahetv±va ‘ima½ c²vara½ tuyha½ vikappem²’ti vikappetabba½. Tic²vara½v± hotu ańńa½ v±, yadi ta½ ta½ n±ma½ gahetv± vikappeti avikappita½hoti, atirekac²varaµµh±ne tiµµhat²”ti s±ratthad²paniya½ (s±rattha. µ². 2.469) vutta½.
Vimativinodaniya½ (vi. vi. µ². 1.469) pana “tic²vara½ adhiµµh±tunti saŖgh±µi-±din±menaadhiµµh±tu½. Na vikappetunti imin± n±mena na vikappetu½, etena vikappitatic²varotec²variko na hoti, tassa tasmi½ adhiµµhitatic²vare viya avippav±s±din± k±tabbavidhina k±tabboti dasseti, na pana vikappane doso”ti vutta½. Vajirabuddhiµ²k±ya½(vajira. µ². p±r±jika 469) pana “tic²vara½ adhiµµh±tunti ettha tic²vara½ tic²var±dhiµµh±nenaadhiµµh±tabbayuttaka½, ya½ v± tic²var±dhiµµh±nena adhiµµh±tu½ na vikappetu½ anuj±n±mi,tassa adhiµµh±nak±laparicched±bh±vato sabbak±la½ icchantassa adhiµµh±tu½yeva anuj±n±mi,ta½ k±lapariccheda½ katv± vikappetu½ n±nuj±n±mi, sati pana paccaye yad± tad±v± paccuddharitv± vikappetu½ vaµµat²ti ‘an±patti antodas±ha½ adhiµµheti vikappet²’tivacanato siddha½ hot²”ti vutta½.
Imesu pana t²su µ²k±v±desu tatiyav±do yuttataro viya dissati. Kasm±? P±¼iy±aµµhakath±ya ca sa½sandanato. Katha½? P±¼iyańhi kataparicched±suyeva dv²su vassikas±µikakaŗ¹upaµicch±d²sutato para½ vikappetunti vutta½, tato ańńesu na vikappetu½ icceva, tasm± tesuasati paccaye nicca½ adhiµµh±tabbameva hoti, na vikappetabbanti aya½ p±¼iy± adhipp±yodissati, itar±su pana dv²su anuńń±tak±leyeva adhiµµh±tabba½, “tato para½ vikappetun”tieva½ p±¼iy± sa½sandati, aµµhakath±ya½ tic²vara½ tic²varasaŖkhepena pariharato adhiµµh±tumevaanuj±n±mi, na vikappetu½. Vassikas±µika½ pana c±tum±sato para½ vikappetumeva,na adhiµµh±tu½, evańca sati yo tic²vare ekena c²varena vippavasituk±mohoti, tassa c²var±dhiµµh±na½ paccuddharitv± vippav±sasukhattha½ vikappan±ya ok±sodinno hot²ti.
Paµhamav±de “na vikappetun”ti n±ma½ vatv± “na vikappetun”ti attho vutto, eva½sante “tato para½ vikappetun”ti ettha tato para½ n±ma½ vatv± vikappetunti atthobhaveyya, so ca attho vikappan±dhik±rena vutto, “n±ma½ vatv±”ti ca visesanekattabbe sati “na vikappetun”ti ca “tato para½ vikappetun”ti ca bhedavacana½na siy±, sabbesupi c²varesu n±ma½ avatv±va vikappetabbato, dutiyav±de ca “navikappetun”ti imin± n±mena na vikappetunti vutta½, na anuj±n±m²ti p±µhaseso.Paµhame ca “tic²vara½ v± hotu ańńa½ v±, yadi ta½ ta½ n±ma½ gahetv± vikappeti, avikappita½hoti, atirekac²varaµµh±ne tiµµhat²”ti. Dutiye ca “na pana vikappane doso”ti,tańca ańńamańńaviruddha½ viya dissati, tasm± vic±retabbameta½.
Tato para½ vikappetunti c±tum±sato para½ vikappetv± paribhuńjitunti t²su gaŗµhipadesuvutta½. Keci pana “tato para½ vikappetv± y±va ±g±misa½vacchare vass±na½c±tum±sa½, t±va µhapetu½ anuńń±tan”tipi vadanti. “Tato para½ vikappetu½ anuj±n±m²tiett±vat± vassikas±µika½ kaŗ¹upaµicch±dińca ta½ ta½ n±ma½ gahetv± vikappetu½anuńń±tanti evamattho na gahetabbo. Tato para½ vassikas±µik±din±masseva abh±vato,kasm± tato para½ vikappentenapi n±ma½ gahetv± na vikappetabba½. Ubhinnampi tato para½vikappetv± paribhogassa anuńń±tatt± tath±vikappita½ ańńan±mena adhiµµhahitv± paribhuńjitabbantit²supi gaŗµhipadesu vuttan”ti s±ratthad²paniya½ (s±rattha. µ². 2.469) vutta½.Vimativinodaniyampi (vi. vi. µ². 1.469) “tato paranti c±tum±sato ara½ vikappetv± paribhuńjitu½ anuńń±tanti keci vadanti. Ańńe pana ‘vikappetv±y±va ±g±mivass±na½ t±va µhapetu½ vaµµat²’ti vadanti. Apare pana ‘vikappane na doso,tath± vikappita½ parikkh±r±din±mena adhiµµhahitv± paribhuńjitabban’ti vadant²”tivutta½.
Vajirabuddhiµ²k±ya½ (vajira. µ². p±r±jika 469) pana “vassikas±µika½ tato para½vikappetu½yeva, n±dhiµµh±tu½. Vatthańhi katapariyosita½ antoc±tum±se vass±nadivasa½±di½ katv± antodas±he adhiµµh±tu½ anuj±n±mi, c±tum±sato uddha½ attano santaka½katv± µhapetuk±mena vikappetu½ anuj±n±m²ti attho”ti vutta½. Idh±pi pacchimav±dopasatthataroti dissati, kasm±? Suvińńeyyatt±, purimesu pana ±cariy±na½ adhipp±yoyevaduvińńeyyo hoti n±n±v±dasseva kathitatt±. Muµµhipańcakanti muµµhiy± upalakkhita½pańcaka½ muµµhipańcaka½, catuhatthe minitv± pańcama½ hatthamuµµhi½ katv± minitabbanti adhipp±yo.Keci pana “muµµhihatth±na½ pańcaka½ muµµhipańcaka½. Pańcapi hatth± muµµh² katv±va minitabb±”tivadanti. Muµµhittikanti etth±pi eseva nayo. Dvihatthena antarav±sakena timaŗ¹ala½paµicch±detu½ sakk±ti ±ha “p±rupanenap²”ti-±di. Atirekanti sugatac²varatoatireka½. Šnakanti muµµhipańcak±dito ³naka½. Tena ca tesu tic²var±dhiµµh±na½na ruhat²ti dasseti.
Ima½ saŖgh±µi½ paccuddhar±m²ti ima½ saŖgh±µi-adhiµµh±na½ ukkhip±mi, pariccaj±m²ti attho.S±ratthad²paniya½ (s±rattha. µ². 2.469) pana “paccuddhar±m²ti µhapemi, pariccaj±m²tiv± attho”icceva vutta½. K±yavik±ra½ karonten±ti hatthena c²vara½ par±masantena,c±lentena v±. V±c±ya adhiµµh±tabb±ti ettha k±yenapi c±letv± v±campibhinditv± k±yav±c±hi adhiµµh±nampi saŖgahitanti veditabba½, “k±yena aphusitv±”tivattabbatt± ahatthap±sahatthap±savasena duvidha½ adhiµµh±na½. Tattha “hatthap±so n±ma a¹¹hateyyahatthovuccati. ‘Dv±dasahatthan’ti keci vadanti, ta½ idha na samet²”ti vimativinodaniya½(vi. vi. µ². 1.469) vutta½. “Id±ni sammukh±parammukh±bhedena duvidha½ adhiµµh±na½dassetu½ “sace hatthap±seti-±di vutta½. S±ratthad²paniya½ (s±rattha. µ². 2.469)pana “hatthap±seti ca ida½ dv±dasahattha½ sandh±ya vutta½, tasm± dv±dasahatthabbhantare µhita½‘iman’ti vatv± adhiµµh±tabba½, tato para½ ‘etan’ti vatv± adhiµµh±tabbanti keci vadanti,gaŗµhipadesu panettha na kińci vutta½, p±¼iya½ aµµhakath±yańca sabbattha ‘hatthap±so’ti a¹¹hateyyahatthovuccati, tasm± idha visesavikappan±ya k±raŗa½ gavesitabban”ti vutta½. Eva½ p±¼iyaµµhakath±supia¹¹hateyyahatthameva hatthap±so vutto, µ²k±cariyehi ca tadeva sampaµicchito, tasm± a¹¹hateyyahatthabbhantareµhita½ c²vara½ “iman”ti, tato bahibh³ta½ “etan”ti vatv± adhiµµh±tabba½.
“S±mantavih±reti ida½ µhapitaµµh±nasallakkhaŗayogge µhita½ sandh±ya vutta½, tato d³re µhitampiµhapitaµµh±na½ sallakkhentena adhiµµh±tabbameva. Tatth±pi c²varassa µhapitabh±vasallakkhaŗameva pam±ŗa½.Na hi sakk± niccassa µh±na½ sallakkhetu½, ekasmi½ vih±re µhapetv± tato ańńasmi½µhapitanti adhiµµh±tu½ na vaµµati. Keci pana ‘tath±pi adhiµµhite na doso’ti vadanti,ta½ aµµhakath±ya na sameti, v²ma½sitabban”ti vimativinodaniya½ (vi. vi. µ². 1.469)vutta½. S±ratthad²paniya½ (s±rattha. µ². 2.469) pana “s±mantavih±ro n±ma yatthatadaheva gantv± nivattetu½ sakk±. S±mantavih±reti ida½ desan±s²samatta½, tasm±µhapitaµµh±na½ sallakkhetv± d³re µhitampi adhiµµh±tabbanti vadanti. Żhapitaµµh±na½ sallakkhetv±tica ida½ µhapitaµµh±nasallakkhaŗa½ anucchavikanti katv± vutta½, c²varasallakkhaŗamevetthapam±ŗan”ti vutta½. Vajirabuddhiµ²k±yańca (vajira. µ². p±r±jika 469) “saŖgh±µiuttar±saŖgo antarav±sakanti adhiµµhit±nadhiµµhit±na½ sam±nameva n±ma½. ‘Aya½ saŖgh±µ²’ti-±d²suanadhiµµhit± vutt±. ‘Tic²varena vippavaseyy±’ti ettha adhiµµhit± vutt±. S±mantavih±retigocarag±mato vih±reti dhammasiritthero. D³ratarepi labbhatev±ti ±cariy±. Anugaŗµhipadepi‘s±mantavih±reti desan±s²samatta½, tasm± µhapitaµµh±na½ sallakkhetv± d³re µhitampi adhiµµh±tabban’tivutta½. S±mantavih±ro n±ma yattha tadaheva gantv± nivattitu½ sakk±. Rattivippav±sa½rakkhantena tato d³re µhita½ adhiµµh±tu½ na vaµµati, eva½ kira mah±-aµµhakath±ya½ vuttanti.Keci ‘c²varava½se µhapita½ ańńo parivattetv± n±gadante µhapeti, ta½ aj±nitv± adhiµµhahantassapiruhati c²varassa sallakkhitatt±’ti vadant²”ti, tasm± ±cariy±na½ matabheda½ sa½sanditv±gahetabba½.
Adhiµµhahitv± µhapitavattheh²ti parikkh±raco¼an±mena adhiµµhahitv± µhapitavatthehi. Teneva“ima½ paccuddhar±m²”ti parikkh±raco¼assa paccuddh±ra½ dasseti, etena ca tec²varikadhutaŖga½pariharantena pa½suk³l±divasena laddha½ vattha½ das±habbhantare katv± rajitv± p±rupitumasakkontenaparikkh±raco¼avasena adhiµµhahitv±va das±hamatikkam±petabba½, itarath± nissaggiya½ hot²tidasseti, teneva “rajitak±lato pana paµµh±ya nikkhipitu½ na vaµµati, dhutaŖgacoro n±mahot²”ti visuddhimagge (visuddhi. 1.25) vutta½. Puna adhiµµh±tabb±n²ti idańcasaŖgh±µi-±ditic²varan±mena adhiµµhahitv± paribhuńjituk±massa vasena vutta½, itarassapana purim±dhiµµh±nameva alanti veditabba½. Puna adhiµµh±tabbanti imin± kappabindupid±tabbanti dasseti. Adhiµµh±nakicca½ natth²ti imin± kappabindud±nakiccampinatth²ti dasseti, mahantataramev±ti-±di sabb±dhiµµh±nas±dh±raŗalakkhaŗa½. Tattha puna adhiµµh±tabbantianadhiµµhitac²varassa ekadesabh³tatt± anadhiµµhitańce, adhiµµhitassa appabh±vena ekadesabh³ta½adhiµµhitasaŖkhameva gacchati, tath± adhiµµhitańce, anadhiµµhitassa ekadesabh³ta½ anadhiµµhitasaŖkha½ gacchat²tilakkhaŗa½. Na kevalańcettha dutiyapaµµameva, atha kho tatiyapaµµ±dikampi. Yath±ha “anuj±n±mibhikkhave…pe… utuddhaµ±na½ duss±na½ catugguŗa½ saŖgh±µi½…pe… pa½suk³ley±vadatthan”ti (mah±va. 348).
Muµµhipańcak±ditic²varappam±ŗayutta½ sandh±ya “tic²vara½ pan±”ti-±di vutta½.Parikkh±raco¼a½ adhiµµh±tunti parikkh±raco¼a½ katv± adhiµµh±tu½. Avases± bhikkh³tivakkham±nak±le nisinn± bhikkh³. Tasm± vaµµat²ti yath± “anuj±n±mi, bhikkhave,tic²vara½ adhiµµh±tu½, na vikappetun”ti (mah±va. 358) vutta½, eva½ parikkh±raco¼ampivutta½, na cassa ukkaµµhaparicchedo vutto, na ca saŖkh±paricchedo, tasm± t²ŗipi c²var±nipaccuddharitv± im±ni c²var±ni parikkh±raco¼±ni adhiµµhahitv± paribhuńjitu½ vaµµat²ti attho.Nidh±namukhametanti eta½ parikkh±raco¼±dhiµµh±na½ nidh±namukha½ µhapanamukha½, atirekac²varaµµhapanak±raŗantiattho. Katha½ ń±yat²ti ce, tena kho pana samayena bhikkh³na½ paripuŗŗa½ hoti tic²vara½,attho ca hoti pariss±vanehipi thavik±hipi. Etasmi½ vatthusmi½ “anuj±n±mi,bhikkhave, parikkh±raco¼akan”ti anuńń±tatt± bhikkh³nańca ekameva pariss±vana½, thavik±v± vaµµati, na dve v± t²ŗi v±ti paµikkhep±bh±vato vikappan³pagapacchimappam±ŗ±ni,atirekappam±ŗ±ni v± pariss±van±d²ni parikkh±r±ni kappant²ti siddha½. Paµhama½tic²var±dhiµµh±nena adhiµµh±tabba½, puna pariharitu½ asakkontena paccuddharitv± parikkh±raco¼a½adhiµµh±tabba½ na tveva ±ditova ida½ vutta½. Baddhas²m±ya avippav±sas²m±sammutisambhavatoc²varavippav±se nevatthi dosoti na tattha dupparih±roti ±ha “abaddhas²m±ya dupparih±ran”ti.