Acchinnac²varakath±

5. Acchinnac²varakath±ya½ anupubbakath±ti anupubbena vinicchayakath±. Sesaparikkh±r±na½saddhivih±rikehi gahitatt± niv±sanap±rupanameva avasiµµhanti ±ha “niv±sanap±rupanamatta½yevaharitv±”ti. Saddhivih±rik±na½ t±va ±gamanassa v± an±gamanassa v± aj±nanat±ya vutta½“therehi neva t±va…pe… bhuńjitabban”ti. Paresampi atth±ya labhant²ti attanoc²vara½ dadam±n± saya½ s±kh±bhaŖgena paµicch±dent²ti tesa½ atth±yapi bhańjitu½ labhanti.“Tiŗena v± paŗŗena v± paµicch±detv± ±gantabban”ti vacanato ²disesu bh³tag±map±tabyat±pianuńń±t±yeva hot²ti ±ha “neva bh³tag±map±tabyat±ya p±cittiya½ hot²”ti.Na tesa½ dh±raŗe dukkaµanti tesa½ titthiyadhaj±na½ dh±raŗepi dukkaµa½ natthi.
Y±ni ca nesa½ vatth±ni dent²ti sambandho. Ther±na½ sayameva dinnatt± vutta½“acchinnac²varaµµh±ne µhitatt±”ti. Yadi laddhi½ gaŗh±ti, titthiyapakkantako n±ma hoti. Tasm± vutta½ “laddhi½ aggahetv±”ti. “No ce hoti, saŖghassa vih±rac²vara½ v±…pe…±patti dukkaµass±”ti imin± antar±magge paviµµhavih±rato nikkhamitv± ańńattha attanoabhirucitaµµh±na½ gacchantassa dukkaµa½ vutta½, imin± ca “ya½ ±v±sa½ paµhama½upagacchat²”ti vutta½ antar±magge µhitavih±rampi sace naggo hutv± gacchati, dukkaµamev±tiveditabba½. Yadi eva½ tattha kasm± na vuttanti ce? Anok±satt±. Tattha hi “anuj±n±mi,bhikkhave, acchinnac²varassa v±…pe… c²vara½ vińń±petun”ti imin± sambandhenasaŖghikampi c²vara½ niv±setu½ p±rupituńca anuj±nanto “ya½ ±v±sa½ paµhama½…pe…gahetv± p±rupitun”ti ±ha, tasm± tattha anok±satt± dukkaµa½ na vutta½.
Vih±rac²varanti sen±sanac²vara½. Cimilik±h²ti paµapilotik±hi. Tassaupar²ti bh³mattharaŗassa upari. Videsagaten±ti ańńa½ c²vara½ alabhitv± videsagatena.Ekasmi½…pe… µhapetabbanti ettha sesena gahetv± ±gatatt± µhapentena ca saŖghikaparibhogavasenevaµhapitatt± ańńasmi½ sen±sane niyamitampi ańńattha µhapetu½ vaµµat²ti vadanti. Paribhogenev±tiańńa½ c²vara½ alabhitv± paribhuńjanena.
Paribhogajiŗŗanti yath± tena c²varena sar²ra½ paµicch±detu½ na sakk±, eva½ jiŗŗa½.Kappiyavoh±ren±ti kayavikkay±pattito mocanattha½ vutta½. “Vińń±pentass±”tiimasseva attha½ vibh±veti “cet±pentassa parivatt±pentass±”ti. Attano dhanenahi vińń±pana½ n±ma parivattanamev±ti adhipp±yo. SaŖghavasena pav±rit±na½ vińń±panevatta½ dasseti “pam±ŗameva vaµµat²”ti. SaŖghavasena hi pav±rite sabbesa½ s±dh±raŗatt±adhika½ vińń±petu½ na vaµµati. Ya½ ya½ pav±ret²ti ya½ ya½ c²var±di½ dass±m²ti pav±reti.Vińń±panakicca½ natth²ti vin± vińńattiy± d²yam±natt± vińń±petv± ki½karissat²ti adhipp±yo. Ańńassatth±y±ti etthapi “ń±tak±na½ pav±rit±nan”ti ida½ anuvattatiyev±ti ±ha “attano ń±takapav±rite”ti-±di. Vikappanupagac²varat±,samay±bh±vo, ańń±takavińńatti, t±ya ca paµil±bhoti im±nettha catt±ri aŖg±ni.
Vimativinodaniya½ (vi. vi. µ². 1.515) pana p±¼iya½ dhammanimantan±ti samaŗesuvattabb±c±radhammamattavasena nimantan±, d±tuk±mat±ya katanimantan± na hot²ti attho. Teneva“vińń±pessat²”ti vutta½. Ańń±taka-appav±ritato hi vińńatti n±ma hoti.
“Tiŗena v± paŗŗena v± paµicch±detv± ±gantabban”ti imin± bh³tag±mavikopana½ anuńń±tanti±ha “nevabh³tag±map±tabyat±y±”ti-±di. Paµhama½ suddhacittena liŖga½ gahetv± pacch±laddhi½ gaŗhantopi titthiyapakkantako ev±ti ±ha “niv±setv±pi laddhi na gahetabb±”ti.
Ya½ ±v±sa½ paµhama½ upagacchat²ti etthapi vih±rac²var±di-atth±ya pavisantenapi tiŗ±d²hipaµicch±detv±va gantabba½, “na tveva naggena ±gantabban”ti s±mańńato dukkaµassa vuttatt±.Cimilik±h²ti paµapilotik±hi. Paribhogenev±ti ańńa½ c²vara½ alabhitv±paribhuńjanena. Paribhogajiŗŗanti yath± ta½ c²vara½ paribhuńjiyam±na½ obhaggavibhaggat±yaas±ruppa½ hoti, eva½ jiŗŗa½.
Ańńassatth±y±ti etthapi “ń±tak±na½ pav±rit±nan”ti ida½ anuvattatev±ti ±ha “attanoń±takapav±rite”ti-±di. Idha pana ańńassa acchinnanaµµhac²varassa atth±ya ańń±taka-appav±ritevińń±pentassa nissaggiyena an±patt²ti attho gahetabbo, itarath± “ń±tak±na½ pav±rit±nan”tiimin± viseso na bhaveyya, teneva anantarasikkh±pade vakkhati “aµµhakath±su(p±r±. aµµha. 2.526) pana ń±takapav±ritaµµh±ne…pe… pam±ŗameva vaµµat²ti vutta½,ta½ p±¼iy± na samet²”ti ca “yasm± panida½ sikkh±pada½ ańńassatth±ya vińń±panavatthusmi½yevapańńatta½, tasm± idha ‘ańńassatth±y±’ti na vuttan”ti ca. Vikappanupagac²varat±, samay±bh±vo,ańń±takavińńatti, t±ya ca paµil±bhoti im±nettha catt±ri aŖg±ni.
“Tańce ańń±tako gahapati v± gahapat±n² v± bah³hi c²varehi abhihaµµhu½ pav±reyya, santaruttaraparama½tena bhikkhun± tato c²vara½ s±ditabba½, tato ce uttari s±diyeyya, nissaggiya½ p±cittiyan”tiimasmi½ taduttarisikkh±pade (p±r±. 523) abhihaµµhunti ettha abh²ti upasaggo,haritunti attho, gaŗhitunti vutta½ hoti. Pav±reyy±ti icch±peyya, iccha½ruci½ upp±deyya vadeyya nimanteyy±ti attho. Abhihaµµhu½ pav±rentena pana yath± vattabba½.Ta½ ±k±ra½ dassetu½ “y±vattaka½ icchasi, t±vattaka½ gaŗh±h²”ti evamassa padabh±jana½vutta½. Atha v± yath± “nekkhamma½ daµµhu khemato”ti ettha disv±ti attho, evamidhapiabhihaµµhu½ pav±reyy±ti abhiharitv± pav±reyy±ti attho. Tattha k±y±bhih±rov±c±bhih±roti duvidho abhih±ro. K±yena v± hi vatth±d²ni abhiharitv± p±dam³leµhapetv± “yattaka½ icchasi, tattaka½ gaŗh±h²”ti vadanto pav±reyya, v±c±ya v± “amh±ka½dussakoµµh±g±ra½ paripuŗŗa½, yattaka½ icchasi, tattaka½ gaŗh±h²”ti vadanto pav±reyya,tadubhayampi ekajjha½ katv± “abhihaµµhu½ pav±reyy±”ti vutta½.
Santaruttaraparamanti sa-antara½ uttara½ parama½ assa c²varass±ti santaruttaraparama½, niv±sanenasaddhi½ p±rupana½ ukkaµµhaparicchedo ass±ti vutta½ hoti. Tato c²vara½s±ditabbanti tato abhihaµac²varato ettaka½ c²vara½ gahetabba½, na ito paranti attho.Yasm± pana acchinnasabbac²varena tec²varikeneva bhikkhun± eva½ paµipajjitabba½, ańńenaańńath±pi, tasm± ta½ vibh±ga½ dassetu½ “sace t²ŗi naµµh±ni hont²”ti-±din± nayenassapadabh±jana½ vutta½.
Tatr±ya½ vinicchayo– yassa t²ŗi naµµh±ni, tena dve s±ditabb±ni, eka½ niv±setv± eka½p±rupitv± ańńa½ sabh±gaµµh±nato pariyesissati. Yassa dve naµµh±ni, tena eka½ s±ditabba½.Sace pakatiy±va santaruttarena carati, dve s±ditabb±ni, eva½ eka½ s±diyanteneva samobhavissati. Yassa t²su eka½ naµµha½, na s±ditabba½. Yassa pana dv²su eka½ naµµha½, eka½s±ditabba½. Yassa eka½yeva hoti, tańca naµµha½, dve s±ditabb±ni. Bhikkhuniy± panapańcasupi naµµhesu dve s±ditabb±ni, cat³su naµµhesu eka½ s±ditabba½, t²su naµµhesu kińcina s±ditabba½, ko pana v±do dv²su v± ekasmi½ v±. Yena kenaci hi santaruttaraparamat±yaµh±tabba½, tato uttari na labbhat²ti idamettha lakkhaŗa½.
Sesaka½ ±hariss±m²ti dve c²var±ni katv± sesa½ puna ±hariss±m²ti attho. Naacchinnak±raŗ±ti b±husacc±diguŗavasena denti. ѱtak±nanti-±d²su ń±tak±na½dent±na½ s±diyantassa, pav±rit±na½ dent±na½ s±diyantassa, attano dhanena s±diyantassaan±patt²ti attho. Aµµhakath±su pana “ń±takapav±ritaµµh±ne pakatiy± bahumpi vaµµati, acchinnak±raŗ±pam±ŗameva vaµµat²”ti vutta½, ta½ p±¼iy± na sameti. Yasm± panida½ sikkh±pada½ ańńassatth±yavińń±panavatthusmi½yeva pańńatta½, tasm± idha “ańńassatth±y±”ti na vutta½. Sesa½utt±natthameva. Samuµµh±n±d²su idampi chasamuµµh±na½ kiriya½, nosańń±vimokkha½,acittaka½, paŗŗattivajja½, k±yakammavac²kamma½, ticitta½, tivedananti.
Sattame p±¼iya½ pagg±hikas±lanti dussav±ŗijak±na½ ±paŗa½, “pagg±hitas±lan”tipipaµhanti. Abh²ti upasaggoti tassa visesatth±bh±va½ dasseti. Ten±ha “harituntiattho”ti. Varasaddassa icch±ya½ vattam±natt± ±ha “icch±peyy±”ti. Daµµhu khematotiettha g±th±bandhavasena anun±sikalopo daµµhabbo. Sa-antaranti antarav±sakasahita½.Uttaranti uttar±saŖga½. Assa c²varass±ti s±ditabbac²varassa. Acchinnasabbac²varen±tiacchinn±ni sabb±ni t²ŗi c²var±ni ass±ti acchinnasabbac²varo, ten±ti attho.Yassa hi acchindanasamaye t²ŗi c²var±ni sannihit±ni honti, t±ni sabb±ni acchinn±n²tiso “acchinnasabbac²varo”ti vuccati. Teneva “acchinnasabbac²varena tec²variken±”tivutta½. Tec²variken±ti hi acchindanasamaye tic²varassa sannihitabh±va½ sandh±yavutta½, na pana vinaye tec²varik±bh±va½, dhutaŖgatec²varikabh±va½ v± sandh±ya. Eva½paµipajjitabbanti “santaruttaraparama½ tena bhikkhun± tato c²vara½ s±ditabban”ti vuttavidhin±paµipajjitabba½. Ańńen±ti acchinna-asabbac²varena. Yassa t²su c²varesu eka½ v±dve v± c²var±ni acchinn±ni honti, ten±ti attho. Ańńath±p²ti “santaruttaraparaman”tivuttavidh±nato ańńath±pi. Yassa hi t²su dve c²var±ni acchinn±ni honti, eka½s±ditabba½, ekasmi½ acchinne na s±ditabbanti na tassa santaruttaraparamas±diyana½ sambhavati.Ayameva ca attho padabh±janena vibh±vito. Ten±ha “ta½ vibh±ga½ dassetun”ti.
Keci pana “tec²variken±ti vuttatt± tic²vara½ parikkh±raco¼avasena adhiµµhahitv±paribhuńjato tasmi½ naµµhe bah³nipi gahetu½ labhat²”ti vadanti, ta½ na gahetabba½. Padabh±janassahi adhipp±ya½ dassentena yasm± pana “acchinnasabbac²varena…pe…ta½ vibh±ga½ dassetun”ti vutta½, padabh±jane ca na t±diso attho upalabbhati, tasm±ta½ na gahetabbameva. Yampi m±tik±µµhakath±ya½ (kaŖkh±. aµµha. tatuttarisikkh±padavaŗŗan±)vutta½ “yassa adhiµµhitatic²varassa t²ŗi naµµh±n²”ti, tatthapi adhiµµhitaggahaŗa½ sar³pakathanamattantigahetabba½, na pana tic²var±dhiµµh±nena adhiµµhitac²varassev±ti evamattho gahetabbo p±¼iya½ aµµhakath±yańca tath± atthass±sambhavato Na hi tic²var±dhiµµh±nena adhiµµhitac²varasseva ida½ sikkh±pada½pańńattanti sakk± vińń±tu½. Purimasikkh±padena hi acchinnac²varassa ańń±takavińńattiy±anuńń±tatt± pam±ŗa½ aj±nitv± vińń±panavatthusmi½ pam±ŗato s±diyana½ anuj±nantenabhagavat± ida½ sikkh±pada½ pańńatta½, tasm± parikkh±raco¼ikassa bahumpi s±ditu½ vaµµat²tiayamattho neva p±¼iy± sameti, na ca bhagavato adhipp±ya½ anulometi.
Yassa t²ŗi naµµh±ni, tena dve s±ditabb±n²ti ettha yassa tic²varato adhikampi c²vara½ańńattha µhita½ atthi, tad± tassa c²varassa alabbhan²yabh±vato tenapi s±ditu½ vaµµat²ti veditabba½.Pakatiy±va santaruttarena carat²ti s±saŖkasikkh±padavasena v± avippav±sasammutivasena v±tatiyassa al±bhena v± carati. “Dve naµµh±n²”ti adhik±ratt± vutta½ “dve s±ditabb±n²”ti.Eka½ s±diyanteneva samo bhavissat²ti tiŗŗa½ c²var±na½ dv²su naµµhesu eka½ s±diyantenasamo bhavissati ubhinnampi santaruttaraparamat±ya avaµµh±nato. Yassa eka½yeva hot²tiańńena kenaci k±raŗena vinaµµhasesac²vara½ sandh±ya vutta½.
“Sesaka½ tumheva hot³ti dent²”ti vuttatt± “pam±ŗayutta½ gaŗhiss±ma, sesaka½±hariss±m±”ti vatv± gahetv± gamanasamayepi “sesakampi tumh±ka½yevahot³”ti vadanti, laddhakappiyameva. Pav±rit±nanti acchinnak±lato pubbeyeva pav±rit±na½.P±¼iy± na samet²ti santaruttaraparamato uttari s±diyane an±pattidassanattha½ “an±pattiń±tak±na½ pav±rit±nan”ti vuttatt± na sameti. Santaruttaraparama½ s±diyantassa hi±pattippasaŖgoyeva natthi, sati ca sikkh±padena ±pattippasaŖge an±patti yutt± dassetuntiadhipp±yo. Keci pana “pam±ŗameva vaµµat²ti ida½ sallekhadassanattha½ vuttan”ti vadanti.
Yasm± panida½…pe… na vuttanti etth±yamadhipp±yo– “ańńassatth±y±”ti vuccam±neańńesa½ atth±ya pam±ŗa½ atikkamitv±pi gaŗhitu½ vaµµat²ti ±pajjati, tańca ańńassatth±yavińń±panavatthusmi½ pańńattatt± vatthun± sa½sandiyam±na½ na sameti. Na hi ya½ vatthu½niss±ya sikkh±pada½ pańńatta½, tasmi½yeva an±pattivacana½ yuttanti. Gaŗµhipadesu panat²supi “imassa sikkh±padassa attano s±diyanapaµibaddhat±vasena pavattatt± ‘ańńassatth±y±’tivattu½ ok±soyeva natthi, tasm± na vuttan”ti kathita½. Idha “ańńassatth±y±”tiavuttatt± ańńesa½ atth±ya ń±takapav±ritesu adhika½ vińń±pentassa ±patt²ti ce?Na, tattha purimasikkh±padeneva an±pattisiddhito. Tatuttarit±, acchinn±dik±raŗat±,ańń±takavińńatti, t±ya ca paµil±bhoti im±nettha catt±ri aŖg±ni.
Vimativinodaniya½ (vi. vi. µ². 1.522-524) pana “p±¼iya½ pagg±hikas±lantiduss±paŗa½. Tańhi v±ŗijakehi duss±ni paggahetv± dassanaµµh±nat±ya ‘pagg±hikas±l±’tivuccati. Assa c²varass±ti s±ditabbac²varassa. Tec²variken±ti imin± acchinnatic²varatoańńassa vih±r±d²su nihitassa c²varassa abh±va½ dasseti Yadi bhaveyya,vińń±petu½ na vaµµeyya, t±vak±lika½ niv±setv± attano c²vara½ gahetabba½. T±vak±likampialabhantassa bh³tag±mavikopana½ katv± tiŗapaŗŗehi chadana½ viya vińń±panampi vaµµatieva. Ańńen±ti acchinna-asabbac²varena. ‘Dve naµµh±n²’ti adhik±rato vutta½ ‘dves±ditabb±n²’ti. P±¼iy± na samet²ti ‘an±patti ń±tak±na½ pav±rit±nan’ti(p±r±. 526) im±ya p±¼iy± na sameti tatuttari vińń±pana-±pattippasaŖge eva vuttatt±.Ańńassatth±y±ti na vuttanti ida½ ańńassatth±ya tatuttari vińń±pane nissaggiya½ p±cittiya½hot²ti imamattha½ d²peti. Tańca p±cittiya½ yesa½ atth±ya vińń±peti, tesa½ v±siy± vińń±pakasseva v±, na t±va tesa½, tehi avińń±pitatt±, n±pi vińń±pakassa,att±na½ uddissa avińńattatt±. Tasm± ańńassatth±ya vińń±pentassapi nissaggiya½ p±cittiya½na dissati. P±¼iya½ pana imassa sikkh±padassa attano s±diyanapaµibaddhat±vasena pavattatt±‘ańńassatth±y±’ti an±pattiv±re na vuttanti vadanti, tańca yutta½ viya dissati, v²ma½sitv±gahetabba½. Tatuttaric²varat±, acchinn±dik±raŗat±, ańń±takavińńatti, t±ya ca paµil±bhotiim±nettha catt±ri aŖg±n²”ti.
Ida½ tatuttarisikkh±padavinicchaya½ ±cariyena avuttampi acchinnac²var±dhik±reyeva pavattatt±amhehi gahita½, ańń±takavińńattisikkh±padassa samayesu acchinnac²varak±le ańń±tak±na½vińń±petabbabh±vo bhagavat± vutto, tehi dinnac²varassa mattaso gahitabh±vo tatuttarisikkh±padenavutto. Tasm± acchinnac²vara-adhik±royeva hot²ti.