Sabbesañhi attan± adhigatamaggena pah²n± kiles± p±kaµ± hont²ti ida½ yebhuyyavasena vutta½. Kassaci hi attan± adhigatamaggavajjhakilesesu sandeho uppajjatiyeva mah±n±massa sakkassa viya. So hi sakad±g±m² sam±nopi “tassa mayha½, bhante, eva½ hoti– ko su n±ma me dhammo ajjhatta½ appah²no, yena me ekad± lobhadhamm±pi citta½ pariy±d±ya tiµµhanti, dosadhamm±pi citta½ pariy±d±ya tiµµhanti, mohadhamm±pi citta½ pariy±d±ya tiµµhant²”ti (ma. ni. 1.175) bhagavanta½ pucchi. Aya½ kira r±j± sakad±g±mimaggena lobhadosamoh± niravases± pah²yant²ti saññ² ahos²ti.
Y±ya paµipad±ya yassa ariyamaggo ±gacchati, s± pubbabh±gapaµipatti ±gamanapaµipad±. Sodhetabb±ti suddh±, ud±hu na suddh±ti vic±raºavasena sodhetabb±. “Na sujjhat²ti tattha tattha pam±dapaµipattisambhavato. Apanetabboti attano paµiññ±ya apanetabbo”ti s±ratthad²paniya½ (s±rattha. µ². 2.197-198). Vimativinodaniya½ (vi. vi. µ². 1.197) pana “na sujjhat²ti pucchiyam±no paµipattikkama½ ullaªghitv± kathesi. Apanetabboti tay± vuttakkamen±ya½ dhammo na sakk± adhigantunti adhigatam±nato apanetabbo”ti vutta½. “Sujjhat²”ti vatv± sujjhan±k±ra½ dassetu½ “d²gharattan”ti-±di vutta½. Paññ±yat²ti etth±pi “yad²”ti pada½ ±netv± yadi so bhikkhu t±ya paµipad±ya paññ±yat²ti sambandho. Cat³su paccayesu alaggatt± “±k±se p±ºisamena cetas±”ti vutta½. Vuttasadisa½ by±karaºa½ hot²ti yojan±. Tattha vuttasadisanti tassa bhikkhuno by±karaºa½ imasmi½ sutte vuttena sadisa½, samanti attho. Kh²º±savassa paµipattisadis± paµipatti hot²ti d²gharatta½ suvikkhambhitakilesatt±, idañca arahatta½ paµij±nantassa vasena vutta½. Ten±ha “kh²º±savassa n±m±”ti-±di. Kh²º±savassa n±ma…pe… na hot²ti pah²navipall±satt±, j²vitanikantiy± ca abh±vato na hoti, puthujjanassa pana appah²navipall±satt± j²vitanikantisabbh±vato ca appamattakenapi hoti, eva½ suvikkhambhitakilesassa vattanasekkhadhammapaµij±nana½ imin± bhayupp±danena, ambil±didassane khe¼upp±d±din± ca na sakk± v²ma½situ½, tasm± tassa vacaneneva ta½ saddh±tabba½.
Aya½ bhikkhu sampannaveyy±karaºoti ida½ na kevala½ abh±yanakameva sandh±ya vutta½ ekaccassa s³raj±tikassa puthujjanassapi abh±yanato, rajjan²y±rammaº±na½ badaras±¼av±di-a-abalamaddan±d²na½ upayojanepi khe¼upp±d±ditaºhuppattirahita½ sabbath± suvisodhitameva sandh±ya vuttanti veditabba½.
234. “N²haritv±ti s±sanato n²haritv±”ti s±ratthad²paniya½ (s±rattha. µ². 2.45) vutta½, vimativinodaniya½ (vi. vi. µ². 1.45) pana “n²haritv±ti p±¼ito uddharitv±”ti. Tath± hi “pañcahup±li, aªgehi samann±gatena bhikkhun± n±nuyuñjitabba½. Katamehi pañcahi? Sutta½ na j±n±ti, sutt±nuloma½ na j±n±t²”ti-±dip±¼ito (pari. 442) sutta½ sutt±nulomañca n²hari½su, “an±patti eva½ amh±ka½ ±cariy±na½ uggaho paripucch±ti bhaºat²”ti evam±dito ±cariyav±da½, “±yasm± up±li evam±ha ‘an±patti ±vuso supinanten±”ti (p±r±. 78) evam±dito attanomati½ n²hari½su. S± ca therassa attanomati suttena saªgahitatt± sutta½ j±ta½, evamaññ±pi sutt±d²hi saªgahit±va gahetabb±, netar±ti veditabba½. Atha v± n²haritv±ti vibhajitv±, s±µµhakatha½ sakala½ vinayapiµaka½ sutt±d²su cat³su padesesu pakkhipitv± catudh± vibhajitv± vinaya½ pak±sesu½ tabbinimuttassa abh±v±ti adhipp±yo. Vajirabuddhiµ²k±yampi (vajira. µ². p±r±jika 45) “n²haritv±ti ettha s±sanato n²haritv±ti attho…pe… t±ya hi attanomatiy± thero etadaggaµµhapana½ labhati. Apica vuttañheta½ bhagavat± ‘anupasampannena paññattena v± apaññattena v± vuccam±no…pe… an±dariya½ karoti, ±patti dukkaµass±’ti. Tattha hi paññatta½ n±ma sutta½, sesattaya½ apaññatta½ n±ma. Ten±ya½ ‘catubbidhañhi vinaya½, mah±ther±’ti g±th± suvutt±”ti vutta½.
Vuttanti milindapañhe n±gasenattherena vutta½. Pajjate anena atthoti pada½, bhagavat± kaºµh±divaººuppattiµµh±na½ ±hacca visesetv± bh±sita½ pada½ ±haccapada½, bhagavatoyeva vacana½. Ten±ha “±haccapadanti sutta½ adhippetan”ti s±ratthad²paniya½ (s±rattha. µ². 2.45) vutta½. Vimativinodaniya½ (vi. vi. µ². 1.45) pana “kaºµh±divaººuppattiµµh±nakaraº±d²hi n²haritv± attano vac²viññattiy±va bh±sita½ vacana½ ±haccapadan”ti vutta½. Vajirabuddhiµ²k±ya½ (vajira. µ². p±r±jika 45) pana “aµµha vaººaµµh±n±ni ±hacca vuttena padanik±yen±ti attho, ud±haµena kaºµhokkantena padasam³hen±ti adhipp±yo”ti vutta½. “Ida½ kappati, ida½ na kappat²”ti eva½ avisesetv± “ya½ bhikkhave may± ‘ida½ na kappat²’ti appaµikkhitta½ tañce akappiya½ anulometi, kappiya½ paµib±hati, ta½ vo na kappat²”ti-±din± (mah±va. 305) vuttas±maññalakkhaºa½ idha rasoti adhippetanti ±ha “rasoti sutt±nuloman”ti. Rasoti s±ro “pattaraso”ti-±d²su (dha. sa. 628-630) viya, paµikkhitt±nuññ±tasuttas±roti attho. Rasoti v± lakkhaºa½ paµivatthuka½ anuddharitv± lakkhaº±nulomena vuttatt±. Rasen±ti tassa ±haccabh±sitassa rasena, tato uddhaµena vinicchayen±ti attho. Suttach±y± viya hi sutt±nulomanti. Dhammasaªg±hakapabhuti-±cariyaparamparato ±n²t± aµµhakath±tanti idha “±cariyava½so”ti adhippet±ti ±ha “±cariyava½soti ±cariyav±do”ti, ±cariyav±do “±cariyava½so”ti vutto p±¼iya½ vutt±na½ ±cariy±na½ parampar±ya ±bhatova pam±ºanti dassanattha½. Adhipp±yoti k±raºopapattisiddho uh±pohanayapavatto paccakkh±dipam±ºapatir³pako. Adhipp±yoti ettha “attanomat²”ti keci attha½ vadanti.
Vinayapiµake p±¼²ti idha adhik±ravasena vutta½, sesapiµakesupi sutt±dicatunay± yath±nur³pa½ labbhanteva.
“Mah±pades±ti mah±-ok±s±. Mahant±ni vinayassa patiµµh±panaµµh±n±ni, yesu patiµµh±pito vinayo vinicchin²yati asandehato, mahant±ni v± k±raº±ni mah±pades±, mahant±ni vinayavinicchayak±raº±n²ti vutta½ hoti. Atthato pana ‘ya½ bhikkhave’ti-±din± vutt±s±dhipp±y± p±¼iyeva mah±pades±ti vadanti. Tenev±ha ‘ye bhagavat± eva½ vutt±’ti-±di. Ime ca mah±pades± khandhake ±gat±, tasm± tesa½ vinicchayakath± tattheva ±vi bhavissat²ti idha na vuccat²”ti s±ratthad²paniya½ (s±rattha. µ². 2.45) vutta½. Vimativinodaniya½ (vi. vi. µ². 1.45) pana “mah±pades±ti mah±-ok±s± mah±visay±, te atthato ‘ya½ bhikkhaveti-±dip±¼ivasena akappiy±nulomato kappiy±nulomato ca puggalehi nayato tath± tath± gayham±n± atthanay± eva. Te hi bhagavat± sar³pato avuttesupi paµikkhitt±nulomesu anuññ±t±nulomesu ca sesesu kiccesu nivattipavattihetut±ya mah±gocar±ti ‘mah±pades±’ti vutt±, na pana ‘ya½ bhikkhave may± ida½ na kappat²’ti-±din± vutt± s±dhipp±y± p±¼iyeva tass± sutte paviµµhatt±. ‘Sutt±nulomampi sutte ot±retabba½…pe… suttameva balavataran’ti (p±r±. aµµha. 1.45) hi vutta½. Na hes± s±dhipp±y± p±¼i sutte ot±retabb±, na gahetabb± v± hoti. Yen±ya½ sutt±nuloma½ siy±, tasm± ima½ p±¼i-adhipp±ya½ niss±ya puggalehi gahit± yath±vutta-atth±va sutt±nuloma½, ta½pak±sakatt± pana aya½ p±¼ipi sutt±nulomanti gahetabba½. Ten±ha ‘ye bhagavat± eva½ vutt±’ti-±di. ‘Ya½ bhikkhave’ti-±dip±¼inayena hi puggalehi gahitabb± ye akappiy±nulom±dayo atth± vutt±, te mah±pades±ti attho”ti vutta½.
Vajirabuddhiµ²k±yampi (vajira. µ². p±r±jika 45) “pariv±raµµhakath±ya½ idha ca kiñc±pi ‘sutt±nuloma½ n±ma catt±ro mah±pades±’ti vutta½, atha kho mah±padesanayasiddha½ paµikkhitt±paµikkhitta½ anuññ±t±nanuññ±ta½ kappiy±kappiyanti atthato vutta½ hoti. Tattha yasm± ‘µh±na½ ok±so padesoti k±raºavevacan±ni ‘aµµh±nameta½, ±nanda, anavak±so’ti-±di s±sanato, ‘niggahaµµh±nan’ti ca ‘asandiµµhiµµh±nan’ti ca ‘asandiµµhi ca pana padeso’ti ca lokato, tasm± mah±pades±ti mah±k±raº±n²ti attho. K±raºa½ n±ma ñ±pako hetu idh±dhippeta½, mahantabh±vo pana tesa½ mah±visayatt± mah±bh³t±na½ viya. Te duvidh± vinayamah±pades± suttantikamah±pades± c±ti. Tattha vinayamah±pades± vinaye yoga½ gacchanti, itare ubhayatth±pi, teneva pariv±re (pari. 442) anuyogavatte ‘dhamma½ na j±n±ti, dhamm±nuloma½ na j±n±t²’ti” vutta½. Tattha dhammanti µhapetv± vinayapiµaka½ avasesa½ piµakadvaya½, dhamm±nulomanti suttantike catt±ro mah±padeseti-±di.
Yadi s±pi tattha tattha bhagavat± pavattit± pakiººakadesan±va aµµhakath±, s± pana dhammasaªg±hakehi paµhama½ t²ºi piµak±ni saªg±yitv± tassa atthavaººan±nur³peneva v±can±magga½ ±ropitatt± “±cariyav±do”ti vuccati “±cariy± vadanti sa½vaººenti p±¼i½ eten±”ti katv±. Ten±ha “±cariyav±do n±ma…pe… aµµhakath±tant²”ti. Tisso hi saªg²tiyo ±ru¼hoyeva buddhavacanassa atthasa½vaººan±bh³to kath±maggo mah±mahindattherena tambapaººid²pa½ ±bhato, pacch± tambapaººiyehi mah±therehi s²ha¼abh±s±ya µhapito nik±yantaraladdhisaªkarapariharaºattha½. Bhagavato pakiººakadesan±bh³t± ca sutt±nulomabh³t± ca aµµhakath± yasm± dhammasaªg±hakattherehi p±¼ivaººan±kkamena saªgahetv± vutt±, tasm± ±cariyav±doti vutt±. Etena ca aµµhakath± suttasutt±nulomesu atthato saªgayhat²ti veditabba½. Yath± ca es±, eva½ attanomatipi pam±ºabh³t±. Na hi bhagavato vacana½ vacan±nulomañca aniss±ya aggas±vak±dayopi attano ñ±ºabalena sutt±bhidhammavinayesu kiñci sammutiparamatthabh³ta½ attha½ vattu½ sakkonti, tasm± sabbampi vacana½ sutte sutt±nulome ca saªgayhati. Visu½ pana aµµhakath±d²na½ saªgahitatt± tadavasesa½ suttasutt±nulomato gahetv± catudh± vinayo niddiµµho.
Kiñc±pi attanomati sutt±d²hi sa½sanditv±va parikapp²yati, tath±pi s± na sutt±d²su visesato niddiµµh±ti ±ha “suttasutt±nuloma-±cariyav±de muñcitv±”ti. Anubuddhiy±ti sutt±d²niyeva anugatabuddhiy±. Nayagg±hen±ti sutt±dito labbham±nanayaggahaºena. Attanomati½ s±maññato paµhama½ dassetv± id±ni tameva visesetv± dassento “apic±”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha “suttant±bhidhammavinayaµµhakath±s³”ti vacanato piµakattayassapi s±dh±raº± es± kath±ti veditabb±. Therav±doti mah±sumatther±d²na½ g±ho. Id±ni tattha paµipajjitabb±k±ra½ dassento ±ha “ta½ pan±”ti-±di. Tattha atthen±ti attan± nayato gahitena atthena. P±¼inti attano g±hassa nissayabh³ta½ s±µµhakatha½ p±¼i½. P±¼iy±ti tappaµikkhepattha½ paren±bhat±ya s±µµhakath±ya p±¼iy±, attan± gahita½ attha½ niss±ya, p±¼iñca sa½sanditv±ti attho. ¾cariyav±deti attan± parena ca samuddhaµa-aµµhakath±ya. Ot±retabb±ti ñ±ºena anuppavesetabb±. Otarati ceva sameti c±ti attan± uddhaµehi sa½sandanavasena otarati, parena uddhaµena sameti. Sabbadubbal±ti asabbaññupuggalassa dosav±san±ya y±th±vato atthasampaµipatti-abh±vato vutta½.