Verañjakaº¹avaººan±

Seyyathidanti ta½ katama½, ta½ kathanti v± attho. Aniyamaniddesavacanantiattano attha½ sar³pena niyametv± niddisat²ti niyamaniddeso, na niyamaniddeso aniyamaniddeso.Sova vuccate anen±ti vacananti aniyamaniddesavacana½. Tass±ti ten±tipadassa. Parivitakkoti“katames±na½ kho buddh±na½ bhagavant±na½ brahmacariya½ na ciraµµhitika½ ahos²”ti-±din±(p±r±. 18) pavatto. Pubbe v± pacch± v±ti ten±tipadato heµµh± vuttap±µhe v±upari vakkham±nap±µhe v±ti attho. Atthato siddhen±ti s±matthiyato siddhena. Tatrida½mukhamattanidassananti tass± yath±vuttayuttiy± parid²pane ida½ up±yamattanidassana½.Mukha½ dv±ra½ up±yoti hi atthato eka½.
Samayasaddo dissat²ti sambandho. Ass±ti samayasaddassa samav±yo atthoti sambandho. K±lañcasamayañca up±d±y±ti ettha k±lo n±ma upasaªkamanassa yuttak±lo, samayo n±ma sar²rabal±dik±raºasamav±yo,te up±d±ya paµicc±ti attho. Khaºoti ok±so. Buddhupp±d±dayo hi maggabrahmacariyassaok±so. So eva samayo. Teneva “ekov±”ti vutta½. Mah±samayoti mah±sam³ho.Pavanasminti vanasaº¹e. Samayopi kho te bhadd±l²ti ettha samayoti sikkh±pad±vilaªghanassahetu, ko so? Attano vippaµipattiy± bhagavato j±nana½, so samayasaªkh±to hetu tass±appaµividdhoti attho. Bhagav±ti-±di tassa paµivijjhan±k±radassana½. Uggaham±notikiñci kiñci uggahetu½ samatthat±ya uggaham±no, sumanaparibb±jakasseveta½ n±ma½.Samaya½ diµµhi½ pavadanti etth±ti samayappav±dako, mallik±ya ±r±mo. Sveva tinduk±c²rasaªkh±t±yatimbarurukkhapantiy± parikkhittatt± “tinduk±c²ran”ti ca, ek±va niv±s± s±l±etth±ti “ekas±lako”ti ca vuccati. Atth±bhisamay±ti yath±vuttassa diµµhadhammikasampar±yikassaatthassa hitassa paµil±bhato. M±n±bhisamay±ti m±nappah±n±. P²¼anaµµhoti p²¼ana½ta½samaªgino hi½sana½, avipph±rikat±karaºa½, p²¼anameva attho p²¼anaµµho Sant±poti dukkhadukkhat±divasena sant±pana½. Vipariº±moti jar±ya maraºena c±ti dvidh± vipariº±metabbat± abhisametabbo paµivijjhitabboti abhisamayo, sova abhisamayaµµho, p²¼an±d²ni.
Ettha ca upasagg±na½ jotakamattatt± samayasaddassa atthuddh±repi sa-upasaggo abhisamayasaddo uddhaµo.Tattha saªgamavasena paccay±na½ phalupp±dana½ paµi ayana½ ekato pavatti etth±ti samayo, samav±yo.Vivaµµ³panissayasaªgame sati enti ettha satt± pavattant²ti samayo, khaºo. Sameti etthasaªkhatadhammo, saya½ v± eti ±gacchati vigacchati c±ti samayo, k±lo. Samenti avayav±etasmi½, saya½ v± tes³ti samayo, sam³ho. Paccayantarasaªgame eti ±gacchati etasm±phalanti samayo, hetu. Saññ±vasena vipall±sato dhammesu eti abhinivisat²ti samayo,diµµhi. Sam²pa½ ayana½ upagamana½ samayo, paµil±bho. Sammadeva sahit±na½ v±c±na½ ayana½vigamoti samayo, pah±na½. Sammadeva, sahit±na½ v± sacc±na½ ayana½ j±nananti samayo,paµivedho. Eva½ tasmi½ tasmi½ atthe samayasaddassa pavatti veditabb±.
Ettha ca samayasaddassa s±maññena anekatthat± vutt±. Na hi ekasmi½ atthavisese vattam±nosaddo tadaññepi vattati. Tasm± atth± viya ta½ta½v±cak± samayasadd±pi bhinn± ev±ti gahetabb±.Eva½ sabbattha atthuddh±resu.
Tattha tath±ti tesu sutt±bhidhammesu upayogabhummavacanehi. Idh±ti vinaye, aññath±tikaraºavacanena. Accantamev±ti nirantarameva. Bh±vo n±ma kiriy±, kiriy±ya kiriyantar³palakkhaºa½bh±venabh±valakkhaºa½, yath± udaye sati cande j±to r±japuttoti. Adhikaraºañh²ti-±diabhidhamme samayasaddo k±lasam³hakhaºasamav±yahetusaªkh±tesu pañcasu atthesu vattati, na vinayeviya k±le eva, tesu ca k±lasam³hatth± dve tattha vutt±na½ phass±didhamm±na½ adhikaraºabh±venaniddisitu½ yutt±. Khaºasamav±yahetu-atth± pana tayopi attano bh±vena phass±d²na½ bh±vassaupalakkhaºabh±vena niddisitu½ yutt±ti vibh±vanamukhena yath±vuttamattha½ samatthetu½vutta½. Tattha yasmiñhi k±le, dhammasam³he v± samaye adhikaraºabh³te kusala½ uppanna½,tasmiññeva k±le, dhammasam³he v± samaye phass±dayo hont²ti eva½ adhikaraºatthayojan±,yasmi½ pana khaºe, samav±ye hetumhi v± samaye sati vijjam±ne kusala½ uppanna½, tasmiññevakhaº±dimhi samayepi vijjam±ne phass±dayo hont²ti bh±venabh±valakkhaºatthayojan± ca veditabb±.
Hoti cetth±ti ettha yath±vutta-atthavisaye saªgahag±th± hoti. Aññatr±ti sutt±bhidhammesu.Abhil±pamattabhedoti desan±vil±sato saddamatteneva bhedo, na atthato.
Avisesen±ti s±maññena. Iriy±pathoti-±d²su iriy±ya sabbadv±rikakiriy±yapatho pavattanaµµh±na½ tabbinimuttakammassa abh±v±ti µh±n±dayo iriy±patho, sova vih±ro.Brahmabh³t± seµµhabh³t± parahitacitt±divasappavattito mett±dayo brahmavih±ro n±ma. Tadavases±pana mahaggat± sabban²varaºavigaman±disiddhena jotan±di-atthena dibbavih±ro n±ma. Brahmavih±rabh±venavisu½ gahitatt± mett±dayo idha asaªgahit±. Ariy±nameva vih±roti phalasam±pattiyoariyavih±ro n±ma.
Rukkh±dim³leyeva m³lasaddassa niru¼habh±va½ dassetu½ aparena m³lasaddena visesetv± “m³lam³le”tivutta½, yath± dukkhadukkhanti (vibha. aµµha. 190). Lobh±d²na½ dosam³l±dicitt±s±dh±raºatt±“as±dh±raºahetumh²”ti vutta½.
Tattha siy±ti tattha verañj±yanti-±d²su padesu kassaci codan± siy±ti attho. Ubhayath±nid±nakittanassa pana ki½ payojananti? ¾ha gocarag±manidassanatthanti-±di. Tatthaass±ti bhagavato.
Kilamova kilamatho, attano attabh±vassa kilamatho attakilamatho, tassa anu anu yogo punappuna½pavattana½ attakilamath±nuyogo. Vatthuk±m±rammaºe sukhe sampayogavasena l²n±yutt±, k±mataºh± ta½sahacarite k±me sukhe v± ±rammaºabh³te all²n±pavattat²ti k±masukhallik± taºh±, tass± k±masukhallik±ya anu anu yogo k±masukhallik±nuyogo.Loke sa½va¹¹habh±vanti ±misopabhogena sa½va¹¹hitabh±va½. Uppajjam±no bahujanahit±di-atth±yevauppajjat²ti yojan±.
Diµµhis²las±maññena sa½hatatt± saªghoti imamattha½ vibh±vento ±ha diµµh²ti-±di. Etthaca “y±ya½ diµµhi ariy± niyy±nik± niyy±ti takkarassa samm± dukkhakkhay±ya, tath±r³p±yadiµµhiy± diµµhis±maññagato viharat²”ti (d². ni. 3.324, 356; ma. ni. 1.492; 3.54;a. ni. 6.12; pari. 274) eva½ vutt±ya diµµhiy±. “Y±ni t±ni s²l±ni akhaº¹±ni…pe…sam±dhisa½vattanik±ni, tath±r³pesu s²lesu s²las±maññagato viharat²”ti (d². ni.3.324, 356; ma. ni. 1.492; 3.54; a. ni. 6.12; pari. 274) eva½ vutt±nañcas²l±na½ s±maññasaªkh±tena saªgh±to saªghaµito samaºagaºo, ten±ti attho. “Diµµhis²las±maññasaªgh±tasaªgh±ten±”tiv± p±µhenettha bhavitabba½, tassa diµµhis²las±maññabh³tena sa½hananena saªgh±to samaºagaºo, ten±tiattho. Evañhi p±µhe saddato attho yuttataro hoti. Ass±ti mahato bhikkhusaªghassa.
Brahma½ aºat²ti ettha brahma-saddena vedo vuccati, so mantabrahmakappavasena tividho.Tattha iruved±dayo tayo ved± mant±, te ca padh±n±, itare pana sannissit±, tena padh±nassevagahaºa½. Mante sajjh±yat²ti iruved±dike mantasatthe sajjh±yat²ti attho. Iruved±dayohi guttabh±sitabbat±ya “mant±”ti vuccanti. “B±hitap±patt± br±hmaºo, samitap±patt±samaºo”ti yath±vuttamatthadvaya½ ud±haraºadvayena vibh±vetu½ vuttañhetanti-±di vutta½.“Samitatt± hi p±p±na½ ‘samaºo’ti pavuccat²”ti hi ida½ vacana½ gahetv± “samitap±patt±‘samaºo’ti vuccat²”ti vutta½, b±hitap±poti ida½ pana aññasmi½ g±th±bandhe vuttavacana½.Yath±bhuccaguº±dhigatanti yath±bh³taguº±dhigata½. Sakiñcanoti sadoso.
Gottavasen±ti ettha ga½ t±yat²ti gotta½, go-saddena cettha abhidh±na½ buddhi ca vuccati.Kenaci p±rijuññen±ti ñ±tip±rijuññ±din± kenaci p±rijuññena parih±niy±ti attho. Tato paranti verañj±yanti-±divacana½. Itthambh³t±khy±nattheupayogavacananti ittha½ ima½ pak±ra½ bh³to ±pannoti itthambh³to, tassa ±khy±na½ itthambh³t±khy±na½,soyevattho itthambh³t±khy±nattho. Atha v± “ittha½ eva½pak±ro bh³to j±to”ti eva½kathanattho itthambh³t±khy±nattho, tasmi½ upayogavacananti attho. Ettha ca abbhuggatotiettha abhi-saddo itthambh³t±khy±natthajotako abhibhavitv± uggamanappak±rassa d²panato, tenayogato ta½ kho pana bhavanta½ gotamanti ida½ upayogavacana½ s±mi-atthepi sam±ne itthambh³t±khy±nad²panato“itthambh³t±khy±natthe”ti vutta½, tenev±ha “tassa kho pana bhoto gotamass±ti attho”ti.
Ida½ vutta½ hoti– yath± s±dhu devadatto m±taramabh²ti ettha abhisaddayogato itthambh³t±khy±neupayogavacana½ kata½, evamidh±pi ta½ kho pana bhavanta½ gotama½ abhi eva½ kaly±ºo kittisaddouggatoti abhisaddayogato itthambh³t±khy±ne upayogavacananti. S±dhu devadatto m±taramabh²tiettha hi “devadatto m±taramabhi m±tari visaye m±tuy± v± s±dh³”ti eva½ adhikaraºatthev± s±mi-atthe v± bhummavacanassa s±mivacanassa v± pasaªge itthambh³t±khy±natthajotakena abhisaddenayoge upayogavacana½ kata½, yath± cettha devadatto m±tuvisaye m±tusambandh² v± so vuttappak±rappattotiayamattho viññ±yati, evamidh±pi bhoto gotamassa sambandh² kittisaddo abbhuggato abhibhavitv±uggamanapak±rappattoti ayamattho viññ±yati. Tattha hi devadattaggahaºa½ viya idha kittisaddaggahaºa½,tattha m±taranti vacana½ viya idha ta½ kho pana bhavanta½ gotamanti vacana½, tattha s±dhusaddaggahaºa½viya idha uggatasaddaggahaºa½ veditabba½. Kittisaddoti kittibh³to saddo, na kevalotidassanattha½ visesitanti ±ha “kitti ev±”ti. Tato kitt²ti thuti, tass±pak±sako saddo kittisaddoti dassetu½ “thutighoso v±”ti vutta½.
So bhagav±ti ettha soti pasiddhiya½, yo so samatti½sa p±ramiyo p³retv± sabbakilesebhañjitv± dasasahassilokadh±tu½ kampento anuttara½ samm±sambodhi½ abhisambuddho,so loke atip±kaµoti “so bhagav±”ti vutta½. Bhagav±ti ca ida½ satthu n±makittana½,na guºakittana½. Parato pana bhagav±ti guºakittanameva. Imin± ca imin± c±tietena arahanti-±dipad±na½ pacceka½ anekaguºagaºa½ paµicca pavattabh±va½ dasseti.
Suvid³ravid³reti dv²hi saddehi ativiya d³reti dasseti, suvid³rat± eva hi vid³rat±.Sav±san±na½ kiles±na½ viddha½sitatt±ti imin± paccekabuddh±d²hi as±dh±raºa½bhagavato arahattanti dasseti tesa½ v±san±ya appah²natt±, v±san± ca n±ma nikkilesass±pisakalañeyy±navabodh±didv±rattayappayogaviguºat±hetubh³to kilesanihito ±k±rociraniga¼itap±d±na½ niga¼amokkhepi saªkucitat±gamanahetuko niga¼anihito ±k±ro viya.Y±ya pilindavacch±d²na½ vasalavoh±r±diviguºat± hoti, aya½ v±san±ti gahetabb±. ¾rak±tiettha ±k±rassa rassatta½ ka-k±rassa ca ha-k±ra½ s±nussara½ katv± niruttinayena“arahan”ti padasiddhi veditabb±. Eva½ uparipi yath±raha½ niruttinayena padasiddhi veditabb±.Yañceta½ sa½s±racakkanti sambandho. Puññ±d²ti ±di-saddena apuññ±bhisaªkh±ra-±neñj±bhisaªkh±resaªgaºh±ti. ¾sav± eva avijj±d²na½ k±raºatt± samudayoti ±ha “±savasamudayamayen±”ti.“¾savasamuday± avijj±samudayo”ti (ma. ni. 1.103) hi vutta½. Vip±kakaµatt±r³pappabhedotibhavo eva ratho, tasmi½ tibhavarathe. Sa½s±racakkanti yath±vuttakilesakammavip±kasamudayo.