Tatiyasaªg²tikath±vaººan±

Satta vass±n²ti accantasa½yoge upayogavacana½. Aticchath±ti atikkamitv± icchatha,ito aññattha gantv± bhikkha½ pariyesath±ti attho. Bhattavissaggakaraºatth±y±ti bhattassaajjhoharaºakiccatth±ya, bhuñjanatth±y±ti attho. “So¼asavasso”ti uddeso kathana½ assaatth²ti so¼asavassuddesiko, “so¼asavassiko”ti attho.
T²su vedes³ti-±d²su iruvedayajuvedas±mavedasaªkh±tesu t²su vedesu. Tayo evakira ved± aµµhak±d²hi dhammikehi is²hi lokassa saggamaggavibh±vanatth±ya kat±. Tenevahi te tehi vuccanti. ¾thabbaºavedo pana pacch± adhammikehi br±hmaºehi p±ºavadh±di-atth±yakato. Purimesu ca t²su vedesu teheva dhammikas±kh±yo apanetv± y±gavadh±did²pik±adhammikas±kh± pakkhitt±ti veditabb±. Nighaº¹³ti rukkh±d²na½ vevacanappak±saka½pariy±yan±m±nur³pa½ sattha½. Tañhi loke “nighaº¹³”ti vuccati. Keµubhantikiµati gameti kiriy±divibh±ganti keµubha½, kiriy±kappavikappo kav²na½ upak±rasattha½.Ettha ca kiriy±kappavikappoti vac²bhed±dilakkhaº± kiriy± kapp²yati vikapp²yatieten±ti kiriy±kappo, so pana vaººapadabandhapadatth±divibh±gato bahuvikappoti “kiriy±kappavikappo”tivuccati. Idañca m³lakiriy±kappagantha½ sandh±ya vutta½. Saha nighaº¹un± keµubhenaca sanighaº¹ukeµubh±, tayo ved±, tesu sanighaº¹ukeµubhesu. Ýh±nakaraº±divibh±gatoca nibbacanavibh±gato ca akkhar± pabhed²yanti eten±ti akkharappabhedo, sikkh± ca niruttica. Saha akkharappabheden±ti s±kkharappabhed±, tesu s±kkharappabhedesu. ¾thabbaºaveda½catuttha½ katv± “itiha ±sa itiha ±s±”ti ²disavacanapaµisa½yutto por±ºakath±saªkh±toitih±so pañcamo etesanti itih±sapañcam±, tayo ved±, tesu itih±sapañcamesu.
Yassa cittanti-±di pañhadvaya½ kh²º±sav±na½ cuticittassa upp±dakkhaºa½ sandh±ya vutta½.Tattha paµhamapañhe uppajjat²ti upp±dakkhaºasamaªgit±ya uppajjati. Na nirujjhat²ti nirodhakkhaºa½appattat±ya na nirujjhati. Tassa cittanti tassa puggalassa ta½ citta½ ki½ nirujjhissati±yatiñca nuppajjissat²ti pucch±, tass± ca vibhajjaby±karaº²yat±ya evamettha vissajjana½veditabba½. Arahato pacchimacittassa upp±dakkhaºe tassa citta½ uppajjati, na nirujjhati,±yatiñca nuppajjissati, avassameva nirodhakkhaºa½ patv± nirujjhissati, tato appaµisandhikatt±añña½ nuppajjissati. Ýhapetv± pana pacchimacittasamaªgi½ kh²º±sava½ itaresa½ upp±dakkhaºasamaªgicitta½ upp±dakkhaºasamaªgit±ya uppajjati bhaªga½ appattat±ya na nirujjhati, bhaªga½ pana patv± nirujjhissateva,añña½ pana tasmi½ v± aññasmi½ v± attabh±ve uppajjissati ceva nirujjhissati c±ti.Yassa v± pan±ti-±di dutiyapañhe pana nirujjhissati nuppajjissat²ti yassa citta½upp±dakkhaºasamaªgit±ya bhaªgakkhaºa½ patv± nirujjhissati appaµisandhikat±ya nuppajjissati,tassa kh²º±savassa ta½ citta½ ki½ uppajjati na nirujjhat²ti pucch±, tass± eka½saby±karaº²yat±ya“±mant±”ti vissajjana½ veditabba½. Uddha½ v± adho v± haritu½ asakkontotiuparimapade v± heµµhimapada½ heµµhimapade v± uparimapada½ atthato samann±haritu½ ghaµetu½pubben±para½ yojetv± attha½ paricchinditu½ asakkontoti attho.
Sot±pann±na½ s²lesu parip³rak±rit±ya sam±dinnas²lato natthi parih±n²ti±ha “abhabbo d±ni s±sanato nivattitun”ti. Va¹¹hetv±ti uparimaggatth±ya kammaµµh±na½va¹¹hetv±. Dante punanti visodhenti eten±ti dantapona½ vuccati dantakaµµha½. Abhinav±na½±gantuk±na½ lajj²sabh±va½ khantimett±diguºasamaªgitañca katip±ha½ suµµhu v²ma½sitv±vahatthakamm±disampaµicchana½ saªgahakaraºañca yuttanti s±maºerassa ceva aññesañca bhikkh³na½diµµh±nugati½ ±pajjant±na½ ñ±panattha½ thero tassa bhabbar³pata½ abhiññ±ya ñatv±pi puna sammajjan±di½ak±si. “Tassa cittadamanatthan”tipi vadanti. Buddhavacana½ paµµhapes²ti buddhavacana½uggaºh±petu½ ±rabhi. Sakalavinay±c±rapaµipatti upasampann±nameva vihit±ti tappariy±puºanamapitesaññeva anur³panti ±ha “µhapetv± vinayapiµakan”ti. Tassa citte µhapitampi buddhavacana½saªgopanatth±ya niyy±titabh±va½ dassetu½ “hatthe patiµµh±petv±”ti vutta½.
Ekarajj±bhisekanti sakalajambud²pe ek±dhipaccavasena kariyam±na½ abhiseka½. R±jiddhiyotir±j±nubh±v±nugatappabh±v±. Yatoti yato so¼asaghaµato. Devat± eva divase divase±harant²ti sambandho. Devasikanti divase divase. Agad±malakanti appakenevasar²rasodhan±disamattha½ sabbadosahara½ osadh±malaka½. Chaddantadahatoti chaddantadahasam²pe µhitadevavim±nato,kapparukkhato v±, tattha t±dis± kapparukkhavises± santi, tato v± ±harant²ti attho.Asuttamayikanti suttehi abaddha½ dibbasumanapuppheheva kata½ sumanapupphapaµa½. Uµµhitassas±linoti saya½j±tas±lino, samud±y±pekkhañcettha ekavacana½, s±l²nanti attho. Navav±hasahass±n²ti ettha catasso muµµhiyo eko ku¹uvo, catt±ro ku¹uv± eko pattho,catt±ro patth± eko ±¼hako, catt±ro ±¼hak± eka½ doºa½, catt±ri doº±niek± m±nik± catasso m±nik± ek± kh±r², v²sati kh±rik± eko v±ho, tadeva“eka½ sakaµan”ti suttanip±taµµhakath±d²su (su. ni. aµµha. 2.kok±likasuttavaººan±)vutta½. Nitthusakaºe karont²ti thusakuº¹akarahite karonti. Tena nimmita½buddhar³pa½ passantoti sambandho. Puññappabh±vanibbattaggahaºa½ n±gar±janimmit±na½ puññappabh±vanibbattehisadisat±ya kata½. Vimalaketum±l±ti ettha ketum±l± n±ma s²sato nikkhamitv±uparimuddhani puñjo hutv± dissam±narasmir±s²ti vadanti.
B±hirakap±saº¹anti b±hirakappavedita½ samayav±da½. Pariggaºh²ti v²ma½sam±nopariggahesi. Bhaddap²µhakes³ti vettamayap²µhesu. S±roti guºas±ro. S²hapañjaretimah±v±tap±nasam²pe. Kilesavipphandarahitacittat±ya danta½. Nicca½ paccupaµµhitasat±rakkhat±yagutta½. Khuraggeyev±ti kesoropan±vas±ne. Ativiya sobhat²ti sambandho.V±ºijako ahos²ti madhuv±ºijako ahosi.
Pubbe va sanniv±sen±ti pubbe v± pubbaj±tiya½ v± sahav±sen±ti attho. Paccuppannahitenav±ti vattam±nabhave hitacaraºena v±. Eva½ imehi dv²hi k±raºehi ta½ sinehasaªkh±ta½pema½ j±yate. Ki½ viy±ti? ¾ha “uppala½ va yathodake”ti. Uppala½ v±tirassakato -saddo avuttasampiº¹anattho. Yath±-saddo upam±ya½. Ida½ vutta½ hoti–yath± uppalañca sesañca padum±di udake j±yam±na½ dve k±raº±ni niss±ya j±yati udakañcevakalalañca, eva½ pemamp²ti (j±. aµµha. 2.2.174).
Dhuvabhatt±n²ti niccabhatt±ni. Vajj±vajjanti khuddaka½ mahantañca vajja½. Moggaliputtatissattherassabh±ramak±s²ti therassa mah±nubh±vata½, tad± s±sanakiccassa n±yakabh±vena saªghapariº±yakatañcarañño ñ±petu½ saªgho tassa bh±ramak±s²ti veditabba½, na aññesa½ aj±nanat±ya. S±sanassad±y±doti s±sanassa abbhantaro ñ±tako homi na hom²ti attho. Ye s±sane pabbajitu½puttadh²taro pariccajanti, te buddhas±sane s±lohitañ±tak± n±ma honti, sakalas±sanadh±raºesamatth±na½ attano orasaputt±na½ pariccattatt± na paccayamattad±yak±ti imamattha½ sandh±yathero “na kho, mah±r±ja, ett±vat± s±sanassa d±y±do hot²”ti ±ha. Kathañcarah²tiettha carah²ti nip±to akkhanti½ d²peti. Tissakum±rass±ti rañño ekam±tukassakaniµµhassa. Sakkhas²ti sakkhissasi. Sikkh±ya patiµµh±pesunti p±º±tip±t± veramaºi-±d²suvik±labhojan± veramaºipariyos±n±su chasu sikkh±su p±º±tip±t± veramaºi½ dve vass±niav²tikkamma sam±d±na½ sam±diy±m²ti-±din± (p±ci. 1079) sam±d±navasena sikkh±sammutid±n±nantara½sikkh±ya patiµµh±pesu½. Cha vass±ni abhisekassa ass±ti chavass±bhiseko.
Sabba½ therav±danti dve saªg²tiyo ±ru¼h± p±¼i. S± hi mah±saªghik±dibhinnaladdhik±hivivecetu½ “therav±do”ti vutt±. Ayañhi vibhajjav±do mah±kassapatther±d²hiasaªkarato rakkhito ±n²to c±ti “therav±do”ti vuccati, “satherav±dan”tipilikhanti. Tattha “aµµhakath±su ±gatatherav±dasahita½ s±µµhakatha½ tipiµakasaªgahita½ buddhavacanan”ti±netv± yojetabba½. Tejodh±tu½ sam±pajjitv±ti tejokasiº±rammaºa½ jh±na½sam±pajjitv±.
Sabh±yanti nagaramajjhe vinicchayas±l±ya½. Diµµhigat±n²ti diµµhiyova. Na kho paneta½sakk± imesa½ majjhe vasantena v³pasametunti tesañhi majjhe vasanto tesuyeva antogadhatt±±deyyavacano na hoti, tasm± eva½ cintesi. Ahogaªgapabbatanti eva½n±maka½ pabbata½.“Adhogaªg±pabbatan”tipi likhanti, ta½ na sundara½. Pañc±tapena tappent²ti cat³suµh±nesu aggi½ j±letv± majjhe µhatv± s³riyamaº¹ala½ ullokent± s³riy±tapena tappenti.¾dicca½ anuparivattant²ti udayak±lato pabhuti s³riya½ olokayam±n± y±vaatthaªgaman± s³riy±bhimukh±va parivattanti. Vobhindiss±m±ti paggaºhi½s³ti vin±sess±m±tiuss±hamaka½su.
Vissaµµhoti maraºasaªk±rahito, nibbhayoti attho. Migava½ nikkhamitv±ti araññevicaritv± migam±raºak²¼± migava½, ta½ uddissa nikkhamitv± migavadhattha½ nikkhamitv±tiattho. Ahin±g±dito visesanattha½ “hatthin±gen±”ti vutta½. Tassa passantassev±tian±dare s±mivacana½, tasmi½ passanteyev±ti attho. ¾k±se uppatitv±ti etthaaya½ vikubbaniddhi na hot²ti gihiss±pi ima½ iddhi½ dassesi adhiµµh±niddhiy± appaµikkhittatt±.Pakativaººañhi vijahitv± n±gavaºº±didassana½ vikubbaniddhi. Chaºavesanti ussavavesa½.Padh±nagharanti bh±van±nuyogavasena v²riy±rambhassa anur³pa½ vivittasen±sana½. Sop²tirañño bh±gineyya½ sandh±ya vutta½.
Kusal±dhipp±yoti man±pajjh±sayo. Dve¼hakaj±toti sa½sayam±panno. Ekeka½bhikkhusahassapariv±ranti ettha “gaºhitv± ±gacchath±”ti ±º±k±rena vuttepither± bhikkh³ s±sanahitatt± gat±. Kappiyas±sanañheta½, na gih²na½ gihikammapaµisa½yutta½.Thero n±gacch²ti kiñc±pi “r±j± pakkosat²”ti vuttepi dhammakammatth±ya±gantu½ vaµµati, dvikkhattu½ pana pesitepi “ananur³p± y±can±”ti n±gato, “mah±nubh±vothero yath±nusiµµha½ paµipattiko pam±ºabh³to”ti rañño ceva ubhayapakkhik±nañca attanibahum±nupp±danavasena uddha½ kattabbakammasiddhi½ ±kaªkhanto as±ruppavacanalesena n±gacchi.Ekato saªghaµit± n±v± n±v±saªgh±µa½. S±sanapaccatthik±na½ bahubh±vato ±ha “±rakkha½sa½vidh±y±”ti. Yanti yasm±. Abb±hi½s³ti ±ka¹¹hi½su. B±hiratoti uyy±nassab±hirato. Passant±na½ atidukkarabh±vena upaµµh±na½ sandh±ya “padesapathav²kampana½ dukkaran”ti±ha. Adhiµµh±ne panettha visu½ dukkarat± n±ma natthi.
D²pakatittiroti s±kuºikehi samaj±tik±na½ gahaºatth±ya posetv± sikkhetv± p±saµµh±neµhapanakatittiro. Na paµicca kamma½ phusat²ti g±th±ya yadi tava p±pakiriy±yamano nappadussati, luddena ta½ niss±ya katampi p±pakamma½ ta½ na phusati. P±pakiriy±yahi appossukkassa nir±layassa bhadrassa sato tava ta½ p±pa½ na upalimpati, tavacitta½ na all²yat²ti attho.
Ki½ vadati s²len±ti ki½v±d². Atha v± ko katamo v±do ki½v±do, so etassa atth²tiki½v±d². Att±nañca lokañca sassatoti v±do etesanti sassatav±dino. Sattesusaªkh±resu v± ekacca½ sassatanti pavatto v±do ekaccasassato, tasmi½ niyutt± ekaccasassatik±.“Anto, ananto, ant±nanto, nevanto n±nanto”ti eva½ ant±nanta½ ±rabbha pavatt±catt±ro v±d± ant±nant±, tesu niyutt± ant±nantik±. Na marati na upacchijjat²tiamar±, evantipi me no, tath±tipi me noti-±din± (d². ni. 1.62) pavatt± diµµhiceva v±c± ca, tass± vikkhepo etesanti amar±vikkhepik±. Atha v± amar± n±mamacchaj±ti duggah± hoti, tass± amar±ya viya vikkhepo etesanti amar±vikkhepik±.Adhicca yadicchaka½ ya½ kiñci k±raºa½ anapekkhitv± samuppanno att± ca loko c±tiv±de niyutt± adhiccasamuppannik±. Saññ² att±ti v±do yesante saññ²v±d±.Eva½ asaññ²v±d± nevasaññ²n±saññ²v±d±ti etth±pi. “K±yassa bhed± sattoucchijjat²”ti (d². ni. 1.85-86) eva½ uccheda½ vadant²ti ucchedav±d±.Diµµhadhammoti paccakkho yath±saka½ attabh±vo, tasmi½yeva yath±k±ma½ pañcak±maguºaparibhogenanibb±na½ dukkh³pasama½ vadant²ti diµµhadhammanibb±nav±d±. Vibhajitv± v±do etass±tivibhajjav±d², bhagav±. Sabba½ ekar³pena avatv± yath±dhamma½ vibhajitv± nijjaµa½ nigumba½katv± yath± diµµhisandeh±dayo vigacchanti, sammutiparamatth± ca dhamm± asaªkar± paµibhanti,eva½ ekantavibhajanas²loti vutta½ hoti. Parappav±da½ maddam±noti tasmi½ k±leuppanna½, ±yati½ uppajjanakañca sabba½ parav±da½ kath±vatthum±tik±vivaraºamukhena nimmaddana½karontoti attho.

Tatiyasaªg²tikath±vaººan±nayo niµµhito.