2. Dutiyap±r±jika½

Adutiyen±ti asadisena jinena ya½ dutiya½ p±r±jika½ pak±sita½, tassa id±ni yasm± sa½vaººan±kkamo patto, tasm± assa dutiyassa aya½ sa½vaººan± hot²ti yojan±.

Dhaniyavatthuvaººan±

84. R±j³hi gahitanti r±jagahanti ±ha “mandh±t³”ti. R±japurohitena pariggahitampi r±japariggahitamev±ti mah±govindaggahaºa½, nagarasadd±pekkh±ya cettha “r±jagahan”ti napu½sakaniddeso. Aññepettha pak±reti susa½vihit±rakkhatt± r±j³na½ gaha½ gehabh³tanti r±jagahanti-±dike pak±re. Vasantavananti k²¼±vana½, vasantak±le k²¼±ya yebhuyyatt± pana vasantavananti vutta½.
Sadv±rabandh±ti vass³pagamanayoggat±dassana½. N±lakapaµipadanti suttanip±te (su. ni. 684 ±dayo) n±lakattherassa desita½ moneyyapaµipada½. Pañcanna½ chadan±nanti tiºapaººa-iµµhakasil±sudh±saªkh±t±na½ pañcanna½. No ce labhati…pe… s±mampi k±tabbanti imin± n±v±satthavaje µhapetv± aññattha “asen±saniko ahan”ti ±layakaraºamattena upagamana½ na vaµµati. Sen±sana½ pariyesitv± vac²bheda½ katv± vassa½ upagantabbamev±ti dasseti. “Na, bhikkhave, asen±saniken±”ti-±din± (mah±va. 204) hi p±¼iya½ “n±lakapaµipada½ paµipannen±p²”ti aµµhakath±yañca avisesena da¼ha½ katv± vutta½, n±v±satthavajesuyeva ca “anuj±n±mi, bhikkhave, n±v±ya vassa½ upagantun”ti-±din± (mah±va. 203) asatipi sen±sane ±layakaraºavasena vass³pagamana½ anuññ±ta½, n±ññatth±ti gahetabba½. Ayamanudhammat±ti s±m²civatta½. Katikavatt±n²ti bhass±r±mat±di½ vih±ya sabbad± appamattehi bhavitabbanti-±dikatikavatt±ni. Khandhakavatt±n²ti “±gantuk±dikhandhakavatta½ p³retabban”ti eva½ khandhakavatt±ni ca adhiµµhahitv±.
Vassa½vutth±ti padassa aµµhakath±ya½ “purimik±ya upagat± mah±pav±raº±ya pav±rit± p±µipadadivasato paµµh±ya ‘vutthavass±’ti vuccant²”ti vuttatt± mah±pav±raº±divase pav±retv± v± appav±retv± v± aññattha gacchantehi satt±hakaraº²yanimitte sati eva gantabba½, n±sati, itarath± vassacchedo dukkaµañca hot²ti veditabba½. “Ima½ tem±sa½ vassa½ upem²”ti hi “na, bhikkhave, vassa½ upagantv± purima½ v± tem±sa½ pacchima½ v± tem±sa½ avasitv± c±rik± pakkamitabb±”ti (mah±va. 185) ca vutta½. Idheva ca vassa½vutth± tem±saccayena…pe… pakkami½s³ti vutta½. Pav±raº±divasopi tem±sapariy±pannova. Keci pana “anuj±n±mi, bhikkhave, vassa½vutth±na½ bhikkh³na½ t²hi µh±nehi pav±retunti (mah±va. 209) pav±raº±kammassa pubbeyeva vassa½vutth±nanti vutthavassat±ya vuttatt± mah±pav±raº±divase satt±hakaraº²yanimitta½ vin±pi yath±sukha½ gantu½ vaµµat²”ti vadanti, ta½ tesa½ matimatta½, vutthavass±nañhi pav±raº±nuj±nana½ anupagatachinnavass±d²na½ nivattanattha½ kata½, na pana pav±raº±divase avasitv± pakkamitabbanti dassanattha½ tadatthassa idha pasaªg±bh±v±, pav±raºa½ k±tu½ anucchavik±na½ pav±raº± idha vidh²yati, ye ca vassa½ upagantv± vassacchedañca akatv± y±va pav±raº±divas± vasi½su, te tattakena pav±raº±kamma½ pati pariy±yato vutthavass±ti vuccanti, appaka½ ³namadhika½ v± gaºan³paga½ na hot²ti ñ±yato, na kathinakamma½ pati tem±sassa aparipuººatt±, itarath± tasmi½ mah±pav±raº±divasepi kathinatth±rappasaªgato. “Anuj±n±mi, bhikkhave, vassa½vutth±na½ bhikkh³na½ kathina½ attharitun”ti (mah±va. 306) ida½ pana “na, bhikkhave, vassa½ upagantv± purima½ v± tem±sa½ pacchima½ v± tem±sa½ avasitv± c±rik± pakkamitabb±”ti-±di (mah±va. 185) ca nippariy±yato mah±pav±raº±ya anantarap±µipadadivasato paµµh±ya kathinatth±ra½ pakkamanañca sandh±ya vutta½, pariv±re ca “kathinassa atth±ram±so j±nitabbo”ti (pari. 412) vatv± “vass±nassa pacchimo m±so j±nitabbo”ti (pari. 412) vutta½. Yo hi kathinatth±rassa k±lo, tato paµµh±yeva c±rik±pakkamanass±pi k±lo, na tato pure vassa½vutth±na½yeva kathinatth±r±rahatt±. Yadaggena hi pav±raº±divase kathinatth±ro na vaµµati, tadaggena bhikkh³pi vutthavass± na honti pav±raº±divasassa avutthatt±.
Ya½ pana s±ratthad²paniya½ (s±rattha. µ². p±r±jikakaº¹a 2.84) “ekadesena avutthampi ta½ divasa½ vutthabh±g±pekkh±ya vutthameva hot²”ti-±di vutta½, ta½ na yutta½, ta½divasapariyos±ne aruºuggamanak±le vasantova hi ta½ divasa½ vuttho n±ma hoti pariv±sa-araññav±s±d²su viya, ayañca vic±raº± upari vass³pan±yikakkhandhake ±vi bhavissat²ti tattheva ta½ p±kaµa½ kariss±ma.
Mah±pav±raº±ya pav±rit±ti purimik±ya vassa½ upagantv± acchinnavassat±dassanapara½ eta½ kenaci antar±yena appav±rit±nampi vutthavassatt±. Na ovassiyat²ti anovassakanti kammas±dhana½ daµµhabba½, yath± na temiyati, tath± katv±ti attho. Anavayoti ettha anusaddo vicch±ya½ vattat²ti ±ha anu anu avayoti-±di. ¾cariyassa kamma½ ±cariyakanti ±ha “±cariyakamme”ti. Kaµµhakamma½ thambh±di. Telatambamattik±y±ti telamiss±ya tambamattik±ya.
85. Kuµik±ya karaºabh±vanti kuµiy± katabh±va½. Ki½-saddappayoge an±gatappaccayavidh±na½ sandh±ya tassa lakkhaºanti-±di vutta½. Kiñc±pi therassa p±ºagh±t±dhipp±yo natthi, anupaparikkhitv± karaºena pana bah³na½ p±º±na½ maraºatt± p±ºe by±b±dhentass±ti-±di vutta½. P±tabyabh±vanti vin±setabbata½. P±º±tip±ta½ karont±nanti therena akatepi p±º±tip±te p±ºak±na½ maraºamattena pacchim±na½ lesena gahaº±k±ra½ dasseti, tena ca “mama t±disa½ akusala½ natth²”ti pacchim±na½ vipall±salesaggahaºanimittakicca½ na kattabbanti d²pita½ hoti. Diµµh±nugatinti diµµhassa kammassa anupagamana½ anukiriya½, diµµhiy± v± laddhiy± anugamana½ g±ha½. Gha½sitabbeti madditabbe, vin±sitabbeti attho. Kata½ labhitv± tattha vasant±nampi dukkaµamev±ti ida½ bhagavat± kuµiy± bhed±panavacanena siddha½, s±pi tiºadabbasambh±rehi tul±thambh±d²hi amiss± suddhamattik±may±pi iµµhak±hi kat± vaµµati. Keci hi iµµhak±hiyeva thambhe cinitv± tadupari iµµhak±hiyeva vit±n±disaºµh±nena tul±did±rusambh±ravirahita½ chadanampi bandhitv± iµµhak±mayameva ±vasatha½ karonti, t±disa½ vaµµati. Giñjak±vasathasaªkhepena kat±ti ettha giñjak± vuccanti iµµhak±, t±hiyeva kato ±vasatho giñjak±vasatho. Vayakammamp²ti mattikuddh±raºa-iµµhakad±rucchedan±dik±rak±na½ dinnabhattavettan±divatthubbayena nipphannakammampi atthi, etena kuµibhedak±na½ g²v±dibh±va½ parisaªkati. Titthiyadhajoti titthiy±nameva saññ±ºabh³tatt± vutta½. Te hi ²disesu c±µi-±d²su vasanti. Aññ±nip²ti pi-saddena attan± vuttak±raºadvayampi mah±-aµµhakath±yameva vuttanti dasseti. Yasm± sabbamattik±may± kuµi s²tak±le atis²t± uºhak±le ca uºh± sukar± ca hoti corehi bhinditu½, tasm± tattha µhapitapattac²var±dika½ s²tuºhacor±d²hi vinassat²ti vutta½ “pattac²varaguttatth±y±”ti. Chind±peyya v± bhind±peyya v± anupavajjoti ida½ aya½ kuµi viya sabbath± anupayog±raha½ sandh±ya vutta½. Ya½ pana pañcavaººasuttehi vinaddhachatt±dika½, tattha akappiyabh±gova chinditabbo, na tadavaseso tassa kappiyatt±, ta½ chindanto upavajjova hoti. Teneva vakkhati “ghaµakampi v±¼ar³pampi bhinditv± dh±retabban”ti-±di.